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cannula
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  插管
     time of detained airtube:the group of nasal trachea cannula 8.4±7.9d, the group of oral trachea cannula 3.0±1.8d(P<0.01);
     留管时间:经鼻插管组8.4±7.9d,经口插管组3.0±1.8d(P<0.01);
短句来源
     extubate ratio: the group of nasal trachea cannula 32.2%, the group of oral trachea cannula 15.2%(P<0.05);
     拔管率:经鼻插管组32.2%,经口插管组15.2%(P<0.05);
短句来源
     incision of trachea ratio: the group of nasal trachea cannula 15.3%, the group of oral trachea cannula 47.0%(P<0.01);
     气管切开率:经鼻插管组15.3%,经口插管组47.0%(P<0.01);
短句来源
     RESULTS Hospitalization>45 days (OR=5.7),tracheostoma(OR=17.0),trachea cannula (OR=11.0),bad consciousness condition(OR=13.0),primary disease serious (OR=6.54),ICU patient (OR=5.88) may be seen.
     结果 住院时间 >45 d OR=5 .7、气管切开 OR=17.0、气管插管 OR=11.0、意识状态差 OR=13.0、基础疾病重 OR =6 .45、ICU患者 OR=5 .88。
短句来源
     Method 20 general anesthesia patients of ASA1~2 were continually given 1.5% Iso volatilizal jar target concentration with 1L/min O2 after tracheal cannula, estimated FETIso by anesthesia gas monitor.
     方法 20例ASA1~2级全麻病人 ,气管插管后持续以1L/minO2 载入挥发罐1.5%Iso靶浓度 ,麻醉气体监测仪测定病人呼气末Iso浓度 (FETIso)。
短句来源
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  套管
     Seventeen cases had urethral stimulant symptom during using the O shapped tube,9(13.8%) of them in plastic tube,1(4.2%)in angiographic cannula and 7(20.0%)in ureteral catheter.
     19例带管期间有尿道刺激症状 ,其中塑料管组 9例 (13 8% ) ,套管组 1例 (4 2 % ) ,输尿管导管组 7例 (2 0 0 % )。
短句来源
     ③Modified COPE puncture cannula, which is assembled by three parts, 22G inner stiffening cannula, F4 middle dilator, both can be passed through by a 0.018″ guidewire ,and F5 outer cannula, through which a 0.038″ guidewire can pass.
     ③改良COPE穿刺套管,内芯为22G不锈钢套管,中间为F4扩引管,两者均可通过0.018″导丝,外套管为F5,内可通过0.038″导丝。
短句来源
     Results:The rate of wound hydrops in the single catheters negtive pressure drainage was 17.48%, while those of the double cannula negtive pressure drainage was 5.88% (P<0.05), the difference was significant.
     结果:乳腺癌根治术后单管负压引流和双套管负压引流,皮下积液的发生率分别为17.48%(17/105)和5.88%(5/85),P<0.05,差异显著。
短句来源
     The Method of Continuous Collection of Jejunal Digesta and Jejunal Cannula Design for Duck
     鸭的空肠食糜连续采集方法及其空肠套管的设计
短句来源
     Results Observation group showed significant difference compared to the control group on the respects of life quality total score, psychiatry evaluation, social communication,food take in, tracheal cannula care (P<0.05).
     结果:观察组病人在生活质量总评、精神心理状态、社会交流技术、进食、气管套管护理评分明显优于对照组(P<0.05)。
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  “cannula”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In the PCOS group, the frequency of C allele was 0.96(72/75), of CT cannula cusp was 0.04(3/75).
     PCOS组C等位基因出现的频率为0.96(72/75),出现CT套峰的频率为0.04(3/75);
短句来源
     The maximum flow rate was (1.82±0.03) L/min, (2.44±0.03) L/min,(3.02±0.04) L/min, (3.31±0.03) L/min respectively for polyvinyl cannulae with wall thickness of 0.5 mm (PV 0.5 cannula) and inner diameter of 3 mm, 4 mm, 5 mm, 6 mm;
     内径分别为 3 0、4 0、5 0、6 0mm ,壁厚 0 5mm聚乙烯管 (PV 0 5管 )的最大引流量分别是 ( 1 82± 0 0 3)、( 2 44± 0 0 3)、( 3 0 2± 0 0 4)、( 3 31± 0 0 3)L/min ;
短句来源
     (1.82±0.02) L/min, 1.84±0.02 L/min for strengthened polyvinyl cannula with wall thickness of 0.8 mm (SPV 0.8) and inner diameter of 3 mm and polyvinyl cannula with wall thickness of 1.0 mm (PV 1.0 cannula) of inner diameter of 3 mm.
     内径 3 0mm、壁厚0 8mm的增塑聚乙烯管 (SPV 0 8管 )及壁厚 1 0mm的聚乙烯管 (PV 1 0管 )的最大引流量分别是( 1 82± 0 0 2 )、( 1 84± 0 0 2 )L/min。
短句来源
     (1.83±0.03) L/min, (3.07±0.04) L/min respectively for the polyvinyl chloride cannula with wall thickness of 1.0 mm imbedded by spring wire (PVCSW1.0) and inner diameter of 3 mm and 5 mm;
     内径为 3 0、5 0mm ,壁厚 1 0mm的聚氯乙烯壁内镶嵌弹性钢丝管 (PVCSW 1 0管 )的最大引流量分别为 ( 1 83± 0 0 3)、( 3 0 7± 0 0 4)L/min ;
短句来源
     obstructive jaundice, 5ug/kg/min dobutamine, 10 ug/kg/min dobutamine, 5ug/kg/min dopamine and lOug/kg/min dopamine group, which would be administered drugs via a femeral vein cannula with different rate;
     实验组分别泵入5ug/kg/min多巴酚丁胺、10ug/kg/min多巴酚丁胺、5ug/kg/min多巴胺和10ug/kg/min多巴胺;
短句来源
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  cannula
Conventional polygraph electrodes and a cannula were preliminarily implanted in the lateral ventricles of rabbits.
      
Using the techniques of Fantoni we had difficulties in placing the cannula in four patients.
      
In one patient with Fantoni's technique hypoxemia occurred at first change of cannula.
      
Although these techniques overall can be described as very safe, major problems might arise at first cannula change.
      
4 mg/kg hydrocortisone were slowly infused and the cannula was withdrawn.
      
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α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical...

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical qualitatively, and neither was there any marked quantitative difference. The lack of marked quantitative difference in their general pharmacological behavior is thus in strong contrast to their antimalarial activities, which vary tremendously from one another. These alkaloids, 2.5—10mg/kg given intravenously, produced a fall of blood pressure in all anesthetized dogs, usually associated with depressed cardiac contractions, and frequently an increase of the splenic and kidney volumes, while the respiration was not significantly affected. On the perfused rabbit heart, 0.2—2mg of them injected into the side tube of the cannula, always depressed the contractions, but in some cases slight augmentation preceeded the depression. The isolated frog heart was usually stimulated by the low concentrations of the alkaloidsand always depressed by their higher concentrations. In anesthetized dogs, the effects of these alkaloids on small intestines were inconsistent, stimulating in some cases and depressing in other cases; while the uterus was more commonly stimulated by them. In the concentrations used, these alkaloids always depressed the rabbit and dog intestines in vitro, but their effects on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig were dependant on the concentration, depressant in low concentrations, but usually stimulating or stimulating after transient depression in high concentrations. Their effects on the isolated uteri were still more complicated. On the rabbit nongravid uterus, their effects were in general not marked, in some cases there was slight stimulation and in other cases stimulation was preceeded by slight depression; but the gravid uterus was always stimulated by them. The nongravid uterus of the guinea pig was not significantly affected. As for the rat uterus, these alkaloids usually depressed the non-gravid and stimulated the gravid ones. α-, and β-Dichroine were also tested on the isolated non-gravid uterus of a monkey; only stimulation was observed.

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾...

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾試常山鹼甲、乙於一猴的未孕子宫,均有興奮作用。

The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct...

The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct phases:one of them appears at the beginning of the bladder distention and persists as long as the distention lasts,whereas the other occurs 8—10 minutes later and con- tinues over a period of 30—60 minutes. (3)The first or rapid phase is neurogenic in nature since it disappears completely after renal denervation,while the second or delayed phase is believed to be neurohumoral,being practically absent after hypophysectomy.

本实验是在狗的急性实验中观察膀胱加压对肾脏泌尿影响的机制,结果表明:(一)膀胱加压可反射地抑制肾脏泌尿,抑制持续的时间一般为30—60分钟。(二)肾脏泌尿的抑制可分为二个时相——快相和慢相,前者出现在膀胱加压期间,乃是交感性内脏神经的兴奋,改变了肾脏血液动力学的结果,后者出现较迟,而与脑垂体分泌体液因素有关。(三)关于我们实验中脑垂体激素反射性分泌的传入径路问题,在文中作了简单的分析。

Clinically most of the deaths from tartar emetic intoxication were due to cardiac impairment,and animal experiments also demonstrated depression of the heart.The present work investigated the hemodynamic effects of tartar eme- tic in order to elucidate the circulatory disturbance during its intoxication. In 26 dogs,anesthetized with chloraloso,cardiac output was estimated by Fick’s principle.Cardiac catheters were inserted under fluoroscopic guidance.Blood was drawn from pulmonary artery and aorta,and the oxygen...

Clinically most of the deaths from tartar emetic intoxication were due to cardiac impairment,and animal experiments also demonstrated depression of the heart.The present work investigated the hemodynamic effects of tartar eme- tic in order to elucidate the circulatory disturbance during its intoxication. In 26 dogs,anesthetized with chloraloso,cardiac output was estimated by Fick’s principle.Cardiac catheters were inserted under fluoroscopic guidance.Blood was drawn from pulmonary artery and aorta,and the oxygen content was analyzed by Roughton-Scholander's method.Electromanometer was used to measure the pressure in pulmonary artery and right atrium.Oxygen consumption was determined with a BMR apparatus which was connected to a tracheal cannula.The normal values (mean±s.d.)were:cardiac output 1.94±0.6 1/min,cardiac index 3.0±0.9 1/min/m~2,stroke volume 11±3 ml,aortic mean pressure 168±21 mm Hg,pulmo- nary arterial mean pressure 20±6 mm Hg,total peripheral resistance 8000±2800 dyne.sec.cm~(-5),work of left ventricle 7.1±2.4 kg.m/min/m~2,and work of right ventricle 0.65±0.31 kg.m/min/m~2. In the control group,there was no remarkable change in the cardiac hemody namics within 5 hours. An intravenous injection of a therapeutic dose of tartar emetic(2 mg/kg) did not produce significant effects on the cardiac hemodynamics. A toxic dose(15 mg/kg)induced a noticeable hypotension.Electrocardiogram revealed a flattening or inversion of T wave.The change of the total periphera resistance was,however,not great. When the dosage was increased above 20 mg/kg,the cardiac depression be- came marked,with gradual weakening of the left ventricle.The work of the right ventricle was first increased in compensation for the augmented pulmonary re- sistance,and then decreased.The total peripheral resistance rose tremendously,indi cating constriction of most arterioles.Thus the hypotensive effect of tartar emetic was attributed chiefly to cardiac depression.The dogs died in 4—5 hours.

吐酒石中毒死亡病人大多死于心臟因素,动物实驗也表現有抑制心脏作用,本文从心臟血流动力作用的变化来說明吐酒石中毒时的循环障碍。狗26只,三氯醛糖麻醉,根据Fick氏原理测定心輸出量。在X光透視下插心脏导管取肺动脉及主动脉血,用Roughton-Scholander氏法测定血氧含量。基底代谢测驗器測定氧消耗量,电測压计測定右心房及肺动脉平均压。給藥前各項正常数值(平均±标准差)为:心輸出量1.9±0.6升分,心臟指数3.O±0.9升/分/米~2,心搏量11±3毫升,主动脉平均压168±21毫米汞柱,肺动脉平均压20±6毫米汞柱,总外周阻力8000±2800达因·秒·厘米~(-5),左心室作功量7.1±2.4千克·米/分/米~2,右心室作功量0.65±0.31千克·米/分/米~2。对照組狗在5小时内心輸出量及心搏量基本稳定,主动脉、肺动脉平均压及血管阻力均无大变化,心电圖正常,心室作功量无抑制現象。吐酒石的一次給藥量(2毫克/千克)未引起心臟血流动力作用的显著变化。吐酒石的中毒剂量在15毫克/千克时引起血压显著下降,心輸出量在2小时后似有减少傾向,心电圖T波变平或倒置,总外周阻力变化則不大。剂量在20毫克/千克以上...

吐酒石中毒死亡病人大多死于心臟因素,动物实驗也表現有抑制心脏作用,本文从心臟血流动力作用的变化来說明吐酒石中毒时的循环障碍。狗26只,三氯醛糖麻醉,根据Fick氏原理测定心輸出量。在X光透視下插心脏导管取肺动脉及主动脉血,用Roughton-Scholander氏法测定血氧含量。基底代谢测驗器測定氧消耗量,电測压计測定右心房及肺动脉平均压。給藥前各項正常数值(平均±标准差)为:心輸出量1.9±0.6升分,心臟指数3.O±0.9升/分/米~2,心搏量11±3毫升,主动脉平均压168±21毫米汞柱,肺动脉平均压20±6毫米汞柱,总外周阻力8000±2800达因·秒·厘米~(-5),左心室作功量7.1±2.4千克·米/分/米~2,右心室作功量0.65±0.31千克·米/分/米~2。对照組狗在5小时内心輸出量及心搏量基本稳定,主动脉、肺动脉平均压及血管阻力均无大变化,心电圖正常,心室作功量无抑制現象。吐酒石的一次給藥量(2毫克/千克)未引起心臟血流动力作用的显著变化。吐酒石的中毒剂量在15毫克/千克时引起血压显著下降,心輸出量在2小时后似有减少傾向,心电圖T波变平或倒置,总外周阻力变化則不大。剂量在20毫克/千克以上,心臟抑制更为明显,左心室作功量逐漸减弱,右心室作功量初加强以代偿增高之肺血管阻力,当中毒程度加深后亦趋衰竭。中毒时总外周阻力增大,小动脉大多收縮,指示吐酒石之降压作用主要由于抑制心臟,狗在給藥后4—5小时死亡。

 
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