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fallacy     
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  谬误
     Multiplier Principle isn't Fallacy and Myth
     乘数原理并非谬误与神话——与张理智先生商榷
短句来源
     On G. E. Moore's "the Naturalistic Fallacy"
     论G.E.摩尔的“自然主义谬误
短句来源
     Multiplier Principle: Fallacy and Myth
     乘数原理:谬误与神话
短句来源
     Psychological Experimental Study on Hot-hand Effect and Gambler's Fallacy
     投资者“热手效应”与“赌徒谬误”的心理实验研究
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     Huang Zhan-yi and his Study on Logical Paradox and Fallacy
     黄展骥与悖论、谬误研究
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  虚妄
     There appeared an ideological stream of truth - seeking in the later years of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Many scholars laced the various conflicts between ideal and reality, between truth and fallacy, and tried to seek the ideological egress - Their thoughts formed the ideological mainstream of this period.
     东汉末年社会上产生了一股强大的“求真”思潮,在理想与现实、真理与谬误、虚妄与真实等多方面的矛盾与对立中寻找出路,构成了东汉思想的主要趋向。
短句来源
     He probed into the development of Confucianism from two aspects: on the one hand he denounced the fallacy of Buddhism and Taoism;
     韩愈对儒学发展的探讨从两个方面进行:一方面揭露佛道理论之虚妄;
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  谬论
     Correct Historical Viewpoint Is Prerequisite Of Marxist State Vi ewpoint ——Refute the Fallacy of Dalai’s “Tibet Is An Independent Country Since An cient Times”
     树立马克思主义祖国观必须树立正确的历史观———驳达赖散布的"西藏自古以来就是独立国家"谬论
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     Lu Xun refuted the fallacy of doctrine of “back to the ancients” in theory ,advocated the popularization of the article,drew lessons from the suitable Europeanized syntax,had represented the great demeanours of the pioneer and reformer.
     鲁迅在理论上批驳复古主义谬论 ,主张文章大众化 ,借鉴适合的欧化文法 ,展现了开拓者与改革家的伟大风范。
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     Those foreign powers had some other evil intentions for advocating the fallacy: either easing the tension between themselves or provoking a hostile relations among them or deteriorating the international environment of the hostile powers.
     列强鼓吹这一谬论的目的,或想缓解彼此关系,或想挑拨敌对国与他国之间的关系、恶化敌对国国际环境。
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     The British sought the legal excuse for Tibetans' separation from China in politics,and invented so-called fallacy that Tibet was the vassal state of China and set themselves against China by diplomacy.
     在政治上寻求剥离西藏于中国的法律借口,炮制所谓“西藏是中国属国”的谬论,并通过外交途径与中国较量。
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  “fallacy”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Fallacy of Using Chiral Shift Reagents to Differentiate d,l and meso Isomers
     The Fallacy of Using Chiral Shift Reagents to Differentiate d,l and meso Isomers
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     Break with the Fallacy of the Musical Aesthetic and Strengthen Quality Education of Music
     走出音乐审美误区 加强音乐审美素质教育
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     The Literary Criticism Significance of Intentional Fallacy
     意图谬见论的文学批评学意义
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     Critical Project and the Fallacy of Unhistorical Criticisms
     “批评工程”与“批评之罔”
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     Based on researching the university's library in constructing of concentrative storage, the article summarizes the situation of constructing of concentrative storage, disscusses the fallacy of constructing of SAN and the methods forwards the situation.
     在调查研究的基础上 ,对高校图书馆在大容量存储建设方面涉及的技术进行了归纳与总结 ,并对存储建设的必要性与难点做了分析 ,侧重论述了高校图书馆在大容量存储建设过程中的认识误区与相应对策
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  fallacy
CLASSICAL SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND MODERN SOCIAL PROBLEMS: MARX'S CONCEPT OF THE CAMERA OBSCURA AND THE FALLACY OF INDIVIDUALISTI
      
Beginning with the transitive-intransitive distinction, it is advised that we withhold judgment on the possibility of aesthetic judgment, lest we commit the epistemic fallacy.
      
Like a boomerang, the fallacy of this approach has now reappeared in cases where asylum seekers have challenged transfers under the Convention, obliging judges to tackle a problem which its drafters avoided.
      
I think that what Geach has labeled a fallacy is no fallacy at all, but a perfectly innocent consequence of Platonic epistemology.___TAGSTART___BR___TAGEND___ The "Socratic fallacy" arises from the "Priority of Definition" principle (PD).
      
Without the stronger conclusion, Geach cannot establish that the "Socratic fallacy" is a fallacy.
      
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It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter...

It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter of principle, the point of application should never be slighted while the obliquity of the earth pressure could only have a value that is compatible with the conditions for equilibrium. (2) If the point of application of the soil reaction is taken into account in the problem, the sliding wedge would only tend to slide either on the plane of sliding or on the surface of wall but not on both at the same time, thus frustrating the very conceptidn of sliding wedge upon which Coulomb's Theory is founded. (3) The above discrepancies arise from the fact that the shape of the surface of sliding should be curvilinear in order to make the wedge tend to slide as desired, while Coulomb, however, adopted a plane surface instead. (4) Coulomb, in finding the plane of sliding, made use of the maximum earth pressure on the wall (for active pressure), which refers to the different magnitudes of pressure corresponding to different assumed inclinations of the plane of sliding. But from the relation between the yield of wall and amount of pressure, this maximum value is really the minimum pressure on the wall, which it is the purpose of the theory to find. In engineering books, however, this terminology of maximum pressure has caused considerable confusion, with the result that what is really the minimum pressure is carelessly taken as the maximum design load for the wall. How can a minimum load be used in a design?This paper also attempts to clarify some contended points in Rankine's Theory: (1) It is claimed by Prof. Terzaghi that Rankine's Theory is only a fallacy because of the yield of wall and that of the soil mass on its bed. This charge is unjust as it can be compared with Coulomb's Theory in the same respect. (2) Some books declare that Rankine's Theory is good only for walls with vertical back, but it is proved in this paper that this is not so. (3) It is also generally believed that Rankine's Theory is applicable only to wall surfaces with no friction. This is likewise taken by this paper as unfounded and illustration is given whereby, in this regard, Rankine's Theory is even better than Coulomb's, because it contains no contradiction, as does Coulomb's.

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。...

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。(2)有些工程書中認為朗金理論是專為垂直的墙?

Eecently, some western bourgeois scholars advanced the thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe, asserting that when all the nine planets of the solar system are aligned on the one side of the sun, the earth will suddenly be brought to a "stand-still", giving rise to a catastrophic earthquake. This article criticizes this thesis as a fallacy.The numerous seismological entries in Chinese history books over a period of 2,700 old years recorded more than 120 cases of earthquakes above magnitude seven....

Eecently, some western bourgeois scholars advanced the thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe, asserting that when all the nine planets of the solar system are aligned on the one side of the sun, the earth will suddenly be brought to a "stand-still", giving rise to a catastrophic earthquake. This article criticizes this thesis as a fallacy.The numerous seismological entries in Chinese history books over a period of 2,700 old years recorded more than 120 cases of earthquakes above magnitude seven. In the same period, there were 15 occurrences of the "Nine planets line-up". How-ever, none of those major earthquakes happened in a year of the "Nine planets line-up". The biggest known earthquake in history neither has anything to do with the "Nine planets line-up", nor "devastated the earth". The main influence on the earth's gravitation comes from the sun and the moon, while the aggregate influence of the other planets amounts at most to one ten thousandth of that of the moon. Earth-quakes are results of motions of contradictions inside the earth. The influence of interplanetary attraction on earthquakes must not be exaggerated or described as a decisive factor. The thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe lacks factual basis and is scientifically untenable.The appearance of this fallacy is not accidental. Scientific and technological advances always serve particular political lines. In late western Han dynasty of our country (early 1st Century A.D.), some Confucians and Mencians, basing themselves on a similar natural phenomenon, preached that the "five planets string-up" Avas a propitious sign, in a vain attempt to save the reactionary slave system from bank-ruptcy. In advocating the catastrophe fallacy, the western bourgeoisie attempts to fool the people and cover up the political and economic crisis of the capitalist world. Their effort to misinterpret natural phenomenon will prove as futile as that of the Confucians.

最近,一些西方资产阶级学者提出“九星成线”灾难说:当太阳系九颗行星在太阳同侧排成一线时,将会骤然“刹住”地球自转,引起灾难性的大地震。本文对这种错误观点进行了批判。 根据中国二千七百多年历史地震的丰富记载,七级以上的大地震共发生过一百二十多次,同期“九星成线”有十五次,可这百余次大震没有一次发生在“九星成线”的年份上。迄今为止,世界上最大的一次地震,既与“九星成线”无关,也并未“摧毁地球”。对地球引力的主要影响来自太阳和月球,其他行星影响总和的最大值,不过是月球的万分之一而已。地震是地球内部的一种矛盾运动,不能把行星间引力对某些地震的影响片面夸大加以绝对化。“九星成线”灾难说,缺乏事实根据,在科学上是说不通的。 这种错误观点的提出并非偶然,科学技术的发展总是为一定的政治路线服务的。早在我国西汉末年(公元一世纪初年),孔孟之徒曾对这同一种自然现象宣扬过“五星联珠”吉祥说,妄图挽救反动奴隶制的崩溃。同儒家曲解自然现象的下场一样,西方资产阶级宣扬灾难说,欺骗人民,以掩盖资本主义世界的政治经济危机,也必然是完全徒劳的。

The two superpowers,the Soviet Union and the United States,have given much publicity to an“ecological crisis”.They claimed that environmental pollution has upset the“inherent balance”in the ecological system on which mankind relies for the existence,that it will inevitably lead to“catastrophe and death”. Such fallacies are mainly reflected in their basic views on“ecological balance” and their attitude toward it as well as the root cause of its destruction etc. It is metaphysical to regard“ecological balance”as...

The two superpowers,the Soviet Union and the United States,have given much publicity to an“ecological crisis”.They claimed that environmental pollution has upset the“inherent balance”in the ecological system on which mankind relies for the existence,that it will inevitably lead to“catastrophe and death”. Such fallacies are mainly reflected in their basic views on“ecological balance” and their attitude toward it as well as the root cause of its destruction etc. It is metaphysical to regard“ecological balance”as something absolute.With this erroneous standpoint,one will certainly fail to recognize the decisive role played by man in the relations between man and nature.This is decided by bourgeois world outlook and class nature.It is absolutely not the“erroneous actions of man- kind”that constitutes the root cause to upset“ecological balance”but the system of capitalist expolitation.Only when socialism replaces capitalism,people will be able to constantly know nature in depth and transform it,upset old equilibrium in a planned way and set up a new one and push forward the cause of socialism sys- tematically and step by step.

苏美两个超级大国大肆宣传“生态危机”,声称环境污染破坏了“人类赖以生存的生态系统的固有平衡”,必然引起“毁灭和死亡”。这种错误观点,主要反映在对生态平衡的基本看法,如何对待生态平衡以及破坏生态平衡的根源等问题上。把生态平衡绝对化是形而上学的观点。这种错误观点在对待人和自然界的关系中,必然看不到人的决定作用。这是由资产阶级世界观以及资产阶级的阶级本性所决定。破坏生态平衡的根源绝不是“人类的错误行动”,而是资本主义的剥削制度。只有社会主义代替了资本主义,才能不断深刻地认识自然、改造自然,有计划的打破旧平衡,建立新平衡,使社会主义事业有计划、有步骤的向前迈进。

 
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