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congenital     
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  先天性
     The Clinical Aspects and Molecule Mechanisms of Congenital Coagulation Factor V Deficiency: Studies of Two Families
     两个先天性凝血因子V缺陷症家系的临床和分子发病机制研究
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     The Genetic Studies on Causative Gene for Congenital Hypoplasia of Teeth Root
     先天性牙根发育不良致病相关基因的克隆研究
短句来源
     Effect of Shanjikeli on Congenital CMV Infection Inhibition
     山桔颗粒对先天性巨细胞病毒感染抑制作用的研究
短句来源
     Congenital Dislocation of the Hip: Study of Genetic Epidemiology and Associations with HOXB9 and COL1A1 Genes
     先天性髋脱位的遗传流行病学研究以及与HOXB9基因和COL1A1基因的关联分析
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     Studies of Adhesion Molecules Expression in Children with Congenital Hydronephrosis and Evaluation of Renal Function by Nuclide Nephro-Dynamic Imaging
     小儿先天性肾积水粘附分子表达及核素肾动态显像评价肾功能的研究
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  先天
     The contents of TOX DNA in congenital infection group was 6.21±1.17 copies/ml and 5.46±1.25 copies/ml respectively before treatment and 2 courses after treatment, showing no significant difference in the content(P>0.05). But the content of TOX DNA was 4.12±1.09 copies/ml 4 courses after treatment, showing a significant reduction(P<0.01).
     先天感染组治疗前患儿血TOX-DNA含量(6.21±1.17)copies/ml,治疗2个疗程后TOX-DNA含量(5.46±1.25)copies/ml(P>0.05),4个疗程后TOX-DNA含量(4.12±1.09)copies/ml(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Results The mortality of the children under 5 years old was 8.02‰,of which the countryside(11.55‰) was higher than that of the city(6.41‰). The first five causes of death were congenital malformation(38.39%),asphyxia(13.34%),immature labor low body weight(12.57%),pneumonia(11.13%) and emergency(4.70%).
     结果6年间5岁以下儿童死亡率8.02‰,农村(11.55‰)高于城市(6.41‰),死因前五位依次为先天畸形(38.39%)、窒息(13.34%)、早产低体重(12.57%)、肺炎(11.13%)和意外(4.70%)。
短句来源
     Mutation detection of MSX1 and PAX9 gene in a family with congenital hypodontia
     非综合征型先天缺牙患者MSX1和PAX9基因的突变检测
     19(s)-IgM-TPHA test in diagnosis of early congenital syphilis and report of a case
     19(s)-IgM-TPHA检测先天梅毒及1例报告
短句来源
     But on the ra- tio of intralobar/extralobar pulmonary sequenstration (adult 17/1,paediatric 6/5 P<0.05),combined congenital defects (a- dult 0/17,paediatric 4/7 P<0.05) and primary symptom (adult 9/9,paediatric 10/0,P<0.05),the difference were sig- nificant.
     但在叶内/叶外型的分布(成人组17/1,儿童组6/5,P<0.05)、合并其他先天畸形(成人组0/18,儿童组4/7,P<0.05)和呼吸道感染为首诊症状情况上(成人组9/9,儿童组10/1,P<0.05),两组之间有显著差异。
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  先天的
     The commercialization characteristic of the forts displayed in many aspects,but because congenital weakness and insufficiency.
     沿边堡寨的商业化特征表现在多个方面,但由于西北沿边堡寨的特殊性,这种商业化还表现出先天的弱点和不足。
短句来源
     The kind will,that takes the(widespread) legislation form——moral law as its basis or motive,is congenital and pure will.
     善良意志以普遍的立法形式———道德律为其根据或动机,是先天的、纯粹的意志;
短句来源
     Apprehension can be only alleviated,but not comletely removd with the interdependence among actors of international relation system and the international regime in which there are many congenital defects.
     国际规则与国际关系行为主体间的相互依存只能纾缓疑惧的程度,由于国际规则在制定与形成、适用与效力、正义及其贯彻程度等方面存在着先天的不足与缺陷,它不可能从根本上消除疑惧心态。
短句来源
     Unusual presentation of congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a: Congenital persistent thrombocytopenia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hydrops-like aspect due to marked peripheral edema
     罕见的先天性1a型糖基化紊乱报道:先天的持续性血小板减少、肥厚性心肌病及明显的外周水肿性水肿外貌
短句来源
     Congenital temperament of a poet, reason spirit of intellectuals, long-term soaking of values, make Wang Meng permeate with contradictions.
     先天的诗人气质,知识分子的理性精神,意识形态的长期浸淫,使王蒙充满了矛盾。
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  先天性的
     Because of the congenital defects in system design, Our country's current administrative reconsideration system have a trend that shrinks gradually, it is time to review and carry on this system.
     我国现行的行政复议制度因先天性的制度设计缺陷,出现了逐渐萎缩的趋势,对这一制度进行认真反思并对其进行制度重构已经成为摆在我们面前一个迫切需要解决的问题。
短句来源
     due to the TCP/IP congenital defect, lawless users in the network are likely to threaten on the network security seriously at any moment;
     由于TCP/IP先天性的缺陷,网络中的非法用户随时可能对网络安全造成严重的威胁;
短句来源
     In order to enable the economy of Dezhou to be developed fast, steadily, it is necessary to analyse to its traditional economy, analyse its successful enterprise and fail in enterprises, the localization of the traditional economy of Dezhou, find its gifted advantage and congenital inferior position, carry on the localization to traditional Dezhou economy, thus offer the basis to the development for the future of the economy of Dezhou.
     为使德州经济能够快速、稳定发展,有必要对其传统经济进行分析,分析其成功企业与失败企业,传统德州经济的定位,发现其得天独厚的优势与先天性的劣势,对传统的德州经济进行定位,从而对德州经济以后的发展提供依据。
短句来源
     Pathological changes of concealed penis,buried penis and webbed penis are congenital but trapped penis is caused by acquired reasons.
     隐匿阴茎、埋藏阴茎和蹼状阴茎的病因和病理改变是先天性的,而陷没阴茎则是后天性原因引起。
短句来源
     Conclusion Developmental malformations in trisomy 18 NMRI mice showed a series of abnormalities; they had not only the underdeveloped body weight, but also the higher incidence of congenital cleft palate.
     结论  18三体 NMRI小鼠的生长发育畸形是一种先天性的发育畸形综合征 ,不仅有体重的发育不足 ,较高的腭裂发生率也是其主要的先天性发育畸形
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      congenital
    Histopathological study of congenital aortic valve malformations in 32 children
          
    The histopathological characteristics of congenital aortic valve malformations in children were investigated.
          
    Among 32 children with congenital aortic valve malformations, the age was ranged from six to 18 years, with a mean of 14.9 years, and there were 27 boys and five girls (male: female = 5.4:1).
          
    Twenty cases still had other congenital heart diseases: ventricular septal defect (19 cases), patent ductus arteriosus (two cases), double-chambered right ventricle (one case), aneurysm of the right anterior aortic sinus of valsalva (three cases).
          
    Congenital aortic valve malformations in children involve males more than females, mostly associated with other congenital heart diseases.
          
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    Among a total of 20,067 pregnant women ad- mitted to the Lying-In Hospital of the Shanghai First Medical School in the three-year period from January 1953 to December 1955,there were 342 cases of heart disease,giving an incidence of 1.7%.The etiological types of heart disease were,in their order of frequency,as follows:rheumatic heart disease 65.2%,heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy 14.3%,congenital anomalies of heart 9.3%,anemia heart disease 5.3%,hypertensive heart disease 2.7%,and others 3.2%....

    Among a total of 20,067 pregnant women ad- mitted to the Lying-In Hospital of the Shanghai First Medical School in the three-year period from January 1953 to December 1955,there were 342 cases of heart disease,giving an incidence of 1.7%.The etiological types of heart disease were,in their order of frequency,as follows:rheumatic heart disease 65.2%,heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy 14.3%,congenital anomalies of heart 9.3%,anemia heart disease 5.3%,hypertensive heart disease 2.7%,and others 3.2%. Only 5 patients were submitted to therapeutic abortion.In no case was artificial termination of pregnancy attempted after the third month of gestation. The maternal death rate in this series was 2.9%.Among the 241 pregnant cardiacs who re- ceived antenatal care,there was only one death, the death rate being 0.4%,whereas the number of deaths among 101 patients not receiving antenatal care was 9,giving a death rate of 9%.The im- portance of early and adequate management as a prognostic factor in heart disease associated with pregnancy is thus quite obvious. Heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy carried with it a grave prognosis concerning both the mother and the fetus.Among the 10 maternal deaths in this series,6 were due to heart failure caused by toxemia of pregnancy. Although the maternal death rate from heart disease in the present study has shown a signifi- cant drop in comparison with earlier years,heart disease constituted the main cause of death in the obstetric service during the period under study. It is believed,however,that in the future,if more pregnant women can receive adequate antenatal care,a further decline in the death rate from heart disease in pregnancy may be expected.

    一、本报告分析了我院由1953至1955年三年内妊娠期心臓病342例,并对其处理及预后加以讨论。二、本组病例中心臓病的病因分类如下:风湿性65.2%,妊娠中毒症性14.3%,先天性9.3%,贫血性5.3%,高血压性2.7%,其他3.2%。三、342例中施行人工流产者仅5例,占1.4%。怀孕超过三个月者并无一例试行人工终止妊娠。四、本组病例的死亡率为2.9%,经本院产前检查的241例中仅一例死亡,死亡率为0.4%。未经产前检查101例中,有9例死亡,死亡率为9%。可见及时与适当的处理对预后有决定性的意义。五、妊娠中毒症心臓病对母亲与胎儿的预后均十分恶劣,本组内10例死亡中有6例系由本病所引起。六、三年来心臓病产妇死亡率较前有了显著的降低,但仍占产科死亡原因中主要地位。相信今后如果能改进与加强产前检查和处理,心臓病产妇的死亡率尚有进一步降低的可能。本文的完成,承蒙妇产科教研组王淑贞、司徒亮等教授及其他同志的指正与帮助,特此致谢。

    A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination...

    A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination of the abdominal and pelvic viscera and serial sec- tions of the latter have revealed that, the cloaca retains its primitive condition, with an abnormal development of the urorectal septum. No kidneys, ureters, renal vessels and nerves are identifiable, after microscopic examination of the sections of the retroperitoneal loose connective tissues taken from every 5 mm. along the posterior abdominal wall from the diaphragm down to the pelvic floor. This indicates an aplasia of the uretic bud and the metanephrogenic tissue. All the blood vessels supplying those organs represent wide deviations from the normal. A possible causes of the anomalies are briefly discussed. A developmental arrest is suggested.

    从解剖学与胚胎学观点,观察一例先天性无外阴、原始泄殖腔保留与双侧肾未发育的8—9月胎儿。会阴部只显一杏仁状隆起,经肉眼与显微镜观察此隆起与内生殖器,证明此杏仁状隆起为生殖结构,卵巢与输卵管发育正常,表明为女性胎儿,但子宫、阴道与阔韧带缺如。检视腹腔与盆腔脏器,并把骨盆内脏器作连续切片,发现尿直肠隔发育反常,使泄殖腔保留原始状态。双侧肾、输尿管、肾血管与神经均未找到。循腹后壁由膈至骨盆底每隔5毫米取腹膜后疏松结缔组织,未发现残留的后肾组织,表明输尿管芽与生后肾组织均未发育。所有供给异常器官的血管发现很大变异。产生畸形的原因略加论述,从发育受阻碍或抑制的假说似能作较合理的解释。

    Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

    Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

    一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

     
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