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epidural space
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  硬膜外腔
     in group Ⅱ, 1% lidocaine 2~3 mg/kg was infused to epidural space.
     TEA组 (Ⅱ ) ,硬膜外腔注入 1%利多卡因 2~ 3mg/kg。
短句来源
     They accepted 13 ml 3% chloroprocaine or 10.8 ml 2.5% chloroprocaine at lumbar 2 ~ 3 epidural space respectively.
     A组用2.5%氯普鲁卡因,B组用3%氯普鲁卡因,两组分别一次性自硬膜外腔注入13ml或10.8ml(两组剂量相等)。
短句来源
     Group E: fentanyl 25 μg(1 ml), then 2.5 mg(2 ml) droperidol was injected into epidural space;
     E组芬太尼 2 5 μg (1ml) ,后经导管向硬膜外腔注入氟哌利多2 .5 mg;
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     Conclusion 0.15% or 0.1% dicaine in the epidural space can be effectively and safely applied to the continuous postoperative analgesia.
     结论0.15%丁卡因与0.1%丁卡因用于硬膜外腔持续术后镇痛效果满意而且副作用小。
短句来源
     And head running up 10~15 degree group as B group. According to the different physiological saline volume administering to epidural space,each group were divided into three subgroups,A1,B1 were administered to epidural space 5ml,A2,B2 were administered to epidural space 10ml,A3,B3 were administered to epidural space 20ml.
     腰麻平面固定后,A组为平卧位,B组为头高脚低位10°~15°,A1、B1组经硬膜外腔注入生理盐水5ml,A2、B2组经硬膜外腔注入生理盐水10ml,A3、B3组经硬膜外腔注入生理盐水20ml。
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  硬膜外间隙
     Results Good effects were achieved in all 25 cases,of which 19 cases were degree A,6 cases degree B.There were no side-effects such as respiratory depression, retention of urine,vomiting and epidural space infection.
     结果25例癌痛患者镇痛效果均为显效,其中19例为A级,6例为B级的效果,未见明显呼吸抑制、尿潴留及呕吐等副作用,无硬膜外间隙感染。
短句来源
     Results:In the present study,the canine had 7 lumbar vertebrae. At the level of L_6,the transverse diameter of vertebral canal ranged from 1.4 to 1.6 cm and the occipitofrontal diameter from 1.2 to 1.4 cm. The width of epidural space was about 0.2 cm.
     结果:犬的腰椎共有7节,椎管在L6水平横径为1.4~1.6 cm,前后径1.2~1.4 cm,硬膜外间隙约0.2 cm,共计5对神经根围绕在终丝斜向外下形成马尾。
短句来源
     Collagenase were injected into epidural space at L 4~L 5 or into epidural recess at L 5~S 1 under fluoroscopic control after the puncture needles were confirmed by radiograpy with Isovest and injection of local anesthetics.
     在DSA机引导下进行定位穿刺 ,经造影剂伊索显 (isovist)和局麻药证实穿刺针进入L4/L5硬膜外间隙或L5/S1 硬膜外侧隐窝后注药。
短句来源
     In prone position or lateral recumbent position,with CT guidance and 20G×100mm puncture needle,the puncture with paramedian access was performed,and injection of corticosteroid into the epidural space was followed.
     患者取俯卧位或侧卧位,在CT引导下用20G×100mm穿刺针,取侧旁穿刺进针,注射皮质类固醇等药物至硬膜外间隙
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     Injection of alcohol into both subarachnoid cavity and epidural space for cancer pain in 30 patients
     蛛网膜下腔与硬膜外间隙联合注射乙醇治疗癌痛30例报告
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  硬膜外隙
     The objective of the paper is to compare the blocking effects of epidural space block (ESB), subarachnoid space block (SSB) and unilateral lumbar anesthesia (ULA) in femoral-neck fracture surgery of over-75-year-old patients and their influences on the circulation function.
     为比较硬膜外隙阻滞 (硬外 )、蛛网膜下隙阻滞 (腰麻 )和单侧蛛网膜下隙阻滞 (腰麻 )在 75岁以上高龄股骨颈骨折手术中的阻滞效果及对循环的影响。
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  “epidural space”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Group A: 1% lidocaine and 0.25% bupivacaine 6~8 ml were infused into epidural space at T8-9,followed by 10 ml normal saline containing morphine 2mg and droperidol 2.5mg.
     A组:在T8-9经硬膜外注入1%利多卡因和0.25%布比卡因混合液6~8ml,再经硬膜外注入含吗啡2mg、氟哌利多2.5mg的生理盐水10ml;
短句来源
     After 90 minute of incision,1% lidocaine and 0.25% bupivacaine 6~8 ml were infused into epidural space at T8-9,followed by 10 ml normal saline containing morphine 2 mg and droperidol 2.5mg .
     切皮后90min,经硬膜外注入1%利多卡因和0.25%布比卡因6~8ml,再经硬膜外注入含吗啡2mg、氟哌利多2.5mg的生理盐水10ml。
短句来源
     in group T, 1%lidocaine 2~3mg-kg-1 was injected to epidural space;
     TEA组(T组),硬膜外注入1%利多卡因2~3mg·kg~(-1);
短句来源
     In group Ⅰ,0 5% bupivacaine 3ml and morphine 2mg in combination with dexasine 10mg test solutions were injected to epidural space.
     Ⅰ组(研究组 )术后硬膜外用药为 0 5 %布比卡因 3ml+吗啡 2mg +地塞米松 10mg ,Ⅱ组 (对照组 )术后硬膜外用药为 0 5 %布比卡因 3ml+地塞米松 10mg。
短句来源
     PMMA leakage into epidural space was 2 vertebral bodies in group Ⅰ, 3 in groupⅡand 7 in group Ⅲ (p<0.05).
     每组12个椎体中,Ⅲ 组7个椎体出现硬膜外腔骨水泥渗漏,明显高于Ⅰ组2/12和Ⅱ组3/12的渗漏发生率(P <0.05)。
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  epidural space
On both the ventral and dorsal sides of the cervical epidural space, maximal amplitude was at the C5 vertebral level to which nerve input from the C6 dermatome is the main contributor.
      
No signs of diskitis or osteomyelitis were present, and the abscess was always localized to the posterior epidural space.
      
Introduction of epiduroscopy into clinical practice has revolutionized the visualization of the epidural space and offered new options in the treatment of postlaminectomy syndrome.
      
Background: We estimated the possibility of bacterial contamination of the epidural space during catheterization.
      
The epidural space was punctured with an 18-G Tuohy needle, followed by placement of an epidural catheter.
      
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In this report,we studied anesthetic effects of various kinds,concentrations,adrenaline contents and mixtures of anesthetic solutions in epidural block. Method:We used double blind method.195 patients were divided randomly into 13 groups according to the various solutions used.Each group contained 15 patients.After putting a catheter into the epidural space correctely,we injected a bolus dose of 13 ml anesthetic solution via it at a speed of 1 ml/3 sec,then an anesthetist who was entirely ignorant of what...

In this report,we studied anesthetic effects of various kinds,concentrations,adrenaline contents and mixtures of anesthetic solutions in epidural block. Method:We used double blind method.195 patients were divided randomly into 13 groups according to the various solutions used.Each group contained 15 patients.After putting a catheter into the epidural space correctely,we injected a bolus dose of 13 ml anesthetic solution via it at a speed of 1 ml/3 sec,then an anesthetist who was entirely ignorant of what solution had been injected observed the anesthetic effect,recorded the results of sensory and motor blokades. Results:①Comparing three different local anesthetic agents,we found that the fastest onset of action is xylocaine,then bupivacaine,and the last one is dicaine.The longest duration of action is bupivacaine,then dicaine and xylocaine.②Comparing vatious concentrations,we found that accompanying the lowering of the concentration,the anesthetized dermatomes will be decreased, onset of action delayed,the duration of action shortened,and the degree of blockade tends to be incomplete.③Comparing various adrenaline contents,we found that the anesthetic effects were significantly decreased in xylocaine and dicaine solutions without adrenaline But there was no significant differences between the solutions with 1:100,000 and 1:200,000 concentrations.In bu- pivacaine solution,we found that the duration of action in bupivacaine solution with 1:200,000 concentration of adrenaline was significantly longer than without adrenaline,and it was dis- similar to the results reported by past literatures④Mixture solutions:we found that they could not shorten the onset of action significantly. According to the facts described above,we use 2% xylocaine solution as the first dose in epidural block iu our bospital.If the duration of the operation is long,one hour later we reinject 0.75% bupivacaine or 0.4% dicaine solutions.The concentration of each solution stated above can not be exceeded,and should be significantly lowered in the cases of pain reliefs,high epidural blocks,old persons,children and critically ill patients.The concentration of adrenaline should not exceed 1:200,000,and it should be lowered or disused in the hypertensive patients.Mixture solutions have no remarkable advantages,they may not be adapted.

硬膜外阻滞中,怎样合理选择和使用局麻药是一个值得研究的课题。笔者在1982年8月至1983年7月对此进行实验性研究,试图通过客观临床观察不同局麻药、不同药液浓度、肾上腺素含量对硬膜外阻滞的影响,并对混合液的使用等问题作一探讨。

Continuous ECG monitoring during operation was studied in 201 consecutive cases of aged subjects over 60. Before operation the detection rates of abnormal ECG and arrythemia were 33.8% and 21.4% respectively; those during operation were 51.2% and 40.3% respectively. Serious arrythemia during operaion was found in 3% of those whose preoperative ECG was normal, with its incidence significantly lower than that(10.3%) of those whose ECG was abnormal before operation. preoperative ventricular extrasystole is a risk...

Continuous ECG monitoring during operation was studied in 201 consecutive cases of aged subjects over 60. Before operation the detection rates of abnormal ECG and arrythemia were 33.8% and 21.4% respectively; those during operation were 51.2% and 40.3% respectively. Serious arrythemia during operaion was found in 3% of those whose preoperative ECG was normal, with its incidence significantly lower than that(10.3%) of those whose ECG was abnormal before operation. preoperative ventricular extrasystole is a risk factor in aged subjects. To prevent serious arrythemia, hypotension following huge hemorrage and overinfusion of anesthetic drugs into epidural space should be avoided and smooth induction practised as far as possible. Continuous ECG monitoring during operation is reco mmended in all old subects.

分析连续201例60岁以上老年麻醉手术期间连续心电监测的结果。术前常规心电图检查异常心电检出率33.8%,心律失常21.4%,麻醉手术期间异常心电检出率51.2%,心律失常40.3%。术前心电无异常术中严重心律失常发生率(3%)明显低于术前有异常者(10.3%)。术前室性早搏者,术中易诱发严重心律失常,为一危险因素。避免术中大出血及硬膜外麻醉药注入过量所致低血压,尽可能平稳诱导是预防严重心律失常的重要措施。推荐老年患者常规作术中连续心电监测。

This study investigates analgesic and Physiological effects of ketaminc on thirty epidural anesthesia patients infused a single dose of ketamine 0.5mg/kg into their epidural space. The principal findings were the following. (1) The time of anelgesic was prolonged notably in the experiment group. ( 2 ) Most patients were perfectly conscious but a few with light somnolence. ( 3 ) There was no association with the respiratory system and circulatory system.(4 ) Retention of urine didn't occur and nousea and...

This study investigates analgesic and Physiological effects of ketaminc on thirty epidural anesthesia patients infused a single dose of ketamine 0.5mg/kg into their epidural space. The principal findings were the following. (1) The time of anelgesic was prolonged notably in the experiment group. ( 2 ) Most patients were perfectly conscious but a few with light somnolence. ( 3 ) There was no association with the respiratory system and circulatory system.(4 ) Retention of urine didn't occur and nousea and vomiting were present Only in three Patients after the infusion on the basis of these observations. We conclude; that spinal cord analgesic can be Produced by a low dose epidural infusion of ketamine, and it is a better technique for relieving postoperative Pain.

我们选择30例硬膜外麻醉患者,术后于硬膜外腔一次注入小剂量氧胺酮0.5mg/kg,对其术后镇痛效果和生理影响进行临床观察,并作对照。观察结果表明:(1)实验组术后镇痛时间明显延长(最长5h55min),(2)神志清醒,仅少数有轻度嗜睡现象,(3)对呼吸和循环系统无显著影响,(4)无尿潴留发生。有3例术后有恶心呕吐。因此,作者认为,硬膜外腔小剂量氯胺酮可产生脊髓镇痛作用,且没有产生麻醉剂量的全身影响,是一种较好的术后镇痛方法。

 
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