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epidural     
相关语句
  硬膜外
     Factors Influencing the effect of Epidural Anesthesia
     影响硬膜外麻醉效果的因素
短句来源
     CLINICAL OBSERVATION OF EPIDURAL NARCOTICS FOR POSTOPERATION ANALGESIA
     硬膜外注射镇痛剂术后镇痛的临床观察
短句来源
     Observation on Effects of Epidural Anesthesia in Patients with Different Pulmonary Reserve
     麻醉前肺功能类型对硬膜外麻醉后呼吸功能影响的观察
短句来源
     Epidural Block with 0.25% Bupivacaine Hydrochloride for Abdomi- nal Surgery:Report of 300 Cases
     0.25%布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术(附300例报告)
短句来源
     CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF 200 CASES OF ACUTE EPIDURAL HAEMATOMA
     急性硬膜外血肿200例临床分析
短句来源
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  硬膜外腔
     All groups were injected 30 μg/kg morphine into epidural just 60 minutes before finishing the operation, then the maintaining doses of post-operation were giving 1 μg·kg-1·h-1,1.5 μg·kg-1·h-1 and 2 μg·kg-1·h-1 to group 1,2 and 3 respectively.
     术毕前60min于硬膜外腔注入30μg/kg吗啡 ,术后镇痛维持量分别为 :组1为1μg·kg-1·h-1 ,组2为1.5μg·kg-1·h-1,组3为2μg·kg-1·h-1。
短句来源
     Amount of bupivacaine consumptions were (8.0±1.8)mg, (13.7±9.7)mg, (39.4±16.6)mg in groups of continuous spinal anesthesia, combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, and continuous epidural anesthesia respectively (P<0.01~0.05).
     布比卡因用量以连续脊麻组〔(8.0±1.8)mg〕最小,腰硬联合麻醉组的〔(13.7±9.7)mg〕稍大,硬膜外腔阻滞组〔(39.4±16.6)mg〕最大,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01或P<0.05)。
短句来源
     in group Ⅱ, 1% lidocaine 2~3 mg/kg was infused to epidural space.
     TEA组 (Ⅱ ) ,硬膜外腔注入 1%利多卡因 2~ 3mg/kg。
短句来源
     Animals in the experimental group (n=10) received 2 ml of epidural 0.5% Bupivacain;
     实验组(n1=10),硬膜外腔注入0.5%布比卡因2ml;
短句来源
     They accepted 13 ml 3% chloroprocaine or 10.8 ml 2.5% chloroprocaine at lumbar 2 ~ 3 epidural space respectively.
     A组用2.5%氯普鲁卡因,B组用3%氯普鲁卡因,两组分别一次性自硬膜外腔注入13ml或10.8ml(两组剂量相等)。
短句来源
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  硬膜
     The Influence on the Experimental Animals of the Injections of Compound Medicine to the Epidural Space
     硬膜外腔复合液注射对实验动物的影响
短句来源
     Factors Influencing the effect of Epidural Anesthesia
     影响硬膜外麻醉效果的因素
短句来源
     Clinical Application of Epidural Morphine
     硬膜外腔内注射镇痛药的临床应用
短句来源
     CLINICAL OBSERVATION OF EPIDURAL NARCOTICS FOR POSTOPERATION ANALGESIA
     硬膜外注射镇痛剂术后镇痛的临床观察
短句来源
     EPIDURAL MORPHINE IN RELEIVING INTRA AND POSTOPERATIVE PAIN——An analysis of 152 cases
     硬膜外腔注射吗啡用于术中及术后止痛——152例临床分析
短句来源
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  硬膜外的
     epidural infusion was applied as anaesthetic method, patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) was selected as postoperative analgesic method;
     C组病人不做任何处理,M组病人术前、术日及术后第一天20:50口服6mg褪黑素,P组病人则于同一时刻口服安慰剂; 麻醉采用连续硬膜外的方式,术后镇痛采用PCEA;
短句来源
     Objective To survey the clinic effects of stereotasic dranage with urokinase-perfusion in treatment of epidural hematoma.
     目的 观察锥颅尿激酶灌注引流术治疗硬膜外的血肿的临床疗效。
短句来源
     Objective To observe the effect of chloroprocaine for epidural anesthesia in cesarean section.
     目的观察氯普鲁卡因用于剖宫产硬膜外的麻醉效果。
短句来源
     While in the groups AM and CHS less adhesion developed,the dura mater was smooth and in the epidural cavity,the epidural space well preserved.
     AM组和CHS组硬膜外瘢痕稀少,硬膜表面光滑,硬膜外形成潜在腔隙,维持了硬膜外的有效空间。
短句来源

 

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  epidural
Methods: Sixty parturients undergoing elective cesarean section delivery with use of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were enrolled in this study.
      
A dose was considered effective if an upper sensory level to pin prick of T7 or above was achieved and no intraoperative epidural supplement was required.
      
Dynamics of vascular volume and hemodilution of lactated Ringer's solution in patients during induction of general and epidural
      
Objective: To investigate the dynamics of vascular volume and the plasma dilution of lactated Ringer's solution in patients during the induction of general and epidural anesthesia.
      
infusion of 1000 ml of lactated Ringer's solution over 60 min was studied in patients undergoing general (n=31) and epidural (n=22) anesthesia.
      
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In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as...

In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as tubai ligation, gasterohysterectomy and so on, in the test group with dilute novocain block in point "Sanyinjiao" (Sp. 6) was raised by 30.9% as compared with that of the control group (Pepidural anesthesia, the intensity of stimulation which could be tolerated was 0.5~1.0 times greater than that before injection or anesthesia; and the prick pain of the skin over the area of point "Sanyinjiao" disappeared while the needling feeling induced by needling of the point still remained and its property became more adequate,In accordence with the results mentioned above, we tend to believe thal the development and improvemenl of the analgesic efficacy and the needling sensation may correlate closely with the large afferenl fibers and bear lille relation to the small one.

鉴于粗纤维与针剌信号传递有密切关系,粗纤维活动对细纤维活动具有抑制作用,本工作研究了穴位阻滞对针麻效应和针感的影响。(1) 稀浓度奴夫卡因阻滞“三阴交”的实验组的针麻优良率较对照组提高了30.9%(P <0.01)。(2) 稀浓度奴夫卡因穴位阻滞或硬膜外麻醉后,可耐受的刺激强度比注射或麻醉前增大0.5~1.0倍;皮肤刺痛消失,但仍有针感且性质较为温和。据此,倾向于认为针效和针感的产生和改善主要与粗纤维有关,而与细纤维关系不大。

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous...

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous epidural anesthesia. The advantages of the latter are good relaxation, less disturbance in postoperative metabolism and renal function, as well as maintenance of consciousness safeguarding against aspiration of gastric contents. A two catheter method of continuous epidural anesthesia was found to be better, since it required less supplemental medication. 3. In poor risk cases, electrocardiogram, central venous pressure; mean arterial pressure and urine flow rate should be continuously monitored to obtain information regarding function of cardiovascular and renal systems. 4. Blood transfusion should be given sparingly to minimize antibody formation. Washed red cells may be used if necessary. 5. Other measures such as diuretics, corticosteroids and immunosuppresive agents should be used intraoperatively.

上海地区于1969~1979年间施行同种异体肾移植70例,本文就其中有关麻醉的一些问题进行了讨论。认为麻醉前应采用血液透析,以减轻尿毒症并纠正水、电解质及酸碱平衡;连续硬膜外麻醉时肌松良好,对肾功能影响少,病人清醒,不致发生胃内容物误吸;双导管连续硬膜外麻醉较单导管为佳;重危病人应连续监测心血管和肾脏功能;应尽量避免输血,必要时可输洗涤红细胞;术中还应给以利尿药、皮质激素及免疫抑制剂等。

The influence of epidural anesthesia on blood pressure were analysed. When other factors were under control, it was observed that the higher the level and the wider the extent of anesthesia the more would be the lower- ing of blood pressure. This was especially true in the upper abdominal surgery. It was also observed that the elder the patient the more would be the lowering ;of blood pressure. Therefore, epidural anesthesia should be used carefully in pperations on the aged, especially in upper...

The influence of epidural anesthesia on blood pressure were analysed. When other factors were under control, it was observed that the higher the level and the wider the extent of anesthesia the more would be the lower- ing of blood pressure. This was especially true in the upper abdominal surgery. It was also observed that the elder the patient the more would be the lowering ;of blood pressure. Therefore, epidural anesthesia should be used carefully in pperations on the aged, especially in upper abdominal surgery.Authers suggested that the extent of anesthesia and the age of patient were main factors causing lowering of blood pressure.

本文分析了硬膜外麻醉对血压的影响。在其他因素基本控制的条件下,麻醉平面愈高、范围愈广,血压下降幅度愈大,尤以上腹部手术麻醉时血压下降最多;年龄越大,血压下降越明显,老年人尤甚。因此,老年病人手术特别是上腹部手术时,用硬膜外麻醉应慎重。作者认为硬膜外麻醉的范围及病人年龄是影响血压下降的主要因素。

 
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