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inoculation     
相关语句
  接种
     Efficiency of Inoculation with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi to Camptotheca Acuminata Seedlings
     丛枝菌根真菌对喜树幼苗的接种效应
短句来源
     PRODUCTION OF BF-7658 BACTERIAL α-AMYLASE BY INOCULATION WITH SPORES
     孢子接种生产BF-7658α-淀粉酶
短句来源
     Microbial Study on Jinhua Ham Ⅰ. Preliminary Study on the Artificial Inoculation by Ham Microorganisms and the Shortening of Ham-production Cycle
     金华火腿微生物研究 1.火腿微生物的人工接种及缩短生产周期的初步试验
短句来源
     TRANSPLANTABLE LYMPHOCYTIC MOUSE LEUKEMIA,L783 Ⅲ.HEMATOLOGIC AND PATHOLOGIC CHANGES FOLLOWING INTKAPERITONEAL INOCULATION OF SPLENIC CELL SUSPENSION FROM LEUKEMIC MICE
     小鼠可移植性淋巴细胞性白血病,L783 Ⅲ.接种脾细胞悬液后的血液学和病理学变化
短句来源
     A STUDY ON ARTIFICIAL INOCULATION OF CUCUMBER DOWNY MILDEW
     黄瓜霜霉病人工接种技术研究
短句来源
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  孕育
     Modification treatment, 0. 6~ 0. 8 %75SiFe in ladle inoculation and 0. 2%75SiFe+ 0. 02%RCA in metalstream inoculation.
     孕育处理为0.6~0.8%75SiFe浇包孕育和0.2%75SiFe块浮硅+0.02%RCA随流孕育
短句来源
     For primary inoculation,75SiFe is added to front tapping spont in amounts of 0.6%~0.8%;
     炉前出铁槽添加w为0.6%~0.8%75SiFe,进行一次孕育;
短句来源
     Practice of Cylinder Instantaneous Inoculation in Mould
     气缸套模内瞬时孕育的生产实践
短句来源
     Using Fine Ferrosilicon Particle Produce as—cast QT400—18 Ductile Iron by Instantaneous Inoculation
     利用硅铁细颗粒瞬时孕育生产铸态QT400—18
短句来源
     The calcium carbide was used for desulphurization, instant inoculation and cast iron moulds were adopted in the production of QT600-3A type as-cast pearlite nodular iron castings with the dimensions of φ680×5 250 mm; φ790×5 000 mm; φ800×5 000 mm.
     在铸件尺寸分别为φ680×5 250 mm、φ790×5 200 mm和φ880×5 000 mm的QT600-3A铸态珠光体铸铁件生产中,采用碳化钙脱硫,瞬时孕育,铁型浇注。
短句来源
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  孕育处理
     Modification treatment, 0. 6~ 0. 8 %75SiFe in ladle inoculation and 0. 2%75SiFe+ 0. 02%RCA in metalstream inoculation.
     孕育处理为0.6~0.8%75SiFe浇包孕育和0.2%75SiFe块浮硅+0.02%RCA随流孕育。
短句来源
     Study of Barium Ferrosilicon on the Inoculation or KTH350-10 Malleable Cast Iron
     硅钡合金孕育处理KTH350—10的试验研究
短句来源
     The effect of casting modulus, pouring temperature, chemical composition, inoculation and casting mould on the shrinkage defects for fiye cubic castings, the modulus of which are 1.5cm, 1.75cm, 2.0cm, 2.25cm and 2.5cm respectively, was investigated. The formulas for explaining the relation of these factors were drawn and the cast conditions without riser were proposed
     对五种不同模数M=1.5cm、1.75cm、2.0cm、2.5cm的立方体铸件,研究了铸件模数、浇注温度、化学成份、孕育处理、铸型条件等因素对铸件收缩缺陷大小的影响,并得出了相应的关系式以及无冒口铸造的条件.
短句来源
     Without heat treatment, we adopt methods such as spheroidizing treatment, add element Bi and FeSi75, artificial random inoculation to produce the type CES41097 ferrite ductile iron and the type CES CES41050-007 nodular iron, which fit for the engineering standard of Cummins company, and contains ≥85% the spheroidization rate, ≤5% P,3.6%~4.4% Si,159~207 HB, no free carbide.
     采用球化处理及加入促进球化的合金元素铋和FeSi75人工随流孕育处理方法 ,不经热处理 ,生产出铸态满足康明斯公司工程标准CES410 97铁素体球墨铸铁和CES410 5 0— 0 0 7控制选择硅量的球墨铸铁 (球化率≥ 85 %、w为≤ 5 %P ,3 .6%~ 4.4%Si,HB 15 9~ 2 0 7,无游离碳化物 )的薄壁铸件。
短句来源
     Adjusting Si/ C and (Si-Mn) for Increasing the Strength of Gray Cast Iron by Compound Inoculation Treatment
     调整Si/C和(Si-Mn)差值用复合孕育处理方法提高灰铸铁强度
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  “inoculation”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Recombinant hCGβ Lactobacillus Inducing Anti-hCGβ Antibody by Their Inoculation to BALB/c Murine Vagina
     重组hCGβ乳酸杆菌的构建及其对小鼠阴道粘膜免疫的效果
短句来源
     Research on Inoculation of 26% ChromiumCast Iron
     变质处理对改善铬26白口铁性能的研究
短句来源
     Stndy on Liver Metastasis Formation and Its Mechanism Using Intrasplenic Inoculation of Cancer Cells
     癌细胞脾内移植后肝转移形成和转移机制的探讨
短句来源
     Comparison between Indirect Hemagglutination Method and Animal Inoculation Method for Determination of Anti-tetanus Antibody in Human Serum
     间接血凝法和动物法测定人血清破伤风抗体的比较
短句来源
     Salt Inoculation of High-Aluminium Zinc Foundry Alloy ZA-27
     高铝锌合金ZA—27的盐类变质
短句来源
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  inoculation
Results showed that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) inoculation significantly improved the height, stem diameter, and fresh weight of P.
      
trifoliata seedlings was increased by inoculation with AM fungi.
      
AM inoculation also promoted the active and total absorption area of root system and absorption of phosphorus from the rhizosphere, enhanced the content of soluble sugar in leaves and roots, and reduced proline content in leaves.
      
mosseae inoculation on trifoliate orange seedlings under 20% and 16% soil water content were more significant than under 12% soil water content.
      
The results showed that 2 g/L glucose feeding on the first day of the culture (24 h after the inoculation) simulated both fungal biomass growth and enzyme production.
      
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The headblight or scab of wheat caused by Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch.has in recent years become more prevalent in the rice-wheat growing area ofEastern China with two heavy epidemics in 1952 and in 1954.It was reportedfrom this area that wheat varieties showed marked differences in their susceptibilityto headblight and that native varieties in general were less susceptible than theimproved ones.It was also reported that the degree of susceptibility appeared tobe related to the stage of host development.In...

The headblight or scab of wheat caused by Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch.has in recent years become more prevalent in the rice-wheat growing area ofEastern China with two heavy epidemics in 1952 and in 1954.It was reportedfrom this area that wheat varieties showed marked differences in their susceptibilityto headblight and that native varieties in general were less susceptible than theimproved ones.It was also reported that the degree of susceptibility appeared tobe related to the stage of host development.In 1952,varieties with earlier date ofheading were generally less susceptible than those which headed late. Varietal tests for the headblight resistance were made in Nanking in 1952and 1954.In 1952,235 varieties and hybrids were studied for their resistance toscab under natural conditions in the field.Great differences were found in theirdegree of infection,although none of them was immune.The percentages of in-fected heads ranged from 0.9 to 89.1 with most of them having 10 to 40% infec-tion.No definite correlation was seen between the percentage of infection andthe date of heading or of maturing.In 1954,tests on varietal resistance to scabwere again made with 40 varieties and hybrids including those being relatively lesssusceptible in the previous test.Attempts were made to induce epidemics in thefield by means of artificial inoculation.Results indicated that both mycelial andconidial suspensions were similarly effective for artificial inoculation.The averagepercentages of infected heads in the inoculated plots ranged from 4.2 to 77.7 incontrast to the uninoculated plots where the average percentages of infected headsbeing only trace to 7.1 with one variety not infected. From the experimental results obtained in 1952 and 1954,it was found thatrelative stability in resistance to headblight existed among different wheat varie-ties,although there was great variation in varietal resistance due to the effect ofenvironmental factors.Two hybrids,"5201" and "5204",were found to be muchmore resistant than all other varieties tested in both years.Hybrid "5204" gave ??0.9% of infected heads in 1952 and 3.4% in 1954,and hybrid "5201" gave5.5 and 9.0% of infected heads in the respective years.Both hybrids also possessother desirable characteristics such as early maturity,relative high yield,stiffystems,and high resistance to the stripe rust. Greenhouse studies were made in 1954 with two susceptible varieties ofwheat for testing their susceptibility to headblight at six different stages of deve-lopment from shooting to hard dough.Results indicated that the plant was sus-ceptible at all these stages of development with a tendency of being more heavilyinfected toward maturity.It was also observed that temperature had obvious effecton the degree of infection.Plants inoculated at flowering stage were more heavilyinfected when kept at 25℃ after inoculation than when kept at 15℃.However,the inoculated plants kept at 25℃ during the day and at 15℃ at night resultedin a degree of infection similar to those kept at 25℃ all the time.

(一)小麦赤微病在苏、浙、皖的稻麦两熟地区经常严重发生,1952及1954年两度猖獗流行,造成苏南及浙江地区小麦生产上的严重损失。通过调查,发现各地小麦品种对病害的反应确有显著差异。地方品种,一般发病较轻,而改良品种如“2905”、“2419”、“玉皮”、“矮立多”等,常常严重地感染病害。(二)1952年在自然情况下,观察此较235个小麦品种结果,虽没有一个品种不发病,但品种间的发病率相差极大,自0.9%至89.1%,而不同品种感染程度的轻重与抽穗期及成熟期的早迟关系不大。(三)1954年大田人工接种结果,效果显著,供试40个品种接种区的最高发病率达77.7%,而自然感染区的最高发病率只有7.1%。在接种试验中,初步证明:(1)大量有效的病原体与适合病害发生的气候因子同是病害流行的主要条件;(2)接种方法,用菌丝体接种与用分生孢子接种的效果,并无多大差别;(3)品种的抽穗先后,与发病轻重无一定关系。(四)温室试验指出,小麦自抽穗至糊熟各期麦穗被害率相似,但小穗的被害率在抽穗期最低,开花以后,有愈近成熟感染程度愈重的趋势。(五)开花期接种后的小麦,置於25℃的麦穗被害率和置於15℃的相似,但前者的小穗被害率此后...

(一)小麦赤微病在苏、浙、皖的稻麦两熟地区经常严重发生,1952及1954年两度猖獗流行,造成苏南及浙江地区小麦生产上的严重损失。通过调查,发现各地小麦品种对病害的反应确有显著差异。地方品种,一般发病较轻,而改良品种如“2905”、“2419”、“玉皮”、“矮立多”等,常常严重地感染病害。(二)1952年在自然情况下,观察此较235个小麦品种结果,虽没有一个品种不发病,但品种间的发病率相差极大,自0.9%至89.1%,而不同品种感染程度的轻重与抽穗期及成熟期的早迟关系不大。(三)1954年大田人工接种结果,效果显著,供试40个品种接种区的最高发病率达77.7%,而自然感染区的最高发病率只有7.1%。在接种试验中,初步证明:(1)大量有效的病原体与适合病害发生的气候因子同是病害流行的主要条件;(2)接种方法,用菌丝体接种与用分生孢子接种的效果,并无多大差别;(3)品种的抽穗先后,与发病轻重无一定关系。(四)温室试验指出,小麦自抽穗至糊熟各期麦穗被害率相似,但小穗的被害率在抽穗期最低,开花以后,有愈近成熟感染程度愈重的趋势。(五)开花期接种后的小麦,置於25℃的麦穗被害率和置於15℃的相似,但前者的小穗被害率此后者高。日间25℃和夜间15℃交替的变温处理,发病情形与始终置於25℃的相近。(六)不同小麦品种对于赤微病具有相对稳定的抵抗性或感染性。“5201”及“5204”等杂交系,在自然感染和人工接种情形下,发病都很轻微,并且具有早熟、丰产、秆硬和高度抵抗条锈等优良特性。

High percentage of chlamydospore germination of Neovossia horrida (Tak.)P.& K.with abundant basidiospore production was obtained by placing moistenedspores in a Petri dish with limited supply of water,the dish-cover being inkedblue to insure a favordable light condition.Moistened spores applied on the sur-face of kernels of a growing rice head enclosed in a paraffin paper bag was alsofound to germinate by producing a very short basidium and a large number ofbasidiospores.It is,therefore,concluded that not only...

High percentage of chlamydospore germination of Neovossia horrida (Tak.)P.& K.with abundant basidiospore production was obtained by placing moistenedspores in a Petri dish with limited supply of water,the dish-cover being inkedblue to insure a favordable light condition.Moistened spores applied on the sur-face of kernels of a growing rice head enclosed in a paraffin paper bag was alsofound to germinate by producing a very short basidium and a large number ofbasidiospores.It is,therefore,concluded that not only light but also oxygen isrequired for normal germination of the spores of the rice kernel smut. Results of a series of inoculation experiments conclusively show that thefungus infects rice kernels during the milky dough stage.Basidiospore inoculationgives higher percentage of infection than chlamydospore inoculation. Field observation indicates that the incidence of high percentage of infectionis coincident with the excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizer.Fluctuationof the amount of infection from year to year is probably determined chiefly by theduration of high moisture period from heading to dough stage.There are someevidences of varietal difference in the susceptibility of rice to the kernel smut.

(一)稻粒黑穗病菌厚垣孢子的正常萌发,在外界环境條件的關係上,不僅要求一定的光照,而且需有充分的氧氣供給。至於對水分的要求,只要空氣中?窒喈敐穸?已足供萌发的需要,不一定要有水滴的經常存在。(二)接種試驗證明病原係在水稻的灌漿期侵入種实。在自然界中,這種侵染顯然是通過氣流傳播而實现的。但種子與土壤所荷带的病原菌厚垣孢子,都是侵染的來源。(三)过量的氮素肥料,與高的稻粒黑穗病感染率有密切的關係。(四)稻粒黑穗病发生程度的年份间差異可能主要是决定於抽穗至乳熟期的高濕度的持續時間。(五)初步調查的資料表示水稻品種间具有顯著的感病性差別。

Black rot of yam bean has been collected from the market in certain localities of Yunnan Province.The diseased tuber-root is characterized by the black dis- coloration of the interior tissues without conspicuous external symptoms.The evidence at hand indicates that the infection takes place before the digging time, through the dead main tap roots.It is unlikely that it works in the storage. Hundreds of isolations were made from the diseased tuber-roots and one fungus,a species of Pythium,predominated.The morphologic...

Black rot of yam bean has been collected from the market in certain localities of Yunnan Province.The diseased tuber-root is characterized by the black dis- coloration of the interior tissues without conspicuous external symptoms.The evidence at hand indicates that the infection takes place before the digging time, through the dead main tap roots.It is unlikely that it works in the storage. Hundreds of isolations were made from the diseased tuber-roots and one fungus,a species of Pythium,predominated.The morphologic and cultural char- acters of this causal fungus closely resemble those of Pythium spinosum,described by Sawada in 1927. Inoculations of yam bean seeds were made by sowing them in soils mixed with pure cultures of the causal fungus.It did not cause preemergence of in- fection several weeks after inoculation.Elongate black lesions were found on the basal stems.The fungus caused neither damping-off nor wilt of young seed- lings. Healthy tuber-roots of yam bean were selected and cleaned.After inserting hyphae and spores beneath the epidermis,they were laid in a moist chamber. Black discoloration of the interior tissues developed in the course of about three weeks.The discolored area enlarged but very slowly.The results of these ino- culation experiments indicate that Pythium spinosum Saw.is very weakly parasitic to yam beans. Occasionally,as might be expected,certain other species of fungi were isolated from the diseased tuber-roots.Among them were found two other species of Pythium,identified respectively as P.irregulare Buisman and P.intermedium de Bary.However,inoculations of tuber-roots of yam bean with these fungi failed to produce the characteristic symptoms. Besides from yam beans,a species of Pythium was isolated from the roots of broad bean(Vicia fabae L.).Despite certain minor morphologic differences,it has been identified as P.spinosum Sawada.However,no cross inoculation ex- periments have been conducted.

(1)在云南昆明的市场上,发现有内部组织变黑、但外表没有显明症状的地瓜块根。这个病害,称为地瓜黑心病。(2)地瓜黑心病的病原菌是一种折倒病菌,定名为 Pytlium spinosum Sawada.(3)这个折倒病菌,侵害地瓜的致病力很弱。它不能使地瓜的种子在未出土前枯死,幼苗折倒和蔫萎。它不能使幼株死亡,仅使块茎的内部组织变色。(4)病菌似乎在大田内经主权或茎端侵入块根,发展很慢,迄今还只在收获的块茎内发现这个病害。

 
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