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provisional
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  临时
    The Inquiries into the Legal Activities' Procedure and the Rule of the Provisional Senate of Beijing
    北京临时参议院立法活动程序、规则的若干考察
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    A Study on the Legislation of Nanjing Provisional Senate
    南京临时参议院立法活动的若干考察
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    A Brief Study on the Provisional Senate of the Republic of China
    民国临时参议院简论
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    A Discussion of the Constitutional Principle of The Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China
    《中华民国临时约法》的宪法原则
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    The Guiding Ideology of the CCP's Provisional Central Committee for the Work in the Anti-Japanese Allied Army
    中共临时中央对抗日同盟军工作的指导思想
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  “provisional”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Factors of Public Finance on the Failure of Nanjing Provisional Government
    论南京临时政府失败的财政因素
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    remedying and operating of presidential electoral system on the basis of brief introduction the presidential electoral regulations of Nanjing Provisional Government In 'fact, specific operation deviated from the rules badly when the presidential electoral system was put to use.
    在扼要介绍南京临时政府时期关于总统选举问题规定的基础上,对总统选举制度的确立、总统选举制度的修正以及总统选举制度的运行情况进行考察。 结果发现,总统选举制度在其实际运行中,具体运行与制度规定严重背离。
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    Controversy over the Promulgation of the Provisional Constitution and the Incident of Chiang Kai shek Putting Hu Hanmin under House Arrest
    “约法”之争与蒋介石软禁胡汉民事件
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    A Primitive Analysis to the Economic Policy of the Nanjing Provisional Government
    浅析南京临时政府的经济政策
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    The Nature of Nanjing Provisional Government
    关于南京临时政府的性质问题
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  provisional
For isolation of the discontinuities and "smoothing" of the solution, use is made of the introduction of an artificial viscosity, based on an analysis of the provisional properties of the solution.
      
According to provisional estimates, nanofilaments of one of these types grow at a rate of 5-10 μm/s, which is 50-100 times as high as the growth rate observed for ordinary catalytic filaments (tubes).
      
According to a provisional estimation, the total reserve of the Japanese scallop in the population reached 30 000 specimens.
      
Provisional analytical ranges of experimental VOC sorption values in the aqueous and the vapor phases at low and high relative concentrations are reported.
      
Provisional results concerning the relationship of these factors, alone and in combination, to the onset and course of diagnosable disorder are presented.
      
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In 1911 (Xinhai in Chinese year)the Nanjing Provisional Government ended the revolution by provid- ing preferential treatment as an exchange for the Qing imperial family renouncing the throne. Thus,when the Republic established the retainment of the imperial family became the problem of how to deal with the abdicated Qing imperial family. and this posed direct danger to the new-born Republic. Nonetheless all governments of the Republic of China did not pay much attention to it,and the Peking Coup (1924)stimulated...

In 1911 (Xinhai in Chinese year)the Nanjing Provisional Government ended the revolution by provid- ing preferential treatment as an exchange for the Qing imperial family renouncing the throne. Thus,when the Republic established the retainment of the imperial family became the problem of how to deal with the abdicated Qing imperial family. and this posed direct danger to the new-born Republic. Nonetheless all governments of the Republic of China did not pay much attention to it,and the Peking Coup (1924)stimulated the contradiction between the abdicated imperial family and the Republic,gave rise to opportunities to be used by Japanese Warlords to win over PU Yi. Finally,the Eastern Imperial Mausolum event resulted in break up between Pn Yi and the Republic. To some degree these factors made PU Yi determine to escape to the NorthEast at any risks.

辛亥年间,南京临时政府的《优待条件》换取了满清统治者放弃政权。共和国建立后,皇室的保留形成了逊清皇室问题。如何处理逊清皇室,这一问题关系着新兴政权的稳定,但中华民国历届政府均未重视,北京政变激化了与皇室的矛盾,客观上使日本军阀拉拢溥仪有机可乘。最后,东陵事件导致了逊清皇室与民国政府的决裂,这些因素一定程度上成了溥仪决定孤注一掷、潜往东北的一个原因。

The bourgeois revolutionaries and certain constitutionalist in Nanjing Provisional Senate devoted fairly their energies to the legislation for the Republic of China, which is very important in the modern legislative history of China. The positive meaning of their legislation would not be neglected. But, in their legislative activities, some procedures and rules did not be observed strictly, which would be regarded as the indication of the weakness of Chinese bourgeois.

南京临时参议院中的资产阶级革命党人及某些立宪派人士,为制定建立资产阶级共和国所必需的法律、法规进行了积极的努力,在近代中国立法史上写下了重要的一页,具有不可忽视的进步意义;某些立法规则、程序没有得到严格的遵循,则可视为中国资产阶级革命不彻底性的一种表现。

Chiang Kai shek put Hu Hanmin under house arrest in February 1932. This was no doubt a strong earthquake in Nanjing politics and a typical event signaling the enhancement of Chiang's military dictatorship and had great repercussions. The vestige of democratic atmosphere within the Kuomintang regime in Nanjing had now vanished. The contradictions between Chiang and Hu were complicated and multifold. Not understanding modern democracy and politics and taking Dr. Sun Yat sen's last teaching to extremes, Hu Hanmin...

Chiang Kai shek put Hu Hanmin under house arrest in February 1932. This was no doubt a strong earthquake in Nanjing politics and a typical event signaling the enhancement of Chiang's military dictatorship and had great repercussions. The vestige of democratic atmosphere within the Kuomintang regime in Nanjing had now vanished. The contradictions between Chiang and Hu were complicated and multifold. Not understanding modern democracy and politics and taking Dr. Sun Yat sen's last teaching to extremes, Hu Hanmin opposed the Provisional Constitution and at the same time tried to restrict Chiang by means of modern system of balance of power. On the other hand, Chiang tried to put up an appearance of democracy and rule by law, but when he encountered check and opposition, he wantonly trampled on the principles of democracy.

孙中山早年主张法治 ,晚年倾向于党治。 1 92 8年 ,国民党统一全国 ,宣布训政开始 ,由此产生党治和法治之争。蒋介石受中原大战刺激 ,接受胡适等人权派的要求 ,主张制定约法 ,进行“政治刷新” ,而胡汉民则以孙中山“遗教”为依据 ,反对在当时制定约法 ,并在许多问题上批评和牵制蒋介石。其结果是 ,蒋介石以暴力压制不同意见 ,一场有关民主和法治的论争转化为反民主、反法治的演示 ,国民党由一党专政进一步发展为个人独裁 ,陷入规模更大、时间更长的分裂

 
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