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   holistic 在 史学理论 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.636秒
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holistic
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  整体
    In western academe of history, L. S. Stavrianos is one of the representatives of the Global view of history, while in China, Wu Yujin is the founder of the Holistic view of world history.
    在西方史学界,斯塔夫里阿诺斯是“全球史观”的一位重要代表人物。 在中国史学界,吴于廑开创了“整体世界史观”。
短句来源
    In conclusion, no matter the Global view of history by Stavrianos or the Holistic view of world history by Wu Yujin, both of these two views of history provide us many precious inspirations about the development of theory and practice of world history and the construction of this subject.
    总之,不管是吴于廑的整体世界史观,还是斯塔夫里阿诺斯的全球史观,对于我国世界史理论和实践的发展以及学科建设,都提供了众多有益的启示。
短句来源
    Arnold Toynbee conducts his historical studies in a holistic way. He puts every civilization into the global scope and makes a comparative study of them.
    汤因比的历史研究是从整体上进行的,他把每一个文明都放在世界的范围内比较研究。
短句来源
    On the contrary, through the reform of classical historiography, Christian historiography had obtained more creative ideas, some of which, such as the holistic view of the world, the view of historical progress, and the view of historical time, had exerted a far-reaching influence on the development of modern or present-day western historiography.
    它所开创的世界整体史观,历史进步史观以及历史时间观等史学新观念,对近现代西方史学的发展都产生了深远的影响。
短句来源
    (ii) the holistic commensurability should not be deduced from that of the local elements of the compared phenomena;
    比较研究中,不能由比较对象之间局部要素的可公度性推导出整体的可公度性;
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  整体的
    (ii) the holistic commensurability should not be deduced from that of the local elements of the compared phenomena;
    比较研究中,不能由比较对象之间局部要素的可公度性推导出整体的可公度性;
短句来源
    He proposes that historical study should be holistic, concrete and practical. Accordingly, the modern way brings about a necessary method and a new content for the historical study.
    他在对中国传统史学批判的基础上,吸收了西方近代的科学方法,提出史学研究要运用整体的方法、实证的方法和联系实际的方法,为史学研究注入了新的内容,也给后世治史者提供了必要的史学研究方法。
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  “holistic”译为未确定词的双语例句
    These essential purposes give vital importance to the historical macro-thinking,which is indispensable for a holistic exploration of myriad past phenomena and for revealing the deeply embedded meanings of history.
    历史研究的基本目的决定了宏观思考至关重要,因为这意味着史事探究达到在总体上的统一性和揭示历史的深层含义。
短句来源
    His holistic thought has an inner connection with China.
    他的整体论思想与中国有着内在的联系。
短句来源
    From the point of view of academic trend of thought, “the study of new social history”, as a kind of new historiographic thoughts, and the holistic trend of the western historiography,almost simultaneously came forth on the stage of contemporary international historiography.
    “新社会史研究”作为一种史学新思潮,与西方史学的整体化趋势,几乎同时出现于现代国际史学舞台。
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  holistic
A holistic approach for evaluating ecological water allocation in the Yellow River basin of China
      
The characteristics and sustainable management of water resources on a basin scale require that they should be managed using a holistic approach.
      
In this study, a holistic methodology called the holistic approach in a basin scale (HABS) is proposed to determine the ecological water requirements of a whole basin.
      
The follow-up study ALPENDORF tries to illustrate with the help of a holistic concept that the complex analysis of the microcosm ALPENDORF constitutes a systemic paradigm of social change.
      
Family medicine is based on a holistic approach to medicine which overlaps with that of psychiatry.
      
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Historical studies have three kinds of essential purposes:practical utility,intellectual interest or pleasure,and self-identifying or cognition of the collective human beings,all of them lead to their respective historiography of both superior and inferior types. These essential purposes give vital importance to the historical macro-thinking,which is indispensable for a holistic exploration of myriad past phenomena and for revealing the deeply embedded meanings of history.In this connection,theorization...

Historical studies have three kinds of essential purposes:practical utility,intellectual interest or pleasure,and self-identifying or cognition of the collective human beings,all of them lead to their respective historiography of both superior and inferior types. These essential purposes give vital importance to the historical macro-thinking,which is indispensable for a holistic exploration of myriad past phenomena and for revealing the deeply embedded meanings of history.In this connection,theorization has its superior functions for empirical research of revelation,intellectually order-making,and sublimation,as well as its particularly powerful role in popularizing the lessons resulting from the study of the past.Theorization in historical speculation and discourse primarily consists in(1)coherent application of a given theory,and(2)creative macro-thinking in a theoretical nature.Mature and master theorization is in general implied,organic,and relying on the classical approach,rather than explicit,dogmatic,and lavishing on the scientific one.The essential purposes of historical studies,especially the one of practical utility,make the study of contemporary history greatly significant.

历史研究有“经世致用”、“智识兴趣”、“人类自我认识”这三类基本目的,它们又各自导致种种优劣有别的不同史学。历史研究的基本目的决定了宏观思考至关重要,因为这意味着史事探究达到在总体上的统一性和揭示历史的深层含义。与此相关,理论对于具体的历史研究有优越的启示、梳理和升华功能,并且对于历史经验和教益能起到特别有力的推广作用。历史思索和论说的理论化包括(1)现成理论的连贯的运用,(2)理论性的创造式宏观思考。成熟和高超的理论化是隐含的而非明示的,有机的而非教条的,倚重经典方法而非滥用社会科学。历史研究的基本目的,特别是经世致用,使当代史研究具有非常重大的意义。

Arnold Toynbee conducts his historical studies in a holistic way. He puts every civilization into the global scope and makes a comparative study of them. His holistic thought has an inner connection with China. He thinks that "Chinese model" and "Greek model" are the keys to understand human civilization. Toynbee not only studies thorough China's Yin-Yang theory, but also uses this theory to explain his own theory about civilization. He applies the basic concept of Yin-Yang theory not only to the...

Arnold Toynbee conducts his historical studies in a holistic way. He puts every civilization into the global scope and makes a comparative study of them. His holistic thought has an inner connection with China. He thinks that "Chinese model" and "Greek model" are the keys to understand human civilization. Toynbee not only studies thorough China's Yin-Yang theory, but also uses this theory to explain his own theory about civilization. He applies the basic concept of Yin-Yang theory not only to the evolution of Chinese civilization, but also to other civilizations in the world. According to Toynbee, the history of world civilization is in accordance with Chinese Yin-Yang theory and it has undergone the development from Yin to Yang, from stillness to movement. China's Yin-Yang device represents the spiral development of history. Toynbee's theory of "challenge and response" is also imbued with the idea of "Yin-Yang" theory.

汤因比的历史研究是从整体上进行的,他把每一个文明都放在世界的范围内比较研究。他的整体论思想与中国有着内在的联系。他认为“中国模式”与“希腊模式”是理解人类文明的关键。汤因比不仅仔细研究了中国的太极阴阳之说,并且用这一学说来解说自己的文明理论。他不仅运用这种阴阳学说的基本观点解释中国文明历史的进程,而且他还以此来解释世界上其他的文明与历史行程。

Middle ages in Western Europe is a historical period when "all the streams of Christianity came to one." Immerged in theology, historiography of Western Europe replaced classical historiography and had become a propaganda tool that advocated that the fate of humanity was at the mercy of God. This, however, does not mean that historiography in middle ages was going backwards. On the contrary, through the reform of classical historiography, Christian historiography had obtained more creative ideas, some of which,...

Middle ages in Western Europe is a historical period when "all the streams of Christianity came to one." Immerged in theology, historiography of Western Europe replaced classical historiography and had become a propaganda tool that advocated that the fate of humanity was at the mercy of God. This, however, does not mean that historiography in middle ages was going backwards. On the contrary, through the reform of classical historiography, Christian historiography had obtained more creative ideas, some of which, such as the holistic view of the world, the view of historical progress, and the view of historical time, had exerted a far-reaching influence on the development of modern or present-day western historiography. It is just based on this view that we believe Christian historiography in the history of western historiography had played a connecting role of the preceding and the following and a role of carrying forward historiography into a new period.

西欧中世纪是基督教处于“万流归宗”的历史时期,浸没在神学中的西欧史学取代了古典史学,成为宣扬上帝主宰人类命运的宣传工具。但是,这并不意味着中世纪历史学的全面倒退,相反,基督教史学通过改造西方古典史学使之在许多方面的思想都具有创始性。它所开创的世界整体史观,历史进步史观以及历史时间观等史学新观念,对近现代西方史学的发展都产生了深远的影响。正是基于这种认识,我们认为基督教史学在西方史学史中应具有承上启下、继往开来的历史地位。

 
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