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consciousness     
相关语句
  意识
     Life Consciousness of the 20~(th) Century Female Literature in China
     二十世纪中国女性文学的生命意识
短句来源
     The Humanist Spirit and the Ecological Consciousness
     人文精神与生态意识
短句来源
     On Consciousness and Meaning
     论意识与意义
短句来源
     The Formulation and Expansion in the Consciousness of Subject
     主体意识的生成与扩张
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     The Scientific Reconstruct and Developmental Landscape of Consciousness World
     意识心理世界的科学重建与发展前景
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  自觉
     Culture consciousness of aesthetics and its mutual cognition in the context of globalization are the main direction of this study.
     美学对自身作为地方性知识的文化自觉及其在全球化语境中的互动认知是美学的跨文化研究的基本路向。
短句来源
     To solve the problem we should begin with the excitement of the students' moral need,focus on raising the standard of moral needs and aim at the consciousness of students' moral need.
     关注学生道德需要是道德教育的内在要求,要把激发学生道德需要作为道德教育的出发点,提升道德需要层次作为教育的主线,学生道德需要的自觉外化作为道德教育的落脚点。
短句来源
     China should build an arts education system with its own characteristics,with cultural consciousness as the premise.
     中国特色艺术教育体系的建立,应以文化自觉为前提。
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     GONGSUNLONGZI:ABOUT INDIVIDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS
     《公孙龙子》关于个体的自觉
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     The Changes in Chinese Society over the Century and the Cultural Consciousness in the Process of Globalization
     百年中国社会变迁与全球化过程中的“文化自觉”——在“21世纪人类生存与发展国际人类学学术研讨会”上的讲话
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  自觉性
     It is of great significance to understand the correct meaning in teaching and students' growth,to seek the teaching and evaluating methods,to improve teachers' consciousness of permeating emotion,attitude and values into the teaching,and to raise their teaching results and efficiency.
     正确理解情感、态度与价值观的涵义,认识其对教学和学生成长的意义,探寻属于情意领域的情感、态度和价值观的教学及评价方法,提高教师在教学中渗透情感、态度与价值观教育的自觉性,对提高教学实效实施素质教育具有极其重要的意义。
短句来源
     Mathematics reading example alter view and custom,and rises consciousness on mathematics reading of students.
     数学阅读示范为学生阅读数学书树立了榜样,改变了学生对数学阅读的看法,改变了学生阅读数学书的习惯,提高学生阅读数学书的自觉性
短句来源
     Reflection also helps teachers to evaluate the results of the behaviors, develop the initiative and consciousness for their work and constantly improve their educational practice.
     反思也使教师在复杂的教育情境中,评价自己行为的后果,形成工作的主动性、能动性和自觉性,不断地改进自己的教学实践,更好、更有效地开展教育活动。
短句来源
     Consciousness of Modern Chinese Arts and Culture
     当代中国艺术与文化自觉性
短句来源
     It arouses the motivation of learning and improves the level of interest and consciousness.
     目标设置教学能够激发学生的学习动机,提高学生的学习兴趣和学习自觉性
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  意识的
     The Formulation and Expansion in the Consciousness of Subject
     主体意识的生成与扩张
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     On the Producing and Enhansing of Information Consciousness
     论情报意识的产生及强化
短句来源
     Survey of Consciousness of Urban Habitants on the Development of Competitive Sports
     我国城市居民竞技体育发展意识的调查
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     Cultural Identity and Functions of Scientific and Technological Consciousness
     科技意识的文化特征和功能
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     The dialectical thinking of sports praetices and sports consciousness
     体育实践与体育意识的辩证思考
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  consciousness
Geoelectromagnetic Field and Consciousness Quantum
      
A physically grounded model of a consciousness quantum associated with free radical spins biomembranes is proposed.
      
Comprehensive bioelectrographic analysis of mechanisms of the alternative state of consciousness
      
The phenomenon of phasic activation of energy emission processes during the accomplishment of mental activity in an alternative state of consciousness was revealed for the first time.
      
The data obtained are analyzed from the viewpoint of the specific features of neurophysiological and psychophysical mechanisms of the formation of alternative states of consciousness in conditions of systematic mental training.
      
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There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients...

There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients might be classified into: (1) Hysterical psychomotor excitment state (exaltation or maniac condition). (2) Hysterical psychomotor inhibited state (stupor or depression). (3) Hysterical confusion state (delirium, oneirism, consciousness, twilight state, fugue or duplicated personality). (4) Hysterical dementia (puerilism, pseudodementia or Ganser's syndrome). (5) Hysterical hallucinatory paranoid state (hallucination and/or delusion). The clinic manifestations were variable, complex and complicated, so it was not able to establish a certain model form. About half of the patients were accompanied with hysterical somatic symptoms and disturbance of consciousness; 15% of them showed amnesic syndrome. Their psychotic symptoms usually disappeared rapidly after treatment, yet responsed not so well to the suggestive therapy. If repeated attacks occurred in the course of disease, the rate of complete recovery tended to be lowered. As to prognosis, 37% of the patients could not be restored to their original work capacity. 140 cases were followed for 11-20 years after discharge from the hospital and no one case turned to become another psychotic disease. It is recognized, therefore, that psychotic hysteria is a special clinical type of hysteria and it should be classified as a definite psychiatric disease entity.

精神病型歇斯底里能否在精神病学分类中占有地位,历来存有争议。木文通过对314例患者分析,提示:男女之比1∶4.6,半数壮年发病,64%患者性格热情量窄,有家族史者仅1.59%,发病均有诱因。本组重点归纳的五大类临床精神症状错综复杂,无模式可立;约半数病例伴歇斯底里躯体症状及意识障碍;15%呈现遗忘症状群。精神症状治疗奏效迅速,所需药量小。但不因暗示而缓解,反复发作,彻底缓解减少,工作效能预后不太乐观。通过本文资料,我们确认该症是歇斯底里的一种特殊类型,应为一个客观存在之疾病单元。

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous...

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous epidural anesthesia. The advantages of the latter are good relaxation, less disturbance in postoperative metabolism and renal function, as well as maintenance of consciousness safeguarding against aspiration of gastric contents. A two catheter method of continuous epidural anesthesia was found to be better, since it required less supplemental medication. 3. In poor risk cases, electrocardiogram, central venous pressure; mean arterial pressure and urine flow rate should be continuously monitored to obtain information regarding function of cardiovascular and renal systems. 4. Blood transfusion should be given sparingly to minimize antibody formation. Washed red cells may be used if necessary. 5. Other measures such as diuretics, corticosteroids and immunosuppresive agents should be used intraoperatively.

上海地区于1969~1979年间施行同种异体肾移植70例,本文就其中有关麻醉的一些问题进行了讨论。认为麻醉前应采用血液透析,以减轻尿毒症并纠正水、电解质及酸碱平衡;连续硬膜外麻醉时肌松良好,对肾功能影响少,病人清醒,不致发生胃内容物误吸;双导管连续硬膜外麻醉较单导管为佳;重危病人应连续监测心血管和肾脏功能;应尽量避免输血,必要时可输洗涤红细胞;术中还应给以利尿药、皮质激素及免疫抑制剂等。

Neuroleptic analgesia, supplemented with gamma hydroxybutyric acid and gallamine if required, was employed in cases of liver transplantation, The anesthesia was satisfactory and no anesthetic complication occurred. The patients regained consciousness within two hours postoperatively. Occlusion of inferior vena cava before removal of the diseased liver decreased the blood return of heart. It is essential to prevent hypotension by increasing fresh blood infusion into superior vena cava. The amount of transfusion...

Neuroleptic analgesia, supplemented with gamma hydroxybutyric acid and gallamine if required, was employed in cases of liver transplantation, The anesthesia was satisfactory and no anesthetic complication occurred. The patients regained consciousness within two hours postoperatively. Occlusion of inferior vena cava before removal of the diseased liver decreased the blood return of heart. It is essential to prevent hypotension by increasing fresh blood infusion into superior vena cava. The amount of transfusion in the anhepatic phase was proportional to the anhepatic time. It was confirmed that withdrawal of 100 ml of blood via portal vein and the infrahepatic vena cava would be helpful to alleviate acidosis and hyperkalemia. The disturbance of coagulation mechanism should be properly managed with reference to the data of recent laboratory findings. After the anhepatic phase, body temperature was maintained by using electric heating blanket to prevent hypothermia which might interfere with recovery of hepatic function.

作者对6例原位肝移植术采用神经安定镇痛麻醉,术中辅加γ-羟基丁酸钠和三碘季胺酚,麻醉效果满意,术毕2小时内完全清醒。麻醉中着重于无肝期的处理,对凝血机制、酸碱度、血钾、血糖和体温的维持进行了阐述,并对麻醉选择及用药、出血与输血、血糖、血钾及酸中毒等问题进行了讨论。

 
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