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sum    
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    In sum, the dispute of the hypothesis of ‘the general crisis of the seventeenth century’ by the groves of western Academe had scored great successes. However, there are still a lot of questions that is worth studying.
    综上所述,西方学术界对“17 世纪普遍危机”假说的大争论,取得了丰硕的成果,极大地丰富推动了对 17 世纪西方社会真实状况的认识,但这一重新认识过程并未终结,值得研究的问题仍然很多。
短句来源
    Among them, in his distinctive historiography research, Guo Mo-ruo carried on the deep discussion to a lot of historiography theoretical questions, which is a sum of valuable wealth and promote the establishment and development of historiography of Marxism of our country.
    其中,其独具特色的史学研究中,郭沫若对许多史学理论问题进行了深入探讨,促进了我国马克思主义史学的创立发展,是我国马克思主义史学发展史上一笔宝贵的财富。
短句来源
    The movements in the past hundred years in Chinese modern history refer to the sum of social psychology,humane ideas,and theoretical ideology brought up by schools of thoughts typical of certain classes,social strata and social groups under circumstances of modern history,with political theories which are based on the conception of the state as the core.
    本文认为:近代中国百年思潮是指在近代社会历史条件下产生的,那些特定的阶级、阶层、集团的社会心理及人文观点理论意识形态的总,核心是以国家观为中心的政治理论;
短句来源
    Institutional civilization is the sum of activity achievements how people deal with the practice of social relationship. It has basic feature and function which differ from material civilization and spiritual civilization.
    制度文明是人们处理社会关系实践的积极成果的总 ,它具有不同于物质文明、精神文明的基本特征功能。
短句来源
    World History was dominated long term by two terms:Euro\|politics and world history is the sum of particular country history.
    长期统治世界史学科的是两种观念,即欧洲中心论世界史是各国历史的总
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  总和
    The movements in the past hundred years in Chinese modern history refer to the sum of social psychology,humane ideas,and theoretical ideology brought up by schools of thoughts typical of certain classes,social strata and social groups under circumstances of modern history,with political theories which are based on the conception of the state as the core.
    本文认为:近代中国百年思潮是指在近代社会历史条件下产生的,那些特定的阶级、阶层、集团的社会心理及人文观点和理论意识形态的总和,核心是以国家观为中心的政治理论;
短句来源
    Institutional civilization is the sum of activity achievements how people deal with the practice of social relationship. It has basic feature and function which differ from material civilization and spiritual civilization.
    制度文明是人们处理社会关系实践的积极成果的总和 ,它具有不同于物质文明、精神文明的基本特征和功能。
短句来源
    World History was dominated long term by two terms:Euro\|politics and world history is the sum of particular country history.
    长期统治世界史学科的是两种观念,即欧洲中心论和世界史是各国历史的总和
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  sum
We show that ${\mathcal M}(G,R)$ is a symmetric tensor category, i.e., the motive of the product of two projective homogeneous G-varieties is a direct sum of twisted motives of projective homogeneous G-varieties.
      
We also study the problem of uniqueness of a direct sum decomposition of objects in ${\mathcal M}(G,R).$ We prove that the Krull--Schmidt theorem holds in many cases.
      
For a split reductive algebraic group, this paper observes a homological interpretation for Weyl module multiplicities in Jantzen's sum formula.
      
The new interpretation makes transparent for GLn (and conceivable for other classical groups) a certain invariance of Jantzen's sum formula under "Howe duality" in the sense of Adamovich and Rybnikov.
      
From elements of the invariant algebra C[V]G we obtain, by polarization, elements of C[kV]G, where k ≥ 1 and kV denotes the direct sum of k copies of V.
      
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The movements in the past hundred years in Chinese modern history refer to the sum of social psychology,humane ideas,and theoretical ideology brought up by schools of thoughts typical of certain classes,social strata and social groups under circumstances of modern history,with political theories which are based on the conception of the state as the core.The rise and progress of these thoughts are the result of external influence and internal changes.They reflect the congitive history of the Chinese in...

The movements in the past hundred years in Chinese modern history refer to the sum of social psychology,humane ideas,and theoretical ideology brought up by schools of thoughts typical of certain classes,social strata and social groups under circumstances of modern history,with political theories which are based on the conception of the state as the core.The rise and progress of these thoughts are the result of external influence and internal changes.They reflect the congitive history of the Chinese in the course of self discovering,self awakening,and selection of life styles.Four stages of changes and developments can be classified.They are the periods before and after the Opium War,after the Sino Japanese War of 1894—1895,around the May 4th Movement,and in the 1930s.Three major theoretical shifts in the notion of modern state can be identified. They are represented by reestablishing imperial system,founding national state,and realization of people's democratic republic.The major themes of these movements in the past hundred years are independence, democracy and modernization.Whoever fits into this trend is in the position of grasping the fate of China.

本文认为:近代中国百年思潮是指在近代社会历史条件下产生的,那些特定的阶级、阶层、集团的社会心理及人文观点和理论意识形态的总和,核心是以国家观为中心的政治理论;近代思潮的发生、发展,是外部冲击与内部变迁综合作用的结果,是中国人自我发现、自我觉醒和自我选择生存方式的认识史;鸦片战争前后、甲午战争以后、五四运动前后和本世纪30年代理论观念的变异或发展,是近代中国百年思潮演变的四个阶梯,从重建帝国秩序、创立民族国家到人民民主专政国家制度的实现,是中国近代国家学说的三次重大转换;独立、民主和现代化,是近代中国百年思潮的主旋律,谁能够顺应这一潮流,谁就能掌握中国的命运

The paper is a study on JINSHU (History of Jin Dynansty).It proposes the book has five point advantages and three point disadventages.There are three period about the book's studies:Qing Dynansty (1644-1911) is start coming to textual criticism and to add the Biao (table) and the Zhi (artical);Min Guo (1911-1949) is a period to sum the textual criticism and add Biao and Zhi;the New China (1949-\ )is a period to make brilliant achievement in every work.With the deepening of studies on History of Jin...

The paper is a study on JINSHU (History of Jin Dynansty).It proposes the book has five point advantages and three point disadventages.There are three period about the book's studies:Qing Dynansty (1644-1911) is start coming to textual criticism and to add the Biao (table) and the Zhi (artical);Min Guo (1911-1949) is a period to sum the textual criticism and add Biao and Zhi;the New China (1949-\ )is a period to make brilliant achievement in every work.With the deepening of studies on History of Jin Dynansty and some decrees and regulations have been made clear,the understanding about the book have been made a great progress [

本文在揭示唐修《晋书》的真正原因和指导思想等问题基础上 ,指出《晋书》的五条史学价值和三条不足之处。历代对《晋书》的研究 ,清代为校勘、正误和补表、志的开创时期。民国为《晋书》研究的阶段性总结 ,以及补表、志的最后完成时期。新中国为《晋书》校勘、注释和研究的集大成时期。史家在深入研究两晋十六国历史时 ,对《晋书》所载各类史实典制作了进一步的厘清 ,并对《晋书》的整体性认识上有了进一步的发展

The thesis sums up three different types of reform movements in the history of human's social evolution, according to the analyses of types and effects on several representative reform movements in both Chinese and world's history. It also expounds the distinct social effects of these reforms. Furthermore, it shows five important enlightenments to our realistic society from the historical retrospect on the reforms. Finnally, it conaludes that the reform and innovation is the main impetus for the hisforical...

The thesis sums up three different types of reform movements in the history of human's social evolution, according to the analyses of types and effects on several representative reform movements in both Chinese and world's history. It also expounds the distinct social effects of these reforms. Furthermore, it shows five important enlightenments to our realistic society from the historical retrospect on the reforms. Finnally, it conaludes that the reform and innovation is the main impetus for the hisforical evolution.

本文通过对中国和世界历史上几次具有代表性的改革运动进行类型分析和作用分析 ,总结出了人类社会发展史上曾发生的三种不同类型的改革运动 ,并论述了这些改革所发挥的不同的社会作用 ,进一步指出了改革的历史回顾给我们现实社会的五种重要启示 ,断定改革和创新是历史发展的主要动力

 
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