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epidural cavity
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  硬膜外腔
     Group A was given 8 mg of ondansetron alone,group B 4 mg of ondansetron plus 5 mg of droperidol,and group C NS,which were mixed with PCEA,and then injected into epidural cavity.
     A组单用恩丹西酮 8mg,B组恩丹西酮 4mg+氟哌啶 5 mg,C组为对照组用 0 .9% NS。 三组的药物分别加入 PCEA药盒与 PCEA药同时注入硬膜外腔
短句来源
     Different concentrations of Bupivacaine, range from 0.20% to 0.07% , are accessed by sequential dilution. We test initially with 5ml and watch the patients with a 5-minute period. Inject Bupivacaine from 20 to 25ml with corresponding concentration once the tube is confirmed to be in the epidural cavity.
     布比卡因浓度用序贯方法配制,浓度从0.20%~0.07%,试验剂量均为5ml,观察5min,确认导管在硬膜外腔后,给予相应浓度的布比卡因20~25ml,用针刺法观察镇痛效果和麻醉平面。
短句来源
     Methods 96 ASA I~II patients scheduled for abdominohystcrectomy under epidural anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups: Ondansetron group (n=48) and droperidol group (n=48). Ondansetron group was given 8mg of ondansetron, droperidol group 5mg of droperidol, which were mixed with PCEA, and then injected into epidural cavity.
     方法选择硬膜外麻醉下行全宫切除手术患者96例,ASAI~Ⅱ级,随机分2组:氟哌利多组(n=48)和恩丹西酮组(n=48),恩丹西酮组用恩丹西酮8mg,氟哌利多组用氟哌利多5mg,两组的药物分别加入PCEA药盒与PCEA药液同时注入硬膜外腔,术毕行吗啡PCEA镇痛,镇痛方法采用负荷量+连续量。
短句来源
     Methods 60 cases of lower abdomen,pelvic cavity,hip joint and lower extremity operational patients were performed combined puncture at L 2~L 3 spinal space through subarachnoid cavity and epidural cavity. 0.5% ropivacaine was injected into epidural catheter.
     方法  6 0例下腹、盆腔、髋关节、下肢手术患者均采用蛛网膜下腔与硬膜外腔联合穿刺针行 L2 ~ L3穿刺 ,蛛网膜下腔注入重比重溶液 0 .5 %罗哌卡因 30例 ,0 .5 %布比卡因 30例后硬膜外腔置管。
短句来源
     Group G received combined inhale intravenous anesthesia only during the operation. Group G+C received combined inhale intravenous anesthesia and at the same time 3.75 g·L -1 bupicaine was given through thoracic epidural cavity during the operation.
     G+C组先行胸 6~ 7椎间隙硬膜外穿刺置管后再行气管内插管全麻 ,在静吸复合全麻的同时硬膜外腔给予 3.75 g· L- 1 布比卡因 .
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  硬膜外
     Group Ⅲ:tramadol 2.0 mg/kg and droperidol 2.5 mg were injected via epidural cavity through epidural pipe.
     Ⅲ组从硬膜外导管注入曲马多2 mg/kg+氟哌利多2.5 mg。
短句来源
     In group CSEA(n=20),2 ml liquid of the preparation were infused into subarachnoid cavity. The upper blocked level was at T10~12,and 5 ml mixture of 0.375% levo-bupivacaine and 1% lidocaine were infused into epidural cavity 1.5 h after operation beginning.
     CSEA组腰麻药配制同CSA组,腰麻穿刺成功后一次性注入2 ml,控制平面在胸10~12水平,1.5 h后硬膜外追加0.375%左旋布吡卡因和1%利多卡因混合液5 ml。
短句来源
     Methods 96 ASA I~II patients scheduled for abdominohystcrectomy under epidural anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups: Ondansetron group (n=48) and droperidol group (n=48). Ondansetron group was given 8mg of ondansetron, droperidol group 5mg of droperidol, which were mixed with PCEA, and then injected into epidural cavity.
     方法选择硬膜外麻醉下行全宫切除手术患者96例,ASAI~Ⅱ级,随机分2组:氟哌利多组(n=48)和恩丹西酮组(n=48),恩丹西酮组用恩丹西酮8mg,氟哌利多组用氟哌利多5mg,两组的药物分别加入PCEA药盒与PCEA药液同时注入硬膜外腔,术毕行吗啡PCEA镇痛,镇痛方法采用负荷量+连续量。
短句来源
     The dura was thickend and there was obvious fibrous proliferation and adhesion in the epidural cavity in control group.
     空白组的硬脊膜增厚,硬膜外纤维组织增生或粘连明显,硬膜外间隙消失。
短句来源
     Group G received combined inhale intravenous anesthesia only during the operation. Group G+C received combined inhale intravenous anesthesia and at the same time 3.75 g·L -1 bupicaine was given through thoracic epidural cavity during the operation.
     G+C组先行胸 6~ 7椎间隙硬膜外穿刺置管后再行气管内插管全麻 ,在静吸复合全麻的同时硬膜外腔给予 3.75 g· L- 1 布比卡因 .
短句来源
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  “epidural cavity”译为未确定词的双语例句
     An Experimental Study of Effect of Injection of Bone Cement into Spinal Epidural Cavity on Spinal Cord
     骨水泥注入硬脊膜外腔后脊髓损伤的实验研究
短句来源
     The children of group Iwere punctured and catheterized and put 0.8%~2% lidocaine into epidural cavity for anesthesia after being basal anesthesia.
     Ⅰ组在基础麻醉下行硬膜外置管 ,注入 0 .8%~ 2 %的利多卡因维持麻醉 ;
短句来源
     Clinical Investigation of Epidural Anesthesia Effect of the Preinjection Saline in Epidural Cavity
     改变硬膜外麻醉给药方法的临床探讨
短句来源
     Anterior interspace catheterization of the epidural cavity through sacral hiatus and its applications in treatment of protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc
     经骶裂孔硬膜囊前间隙置管在腰椎间盘突出症治疗中的应用(英文)
短句来源
     Methods Forty eight patients suffered from lumbar disc herniation were divided into two groups and treated by PLD combined with SH injection into epidural cavity (treatment group) or single PLD (control group) respectively.
     方法  48例患者随机分为两组 ,采用经皮穿刺 PL D联合透明质酸钠骶管注射 (治疗组 ) 2 6例 ,单纯经皮穿刺 PL D(对照组 ) 2 2例。
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  epidural cavity
It is most likely, therefore, that the muscle became in fected before the infection occurred in the epidural cavity.
      


Buprenorphine, a partial opioid agonist, belongs to strong effective narcotics. 70 patients undergoing tumor surgery were investigated. They were randomly divided into three groups,based on injecting placebo,buprenorphine and morphine by epidural cavity for postoperative pain relief respectively .The result showed that the pain relieving rate was 100%, effective rate 83.3% in the group of buprenorphine. The average effective time lasted 20. 6±s3. 1 hours. The main side effects were dizziness and nausea...

Buprenorphine, a partial opioid agonist, belongs to strong effective narcotics. 70 patients undergoing tumor surgery were investigated. They were randomly divided into three groups,based on injecting placebo,buprenorphine and morphine by epidural cavity for postoperative pain relief respectively .The result showed that the pain relieving rate was 100%, effective rate 83.3% in the group of buprenorphine. The average effective time lasted 20. 6±s3. 1 hours. The main side effects were dizziness and nausea in this group, but its effect is better than that of morphine.

盐酸丁丙诺啡属强效麻醉性镇痛药。本实验将70例肿瘤手术病人随机分为三组,分别从硬膜外腔注入生理盐水、丁丙诺啡、吗啡,用于术后止痛。结果显示,丁丙诺啡止痛有效率为100%,显效率83.3%。止痛时间20.6±s 3.1h,不良反应主要为头晕和恶心。其作用优于吗啡组。

rabbits were divided into three groups.The epidural cavity following laminectomy covered by poly leucine methylglutamate glutamic(PLMGG) group,silicone rubber group and no coverings in the control group.The animals were sacrificed in 30 days and 60 days respectively after the opreation.The results showed that the dura was smooth and free from thickening in both PLMGG and silicone rubber groups.Also,there was no any fibrous proliferation and adhesion in the epidual cavity.The PLMGG membrane was degraded...

rabbits were divided into three groups.The epidural cavity following laminectomy covered by poly leucine methylglutamate glutamic(PLMGG) group,silicone rubber group and no coverings in the control group.The animals were sacrificed in 30 days and 60 days respectively after the opreation.The results showed that the dura was smooth and free from thickening in both PLMGG and silicone rubber groups.Also,there was no any fibrous proliferation and adhesion in the epidual cavity.The PLMGG membrane was degraded and absorbed after one month and a "gap" was formed in the epidural cavity,while the silicone membrane was not absorbed.The dura was thickend and there was obvious fibrous proliferation and adhesion in the epidural cavity in control group.Therefore,degradable PLMGG is an ideal biological material because of its no residual and preventing effectively the dura from postoperative fibrous adhesion.Auther's address(Department of Orthopaedics,First Affiliated Hospital of Sun yat-sen University of Medical Science,Guangzhou,Guangdong,510080)

18只成年白兔平均分三组。椎扳切除后,实验组在硬膜外覆盖聚氨基酸膜,硅胶组用硅胶膜覆盖,空白组无覆盖物。术后30d、60d处死动物。结果显示:实验组及硅胶组的硬脊膜均光滑无增厚,硬膜外间隙未见新生纤维组织增生或粘连。聚氨基酸膜于1个月降解吸收,形成硬膜外"空隙",硅胶则不吸收。空白组的硬脊膜增厚,硬膜外纤维组织增生或粘连明显,硬膜外间隙消失。因此,可降解的聚氨基酸膜能有效地预防术后椎管瘢痕粘连的形成,又不存留异物,是一种较理想的生物材料。

The effects of repetitive epidural block anesthesia (REBA ) in 184 cases were discussed in this paper. (1) According to the times of REBA,all the cases were clivided into three groups and their excellent rates of REBA were as follows: 82. 9% in group Ⅰ (2 times ),61. 5% in group Ⅱ (3 times), 57. 1% in group Ⅲ (<3 times). The results indicated that the excellent rate in group Ⅰ was significantly higher than that of group Ⅱ and group Ⅲ (p<0. 05). The dosage of local anesthetics of REBA was 13. 8 ml/h in group...

The effects of repetitive epidural block anesthesia (REBA ) in 184 cases were discussed in this paper. (1) According to the times of REBA,all the cases were clivided into three groups and their excellent rates of REBA were as follows: 82. 9% in group Ⅰ (2 times ),61. 5% in group Ⅱ (3 times), 57. 1% in group Ⅲ (<3 times). The results indicated that the excellent rate in group Ⅰ was significantly higher than that of group Ⅱ and group Ⅲ (p<0. 05). The dosage of local anesthetics of REBA was 13. 8 ml/h in group Ⅰ, 8. 9ml/h in group Ⅱ and 7. 6 ml/ h in group Ⅲ. There was marked difference between group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ. Ⅲ (p<0.01). but no significant difference between group Ⅱ and group Ⅲ. (2) According to the time of intermission of REBA, The cases were divided into four groups and their excellent rates were as follows: 90. 5% in group A (1 month), 86. 2% in group B (2 ~ 6 months ), 84% in group C 7 ~ 11 months ), 78. 2% in group D (1 year or more ). There were no significant differences among the gronps. Ws consider that the effect of REBA decreses with the increase of block times and the prolonging of intermission and the dosage of local anesthetics of REBA decreases with the increase of the repetitive times, which is closely related to the repetitive injures of the tissues of epidural cavity owing to puncturing and catheterizing.

本文分析重复多次硬膜外阻滞184例,(1)根据硬膜外阻滞的重复次数分为:Ⅰ组(重复二次)优良率占82.9%,Ⅱ组(重复三次)占61.5%,Ⅲ组(重复三次以上)占57.1%。Ⅰ组与Ⅱ、Ⅲ组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05)。硬膜外腔用药量Ⅰ组13.8ml/h,Ⅱ组8.9ml/h,Ⅲ组76ml/h,Ⅰ组与Ⅱ、Ⅲ组相比较有非常显著性差异(P<0.01),Ⅱ组与Ⅲ组比较没有显著性差异(P>0.05)。(2)按重复间隔时间分为;A组(1月内)优良率占90.5%,B组(2~6月)占86.2%。C组(7~11月)占84%,D组(一年及以上)占78.2%,组间没有显著性差异(P>0.05)。作者认为重复硬膜外阻滞的麻醉效果,是随着重复次数的增多及重复间隔时间的延长而有所下降,而硬膜外腔的用药量也随着重复次数的增多而有所减少,这与穿刺置管时对硬膜外腔组织重复多次造成的机械性损伤有密切的关系。

 
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