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complicated comminuted fracture
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  “complicated comminuted fracture”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The 3-D CT showed obvious advanta ges over plain radio-graphs in detecting sacroiliac diastasis, sacroiliac joint fragments, fractures involving iliac and sacral lips abutting the sacroiliac jo int, sacral fracture and complicated comminuted fracture, because it clearly del ineated fractures of posterior pelvic ring and manifested the severity of commin ution and separation.
     对于骶髂关节部分及前后分离、骶髂关节内碎骨、骶髂关节髂骨唇或骶骨唇骨折、骶骨骨折及复杂粉碎性的骨盆后环骨折,三维CT较X线片有明显的优势,能多层次清晰显示骨盆后环的骨折形态。
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  相似匹配句对
     Fracture
     破裂
短句来源
     Reconstruction of Comminuted Maxillary Fracture
     上颌骨粉碎性骨折的整复
短句来源
     Surgical treatment of comminuted fracture of the olecranon
     尺骨鹰嘴粉碎骨折的手术治疗
短句来源
     Pelvis Fracture of Complicated with Diaphragmatic Hernia
     骨盆骨折并发创伤性膈疝
短句来源
     Nursing of burn patients complicated by fracture
     烧伤合并骨折病人的护理
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Objective To report the clinical features and effects of internal fixation with anatomical plate in combination with bone graft in treatment of complicated comminuted fractures of distal femur. Methods There were 11 case of type C2 and 9 cases of type C3 fractures of distal femur according to the AO classification. When they were treated with anatomical plate, bone grafting from ilium or fibula or from both was done to repair their bone defects depending on specific defects of the patients. Results...

Objective To report the clinical features and effects of internal fixation with anatomical plate in combination with bone graft in treatment of complicated comminuted fractures of distal femur. Methods There were 11 case of type C2 and 9 cases of type C3 fractures of distal femur according to the AO classification. When they were treated with anatomical plate, bone grafting from ilium or fibula or from both was done to repair their bone defects depending on specific defects of the patients. Results All the patients were followed up for a mean of 20 months (ranging from 10 to 24 months). Bone healed in all the cases. By Schatzker standards, the result was excellent in 14 patients, good in 5 and fair in 1. The excellent and good rate was 95%. Conclusion The authors consider that anatomical plate in combination with bone graft is an ideal treatment for complicated comminuted fractures of distal femur.

目的总结股骨下端复杂粉碎骨折解剖型钢板植骨固定的临床特点、效果。方法20例患者按AO分类,C2型11例,C3型9例,合并髌骨骨折7例。解剖型钢板固定的同时根据骨缺损情况行髂骨、腓骨植骨,观察疗效。结果所有患者随访10~24个月,骨折全部愈合,按Schatzker的疗效评定标准,优14例,良5例,可1例,优良率95%。结论解剖型钢板植骨术是治疗股骨下端C2、C3型骨折的理想方法。

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of three-dim en sional CT in diagnosis and treatment of posterior pelvic ring fractures. Methods A retrospective analysis was done for 19 cases of posterior pelvic ring fractur es who were treated from March 2002 to August 2003 and had plain and three-dime nsional CT films. Their radiological characteristics and results were compared b etween the 2 kinds of film. Results 3-D CT corrected the misdiagnosis or uncert ainty of 9 cases who had plain radio-graphs....

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of three-dim en sional CT in diagnosis and treatment of posterior pelvic ring fractures. Methods A retrospective analysis was done for 19 cases of posterior pelvic ring fractur es who were treated from March 2002 to August 2003 and had plain and three-dime nsional CT films. Their radiological characteristics and results were compared b etween the 2 kinds of film. Results 3-D CT corrected the misdiagnosis or uncert ainty of 9 cases who had plain radio-graphs. The 3-D CT showed obvious advanta ges over plain radio-graphs in detecting sacroiliac diastasis, sacroiliac joint fragments, fractures involving iliac and sacral lips abutting the sacroiliac jo int, sacral fracture and complicated comminuted fracture, because it clearly del ineated fractures of posterior pelvic ring and manifested the severity of commin ution and separation. Conclusion The 3-D CT scan provides valuable information for precise diagnosis and treatment plan for the complex posterior pelvic ring f ractures.

目的探讨螺旋CT三维重建对骨盆后环骨折的诊断及治疗上的临床意义。方法2002年3月~2003年8月,对骨盆骨折且有完整X线平片和CT三维重建资料的19例患者进行回顾性分析,并对两种检查方法的结果进行比较。结果19例患者中,9例X线片漏诊或可疑,经三维CT检查后修正诊断。对于骶髂关节部分及前后分离、骶髂关节内碎骨、骶髂关节髂骨唇或骶骨唇骨折、骶骨骨折及复杂粉碎性的骨盆后环骨折,三维CT较X线片有明显的优势,能多层次清晰显示骨盆后环的骨折形态。结论三维CT检查对骨盆后环骨折的诊断、分类及指导治疗具有重要的意义和作用。

BACKGROUND: The repairing of bone defect near joint in long bone resulting from complicated comminuted fracture or excision of bone tumor is very difficult. It is a much studied issue to find a feasible solution to this problem.OBJECTIVE: To explore a feasible treatment to bone defect near joint in long bone through comparative observation of 3 reconstruction methods.DESIGN: A completely randomized experiment with self-control and mutual control.SETTING: Laboratory for Experimental Animals, First Hospital...

BACKGROUND: The repairing of bone defect near joint in long bone resulting from complicated comminuted fracture or excision of bone tumor is very difficult. It is a much studied issue to find a feasible solution to this problem.OBJECTIVE: To explore a feasible treatment to bone defect near joint in long bone through comparative observation of 3 reconstruction methods.DESIGN: A completely randomized experiment with self-control and mutual control.SETTING: Laboratory for Experimental Animals, First Hospital of Jilin University.MATERIALS: Twelve healthy adult hybrid dogs, 5 males and 7 females weighing 12 to 18 kg, were recruited. METHODS: The bone defects near joints were established in upper femoral condyle in the 12 dogs, which were reconstructed by 3 operation styles: only filling with bone cement, filling with bone cement + autogenous ilium bone graft, and filling with bone cement + autogenous ilium bone graft + fixation with L-trapezoid compression plate. There was one dog in each method. The specimens were harvested at the end of weeks 3, 6, 12 and 24, respectively, after operation. One week before specimens were harvested the fluorescent labeling was prepared we conducted vascular perfusion of disulphine blue before the animals were executed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A series of examinations were carried out, including X-ray film, biomechanical test, intravascular perfusion and tetracycline fluorescent labeling. The bone healing, blood supply recovery and biomechanics were observed in the three groups.RESULTS: The 12 dogs all entered the result analysis. ① Results of X-ray examination: Two cases of fracture occurred in experimental side at 6 and 12 weeks in group Ⅰ one case of fracture occurred in experimental side at 6 weeks in group Ⅱ. No fracture happened in group Ⅲ. ② Bone stiffness assayed with biomechanics: It decreased in experimental side as compared to control side by 67% and 70% in group Ⅰ 66%, 76% and 46% in group Ⅱ and 8% in group Ⅲ. ③ Specimen observation after operation: Bone formation, callus, and blood supply recovery were significantly better in group Ⅲ than in groups I and II at all stages.CONCLUSION: The third operation, filling with bone cement + autogenous ilium bone graft + fixation with L-trapezoid compression plate, is an ideal method of bone reconstruction. It can recover bone function, and prevent complications such as refracture and bone nonunion.

背景:长骨近关节端的复杂粉碎骨折或骨肿瘤切除后造成的骨缺损是临床治疗的难点,寻找一种可行的重建方法是当前研究的热点问题。目的:对比观察3种骨重建方法,探讨一种修复长骨近关节端骨缺损的治疗方法。设计:完全随机设计,自身及组间对照。材料:实验2000-10/2002-04在吉林大学第一医院动物室完成。采用12只健康成年杂种狗,雄5只,雌7只,体质量12~18kg。方法:12只狗制作股骨髁上方骨缺损模型,随机分为3组(n=4),采用3种方式进行重建:①Ⅰ组:单纯骨水泥填充。②Ⅱ组:自体髂骨移植+骨水泥填充。③Ⅲ组:自体髂骨移植+骨水泥填充+L梯形加压钢板固定。术后3,6,12,24周麻醉状态下处死动物取标本,右股骨为实验侧,左股骨为对照侧。处死前1周开始进行荧光标记。处死前行双硫兰血管灌注。主要观察指标:取标本后进行X摄线片、生物力学测定、血管灌注及免疫荧光观察。观察3组骨愈合、骨血运恢复情况及生物力学测定情况。结果:12只狗均进入结果分析。①X射线片结果:Ⅰ组于6及12周,Ⅱ组于6周发生实验侧骨折,Ⅲ组无骨折发生。②生物力学所测定的骨刚度:实验侧较对照侧Ⅰ组降低67%,70%;Ⅱ组降低66%,76%,46%;Ⅲ组...

背景:长骨近关节端的复杂粉碎骨折或骨肿瘤切除后造成的骨缺损是临床治疗的难点,寻找一种可行的重建方法是当前研究的热点问题。目的:对比观察3种骨重建方法,探讨一种修复长骨近关节端骨缺损的治疗方法。设计:完全随机设计,自身及组间对照。材料:实验2000-10/2002-04在吉林大学第一医院动物室完成。采用12只健康成年杂种狗,雄5只,雌7只,体质量12~18kg。方法:12只狗制作股骨髁上方骨缺损模型,随机分为3组(n=4),采用3种方式进行重建:①Ⅰ组:单纯骨水泥填充。②Ⅱ组:自体髂骨移植+骨水泥填充。③Ⅲ组:自体髂骨移植+骨水泥填充+L梯形加压钢板固定。术后3,6,12,24周麻醉状态下处死动物取标本,右股骨为实验侧,左股骨为对照侧。处死前1周开始进行荧光标记。处死前行双硫兰血管灌注。主要观察指标:取标本后进行X摄线片、生物力学测定、血管灌注及免疫荧光观察。观察3组骨愈合、骨血运恢复情况及生物力学测定情况。结果:12只狗均进入结果分析。①X射线片结果:Ⅰ组于6及12周,Ⅱ组于6周发生实验侧骨折,Ⅲ组无骨折发生。②生物力学所测定的骨刚度:实验侧较对照侧Ⅰ组降低67%,70%;Ⅱ组降低66%,76%,46%;Ⅲ组降低8%。③术后标本观察,在成骨和骨痂生成方面,以及血管双硫兰灌注显示的血运重建方面等结果显示,Ⅲ组在各时期均明显优于其余两组。结论:自体髂骨+骨水泥填充+L-梯形加压钢板固定的方式是较为理想的骨重建方式。可恢复病损骨的功能,防止再骨折、骨不连等并发症。

 
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