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antagonistic fungi
相关语句
  拮抗菌
    Affect on Pathogen of Popular Canker by Antagonistic Fungi
    几种拮抗菌对杨树烂皮病菌的影响
短句来源
    The community structure, distribution pattern, as well as the biological diversity of tree-inhabiting fungi of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica were investigated, and the antagonistic fungi that have inhibiting effects to the pathogen of shoot blight were screened.
    对樟子松树栖真菌群落结构、分布格局及生物多样性进行了分析,并从中筛选出对樟子松枯梢病菌有抑制作用的拮抗菌
短句来源
    On the basis of ecologic balance, developing the complex biological preparation as a goal, we first explored two compatibly antagonists to control the leaf disease of forest plant and hoped this two antagonistic fungi could play a cooperative role in controlling the pine needle blight.
    本研究以生态平衡为理论基础,开发复合生物制剂为目标,首次将两种亲和拮抗菌用于森林植物叶部病害,以期两种复合拮抗菌在松属植物赤枯病防治中发挥协同作用,其主要研究结果如下:
短句来源
  拮抗菌
    Affect on Pathogen of Popular Canker by Antagonistic Fungi
    几种拮抗菌对杨树烂皮病菌的影响
短句来源
    The community structure, distribution pattern, as well as the biological diversity of tree-inhabiting fungi of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica were investigated, and the antagonistic fungi that have inhibiting effects to the pathogen of shoot blight were screened.
    对樟子松树栖真菌群落结构、分布格局及生物多样性进行了分析,并从中筛选出对樟子松枯梢病菌有抑制作用的拮抗菌
短句来源
    On the basis of ecologic balance, developing the complex biological preparation as a goal, we first explored two compatibly antagonists to control the leaf disease of forest plant and hoped this two antagonistic fungi could play a cooperative role in controlling the pine needle blight.
    本研究以生态平衡为理论基础,开发复合生物制剂为目标,首次将两种亲和拮抗菌用于森林植物叶部病害,以期两种复合拮抗菌在松属植物赤枯病防治中发挥协同作用,其主要研究结果如下:
短句来源
  “antagonistic fungi”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The main research results were as follows:1 , The dual test showed the two antagonistic fungi(Gliocladiutm virens ,Bacillus firmus)had some differences to Pestalotia funerea in the inhibition mode.
    1、对峙培养显示两种颉抗菌(Gliocladium virens、Bacillus firmus)对赤枯病菌(Pestalotia funerea)的抗生方式有一些差异。
短句来源
    The antagonistic experiments between antagonistic fungi(Trichoderma spp.,Chaetomium sp.) and Cytospora chrysosperma showed that Trichoderma viride 1,Trichoderma viride2,Trichoderma harzianum and Chaetomium sp.can be used as antagonistic fungi to Cytospora chrysosperma for biological control.
    Trichoderma3个菌株及Chaetomium sp.与杨树烂皮病菌(Cytospora chrysosperma)的对峙培养试验的结果表明:试验中采用的Trichoderma viride1,Trichoderma viride2,Trichoderma harzianum及Chaetomium sp.对杨树烂皮病菌都有一定的抑制效果,其中Trichoderma viride1对病原菌的相对抑制效果最好,且其相对抑制效果随着时间的增加而增长,在74h时达到最高,抑制率可达到64.55%;
短句来源
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  antagonistic fungi
Spore germiantion of antagonistic fungi (Trichderma viride andAspergillus sydowi) was also influenced by the root exudates of resistant and susceptible varieties, but the influence was different.
      
Thus, plants may not be able to erect selective barriers to only antagonistic fungi.
      
Fungal symbiont ranges of hosts supports prediction (2): woody hosts are associated with a greater number of mutualistic fungi than antagonistic fungi.
      
The potential role of antagonistic fungi in this variability was investigated assessing sensitivity of Fusarium species and saprophytic fungi colonizing wheat kernels to fungicides.
      
Moreover, the quantification of specific mRNA transcription by real-time PCR is being increasingly applied to the study of changes in gene expression in response to phytopathogenic and antagonistic fungi.
      
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The antagonistic experiments between Trichoderma spp. and Sphaeropsis sapinea showed that Trichoderma viride 1, Trichoderma viride 2 and Trichoderma harzianum could be used as antagonistic fungi to Sphaeropsis sapinea for biological control. Trichoderma viride 2 had the best depressing effect on Sphaeropsis sapinea. The depressing effect increased with time, and it reached to 73.55 at 40 hours. The depressing effects of Trichoderma viride 1 and Trichoderma harzianum achieved the highest at 16 hours, and...

The antagonistic experiments between Trichoderma spp. and Sphaeropsis sapinea showed that Trichoderma viride 1, Trichoderma viride 2 and Trichoderma harzianum could be used as antagonistic fungi to Sphaeropsis sapinea for biological control. Trichoderma viride 2 had the best depressing effect on Sphaeropsis sapinea. The depressing effect increased with time, and it reached to 73.55 at 40 hours. The depressing effects of Trichoderma viride 1 and Trichoderma harzianum achieved the highest at 16 hours, and they were 4.86 and 2.59, respectively.

通过Trichoderma属 3个菌株与樟子松枯梢病菌 (Sphaeropsissapinea)对峙培养试验的结果表明 :Tri chodermaviride1,Trichodermaviride 2及Trichodermaharzianum对樟子松枯梢病病原菌都有抑制效果 ,其中Trichodermaviride 2对病原菌的相对抑制效果最好 ,且其相对抑制效果随着时间的增加而增长 ,在 4 0h达到最高 ,为 73.5 5。Trichodermaviride 1和Trichodermaharzianum对病原菌的相对抑制效果在 16h达到最高 ,分别为 4 .86及 2 .5 9。

Ten kinds of fungi that could restrain pathogenic bacterial (Diplodia pinea) of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica shoot blight were screened out through experiments, and six kinds of fungi were confirmed to have restraining effect at last. Restraining effects from high to low are in the order of Trichoderma viride, Ulocladium chartarum, Spadicoides oboratum, Fusarium sp., Chaetomium globosum, Epicoccum sp.. Among them, Trichoderma viride is preferred fungus. The standard for screening antagonistic...

Ten kinds of fungi that could restrain pathogenic bacterial (Diplodia pinea) of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica shoot blight were screened out through experiments, and six kinds of fungi were confirmed to have restraining effect at last. Restraining effects from high to low are in the order of Trichoderma viride, Ulocladium chartarum, Spadicoides oboratum, Fusarium sp., Chaetomium globosum, Epicoccum sp.. Among them, Trichoderma viride is preferred fungus. The standard for screening antagonistic fungus is relative restraining effect of a fungus; at the same time the restrained proportion and the characteristics leading to disease for the fungus should be considered.

试验筛选出 10种对樟子松枯梢病病原菌Diplodiapinea有拮抗作用的真菌 ,最终确定具有拮抗作用的真菌 6种。拮抗效果由强到弱依次为绿木霉 (Trichodermaviride)、单格孢 (Ulocladiumchartarum )、枣褐霉(Spadicoidesoboratum)、镰刀菌 (Fusariumsp .)、球毛壳孢 (Chaetomiumglobosum)、附球菌 (Epicoccumsp .)。其中绿木霉效果最好 ,为首选菌种。拮抗菌的筛选以相对抑菌效果为准 ,同时应考虑被抑制率和菌种本身具有的致病性。

The Heterobasidion annosum complex are the most aggressive pathogens on coniferous forests in northern hemisphere,and they cause severe damages on many gymnosperm trees:The species complex were considered as a single species,however,three species have been recognized in Europe: Heterobasidion annosum sensu stricto,H.parviporum and H.abietinum.The three species have differences in biological,morphological and ecological characteristics,hosts and distribution.Being controlling the disease of root and butt rots,Phlebiopsis...

The Heterobasidion annosum complex are the most aggressive pathogens on coniferous forests in northern hemisphere,and they cause severe damages on many gymnosperm trees:The species complex were considered as a single species,however,three species have been recognized in Europe: Heterobasidion annosum sensu stricto,H.parviporum and H.abietinum.The three species have differences in biological,morphological and ecological characteristics,hosts and distribution.Being controlling the disease of root and butt rots,Phlebiopsis gigantea is the best antagonistic fungus to prevent the Heterobasidion annosum complex.The single-spore cultures of Heterobasidion from northeastern and southwestern China were paired with homocaryons of three European species,and the Chinese stocks mated European H.parviporum only.Heterobasidion annosum and H.abietinum do not exist in China so far,and they should be considered to be in quarantine in China because these two species are important forest pathogens in Europe.

北半球针叶林最严重的森林病害是由广义的多年异担子菌(Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato)引起的干基白色腐朽病,但近年的研究表明多年异担子菌并不是单一的物种,目前在欧洲已分出3个独立的种,即原始多年异担子菌(Heterobasidion annosum sensu stricto)、小孔异担子菌(Heterobasidion parviporum)和冷杉异担子菌(Heterobasidi-on abietinum),它们生物学习性、形态结构,生态学,寄主范围和发生区域均有差异。应用大伏革菌Phlebiopsisgigantea对该类病害进行生物防治是较好的方法。将中国东北和西南(云南)的异担子菌单孢菌株与欧洲的三种异担子菌进行交配,结果表明中国东北和西南地区的异担子菌与原始多年异担子菌无性亲和反应,而与小孔异担子菌有性融合反应,因此中国东北和西南地区的异担子菌是小孔异担子菌,目前中国并不存在原始多年异担子菌。由于原始多年异担子菌和冷杉异担子菌均为严重的森林病原菌,应将其作为对外检疫对象。

 
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