The latter half of 20th century witnessed the change of material and spiritual situations that led to the transformation of the connotation of the public literature. It was marked by the social transformation in China since her reform and opening-up, during which China came across the transformations from command economy to market economy, and from the provincial society to the open-minded one.
In a broad sense, it means the transformation of identity, status, value, rights and producing and lifestyles to the urban citizens in an all-round way, which helps to realize the social transformation of modern urban civilization.
Many scholars have tried to make macro analysis and summary of the social transformation during this period through the micro specific studies on different aspects such as culture, politics, stratum, class, economics, marriage and so on, having gained lots of attractive achievements.
Modern society is in the transition period of modernization and reform as well as open-up, which not only needs to continue to perfect the transition from rural society to industrial society and even to post-industry society, but also needs to meet with the social transformation from previous planned economy-cored mechanism to market economy-cored mechanism.
But with the social transformation, some of Chinese metropolitan novelists have given up their spiritual pursuit, so that novels are sent into exile in the margin of the commercialized society and have to please the poor taste of some readers.
Rule of law in the countryside has been experiencing many difficulties at the social transformation. It is necessary for us to go from the whole and diversity to search the strategy of the establishment of rule of law in the countryside,so that we can form the society of rule of law on the whole.
This paper analyses the social economic reasons for the shift ofmushroom cultivators in Qingyuan,its form-transformation mechanism,andthe organizing patterns of economy as well.Using the methodology fromsociology,the paper also studies the impact of thc shifting population on theimpoyeri6hed mountain areas with respect to social structure and individualrole.In the end,it tries to explain the social transformation mechanismcaused by the shift of mushroom cultivators.
The studies of demographic history has made a great progress since the middle of this century in western Europe,especially in Britain. To make a comment on the progress of demographic history is the main aim of this thesis. British scholars expressed correctly that the movement of population was an important historical factor in the social transformation from medieval to modern time and there was a close relationship between the movement of population and social transformation.
The article emphasizes the need, during the social transformation period in China, for a correct understanding of both utilitarian morality and obligatory morality, and makes a critical comment, in particular, on the misunderstanding about the concept of utilitarianism. Besides, some important issues are discussed such as the problems existing in the sphere of morality in today's China, their root cause, and some possible solutions for them.