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porcelain stone
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  瓷石
     The sericite in the porcelain stone belongs to dioctahedral typewith polytype being 2M_1 and unit cell parameters being a=5.15, b=8.97, c=20.10 and β=96.18°.
     光福瓷石中绢云母为二八面体型,多型为2M1,其晶胞参数a=5.15,b=8.97,c=20.10,β=96.18°。
短句来源
     From the results of study,it was found that: The using amount of raw materials were kaolin 10—25% and porcelain stone 90—75% for the blue—and—white porcelain bodies in Yuan and Ming Dynasties,and were kaolin 30—60% and porce lain stone 70—40% in Qing Dynasty.
     通过分析证明,元、明代青花瓷胎的配料大致是高岭土10——25%,瓷石90——75%,而清代配料是高岭土30——60%,瓷石70——40%。
短句来源
     The approximate equality of the peak width W_1 and W_2 of basal reflection 10 and 5 suggests that sericite in Guangfu porcelain stone does not contain montmorillonite (interlayer) minerals.
     光福瓷石中绢云母的10和5衍射峰的半高宽值W1和人W2,基本相等,表明它是一种不含蒙脱石(间层)的绢云母。
短句来源
     X-ray Powder Diffraction and Infrared Absorption Spectroscopic Study of Sericite from Guangfu Porcelain Stone, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province
     苏州光福瓷石中绢云母的X射线衍射及红外吸收光谱研究
短句来源
     Status and Function of Porcelain Stone in Celadon History of Zhejiang
     瓷石在浙江青瓷史上的地位和作用
短句来源
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  瓷石矿
     MINERALOGICAL AND PETROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GUANGFU PORCELAIN STONE ORE,JIANGSU
     江苏光福瓷石矿矿物岩石特征研究
短句来源
     The chemical formula of sericite is (K_(0.809)Na_(0.037) Ca_(0.003))_(0.849)(Al_(2.083)Fe_(0.006)Mg_(0.075))_(2.164)[(Si_(0.272)Al_(0.728))_4O_(10)] (OH)_2. It is therefore concluded that Guangfu porcelain stone is excellent in quality and will serve as a kind of good raw materials for ceramic production.
     它的晶体化学式为:(K0.809Na.c37Ca0.003)0.849(Al2.08sFe0.003Mg0.075)2.164[(Si3.272Al0.728)4O10](OH)2。 总之,光福瓷石矿质量优良,是陶瓷生产的良好原料。
短句来源
     2.The white rock located near the kiln is not porcelain stone,cannot solely be used for producing porcelain.
     2 )柯家冲窑址附近的白色岩石不是瓷石矿料 ,不能单独用作制瓷原料。
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  porcelain stone
The compositions of pastes made from porcelain stone from the Boinaksai deposit and pyroxene wastes from the Koitash ore field wee developed.
      
The processes occurring during heat treatment of porcelain stone from the Boinaksaiskoe deposits have been investigated.
      
Chemically stable ceramics based on porcelain stone from the boinaksaiskoe deposit
      
The promise of using porcelain stone for fabrication of high-quality porcelain was demonstrated.
      
Porcelain stone - A nontraditional type of mineral raw material
      
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This is a review on the raw materials used for ancient traditional porcelains in Northern and Southern famous Kiln areas of China. The relations between the usages of china stone and the invention of China's porcelain are described here. The characteristics of china stone and kaolin and their important role in the development of Southern porcelains are discussed, As porcelain stone widely occurred in South China, which mainly consist of quartz and sericite, the ancient Southern porcelains possessed high...

This is a review on the raw materials used for ancient traditional porcelains in Northern and Southern famous Kiln areas of China. The relations between the usages of china stone and the invention of China's porcelain are described here. The characteristics of china stone and kaolin and their important role in the development of Southern porcelains are discussed, As porcelain stone widely occurred in South China, which mainly consist of quartz and sericite, the ancient Southern porcelains possessed high siliceous characteristics. Since the beginning of the Yuan to Qing dynasties, more and more kaolin was added to the bodies to improve the quality of Jingdezhen porcelain. The glazes in South China were prepared with a mixture of china stone and grass wood ash or glaze ash (limestone was calcined together with grass wood ash). The Northern raw materials used for porcelain bodies were mainly various kinds of clay minerals. Feldspar, quartz, and dolomite or calcite were used for Northern porcelain glazes.

本文综述了中国南、北方名窑区用于制作古代传统瓷器的原料。阐述了中国瓷器的发明和瓷石使用的关系。讨论了瓷石和高岭土的特征及其在南方瓷器发展中所起的重要作用。中国南方盛产瓷石,而瓷石主要由石英和绢云母所组成,故古代南方瓷器具有富硅质的特征。从元代开始至清代,越来越多的高岭土加入到瓷胎中,从而改善了景德镇瓷器的质量。南方瓷釉是用瓷石加草木灰或釉灰(石灰石与草木一起煅烧而成)配成。北方瓷胎主要采用各种类型的粘土矿物原料。北方瓷釉则是采用长石、石英和白云石或方解石等矿物原料。

From the results of study,it was found that: The using amount of raw materials were kaolin 10—25% and porcelain stone 90—75% for the blue—and—white porcelain bodies in Yuan and Ming Dynasties,and were kaolin 30—60% and porce lain stone 70—40% in Qing Dynasty.For the blue—and—white porcelain glazes,their raw materials were glaze stone and glaze ash in successive dynasties.It was little that the relationship bettween their changes of composition and era.To the samples of emperor kiln,the...

From the results of study,it was found that: The using amount of raw materials were kaolin 10—25% and porcelain stone 90—75% for the blue—and—white porcelain bodies in Yuan and Ming Dynasties,and were kaolin 30—60% and porce lain stone 70—40% in Qing Dynasty.For the blue—and—white porcelain glazes,their raw materials were glaze stone and glaze ash in successive dynasties.It was little that the relationship bettween their changes of composition and era.To the samples of emperor kiln,the using amount of glaze ash was related to thick- ness of body.As a rule,porcelain glazes of thick body contained high amount of glaze ash(9—16%),that of medium thickness body contained a medium amount of glaze ash(7—13%),that of thin body contained a small amount of glaze ash(1—10%).

通过分析证明,元、明代青花瓷胎的配料大致是高岭土10——25%,瓷石90——75%,而清代配料是高岭土30——60%,瓷石70——40%。历代青花瓷釉是由釉石加釉灰配成,它们的组分变化与年代关系较少。对于官窑青花来说,在瓷釉配料中釉灰的加入量与瓷胎的厚度有一定关系,一般厚胎釉灰加入量高(9——16%),中胎居中(7—13%),薄胎较少(1—10%)。

The chemical composition, microstructure, physical and ceramic properties of fifteen typical specimens of Dehua white and shadowy blue porcelain(Yingqing) of successive dynasties were examined and analyzed. In order to understand the relationship between ancient porcelain and raw materials, two kinds of typical local porcelain stones were investigated as well. From the testing results, it is found that all Dehua porcelain bodies and glazes contain high content of potassium oxide. Dehua...

The chemical composition, microstructure, physical and ceramic properties of fifteen typical specimens of Dehua white and shadowy blue porcelain(Yingqing) of successive dynasties were examined and analyzed. In order to understand the relationship between ancient porcelain and raw materials, two kinds of typical local porcelain stones were investigated as well. From the testing results, it is found that all Dehua porcelain bodies and glazes contain high content of potassium oxide. Dehua porcelain stones consist mainly of quartz, sericite and some amount of kaolinite or feldspar. The amount of glaze ash used for making glazes in the Ming dynasty was about half of that in the Song dynasty. Reducing firing was used in the Northern and Southern Song dynasties. After Yuan, especialIy in the Ming dynasty oxidizing firing was used. The K_2O contents in the bodies of the Ming dynasty white porcelain are nearly the same as that in glazes, sometimes even more. That is why the Dehua white porcelain of the Ming dynasty is translucent and looks like jade. The alumina content in modern Dehua white porcelain is about 5~9% higher than that in ancient wares.

分析鉴定了十五种历代德化白瓷和影青典型样品的化学组成、显微结构以及物理和陶瓷性能。为了了解古代德化白瓷和作为重要技术因素之一的原料之间的关系,尚对两种当地产的瓷石作了研究。 从分析和研究的结果发现: 德化瓷胎和釉中钾含量高,此与当地原料的特性有密切关系。这是一个适应于素雕而避免烧成过程中变形的优点;德化地区的瓷石与景德镇地区所用瓷石是相似的,它主要是由石英,绢云母、高岭石和长石等组成;明代制釉的釉灰用量是宋代用量的一半,德化白瓷釉应属典型的钾-钙质釉;在德化地区北宋和南宋时期仅使用还原气氛烧成,元代以后,特别是明代才熟练地掌握了氧化焰烧成技术;在明代的“猪油白”瓷器胎中的钾含量与釉中相近,有时甚至超过釉中含量,这就是为什么明代德化白瓷看起来有象玉石一样的半透明感的缘故;近代德化白瓷的氧化铝含量比古代瓷器中高5~9%。

 
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