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axillary approach
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  腋路
     Every group received 4 mg/mL Ropivacaine 40 mL in axillary approach brachial plexus block.
     随机分为四组(n=20),每组均用4mg/ml罗哌卡因40mL作腋路臂丛神经阻滞,各组局麻药均不加肾上腺素。
短句来源
     Methods Two hundred and ten cases with tendon injury were randomly divided into 3 groups and all of the patients were administered Bupivacaine(0.25%), Papaverine(0.0625 mg/ml), and Dexamethesone(0.25 mg/ml) in separating brachial plexus block through axillary approach.
     方法  2 10例患者 ,均采用 0 2 5 %布比卡因、0 0 6 2 5mg/ml罂粟碱和 0 2 5mg/ml地塞米松混合液作腋路臂丛运动感觉神经阻滞分离麻醉药物 ,随机分为A、B和C 3组 ,每组 70例患者。
短句来源
     One single injection was used in brachial plexus block through axillary approach, and the dosage was 399 ±3.1ml(x±s).
     均选腋路臂丛一针法穿刺麻醉给药 (39.9± 3 .1 )ml(x±s,下同 )。
短句来源
     One single injection was used in brachial plexus block through axillary approach, and the dosage was 40 ml ± 2.6 ml( ± s ).
     均选腋路臂丛一针法穿刺麻醉给药 [( 4 0 .0± 2 .6)ml( x±s ,下同 ) ]。
短句来源
     Results:By the axillary approach,single benign thyroid tumor resection was performed success-fully in all 8 patients,and there was no scar in the neck region,no color and luster alteration of the skin and no complications after operation.
     结果:经腋路途径为26例甲状腺单发良性肿瘤行切除术,全部获得成功,术后颈前无手术疤痕,无皮肤色泽改变,未发生并发症。
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  “axillary approach”译为未确定词的双语例句
     One single injection was used in brachial plexus block through axillary approach,and the dosage was (40±5)ml.
     臂丛阻滞均采用一针穿刺单次给药法[(40±5)ml]。
短句来源
     Improvement and clinical application of the axillary approach
     腋下纵切口15例应用体会
短句来源
     Improvement of the axillary approach through longitudinal incision was made in 15 cases of tho-racic surgery,including 6 cases of ligature of PDA,3 cases of cleaning of chronic ernpyema,3 cases of vari-ous lung resections and 3 cases of operation on other diseases.
     儿童10例,成人5例; 其中,动脉导管未闭结扎术6例,慢性脓胸清除术3例,各种肺切除术3例,贲门失弛症Heller术1例,纵隔畸胎瘤摘除术1例及急性心包炎心包部分切除术1例。
短句来源
     Methods Endoscopic thyroidectomy via breast approach or axillary approach was performed in 98 cases from December 2003 to August 2005.The subcutaneous space beneath the breast area and the subplatysmal space in the neck were bluntly dissected through a 5-mm incision. The CO_2 was insufflated at the pressure of 8~10 mm Hg to create an operative space. Three trocars were inserted.
     方法2003年12月~2005年8月,我院行腔镜甲状腺手术98例,采用经乳晕、胸骨前三孔法(胸壁途径)或双侧腋窝三孔法(腋窝途径),通过分离胸前皮下和颈阔肌深面,注入CO2(压力8~10 mm Hg)建立手术操作空间。
短句来源
     Conclusions Endoscopic thyroidectomy via breast or axillary approach is feasible and safe,giving patients satisfactory cosmetic results.
     结论经胸壁及腋窝途径行腔镜甲状腺手术具有极佳的美容效果,可以作为一种治疗手段对有特别要求的患者应用。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Improvement and clinical application of the axillary approach
     腋下纵切口15例应用体会
短句来源
     Embarrassment and approach
     中小日化品牌的困境与突围
短句来源
     its developing approach;
     国防科技的发展途径;
短句来源
     Clinical Study on Endoscopic Thyroidectomy by the Via-axillary or Via-Breast Approach
     胸前入路与腋入路腔镜甲状腺手术临床对比研究
短句来源
     OBSERVATION ON THE AXILLARY ARTERY
     腋动脉的观察
短句来源
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  axillary approach
In seven other patients sympathectomy was done by the axillary approach, with removal of T2-T4 ganglia.
      
Since the right axillary approach incurs other risks that could only be compensated by significantly quicker access, i.e.
      
Brachial plexus injury was noted in 13% of the patients undergoing the axillary approach.
      
Patients treated using the axillary approach can obtain cosmetic results superior to those achieved with other procedures.
      
All of the patients treated using the axillary approach were satisfied with the cosmetic results.
      
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Improvement of the axillary approach through longitudinal incision was made in 15 cases of tho-racic surgery,including 6 cases of ligature of PDA,3 cases of cleaning of chronic ernpyema,3 cases of vari-ous lung resections and 3 cases of operation on other diseases.This kind of incision in the axilla heals well,the scar is unnoticeable,the surgical wound is bleeding less.It has no effect on the development of breast inwomen. Therefore,this approach is recommended in suitable cases.

报道腋下纵切口的改进及临床应用体会。儿童10例,成人5例;其中,动脉导管未闭结扎术6例,慢性脓胸清除术3例,各种肺切除术3例,贲门失弛症Heller术1例,纵隔畸胎瘤摘除术1例及急性心包炎心包部分切除术1例。手术顺利,切口甲级愈合,随访无并发症。与后外侧切口相比,可能有美容好、创伤轻、出血少、恢复快及不影响女性乳房发育等优点。

Objective\ Subpectoral space is the common site to insert breast implant,but unsatisfactory result is also not uncommon.According to the authors’s observation and study,when using axillary approach,inadequate dissection and postoperative contraction of the pectoral muscle to push the implant upwards are the two main factors.Therefore,the authors advocate enlargement of the space medially and inferiorly to overcome the above adverse factors.Methods\ Since October 1995 to October 1996,the authors have used...

Objective\ Subpectoral space is the common site to insert breast implant,but unsatisfactory result is also not uncommon.According to the authors’s observation and study,when using axillary approach,inadequate dissection and postoperative contraction of the pectoral muscle to push the implant upwards are the two main factors.Therefore,the authors advocate enlargement of the space medially and inferiorly to overcome the above adverse factors.Methods\ Since October 1995 to October 1996,the authors have used this modified dissection in 56 breasts of 28 cases.Results\ All the patients obtained satisfactory results.Conclusion\ It is suggested that an extended subpectoral dissection for augmentation mammaplasty should be used.

目的探讨改善隆乳外形效果的方法。方法提出扩大胸大肌后间隙内、下方剥离范围的改进措施。1995年10月~1996年10月,用于隆乳术28例56侧。结果1例因间隙内侧方剥离过度致双侧乳房距离过近有欠自然外,其余效果满意。结论认为腋部切口径路,胸大肌的肋胸骨处附着点剥离不充分以及术后胸大肌收缩致假体过度上移是以往隆乳乳房外形不佳的两个主要因素,而改进剥离范围则是消除上述不良因素的有效措施。

Objective To study the influence of bupivacaine combined with papaverine in different concentrations on sensation and motion in brachial plexus block . Methods 175 cases without nerve, tendon and MPJ injuries were involved in the study, and were randomly divided into five groups with 35 each. In group 1, the control group, 0.25 % bupivacaine (1.5 mg·kg -1) was administered alone. In group 2,3,4 and 5, the experimental groups, the same dosage of bupivacaine combined with descending dilution of papaverine [0.25...

Objective To study the influence of bupivacaine combined with papaverine in different concentrations on sensation and motion in brachial plexus block . Methods 175 cases without nerve, tendon and MPJ injuries were involved in the study, and were randomly divided into five groups with 35 each. In group 1, the control group, 0.25 % bupivacaine (1.5 mg·kg -1) was administered alone. In group 2,3,4 and 5, the experimental groups, the same dosage of bupivacaine combined with descending dilution of papaverine [0.25 mg/ml( 0.15 mg·kg 1), 0.125 mg/ml(0.075mg·kg -1), 0.0625 mg/ml (0.0375mg·kg -1), 0.03125 mg/ml(0.01875mg·kg -1)] were administered respectively. One single injection was used in brachial plexus block through axillary approach, and the dosage was 40 ml ± 2.6 ml( ± s ). The anesthetic effects including muscular contraction power and range of joint motion were observed. Results Compared with group 1, the inducing time became shorter and shorter in the order from group 2 to 5, while the maintenance period and analgesic period became longer and longer ( P < 0.05 ). The anesthetic effect on muscle power and range of joint motion became greater in the ascending order from group 2 to 5. Conclusions Papaverine has an counteraction on bupivacaine. It can accelerate the block of the sensory component of the brachial plexus with minor influence on the motor fibers. The effect is concentration related.

目的 用不同浓度罂粟碱配伍布比卡因作臂丛麻醉 ,研究其对痛觉和运动的阻滞作用。方法 对 175例无上肢神经、肌腱和掌指关节损伤的住院病人 ,采用双盲法随机分为 5组 :( 1)对照组 :用质量分数为 0 .0 5的布比卡因 ( 1.5mg·kg-1)行臂丛麻醉。 ( 2~ 5 )观察组 :在同量布比卡因中 ,分别加入 0 .2 5mg/ml罂粟碱、0 .12 5mg/ml罂粟碱、0 .0 62 5mg/ml罂粟碱和 0 .0 3 12 5mg/ml的罂粟碱。均选腋路臂丛一针法穿刺麻醉给药 [( 4 0 .0± 2 .6)ml( x±s ,下同 ) ]。比较 5组药物对肌肉收缩、关节活动范围的阻滞作用。结果 与对照组相比 ,2~ 5组的起效时间按顺序逐渐缩短 ,维持时间依序延长 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;肌肉收缩、关节活动范围的阻滞程度按序逐渐增强 ,但均弱于第 1组。结论 罂粟碱有拮抗布比卡因效能的作用 ,可加快阻滞臂丛痛觉神经纤维的时间 ,对运动神经纤维的作用轻微。药物作用和浓度呈正相关。

 
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