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the mainland china
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  中国大陆
    Though both the Mainland China and Macao apply the Continental Legal System, the two regions vary totally from each other in the system of corporation laws.
    中国大陆与澳门特区的法律体系尽管同属大陆法系 ,但由于历史的原因 ,两地又为不同的法域 ,因而两地的公司法从形式到内容仍存在很大差异。
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  “the mainland china”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A Comparison of the Corporation Laws between the Mainland China and Macao Jing
    中国大陆与澳门公司法比较
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  the mainland china
Coastal water types along the mainland China coastline had low temperature and salinity levels, but high nitrate levels.
      
By the end of 1990, there were 59 large cities with a population of 0.5 million or more in the mainland China, of which 31 cities have a population of more than 1 million.
      
While these two markets are related, it is less clear that the Mainland China market is influenced by or influences the other two markets.
      
The only indication of influence of China's past innovations is on the Mainland China stock market itself.
      
These initial figures indicate that the Mainland China stock market is only weakly related to the other markets in the Greater China region.
      
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Though both the Mainland China and Macao apply the Continental Legal System, the two regions vary totally from each other in the system of corporation laws. After Macao's reversion to China, economic and cultural exchange programs will be more frequent between the regions. However, their differences in the corporation law system will surely hinder the effective exchange programs concerning business and law enforcement. This paper, through a thorough analysis of the differences, intends to provide...

Though both the Mainland China and Macao apply the Continental Legal System, the two regions vary totally from each other in the system of corporation laws. After Macao's reversion to China, economic and cultural exchange programs will be more frequent between the regions. However, their differences in the corporation law system will surely hinder the effective exchange programs concerning business and law enforcement. This paper, through a thorough analysis of the differences, intends to provide some applicable solutions to the problems tangible or intangible.

中国大陆与澳门特区的法律体系尽管同属大陆法系 ,但由于历史的原因 ,两地又为不同的法域 ,因而两地的公司法从形式到内容仍存在很大差异。随着澳门回归祖国 ,中国大陆与澳门特区的经济、文化等方面的交流更为活跃和频繁 ,因而探讨两地间有关公司法律制度的异同及其成因 ,并提出相应的对策和建议 ,有利于克服两地间因公司法不同而形成的障碍 ,对两地间加强经贸联系和法律交流有着极为突出的紧迫性和现实意义

Since 1978, the policy of opening the doors have been attracting a lot of investments from outside world, including the investment from Taiwan. Therefore, we have made some special policies towards Taiwan businessmen. In the process of the reform and opening, there are achievements and lessons as well. In this paper, the author try to compare the three styles of Taiwan-invested companies in the mainland China in order to get a further understanding of the legal systems for Taiwan investments in the Great...

Since 1978, the policy of opening the doors have been attracting a lot of investments from outside world, including the investment from Taiwan. Therefore, we have made some special policies towards Taiwan businessmen. In the process of the reform and opening, there are achievements and lessons as well. In this paper, the author try to compare the three styles of Taiwan-invested companies in the mainland China in order to get a further understanding of the legal systems for Taiwan investments in the Great Exploitation of west China.

本文旨在根据我国有关台湾同胞投资企业的法律规定 ,同时结合改革开放以来吸引台资的经验 ,对台湾同胞投资企业的三种形式进行分析与比较 ,以求海内外各界在“西部大开发”过程中 ,对我国有关台资立法有更进一步的了解

The paper introduces Hongkong Monetary Authority's functions as the lender of last resort and its experiences in the resolution of bank liquidity crises in the 1980's and 1990's. Regarding the risk resolution in the mainland China, the paper sums up how the local governments use the public capital to realize the capital resolution and financial restructuring of the local legal financial institutions. In the end, the paper points out that: (1) the local government should cautiously introduce the public...

The paper introduces Hongkong Monetary Authority's functions as the lender of last resort and its experiences in the resolution of bank liquidity crises in the 1980's and 1990's. Regarding the risk resolution in the mainland China, the paper sums up how the local governments use the public capital to realize the capital resolution and financial restructuring of the local legal financial institutions. In the end, the paper points out that: (1) the local government should cautiously introduce the public capital in addressing the crises of local legal financial institutions; (2) we should establish the market-based LLR system in China; (3) we should set up the contingency plan and scenario test for the financial institution crises; (4) we should restrict the non-local financial institutions from the share-joining of the local financial institutions and supervise the share-holder's relation loans and senior managers' direct and indirect loans; (5) we may use the foreign reserve in the risk resolution; (6) the central bank should strengthen the micro-economic monitor, supervision and research functions.

本文介绍了香港金融管理局履行最后贷款人角色的有关情况:(1)LLR的性质;(2)外汇基金是金管局履行LLR功能可应用的资源;(3)提供LLR援助的先决条件;(4)金管局向有问题机构提供LLR援助采用的3种基本途径;(5)LLR援助的期限和利率;(6)LLR援助的抵押品要求和最高限额;(7)对境外银行香港分行的LLR援助;(8)须经财政司司长同意的资金援助;(9)对没有清偿能力银行的处置;(10)对问题贷款的处置。从实践看,1980年前的银行流动性危机香港政府基本没有介入;1980年代,基于问题银行可能产生的系统性影响和对港元的潜在冲击,香港政府对部分机构进行了救助。虽然没有对银行使用破产清算的方式,但并不意味着香港政府害怕银行破产。香港金融管理局给了外部清晰的信号:香港政府接管银行或向银行提供财务支持并不是一个惯常的政策,给予援助并不是必然的。香港没有自动救赎无力偿付债务银行的政策,1990年代对BCCI的处理中,金管局判断BCCI没有系统风险,就对其进行了清盘,所有存款得到兑付,但是清盘过程也是痛苦的;2000年后开始研究建立存款保险制度。文章接着对内地近几年地方政府动用公共资源对地方法人类金融机构的资本救...

本文介绍了香港金融管理局履行最后贷款人角色的有关情况:(1)LLR的性质;(2)外汇基金是金管局履行LLR功能可应用的资源;(3)提供LLR援助的先决条件;(4)金管局向有问题机构提供LLR援助采用的3种基本途径;(5)LLR援助的期限和利率;(6)LLR援助的抵押品要求和最高限额;(7)对境外银行香港分行的LLR援助;(8)须经财政司司长同意的资金援助;(9)对没有清偿能力银行的处置;(10)对问题贷款的处置。从实践看,1980年前的银行流动性危机香港政府基本没有介入;1980年代,基于问题银行可能产生的系统性影响和对港元的潜在冲击,香港政府对部分机构进行了救助。虽然没有对银行使用破产清算的方式,但并不意味着香港政府害怕银行破产。香港金融管理局给了外部清晰的信号:香港政府接管银行或向银行提供财务支持并不是一个惯常的政策,给予援助并不是必然的。香港没有自动救赎无力偿付债务银行的政策,1990年代对BCCI的处理中,金管局判断BCCI没有系统风险,就对其进行了清盘,所有存款得到兑付,但是清盘过程也是痛苦的;2000年后开始研究建立存款保险制度。文章接着对内地近几年地方政府动用公共资源对地方法人类金融机构的资本救助和财务重组进行了总结。面对部分城市商业银行历史包袱沉重、资产质量较差、资本金不足、亏损严重等问题,参照近几年国有商业银行不良资产剥离、财务重组和农村信用社改革等思路,一些地方政府动用公共资源,积极采取类似措施对地方金融机构进行财务重组。止2004年末各级地方政府及股东累计弥补城市商业银行财务亏损51.42亿元,累计剥离不良资产71.73亿元,累计置换不良资产235.12亿元,投入的资产总额达358.27亿元。典型案例有在佛山市政府支持下兴业银行收购佛山商业银行、哈尔滨市商业银行资产重组、重庆市商业银行不良资产置换、成都市商业银行不良资产处置、大连市商业银行不良资产剥离以及河南省对城市商业银行、城市信用社的风险化解。相较于香港,内地地方政府不是货币当局,但是从动用公共资源化解银行历史包袱、救助潜在问题机构(直接或者间接注资,成立资产管理公司等)这一点上看,又有一定的类似性。最后文章给出了几点启示:(1)处置地方法人类金融机构的风险,必须发挥地方政府的积极作用;地方政府动用公共资源的救助行为要规范化;长远中要让市场机制发挥作用,淘汰一批劣质的地方金融机构也是非常重要的;监管当局要注意地方政府换届周期对地方金融机构稳定性的影响;密切关注一些地方政府对地方法人类金融机构的实际控制权(不控股)所隐含的风险。(2)建立我国基于市场机制作用的真正的LLR制度。(3)金融机构风险管理中要制定应急计划(contingencyplan),引入适合自己的压力测试法。(4)更严格地限制异地非金融机构类股东入股地方法人类金融机构,加强对股东关联交易和高管人员直接或间接贷款的监管。(5)适当扩大外汇储备的运用范围。(6)央行有必要建立微观金融跟踪监测与分析研究部门或者在既有部门中强化这项工作。

 
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