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the redistribution
相关语句
  再分配
    Social security is one of the modes for government to realize national income redistribution while Endowment insurance system is the main concern of social security. As soon as the establishment of Endowment insurance system, the redistribution mechanism embodied by this system becomes the guarantee for senior citizens' basic standard living.
    社会保障是政府实现收入再分配的方式之一,而养老保险制度又是社会保障的主要内容,从养老保险制度建立的那天起,它所体现的再分配机制就成为老年人基本生活水平和质量的保障。
短句来源
    Secondly, analyze the redistribution effects on welfare state and Endowment security system.
    然后,分析了福利国家与养老保险制度的再分配效应。
短句来源
    Cash Receipt and Cash Playment System Embodies the Redistribution of Income between Labourers.
    现收现付制体现了劳动者代际之间的收入再分配 ;
短句来源
    The arguments made by scholars who agree or oppose the privatization of old-age social security are all around these three aspects: the pension scheme, the relationship between the savings rate and the growth rate of economics, the return rate of investment and the redistribution of income.
    各国学者赞同或反对养老金计划私有化,主要围绕三个问题展开讨论:养老金计划与储蓄率的关系,投资回报率以及收入再分配效应。
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  the redistribution
On the other hand, the barrier could be significantly altered by the redistribution of excessive charges in the micrometer long SWCNTs, which have only one layer of carbon atoms.
      
A Study of the Redistribution Conditions of Carbon Black Particles from the Bulk to the Interface in Heterogeneous Polymer Blend
      
The redistribution conditions of carbon black particles to the interface between polymers were studied based on the measurement of the value of superadditive conductivity of several heterogeneous polymer blends filled with powdered carbon black.
      
The redistribution of carbon black from the polymer phase that has low ability to wet the powder proceeds efficiently only to the boundary with polymer having better wetting ability.
      
As the storage time of the system increases, the spectrum of diffusion coefficient values varies, thereby indicating the redistribution of PEG400 molecules in the blend with PVP.
      
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The Financial Mechanism of Social Insurance Has Two Basic Model.One of the Basic Model Is Cash Receipt and Cash Payment System.Fund System Is the Other.The Form of Expression of Cash Receipt and Cash Payment Means Fix Receipt According to Expenditure,Immediate Draw Money and Immediate Payment of Fund;The Form of Expression of Fund System Is Rights and Responsibilities System for Drawing Accumulation Funds Beforehand.Cash Receipt and Cash Playment System Embodies the Redistribution of Income between Labourers.Fund...

The Financial Mechanism of Social Insurance Has Two Basic Model.One of the Basic Model Is Cash Receipt and Cash Payment System.Fund System Is the Other.The Form of Expression of Cash Receipt and Cash Payment Means Fix Receipt According to Expenditure,Immediate Draw Money and Immediate Payment of Fund;The Form of Expression of Fund System Is Rights and Responsibilities System for Drawing Accumulation Funds Beforehand.Cash Receipt and Cash Playment System Embodies the Redistribution of Income between Labourers.Fund System Embodies Redistribution of Income in Different Stages of One′s Life Cycle of the Labourers Themselves.There Are Different Merits and Demerits between two Kinds of Basic Mechanisms.In Practice,We Often Combine two Kinds of Mechanisms Together to Form Partial Fund System Model.It Absorbs the Merits of two Basic Model.There Are Several Combination Types for Choice.Choose Finance Mechanism of Social Insurance Ought to Consider the Characteristics of Population、Economic Conditions and Different Social Insurance Items.

社会保险的财务机制有现收现付制和基金制两种基本模式。现收现付制表现为以支定收 ,现提现支 ;基金制表现为预提积累的权责发生制。现收现付制体现了劳动者代际之间的收入再分配 ;基金制体现了劳动者自身生命周期内不同阶段的收入再分配。两种基本机制各有不同的优缺点。实践中 ,将两种机制混合、结合形成部分基金制模式 ,它吸收了两种基本模式的优点 ,并有多种组合方式可供选择。选择社会保险财务机制应考虑人口、经济和不同社会保险项目的特点。

This Paper assesses the equity of a general mode of the reform of Chinese health insurance-Weihai mode. Firstly it discusses the total inequality of access to the health system and the finance system of health insurance by calculating the Gini index, Atkinson index and Iloss which is proposed by the author. Then it studies the factors influencing the inequality by multi-factor regression. The effection of the finance system on the redistribution is also discussed. This paper finds that the Weihai mode...

This Paper assesses the equity of a general mode of the reform of Chinese health insurance-Weihai mode. Firstly it discusses the total inequality of access to the health system and the finance system of health insurance by calculating the Gini index, Atkinson index and Iloss which is proposed by the author. Then it studies the factors influencing the inequality by multi-factor regression. The effection of the finance system on the redistribution is also discussed. This paper finds that the Weihai mode improved the equity influenced by income, but the effection of other factors is different with each other. The equity of the financial system is improved after the reform, however the financial system enlarged the equality of income, and the change of the effection relied on the extent of risk aversion.

本文评估了中国医疗保险改革中一种具有普遍意义的模式—威海模式的公平性。首先 ,通过计算基尼系数、集中系数、Atkinson度量以及自定义的Iloss度量对卫生服务利用的不平等和筹资不平等进行总体描述。然后 ,通过多元回归分析 ,对影响卫生服务利用的因素进行分析。在此基础上 ,通过直接标准化方法 ,探讨收入所影响的卫生服务利用的不平等。最后 ,本文对筹资制度对再分配造成的冲击进行了分析。本研究发现 ,威海模式改善了收入影响的不平等 ,但其它因素影响变化各异。改革后筹资不平等有所改善 ,但筹资系统的再分配效应加大了收入不平等 ,改革前后这种效应的变化大小依赖于风险厌恶程度。

>=Since 1980s when Chile carried out reforms to privatize its social security, the liberalistic scholars in international society have been advocating the privatization model. In the Mainland of China, some scholars acclaimed that privatization has been the trend of social security reform. On the other respect, old-age social insurance policy is carrying out the experimental reform of separating individual accounts from social pooling in China. This reforming process encounters numerous obstacles, which could...

>=Since 1980s when Chile carried out reforms to privatize its social security, the liberalistic scholars in international society have been advocating the privatization model. In the Mainland of China, some scholars acclaimed that privatization has been the trend of social security reform. On the other respect, old-age social insurance policy is carrying out the experimental reform of separating individual accounts from social pooling in China. This reforming process encounters numerous obstacles, which could weaken people' s confidence to the current policy. Without the guideline of correct theories, the selection of the pension scheme will fall into insignificant arguments. To solve all these problems, this paper analyzes the different meanings of "social security" under diverse backgrounds, gives the concrete definition of privatizing the old-age social insurance, and clarifies many rough-and-tumble questions about privatization. The arguments made by scholars who agree or oppose the privatization of old-age social security are all around these three aspects: the pension scheme, the relationship between the savings rate and the growth rate of economics, the return rate of investment and the redistribution of income. This paper profoundly analyzes these three problems and comes to some basic conclusions which can practically instruct the reform of Chinese pension scheme.

自从20世纪80年代智利实行养老社会保障私有化改革以来,国际社会具有自由主义倾向的学者一直在鼓吹私有化模式,中国国内也有学者宣称,私有化已经成为社会保障改革的趋势。另一方面,中国的养老社会保险制度正在进行“统账”分离的试点改革,改革也遇到了许多困难,这些困难可能动摇人们对现行制度的信心。如果缺乏正确的理论指导,养老金制度的选择又将陷入无谓的争论。本文分析了不同文化背景下“社会保障”的不同含义,界定了养老社会保险私有化的具体内涵,澄清了养老社会保险领域关于私有化问题一些似是而非的观点。各国学者赞同或反对养老金计划私有化,主要围绕三个问题展开讨论:养老金计划与储蓄率的关系,投资回报率以及收入再分配效应。本文对这三个问题进行了分析,对中国养老金制度改革具有现实指导意义。

 
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