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glenohumeral ligaments
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  相似匹配句对
     Ligaments are consist of denseconnective tissues.
     椎间孔韧带由致密结缔组织构成。
短句来源
     Anatomy study of carpal ligaments
     腕关节韧带的解剖学研究
短句来源
     Glenohumeral Instability Manifestation on CT Arthrography
     肩盂肱关节不稳的CT关节造影表现
短句来源
     The glenohumeral abduction improved by 20 40 degrees.
     肱骨上端外翻截骨和肱骨中下 1/ 3延长部骨愈合良好 ,肩关节外展改善 2 0°~ 40°。
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  glenohumeral ligaments
To dislocate the shoulder the section of the three glenohumeral ligaments was required.
      
In group 1 (20 shoulders) glenohumeral ligaments were detached from the humerus until a permanent dislocation of the humeral head occurred in abduction plus external rotation.
      
Basic anatomy as well as recent findings, including macroscopic aspects of the supraspinatus fat pad, composition of the supraspinatus muscle belly, and variability of the glenohumeral ligaments or coracoid ligament, are presented.
      
The glenohumeral ligaments were detached in 20/30 patients (66%), and the labrum in 22/30 patients (70%).
      
The mechanoreceptors located in the glenohumeral ligaments may control the stabilising shoulder musculature.
      
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Objective:To analyze the MRI features of articulation of humerus and its surrounding structures combinated with dissection. Methods:Two groups were studied by using T1WIFSE of MRI. One group consisted of 40 cases of normal cadaveric shoulder specimens which were continuously dissected on three orienfations. Those sections of gross anatomy were analyzed compared with corresponding tomogram of MRI. The another group included 14 healthy volunteers. Results:MRI well displayed the rotator cuff, glenoid labrum, ligaments,...

Objective:To analyze the MRI features of articulation of humerus and its surrounding structures combinated with dissection. Methods:Two groups were studied by using T1WIFSE of MRI. One group consisted of 40 cases of normal cadaveric shoulder specimens which were continuously dissected on three orienfations. Those sections of gross anatomy were analyzed compared with corresponding tomogram of MRI. The another group included 14 healthy volunteers. Results:MRI well displayed the rotator cuff, glenoid labrum, ligaments, long head of biceps tednon and so on which were corresponded with the dissection. All of these structures showed low intensity in MRI because their components were fibril tissue and /or fibrocartilage. Axial scanning was suitabe for display of rotator cuff, glenoid labrum, glenohumeral ligament, coracohumeral ligament and long head of biceps tendon, while rotator cuff, glenoid labrum, coracohumeral ligament and subglenohumeral ligament were apparently diplayed in oblique coronal scanning. The illustration of coracoacromialligment all were unsatisfying in three standard position. Conclusion:There is high value of displaying normal anatomy of articulation of humerus and of analysing shoulder pain in respect of etiology and pathology in MRI.

目的 :结合断层解剖标本 ,分析肩关节及其周围结构的磁共振成像 (MRI)表现。方法 :分两组资料 ,MRI采用快速自旋回波纵向弛豫时间 (T1WIFSE)序列扫描。一组为正常尸体标本 ,共 40具 ,连续切割断层标本大体解剖与相应层面MRI扫描图像对照分析。另一组为正常肩关节人群 ,共 14例。结果 :MRI显示肩袖、盂唇、韧带、肱二头肌长头肌腱等 ,并且与断层标本相一致。这些结构由于其成分为纤维结缔组织或者纤维软骨 ,在MRI所有序列均表现为均匀低信号。轴位观察肩袖、盂唇、盂肱上、下韧带 ,喙肱韧带和肱二头肌长头肌腱较好。斜冠状位观察肩袖、盂唇、喙肱韧带、盂肱下韧带较清楚。喙肩韧带在 3个标准体位显示均不满意。结论 :MRI清楚显示了肩关节及其相关结构 ,对于了解正常肩关节的解剖和肩痛的病因病理诊断具有较大的价值

Objective: To study the composition and anatomic features of rotator interval, and research its stability mechanism in shoulder motion. Methods: By performing anatomic dissection on 24 shoulders of 12 cadavers, we observed the location, component, morphologic characteristics of rotator interval and its function for shoulder stability. Results: Rotator interval was a triangle region between the supraspinatus and subscapularis tendons, which was mainly composed of coracohumeral ligament (CHL) and superior...

Objective: To study the composition and anatomic features of rotator interval, and research its stability mechanism in shoulder motion. Methods: By performing anatomic dissection on 24 shoulders of 12 cadavers, we observed the location, component, morphologic characteristics of rotator interval and its function for shoulder stability. Results: Rotator interval was a triangle region between the supraspinatus and subscapularis tendons, which was mainly composed of coracohumeral ligament (CHL) and superior glenohumeral ligament (SGHL). It limited external rotation as well as inferior translation as shoulder being in adduction. Conclusions: It has great significance for clinical management of rotator interval disease to study rotator interval anatomy. Rotator interval repair after injury will contribute to shoulder stability.

目的 :研究肩袖间隙的组成部分和解剖学特点 ,及其在肩关节运动中的稳定机制。方法 :在 12具成人尸体 2 4例肩关节标本上 ,解剖观察肩袖间隙的位置、组成和形态学特点 ,以及在肩关节活动中的稳定作用。结果 :肩袖间隙是冈上肌腱与肩胛下肌腱之间的三角形区域 ,主要由喙肱韧带和盂肱上韧带组成 ;在肩内收位时有限制肩关节外旋和肱骨头下移的作用。结论 :①肩袖间隙结构的研究对于RI病变的临床诊治具有重要意义 ;②肩袖间隙损伤后的修补对于维持肩关节稳定具有重要作用。

Recurrent anterior shoulder instability is a common problem we have to deal with in clinic. With the progress in shoulder and elbow surgery, there have appeared many new concepts about the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of this disease. About 2 decades ago, people realized the important role of glenohumeral ligaments. Now we believe that the stability of the glenohumeral joint relies heavily on the congruent articulating surfaces and surrounding soft tissues that act as static and dynamic stabilizers....

Recurrent anterior shoulder instability is a common problem we have to deal with in clinic. With the progress in shoulder and elbow surgery, there have appeared many new concepts about the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of this disease. About 2 decades ago, people realized the important role of glenohumeral ligaments. Now we believe that the stability of the glenohumeral joint relies heavily on the congruent articulating surfaces and surrounding soft tissues that act as static and dynamic stabilizers. Many new methods, such as MRI, physical examination under anesthesia and arthroscopy, can help us diagnose the disease accurately. Moreover, substantial progress has been made in the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. Open Bankart repair has become the golden standard for the treatment. With the advance of techniques, however, arthroscopic stabilization of anterior shoulder instability can now achieve good results comparable with those of open surgery.

复发性肩关节前方不稳定是我们在临床工作中经常能碰到的一类问题。目前,该病的发病机制、诊断方法以及治疗手段均有了极大的进展。基础研究方面,从明确盂肱韧带在肩关节不稳定发病中的重要意义发展到目前认为肩关节的稳定是由肩关节周围的主动、被动稳定结构的综合作用的结果。诊断方面,在传统的病史、查体及X线片等方法的基础上进一步引入了MRI、麻醉下查体以及关节镜检查等新的方法。关于该病的治疗,一方面切开手术治疗尤其是Bankart修补术已日益成熟并成为治疗的金标准;另一方面,关节镜下修补术由于其突出的优势在近来获得了迅速的发展,并逐步取得了与切开手术近似的效果。

 
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