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acetabular morphology
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  形态
     Objective To evaluate the acetabular morphology in children with developmental dislocation of the hip(DDH) by three-dimensional computed tomography(3DCT).
     目的利用3DCT影像,来探讨3岁以下幼儿DDH的骨性髋臼病理形态改变,以指导治疗。
短句来源
  “acetabular morphology”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Spiral CT imaging study of acetabular morphology in developmental dysplasia of hip
     螺旋CT对发育性髋关节脱位中髋臼的形态学研究
短句来源
     Magnetic resonance imaging study of acetabular morphology in developmental dysplasia of hip in infants
     幼儿发育性髋脱位髋臼形态学的MRI研究
短句来源
     Three-dimensional CT imaging on acetabular morphology of developmental dysplasia of hip
     发育性髋关节脱位髋臼形态学的三维CT研究
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     MORPHOLOGY OF THE COSTA
     肋的形态
短句来源
     C)the characteristics in morphology;
     3.词形特征 ;
短句来源
     Spiral CT imaging study of acetabular morphology in developmental dysplasia of hip
     螺旋CT对发育性髋关节脱位中髋臼的形态学研究
短句来源
     Three-dimensional CT imaging on acetabular morphology of developmental dysplasia of hip
     发育性髋关节脱位髋臼形态学的三维CT研究
短句来源
     Slotted acetabular augmentation
     槽状髋臼扩大术
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  acetabular morphology
We expanded on previous in?vitro observations of acetabular morphology using a large in?vivo sample and quantified the dimensions of the psoas valley.
      


Objective To compare the clinical results of four surgical methods for congenital dislocation of the hip(CDH).Methods 117 hips in 96 patients with CDH,who had the reversing shelf operation(30 hips),inserting shelf operation(30 hips),Salter osteotomy(30 hips)and Chiari Pelvic osteotomy(27 hips),were followed up with an average of 5.8 years.Results The radiographic and clinical results were evaluated.The excellent and good rate of four groups were 90%,86.7%,73.4%,66.6% respectively.The improvement of acetabular...

Objective To compare the clinical results of four surgical methods for congenital dislocation of the hip(CDH).Methods 117 hips in 96 patients with CDH,who had the reversing shelf operation(30 hips),inserting shelf operation(30 hips),Salter osteotomy(30 hips)and Chiari Pelvic osteotomy(27 hips),were followed up with an average of 5.8 years.Results The radiographic and clinical results were evaluated.The excellent and good rate of four groups were 90%,86.7%,73.4%,66.6% respectively.The improvement of acetabular morphology were investigated through measuring acetabular index(AI) mainly.AI decreased with an average of 20.2 degrees in the group of reversing shelf operation,compared with 15 degrees in Salter osteotomy.An anverage improvement of AI was 21.9 degress in the inserting shelf operation group.But it was 11.4 degrees in the Chiari pelvic osteotomy group.Conclusion The results showed that the reversing shelf operation and inserting shelf operation are superior to Salter osteotomy and Chiari Pelvic osteotomy and the both operations are safe,effective and simple procedures for the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip.

目的 探讨 4种术式治疗先天性髋关节脱位 (CDH)疗效。方法 随访采用翻转造盖术2 4例 (30髋 )、插入造盖术 2 3例 (30髋 )、Salter截骨术 2 5例 (30髋 )和Chiari骨盆内移截骨术 2 4例 (2 7髋 )治疗CDH患者 96例 117髋。结果 平均随访时间 5年 10个月 ,疗效从临床功能和X线形态两方面评估 ,术后髋臼指数 (AI)的改善分别是 (2 0 2± 7 2 7)°、(2 1 9± 6 33)°、(15 0± 4 5 6 )°、(11 4±5 1)°,术后臼头指数 (AHI)分别是 (0 92± 0 2 4 )°、(1 0 0± 0 18)°、(0 80± 0 19)°、(0 82± 0 14 )° ;四种术式临床优良率分别是 90 %、86 7%、73 4 %和 6 6 6 % ,共发生再脱位 3例 ,关节僵硬 10例 ,股骨头坏死 7例。结论 临床疗效及对髋臼形态改善翻转、插入造盖术优于Salter截骨术和Chiari骨盆内移截骨术 ;翻转造盖术、插入造盖术安全有效是先天性髋关节脱位的首选术式。

Objective To observe the clinical results of three different surgical methods which were reversing shelf operation,salter osteotomy and Pemberton acetabuloplasty for developmental dislocation of hip(DDH).Analyze the results of different treatments in order to provide reference of selection of therapeutic methods for DDH.Method A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 94 patients,of whose 111 hips were developmental dislocation of hip,treated with reversing shelf operation,Pemberton acetabuloplasty and salter...

Objective To observe the clinical results of three different surgical methods which were reversing shelf operation,salter osteotomy and Pemberton acetabuloplasty for developmental dislocation of hip(DDH).Analyze the results of different treatments in order to provide reference of selection of therapeutic methods for DDH.Method A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 94 patients,of whose 111 hips were developmental dislocation of hip,treated with reversing shelf operation,Pemberton acetabuloplasty and salter osteotomy from 1990 to 2002 was carried out.All patients had been followed up for 52 months averagely after operation.Results The excellent and good rate with salter osteotomy,reversing shelf operation and Pemberton acetabuloplasty was 84.4%,70.6%,86.7% respectively.AI decreased with average of three groups were 14.3 degrees,19.7 degrees,20.4 degrees respectively.AHI were 0.79,0.91,0.93 respectively.Conclusion Pemberton acetabuloplasty、reversing shelf operation and salter osteotomy are all effective procedures for the treatment of DDH.Pemberton acetabuloplasty and salter osteotomy are superior to reversing shelf operation.The improvement of acetabular morphology of the Pemberton acetabuloplasty group and the reversing shelf operation group are superior to that of salter osteotomy group.

目的观察Salter骨盆截骨术、髋臼造盖术、Pemberton髋臼成形术3种方法治疗发育性髋关节脱位的疗效,为临床上选择适当的术式提供依据。方法回顾性分析我院在1990年至2002年采用这3种术式治疗发育性髋关节脱位94例111髋的临床资料。结果平均随访52个月,Salter骨盆截骨术优良率84.4%,髋臼造盖术优良率70.6%,Pemberton髋臼成形术优良率86.7%。Salter骨盆截骨术、髋臼造盖术、Pemberton髋臼成形术髋臼角(AI)改善分别为14.3±4.98,19.7±5.46,20.4±6.87;头臼指数(AHI)为0.79±0.18,0.91±0.17,0.93±0.14。结论Salter骨盆截骨术、Pemberton髋臼成形术的疗效优于髋臼造盖术;Pemberton髋臼成形术、髋臼造盖术对髋臼形态的改善优于Salter骨盆截骨术。3种手术方式均是治疗先天性髋关节脱位的有效方法。

Objective To evaluate the acetabular morphology in children with developmental dislocation of the hip(DDH) by three-dimensional computed tomography(3DCT).Methods Forty-four children under 3 years,with unilateral DDH,were analyzed using 3DCT.The quantitative parameters included: anterolateral acetabular lip angle(ALAL),lateral acetabular inclination(LAI),acetabular anteversion(AA).The qualitative observation included the relationship between the pathologic morphology in superior...

Objective To evaluate the acetabular morphology in children with developmental dislocation of the hip(DDH) by three-dimensional computed tomography(3DCT).Methods Forty-four children under 3 years,with unilateral DDH,were analyzed using 3DCT.The quantitative parameters included: anterolateral acetabular lip angle(ALAL),lateral acetabular inclination(LAI),acetabular anteversion(AA).The qualitative observation included the relationship between the pathologic morphology in superior acetabular rim and the location of the femoral head,the relationship between the pathologic morphology in superior acetabular rim and patients' age.Results The ALAL,LAI and AA were(20.8°)±(4.7°),(-2.0°)±(4.9°) and(10.0°)±(4.7°) in normal hips,compared with(33.2°)±(5.2°),(6.6°)±(5.1°) and(18.1°)±(4.5°) in dysplasia hips,respectively(P<(0.01)).The deficient degree in superior acetabular rim significantly related to the location of the femoral head.The incidence of severely deficient acetabulum was(62.5%) in group of degree Ⅰ and Ⅱ completely dislocated hips,and only(16.7%) in group of other dysplasia hips(P<(0.01)).Moreover,the severely deficient acetabulum was noted in(59.3%) of children older than 18 months,compared with only(35.3%) in infants younger than 18 months(P<(0.01)).Conclusions 3DCT can demonstrate the details of the pathologic morphology of acetabulum in children with DDH.

目的利用3DCT影像,来探讨3岁以下幼儿DDH的骨性髋臼病理形态改变,以指导治疗。方法对44例3岁以下单侧DDH患儿的3DCT影像资料进行分析,测量髋臼前外侧缘倾斜角(ALAL)、侧面髋臼上缘倾斜度(LAI)、髋臼前倾角(AA);分析脱位程度与髋臼上缘形态的关系,年龄与髋臼上缘形态的关系。结果ALAL、LAI、AA在正常侧分别为(20.8±4.7)°、(-2.0±4.9)°、(10.0±4.7)°,在异常侧分别为(33.2±5.2)°、(6.6±5.1)°、(18.1±4.5)°,两侧各指标比较差异均有显著性意义(P<0.01);脱位程度与髋臼形态的关系:重型缺损的髋臼上缘,在Ⅰ°、Ⅱ°脱位组中占62.5%,在其他发育不良组中占16.7%(P<0.01);年龄与髋臼形态的关系:重型缺损髋臼上缘在18个月及以上组中占59.3%,在小于18个月组中占35.3%(P<0.01)。结论3DCT能清晰地显示幼儿DDH骨性髋关节的病理形态;脱位程度与髋臼上缘形态密切相关,Ⅰ°、Ⅱ°脱位时,髋臼外上缘严重受损,当独立行走后,这种破坏更为明显;脱位后,髋臼前倾角明显增加,且脱位时间越长,髋臼前倾越明显。

 
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