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intracranial     
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  颅内
     A Study of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells on in Vitro Gene Labeling, Induced Differentiating and Intracranial Transplantation
     小鼠胚胎干细胞的体外标记、诱导分化及颅内移植研究
短句来源
     The Experimental Study of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (BMSCs) Co-cultured with Neural Stem Cells(NSCs) and Intracranial Transplantation in Rats
     大鼠骨髓基质细胞和神经干细胞共同培养及颅内移植的实验研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study of Dendritic Cell-based Vaccine Therapy for Intracranial Gliomas in Rats
     树突状细胞瘤苗治疗大鼠颅内胶质瘤的实验研究
短句来源
     Study of Intracranial Tumor and Tumor-Like Diseases with ~1H-MRS at 3.0T
     3T~1H磁共振波谱对颅内肿瘤及肿瘤样病变的研究
短句来源
     The Appliance of DTI in Intracranial Tumors and the Correlation between FA and Microarchitecture
     DTI在颅内肿瘤中的应用以及肿瘤FA与其微结构特点的相关性研究
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     The Significance of VSMC Apoptosis and Related Regulation in the Development and Rupture of the Intracranial Aneurysm
     VSMC凋亡及其调控在动脉瘤形成和破裂中的意义
短句来源
     The Research on the Expression of CAGE Gene and Its Mechanism in the Intracranial Tumors
     CAGE基因在颅肿瘤中的表达及其机制的研究
短句来源
     The Role of Intracranial Tumor Imagings with Multiple Brain Function Imaging Agents
     多种功能显像剂颅内肿瘤显像的作用
短句来源
     The Function and Significance of VSMC Apoptosis and Proliferation in the Development and Rupture of the Intracranial Aneurysm
     VSMC凋亡与增殖在动脉瘤形成及破裂中的作用和意义
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     Analysis of Brain Scans in 118 Cases of Intracranial Space-occupying Lesions
     118例颅内占位性病变扫描分析
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  颅内的
     Sphenoidal sinus mucocele with intracranial extension(A report of 3 cases)
     累及颅内的蝶窦粘液囊肿(3例报告)
短句来源
     Conclusion:Selection of operative approaches depends on the size of defects in the anterior skull base , extent of intracranial invasion and location of rhinosinusal malignant tumors;
     结论 :术式选择取决于前颅底骨质缺损的大小、肿瘤侵入颅内的程度以及肿瘤范围 ;
短句来源
     Methods The clinical data of 3 patients suffering from massive sphenoidal sinus mucocele with intracranial extension were analyzed retrospectively.
     方法 回顾性分析近6年来我院收治的3例侵及颅内的蝶窦粘液囊肿的临床资料。
短句来源
     ve To summarize the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the sphenoidal sinus mucocele with intracranial extension.
     目的 总结侵犯颅内的蝶窦粘液囊肿的临床特征及预后。
短句来源
     There also exist anastomoses among intracranial arteries.
     椎动脉与枕动脉和咽升动脉的咽支,颅内的脑动脉之间也存在着吻合。
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  颅内压
     Results At 24,48 and 72 hr after injury,the mean intracranial pressure(ICP) value of the patients in the therapeutic group was lower than that of in the control group(19.5±2.6,20.3±1.7 and 17.3±1.9 mmHg,versus 23.1±2.1,20.1±1.5,and 20.7±1.4 mmHg,respectively,P< 0.05).
     结果实验组患者在24、48、72 h的颅内压分别为19.5±2.6、20.3±1.7、17.3±1.9 mmHg,而对照组分别为23.1±2.1、20.1±1.5、20.7±1.4 mmHg,在24、72 h前者较后者明显降低(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     RESULTS:The average intracranial pressure of 197 patients with brain trauma was(2.75± 0.64) kPa,(1.54- 4.02 kPa).
     结果:197例脑损伤患者平均颅内压水平(2.75±0.64)kPa(1.54~4.02kPa);
短句来源
     Significant elevation of pH and descension of intracranial pressure occurred upon the achievement of hypothermia [7.06±0.15 vs 6.83±0.20 for pH, t=5.164, P < 0.05; (2.03±1.01) vs (2.57±0.93) kPa for intracranial pressure, t=2.948, P < 0.05].
     pH值达低温时明显高于降温前[(7.06±0.15,6.83±0.20), t=5.164,P<0.05]。 颅内压达低温时明显低于降温前[(2.03±1.01, 2.57±0.93)kPa,t=2.948,P<0.05]。
短句来源
     In the second group, the Vmax of BVR and DMCV were (11.4±2.7) cm/s and (10.2±2.8) cm/s respectively, shown in a range of normal values (P>0.05), and were also not affected by intracranial pressure (r=0.053,P>0.05).
     第二组两静脉流速分别为(11 4±2 7)cm/s和(10 2±2 8 )cm/s,均在正常范围(P>0 05 ),不受颅内压变化的影响(r=0 053,P>0 05 );
短句来源
     The results showed that the value of motilin in acute intracranial hypertension was significantly increased(575.02±350. 52Pg/ml),than the controt group(278.87±77.81Pg/ml)(p<0.01).
     结果表明、急性颅内压增高症患儿血浆胃动素水平为575.02±350.52pg/mI,较正常健康儿童的水平(C278.87±77.81pg/ml)明显提高(P<0.01)。
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      intracranial
    Intracranial pressure (ICP) was increased in a modified, slow, and intermittent way to establish BD.
          
    The combination of these methods made it possible to estimate the intracranial hemodynamics.
          
    Simultaneous recording of these parameters and their spectral analysis were carried out in healthy subjects and patients with intracranial hypertension syndrome and disturbed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow.
          
    Primary intracranial extradural hydatid cyst localized in the supra-and infra-tentorium
          
    Methods: Twenty-seven patients (ASA I-II) scheduled for elective intracranial tumor removal were studied.
          
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    The intracranial portions of the vertebral arteries and the basilar artery and their chief branches have been examined in 104 adult human brains. It has been found that 53.9% of the basilar arteries are formed by the union of the two vertebral arteries at the level of the lower border of the pons. In the rest of the cases it occurs at a slight higher or lower level; occasionally it may be very high or very low. The diameters of the left and right vertebral arte- ries are mostly unequal. In most of them,...

    The intracranial portions of the vertebral arteries and the basilar artery and their chief branches have been examined in 104 adult human brains. It has been found that 53.9% of the basilar arteries are formed by the union of the two vertebral arteries at the level of the lower border of the pons. In the rest of the cases it occurs at a slight higher or lower level; occasionally it may be very high or very low. The diameters of the left and right vertebral arte- ries are mostly unequal. In most of them, the diameter of the left vertebral artery is larger than that of the right. The level of union of the anterior spinal arteries is variable; different types of anastomoses have been observed. Most of the a. labyrinthi arise from the anterior inferior cerebellar arteries; and, in rare cases, from the posterior or middle cerebellar arteries. A slender middle inferior cerebellar artery is sometimes present; 18 cases of such an artery have been found in 104 specimens (10 on the right and 8 on the left). The problem of the mutual compensation of the branches of the cerebellar arteries has been discussed.

    1.在104例成人脑标本上观察了椎动脉颅内段、基底动脉及它们的主要分枝。 2.有53.9%的基底动脉平脑桥下缘起始。其余起点高于或低于该平面。但少数基底动脉的起点特高或特低。 3.两侧椎动脉的管径大都不相等,其中以左侧较大的为最多(为总数的46.88%)。 4.脊髓前动脉的形式较为复杂,多数具有不同的吻合形式。 5.大多数迷路动脉是小脑下前动脉的一个分枝,直接起于基底动脉的很少。有极少数的迷路动脉起源于小脑下后动脉或小脑下中动脉。 6.小脑下中动脉是一枝罕见的小脑动脉,纤细而不成对。共发现18例(左侧8例,右侧10例)。 7.关于各小脑动脉的管径与动脉分布的代偿问题作了讨论。

    The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84 normal...

    The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84 normal rabbits: the mean arterial blood pressure (BP) was 107±17 mm Hg, the cerebral blood flow (CBF) 142±35 ml/100 g brain/minute, and the cerebral vascular resistance (CVR) 0.80±0.24 mm Hg/ml blood/100 g brain/minute. Intravenous injection of a dose of tartar emetic 4-6 mg/kg or three-day's intensive treatment (4 mg/kg b. i. d.) had no measurable influence on the cerebral circulation. Intravenous drip of 15-20 mg/kg produced a slowing of CBF, but no action on CVR. Intraperitoneal administration of 20 mg/kg gave only slight alterations; with increasing doses up to 80 mg/kg, the decrease of CBF and the increase of CVR became remarkable. So the therapeutic doses of tartar emetic rendered little change in the cerebral circalation, while the toxic doses yielded a reduction of CBF and a constriction of the intracranial vessels. Before the cardiac arrhythmias occurred, the CBF had been diminishing and the CVR enhancing. At the time that the cerebral circulation was in a state of very low BP, very slow CBF and very high CVR, the electro cardiogram also revealed arrhythmias. Intracarotid injections of small doses (below 4μg) of tartar emetic did not modify the cerebral circulation, whereas a large dose (0:8 mg) induced a striking rise of CBF and a precipitous drop of CVR, lasting a few minutes. Intravenous administration of sodium dimercaptosuccinate 0.25 g/kg conferred no marked action, but a dose twice the amount brought about cardiac arrhythmia together with a dwindling CBF and an augmenting CVR. Intravenous injection of atropine sulfate 1 mg/kg yielded a tendency to decreasing CBF and increasing CVR, while 2 mg/kg produced an evidently high CBF accompanied by a low CVR. Intracarotid injections of either sodium dimercaptosuccinate or atropine elicited a prompt rise of CBF and a fall Of CVR.

    (一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸...

    (一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸阿託品20微克后,均立卽出現CBF加快,CVR减小。

    On the basis of observations of 131 autopsies on newborn babies, we found that pulmonary affections and intrauterine asphyxia were the two most common causes of death with major malformations ranking next and intracranial hemorrhage the third. Prematurity constituted 51% of the uncorrected perinatal mortality under study. It was felt that death in these babies were due to incomplete development of vital organs especially of lungs resulting in anoxia or interference with circulation. In order to profit...

    On the basis of observations of 131 autopsies on newborn babies, we found that pulmonary affections and intrauterine asphyxia were the two most common causes of death with major malformations ranking next and intracranial hemorrhage the third. Prematurity constituted 51% of the uncorrected perinatal mortality under study. It was felt that death in these babies were due to incomplete development of vital organs especially of lungs resulting in anoxia or interference with circulation. In order to profit by experiences and to reduce further the death rate of newborn babies, it is essential that the cause or causes of death in each case must be ascertained through a careful correlation of findings of autopsy examination with clinical data which might have influenced its perinatal mortality. The relevant clinical data could be maternal complications during pregnancy or during labor, condition of the baby at time of delivery or the kind of treatment and nursing care the newborn baby received. The authors of the present series agree with other investigators that anoxia and intracranial hemorrhage not only predispose to, but also aggravate, each other. For intrauterine death, examination should always include the placenta.

    1.本文分析131例新生儿尸体解剖死亡原因,其中以肺综合症及胎内窒息占最高发生率,畸形及顱内出血分别占第二位及第三位。 2.新生儿尸体解剖例中早产儿占51.2%;病变主要在肺脏,引起呼吸衰竭死亡;原因大部为缺氧或循环障碍。检查新生儿死亡之因素应包括胎盘的情况,妊娠各期及产程内母体情况和胎儿情况胎儿出生后之情况、以及上述各时期中之护理情况。

     
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