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特大自然灾害     
相关语句
  large natural disasters
     Methodology for Prediction of Large Natural Disasters
     特大自然灾害预测研究的科学方法论
短句来源
  extraordinarily serious natural disaster
     The Comprehensive Observation and Forecasting Method of the Extraordinarily Serious Natural Disaster
     特大自然灾害的综合观测和预测方法的探索
短句来源
  “特大自然灾害”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Discovery of the Triggering Factor on Exceptional Serious Natural Disasters and Its Physical Study
     突发性特大自然灾害触发因子的发现及其物理研究方案
短句来源
     A extraordinarily serious natural calamity occurred in the Yangtze River basin in summer of 1998. There are obvious differences of calamity conditions between upper reaches and middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
     1998 年夏季, 长江流域发生了特大自然灾害
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Methodology for Prediction of Large Natural Disasters
     特大自然灾害预测研究的科学方法论
短句来源
     The Comprehensive Observation and Forecasting Method of the Extraordinarily Serious Natural Disaster
     特大自然灾害的综合观测和预测方法的探索
短句来源
     NATURAL HAZARDS IN GANSU PROVINCE
     甘肃省的自然灾害
短句来源
     natural disaster's effect.
     (三)自然灾害的影响。
短句来源
     ANALYSIS FOR COSMOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS OF GREAT EARTHQUAKES
     特大地震的宇宙环境分析
短句来源
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  large natural disasters
Management of contaminated debris is of particular concern for terrorist events, but is also an issue in most large natural disasters.
      


A extraordinarily serious natural calamity occurred in the Yangtze River basin in summer of 1998. There are obvious differences of calamity conditions between upper reaches and middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In Chongqing, which is located in the upper reaches of Yangtze River, mountain torrents occurred simultaneously with slope-calamities, such as landslides, collapses and debris flows. In this paper, effects of calamities are discussed, particularities of cause of calamities are analyzed and mitigation...

A extraordinarily serious natural calamity occurred in the Yangtze River basin in summer of 1998. There are obvious differences of calamity conditions between upper reaches and middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In Chongqing, which is located in the upper reaches of Yangtze River, mountain torrents occurred simultaneously with slope-calamities, such as landslides, collapses and debris flows. In this paper, effects of calamities are discussed, particularities of cause of calamities are analyzed and mitigation countermeasures against slope-calamities are put forward.

1998 年夏季, 长江流域发生了特大自然灾害。地处长江上游之尾的重庆市,其灾情以山洪和滑坡、崩塌、泥石流等坡地灾害并发为主, 具有与长江中下游地区不同的特殊性。作者分析了重庆市灾情的严重性, 从自然环境和人类活动两方面分析了灾害成因的特殊性,在此基础上提出了坡地灾害的防治对策

The extraordinarily serious natural disaster, such as great earthquake and catastrophic heavy rainstorm, are characteristiced by their unexpected occurrence and destructive results The forecasting of earthquake and heavy rainstorm is still a difficult problem in the world In the last two and three decades initial progress had been made due to the multi disciplinary research and the research on mechanics about earthquake and rainstorm and the theory and method for forecasting extraordinarily serious natural...

The extraordinarily serious natural disaster, such as great earthquake and catastrophic heavy rainstorm, are characteristiced by their unexpected occurrence and destructive results The forecasting of earthquake and heavy rainstorm is still a difficult problem in the world In the last two and three decades initial progress had been made due to the multi disciplinary research and the research on mechanics about earthquake and rainstorm and the theory and method for forecasting extraordinarily serious natural disaster from different aspects In thispaper some new observation and forecasting method were discussed or analyzed synthetically The results indicate that the new methods, though most of these methods were in their initial research phase, had suggested new direction for forecasting the extraordinarily serious natural disaster The mechanics of forecasting the earthquake and heavy rainstorm and the integrative application of these methods are discussed and studied deeply As a result, some of these methods will become mature forecasting method and then become the necessary components of the operational routine system of forecasting the extraordinarily serious natural disaster

大地震和特大暴雨等特大自然灾害具有很强的突发性和破坏性。地震的临震预报和特大暴雨的预报依然是世界性难题。近 2 0~ 30年来国内外科学家明显加强了多学科的交叉 ,从多角度探讨特大自然灾害发生机制及预测的理论和方法 ,并取得了初步的进展。本文集中讨论了这些方法及其综合集成分析。研究表明 ,这些新方法对特大自然灾害预测预报提供了新的思路 ,但绝大多数新方法仍处于萌芽的探索阶段 ,其预测预报的机理和综合使用的途径和前景尚有待进一步研究 ,使这些方法成为成熟的预测预报方法并努力使其成为成熟的业务预报系统中的组成部分。

This paper discussed the scientific methodology problems in predicting the large and sudden natural disasters The author pointed out that we should consider the system as an open system, and conduct systematic research and seeks for key factor and make deep study Coupling of internal and external factors is the only way to bring up the large and sudden natural disasters As to the scientific concepts we need to change our mathematic analysis from the past one which is close to linearity, homogeneity, continuous,...

This paper discussed the scientific methodology problems in predicting the large and sudden natural disasters The author pointed out that we should consider the system as an open system, and conduct systematic research and seeks for key factor and make deep study Coupling of internal and external factors is the only way to bring up the large and sudden natural disasters As to the scientific concepts we need to change our mathematic analysis from the past one which is close to linearity, homogeneity, continuous, average or departure, smooth and quantity, into nonlinear, nonhomogencity, discontinuous, queerness, high frequency pulse, the structure etc and the unification of the tangibility and the quantity There exists a greatest and most extensive entire connection in the Universe In the final paragraph, we briefly discussed some philosophic problems

本文讨论了特大自然灾害预测研究中的若干科学方法论问题。指出 :首要关键在于开放系统 ;必须开展全方位的整体研究 ,从中抓住关键因子进行深入研究 ;内外因耦合是引起突发性特大自然灾害的主要缘由 ;在科学观念上需由过去注重线性、均匀、连续、平均与距平、平滑和数量分析 ,转变为侧重非线性、非均匀、不连续、奇异、高频脉冲、结构等信息的提取和分析 ,以及形与数的统一 ;宇宙中还可能存在一种最大最广泛的整体联系。最后 ,简要讨论了涉及的几个哲学问题。

 
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