With the popularization and reform of the constitutional culture, it proved that the government should and must be responsible for citizens by legal means. It is modern society basis to admit individual freedom and have common concern about the individual interests and value.
Since the traditional right institution has the shortcoming of a confliction between the whole will and the individual freedom so as not to maintain and fulfil both benefit and wish,therefore,it is left to the modern society of rule by law,which has the right reason as its core,to overcome the shortcoming in order to achieve the objects above said.
From the perspective of the combination of culture and prose, the paper analyses four aspects of the modern rational spirit in Zhu Ziqing's prose: individual freedom, democracy and science, scientific principles, criticism and reconstruction.
Humanism spirit is the basic spirit of the whole human culture embodies, whose core is seeking the true, the good and the beautiful and whose ultimate aim is individual freedom and acc-roccnd development.
Afterwards,Liang turned his attention to initiating a drive of rural constructionand made a deep-going analysis of the Chinese and Western cultures on the level ofsocial life,aiming at fostering the ideology of collectivism and individual freedom andequality,with which to provide an approach to rid China of the then dire straits and torevitalize the traditional culture of the country.