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percentages of awareness
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     Results in all the patients,the Percentages of awareness was 68.9%,the Percentages of take medication was 51.0%,the control percentages of hypertension was 20.7%,all of them were higher than those of rural communities,which indicated the prevention and control of hypertension Yinchuan,NingXia Province has gained some progress.
     按1999年《中国高血压防治指南》的诊断标准,共筛检出高血压患者971名进行问卷调查。 结果银川市高血压的知晓率为68.9%,治疗率为51.0%,控制率为20.7%,与本地区农村“三率”水平相比较高,说明我市在高血压防治方面取得了一定成果。
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     Conclusion although the Percentages of awareness and the Percentages of take medication were high,the control percentages of hypertension was still low,Wo should empower the prevention and control of hypertension in communities.
     结论虽然我市高血压知晓率和治疗率较高,但控制率仍处于较低水平,应继续加强高血压的社区综合防治。
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Objective To identify the prevalence, distribution, current status of awareness and control of hypertension in Chinese adult population. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in mainland of China in 2000~2001 as a part of work coordinated with InterASIA Program. A total of 15 838 nationally representative subjects aged 35 to 74 were selected with multistage cluster sampling. Measurement of blood pressure was taken for all of them with three readings in a mercuric-column sphygmomanometer after resting...

Objective To identify the prevalence, distribution, current status of awareness and control of hypertension in Chinese adult population. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in mainland of China in 2000~2001 as a part of work coordinated with InterASIA Program. A total of 15 838 nationally representative subjects aged 35 to 74 were selected with multistage cluster sampling. Measurement of blood pressure was taken for all of them with three readings in a mercuric-column sphygmomanometer after resting for five minutes. Standard structured questionnaire was used to collect their histories and treatment and prevention for hypertension. A case of hypertension was defined as any person with systolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 140 mmHg, or with diastolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 90 mmHg, or being administered with antihypertensive agents. Results A total of 15 838 adults aged 35~74 years were included in this survey. Overall, the prevalence of hypertension was 27.2%, representing 130 million persons with hypertension nationwide as estimated. Age-specific prevalence of hypertension was 10.7%, 26.8%, 38.9% and 50.2% for women and 17.4%, 28.2%, 40.7% and 47.3% for men aged 35~44, 45~54, 55~64 and 65~74 years, respectively. Among hypertensive patients, 44.7% were aware of their high blood pressure, 28.2% were taking antihypertensive medication, and 8.1% achieved their blood pressure under control (<140/90 mm Hg). All these data indicated that percentages of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension increased by 86.2%, 92.6% and 145.4%, respectively in the past ten years, as compared with the data in 1991. Conclusions In the past ten years, percentages of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Chinese adults increased significantly, who had a relatively high prevalence of hypertension, but lower awareness and much lower percentages of treatment and control of hypertension. It is urgently needed to improve prevention, detection and treatment for hypertension in adults.

目的 评估中国成年人高血压的患病率、高血压知晓率、治疗和控制状况。方法 亚洲国际心血管病合作研究 (InterASIA)于 2 0 0 0~ 2 0 0 1年进行 ,应用多阶段抽样方法选择有代表性的样本。共调查了 35~ 74岁的成年人 15 838人。测量血压时 ,先让调查对象休息 5min ,由经过培训合格的调查人员应用标准水银柱血压计测量 3次血压。应用标准问卷询问高血压病史及高血压的治疗情况。高血压定义为收缩压≥ 140mmHg、舒张压≥ 90mmHg或正在服用降压药。结果  35~ 74岁的中国成年人的高血压患病率为 2 7 2 %,即全国约有 1 3亿高血压患者。 35~ 44、45~ 5 4、5 5~ 6 4和 6 5~ 74岁年龄组的高血压患病专率分别为男性 17 4%、 2 8 2 %、 40 7%和 47 3 %;女性为 10 7%、2 6 8%、38 9%和 5 0 2 %。在高血压病人中 ,44 7%知道自己患有高血压 ,2 8 2 %正在服用降压药 ,8 1%的人血压得到了控制 ( <140 / 90mmHg)。在过去 10年中 ,高血压知晓、治疗和控制率的增长百分率分别为...

目的 评估中国成年人高血压的患病率、高血压知晓率、治疗和控制状况。方法 亚洲国际心血管病合作研究 (InterASIA)于 2 0 0 0~ 2 0 0 1年进行 ,应用多阶段抽样方法选择有代表性的样本。共调查了 35~ 74岁的成年人 15 838人。测量血压时 ,先让调查对象休息 5min ,由经过培训合格的调查人员应用标准水银柱血压计测量 3次血压。应用标准问卷询问高血压病史及高血压的治疗情况。高血压定义为收缩压≥ 140mmHg、舒张压≥ 90mmHg或正在服用降压药。结果  35~ 74岁的中国成年人的高血压患病率为 2 7 2 %,即全国约有 1 3亿高血压患者。 35~ 44、45~ 5 4、5 5~ 6 4和 6 5~ 74岁年龄组的高血压患病专率分别为男性 17 4%、 2 8 2 %、 40 7%和 47 3 %;女性为 10 7%、2 6 8%、38 9%和 5 0 2 %。在高血压病人中 ,44 7%知道自己患有高血压 ,2 8 2 %正在服用降压药 ,8 1%的人血压得到了控制 ( <140 / 90mmHg)。在过去 10年中 ,高血压知晓、治疗和控制率的增长百分率分别为 86 2 %、92 6 %和 145 4%。结论 在过去的 10年中 ,高血压知晓、治疗和控制率有显著的提高。中国成年人高血压的患病率比较高 ,而高血压的知晓率偏低 ,治疗率和控制率又非常低。在我国迫切需要改善高血压的预防、检测和治疗状况?

Objective To explore the awareness,current status and control of hypertension in order to provide information for the prevention of hypertension.Methods The residents in 18 community health cares YinChuan NingXia Provinc by sampled randomly and screened 971 patients who were interviewed by investigators.Results in all the patients,the Percentages of awareness was 68.9%,the Percentages of take medication was 51.0%,the control percentages of hypertension was 20.7%,all of them were higher...

Objective To explore the awareness,current status and control of hypertension in order to provide information for the prevention of hypertension.Methods The residents in 18 community health cares YinChuan NingXia Provinc by sampled randomly and screened 971 patients who were interviewed by investigators.Results in all the patients,the Percentages of awareness was 68.9%,the Percentages of take medication was 51.0%,the control percentages of hypertension was 20.7%,all of them were higher than those of rural communities,which indicated the prevention and control of hypertension Yinchuan,NingXia Province has gained some progress. Conclusion although the Percentages of awareness and the Percentages of take medication were high,the control percentages of hypertension was still low,Wo should empower the prevention and control of hypertension in communities.

目的了解银川市社区高血压患者的知晓率、治疗率和控制率,为高血压社区综合防治提供必要的信息。方法采用多阶段随机抽样的方法,随机抽取银川市41所社区服务站(中心)中的18所所辖的居民区中年龄大于30岁的居民为调查对象。按1999年《中国高血压防治指南》的诊断标准,共筛检出高血压患者971名进行问卷调查。结果银川市高血压的知晓率为68.9%,治疗率为51.0%,控制率为20.7%,与本地区农村“三率”水平相比较高,说明我市在高血压防治方面取得了一定成果。结论虽然我市高血压知晓率和治疗率较高,但控制率仍处于较低水平,应继续加强高血压的社区综合防治。

Objective To explore the strategy of health education in community.Methods During severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS) epidemic period,the knowledge about SARS and the approaches which the people get from were investigated.Results The respondents knew some basic knowledge of SARS well.But only 57.3% of them knew how to use the disinfectant to SARS,46.7% could obey the health behavior,but for service workers,the rate was only 32%.The people with primary educational level had the lowest percentage of awareness.Most...

Objective To explore the strategy of health education in community.Methods During severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS) epidemic period,the knowledge about SARS and the approaches which the people get from were investigated.Results The respondents knew some basic knowledge of SARS well.But only 57.3% of them knew how to use the disinfectant to SARS,46.7% could obey the health behavior,but for service workers,the rate was only 32%.The people with primary educational level had the lowest percentage of awareness.Most of the People get knowledge of SARS mainly from television,community education,newspaper and magazine.But non-local workers get the knowledge of SARS from more dispersive ways.Conclusions Health education is important in controlling the severe public health events(SPHE).But the poor educated people,service workers and non-local workers should be pay more attentions on health education when the SPHE occurs.

目的探索在突发公共卫生事件中社区健康教育的策略。方法调查在SARS流行时,不同人群获取相关知识的情况和接受信息的途径。结果在相关知识的了解上,对SARS病原学、其传播途径和管理类别的掌握达80%左右,对使用何种消毒剂知晓率仅有57.3%,能够服从良好卫生习惯的比例仅有46.7%,特别是服务业仅有32%的人能够遵守预防SARS的行为习惯;小学以下文化程度与其他文化程度相比,对相关知识的知晓率最低。接受信息的途径以电视、社区宣传、报刊杂志为主,外来务工人员接受信息的途径比较分散。结论在SARS等公共卫生事件发生时,健康教育具有重要的作用,但也存在一些薄弱环节。文化程度低者、外来务工人员、服务行业人员需要加强健康教育的力度。

 
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