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nephritic colic
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  肾绞痛
     86 cases showed hematuria at different degree after operation and nephritic colic occurred in 15 cases. These complications were relieved and disappeared after conservative treatment and appropriate nursing.
     86例患者术后均出现不同程度的血尿,肾绞痛15例,均在保守治疗和适当护理后缓解消失。
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     86 cases showed hematuria at different degree after operation and nephritic colic occurred in 15 cases. These complications were relieved and disappeared after conservative treatment and appropriate nursing.
     86例患者术后均出现不同程度的血尿,肾绞痛15例,均在保守治疗和适当护理后缓解消失。
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Objective To investigate the formative mechanism and diagnostic values of ultrasonographic ex-amination on ureteral calculus.Methods136cases of ureteral calculus were examined by ultrasonography and all sonographic examinations were performed using curvilinear phased array probe,compared with those of CT,radiogram,intravenous pyelography.Results136cases were with different degrees of lumbar back ache,nephritic colic and blood urine on clinical ...

Objective To investigate the formative mechanism and diagnostic values of ultrasonographic ex-amination on ureteral calculus.Methods136cases of ureteral calculus were examined by ultrasonography and all sonographic examinations were performed using curvilinear phased array probe,compared with those of CT,radiogram,intravenous pyelography.Results136cases were with different degrees of lumbar back ache,nephritic colic and blood urine on clinical symptoms.The ureteral inside diameter were greater than 4mm and there were strong ureteric colic of the expansive ureter on ultrasonographic appearances.The ureteral calculus caused perirenal edemas at renal upper pole or lower pole.Conclusion The formation of ureteral calculus probably relating to the water hardness in some areas.Ultrasonographic examination can show clearly the fluid area on the ureter and diagnose accurately the ureteral calculus.It is the best choice for patients with obvious symptoms and of very dubious cases of ureteral calculus.

目的 探讨输尿管钙石形成的机制和超声检查的诊断价值。方法 使用凸阵探头 ,对 1 36例输尿管钙石患者进行超声检查 ,并与 CT、X线平片和静脉肾盂造影进行对比分析。结果 本组病例均有不同程度的腰部不适、肾绞痛和血尿等临床表现 ,超声检查表现为输尿管内径大于 4mm,在扩大的输尿管管腔内见有强回声的钙石病灶显示 ,可引起肾周水肿且输尿管钙石引起的肾周水肿以肾的上极和下极多见。结论 在一些地区输尿管钙石的形成可能与水的硬度有关。超声检查能清楚地显示输尿管内液区及钙石病灶并具有确诊价值 ,对临床有明显症状且高度怀疑输尿管钙石的患者应首选超声检查。

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasonographic examination and factors on nephrolithiasis. Methods 158 cases of kidney stones were examined by ultrasonography and all sonographic examinations were performed using curvilinear phased array probe, compared with those of CT, radiogram, intravenous pyelography. Results 158 cases were with different degrees of lumbar ache, nephritic colic and blood urine on clinical symptoms. There were the shadows of the calculi imaging showing strong echos...

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasonographic examination and factors on nephrolithiasis. Methods 158 cases of kidney stones were examined by ultrasonography and all sonographic examinations were performed using curvilinear phased array probe, compared with those of CT, radiogram, intravenous pyelography. Results 158 cases were with different degrees of lumbar ache, nephritic colic and blood urine on clinical symptoms. There were the shadows of the calculi imaging showing strong echos on kidney ultrasonographic appearances. The kidney stones caused circumrenal edema at renal upper pole or lower pole, and the position of circumrenal edema had relation to the position of kidney stones. Conclusion The formation of urinary calcium oxalate stone probably relating to the oxalate load on urinary oxalate excretion and abnormal oxalate metabolism. The shadows showing strong echos of the calculi may be considered as an additional sonographic feature of kidney stones, ultrasonographic examination can show clearly fluid area in the kidney and diagnose accurately the kidney stones.

目的探讨肾结石形成的影响因素和超声检查的诊断价值。方法使用凸阵探头,对158例肾结石患者进行超声检查,并与CT、X线平片和静脉肾盂造影进行对比分析。结果本组病例均有不同程度的腰部不适、肾绞痛和血尿等临床表现,超声检查表现为肾脏内强回声光团及其后方伴随声影的结石病灶显示,可引起肾周水肿,且肾周水肿的出现与结石发生的部位有关。结论肾草酸钙结石的形成可能与尿草酸排泄过多和草酸的代谢异常有关。伴随肾结石强回声后方的声影为肾结石的另一超声学表现,超声检查能清晰地显示肾内液区,对肾结石具有确诊价值。

Objective To study the nursing characteristic of ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy under superficial anaesthesia. Method 86 cases of ureteral stone in middle or lower segment were treated with ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy under urethra superficial anaesthesia and stones were taken out entirely. Appropriate nursing were given immediately. Results Stones in 77 out of 86 cases were successfully taken out by once ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy and the successful rate was 89.5%. 86 cases showed hematuria...

Objective To study the nursing characteristic of ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy under superficial anaesthesia. Method 86 cases of ureteral stone in middle or lower segment were treated with ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy under urethra superficial anaesthesia and stones were taken out entirely. Appropriate nursing were given immediately. Results Stones in 77 out of 86 cases were successfully taken out by once ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy and the successful rate was 89.5%. 86 cases showed hematuria at different degree after operation and nephritic colic occurred in 15 cases. These complications were relieved and disappeared after conservative treatment and appropriate nursing. Conclusion Ureteroscopy pneumatic lithotripsy under superficial anaesthesia has been a safe, economic and effective way in treating uretal stone. Nursing is very important in preventing complications after operation.It can improve the successful rate, relieve patients' suffering and help them recover quickly.

目的:探讨尿道表面麻醉下输尿管镜下气压弹道碎石术的护理特点。方法:采用尿道表面麻醉下直接进镜法对86例输尿管中下段结石患者进行输尿管镜气压弹道碎石和取石治疗及护理。结果:86例患者中经输尿管镜一次碎石、取石77例,成功率89.5%。86例患者术后均出现不同程度的血尿,肾绞痛15例,均在保守治疗和适当护理后缓解消失。结论:表面麻醉下输尿管镜下气压弹道碎石和取石是一种简单易行、经济高效的治疗方法。护理对预防术后并发症极其重要,可提高取石成功率,减少患者痛苦,术后恢复快。

 
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