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typological evidence
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  类型学依据
     The prototype concept evokes the image of unmarkedness,therefore the paper provides simultaneously sufficient typological evidence to determine the unmarked present tense in material process.
     范畴原型是一种非标记现象,自然与非标记现象联系起来,因此为物质过程的非标记现在时态提供了原型的类型学依据
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  “typological evidence”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Finally, typological evidence from English, Baluchi and Greek proves that the grammaticalization cline proposed in Chinese from weak obligation modality to probability modality also applies in some other languages, and these two modalities are conceptually closely related.
     最后,本文为从弱义务性情态语法化为或然性认识情态的语法化路径提供了类型学的证据,证明同样的语法化路径存在于英语、俾路支语和希腊语中,由此证明二者在概念上是密切关联的。
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  相似匹配句对
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     电子证据可采论
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     论证据的充分性
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     The typological analysis of Traditional Settlement
     传统聚落的类型学分析
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  typological evidence
In both cases, reliance on the typological evidence is methodologically invalid.
      


In his masterpiece An Introduction to Functional Grammar,Halliday holds that the unmarked present tense in mental process is simple present,while that in material process is present in present.The author here calls this idea in question.Within the frame of prototype theory,this paper gives the evidence of grammatical prototype to the argument that simple present tense,instead of present in present,serves as unmarked present tense in material process.The prototype concept evokes the image of unmarkedness,therefore...

In his masterpiece An Introduction to Functional Grammar,Halliday holds that the unmarked present tense in mental process is simple present,while that in material process is present in present.The author here calls this idea in question.Within the frame of prototype theory,this paper gives the evidence of grammatical prototype to the argument that simple present tense,instead of present in present,serves as unmarked present tense in material process.The prototype concept evokes the image of unmarkedness,therefore the paper provides simultaneously sufficient typological evidence to determine the unmarked present tense in material process.

Halliday教授在《功能语法导论》中认为,心理过程的非标记现在时态是一般现在时,而物质过程的非标记现在时态是现在进行时,笔者对此观点提出质疑。以原型理论为框架,从语法原型以及相关调查数据论证物质过程的非标记现在时态是一般现在时而非现在进行时。范畴原型是一种非标记现象,自然与非标记现象联系起来,因此为物质过程的非标记现在时态提供了原型的类型学依据。

This paper provides typological evidence that nominalization in Chinese involves syntactic transformations which are not necessary in languages like English.Typologically,Chinese is distinct from languages such as English in three ways.Firstly,its verbs do not become nouns by adding nominal morphemes to them;secondly,it does not have possessive pronouns;thirdly,it lacks passive morphology.In contrast,languages like English have all three traits.As a result,English nominalization is formed through base-generation...

This paper provides typological evidence that nominalization in Chinese involves syntactic transformations which are not necessary in languages like English.Typologically,Chinese is distinct from languages such as English in three ways.Firstly,its verbs do not become nouns by adding nominal morphemes to them;secondly,it does not have possessive pronouns;thirdly,it lacks passive morphology.In contrast,languages like English have all three traits.As a result,English nominalization is formed through base-generation and hence there is no syntactic transformation necessary(cf.Chomsky 1970).Over the years,the question of whether there is a language whose nominalization would involve syntactic transformation has been on the linguistic theorization back burner. This paper addresses the issue by proposing that any language whose verbs do not become nouns by adding nominal morphemes to them and which lacks possessive pronouns and passive morphology is a candidate for nominalization with syntactic transformations,exemplified by Chinese.

类型学上,如果一种语言有领格代词,它的动词或形容词能够变换形态而成为名词,它的被动标记有形态变化,那么,这种语言的名物化过程不可能涉及句法转换,如英语(参看Chomsky 1970)。不过,汉语是具有跟上述特征相反的语言。很长时间以来,汉语是否需要在名物化过程涉及句法转换,这一问题似乎讨论得不多。本文提出具体证据说明汉语名物化过程需要涉及句法转换,并做出分析论证,在语言描写及理论上有一定的意义。

 
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