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   oligarchy 在 经济理论及经济思想史 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.007秒
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oligarchy
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  寡头
    Market Structure of Oligarchy Competition, Performance Promotion and Market Stabilization ——From a Viewpoint of Welfare Economics
    寡头竞争均衡、效率促进与市场稳定——一个福利经济学视角
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    After the analysis of and comments on existing theoretical models of monopolistic competition, the paper points out the problems of these models in explaining the monopolistic competition activity, for example, too many hypothesis conditions, can only explain the existing economic activities, while cannot predict the future trend of the activities of oligarchy and how monopolistic competition to achieve the balancing point, i.e. temporary armistice.
    本文在对现有的寡头竞争理论模型分析之后,指出了这些模型在解释寡头竞争行为时存在的问题,即假设条件太多,只能对已有的经济行为进行解释,无法预测寡头未来的行为走向,以及寡头竞争是如何达到均衡点的(即暂时休战)。
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    Starting from the discussion on winning matrix without saddle points introduces the concept of mixed game, i.e. oligarchy will take the combination of a variety of activities to strike back its rivals instead of taking certain single activity.
    本文从对无鞍点赢得矩阵的讨论引出了混合博弈的概念,即寡头在参与市场竞争时往往不是采取某个单一行动,而是采取多种行动的组合来回击其竞争对手。
短句来源
    The market structure in the oligarchy equilibrium should be divided into the equilibrium of oligopoly and that of oligarchy competition. As the result of natural evolvement of market structure, the equilibrium of oligarchy competitive can promote the enterprise performance, boost the efficiency of whole industry sector, and reach the market stabilization.
    寡头结构有寡头垄断均衡和寡头竞争均衡之别,后者作为市场结构自然演化的结果,能够增进组织绩效和提高行业效率,并实现市场稳定。
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  “oligarchy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    on the other, to practice absolute monopoly, or oligarchy monopoly, in its outside market structure, which marks itself a strong regional competitor as a whole.
    产业集群外部市场结构接近完全垄断或寡头垄断,表现出强大的区域竞争力。
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  oligarchy
The International Typographical Union, long cited as the one deviant case to Michel's "iron law of oligarchy," is examined thirty years afterUnion Democracy to determine whether or not democracy can survive in the face of today's hostile environment.
      
Three models of leadership in voluntary associations have been proposed in the literature: democratic leadership, oligarchy, and leadership by default.
      
An oligarchy is a group of individuals such that it has some decisive power (semi-decisiveness), and at least one of the most preferred alternatives of every its member is always chosen by any social choice correspondence.
      
(1) Modified monotonicity implies the existence of an oligarchy.
      
Oligarchy for Social Choice Correspondences and Strategy-Proofness
      
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Competition is the essential characteristic of market economy. The game mode is built to analyse game among the oligarchies in the oligopolistic market. The paper points out it is bad for industry to compete with each other for price competition constantly, and the radical method of developing industry lies in whole cooperation among oligarchies, especially in the field of technology.

竞争是市场经济的本质属性 ,本文通过构建的博弈模型 ,对寡头垄断市场上寡头之间的博弈进行了分析 ,认为一味的价格竞争对整个行业是有害无益的 ,主要厂商在技术等领域真正走向全面合作才是行业发展的根本出路

Under the restrictive multi-conditions, the allocation efficiency of resources in the real economic world can not but deviate from the logic of the classical microeconomics, in accordance with which "Pareto-efficient allocations" will emerge only in the market structure of perfect competitive equilibrium. The contradiction between the pricing mode by the short -run marginal cost and the long -run compensation of the fixed cost creates the endogenous instability in the market structure of perfect competition....

Under the restrictive multi-conditions, the allocation efficiency of resources in the real economic world can not but deviate from the logic of the classical microeconomics, in accordance with which "Pareto-efficient allocations" will emerge only in the market structure of perfect competitive equilibrium. The contradiction between the pricing mode by the short -run marginal cost and the long -run compensation of the fixed cost creates the endogenous instability in the market structure of perfect competition. The hypothesis of the product competitiveness circle, which is put forward in this paper, somehow disproves the classical evolution theory of the market structure. The market structure in the oligarchy equilibrium should be divided into the equilibrium of oligopoly and that of oligarchy competition. As the result of natural evolvement of market structure, the equilibrium of oligarchy competitive can promote the enterprise performance, boost the efficiency of whole industry sector, and reach the market stabilization. So it is beneficial that the advance of concentration indices in one industry sector naturally comes only from the market behavior. Neither the equilibrium of competition nor that of oligarchy can resolve the problem of social equity that must appeal to the government. It is important for us to study the relation among the market structure, enterprise performance and economic stability, no matter whether to innovation of the theory of industrial organization or to establish the policy of industrial development.

多种条件约束决定了真实经济世界的资源配置效率必然偏离古典微观经济学完全竞争均衡模型关于效率问题的推演逻辑。短期边际成本定价趋势与固定成本长期补偿之间的矛盾决定了完全竞争均衡结构内生着不稳定性。“产品竞争度周期假说”在一定程度上证伪了传统的市场结构进化理论。寡头结构有寡头垄断均衡和寡头竞争均衡之别,后者作为市场结构自然演化的结果,能够增进组织绩效和提高行业效率,并实现市场稳定。因此,市场行为基础上自然演进的行业集中度提高是有益的。市场从竞争到垄断都不惠顾社会公平问题。市场结构、组织效率与经济稳定之关系研究无论对产业组织理论创新还是对产业政策制定来讲都具有重要的现实意义。

An industrial cluster network is the composition of the networks of market relations and social relations. Its distinctive structure enables itself, on one hand, to exercise free competition among its componential markets, which facilitates the effective allocation of its internal resources; on the other, to practice absolute monopoly, or oligarchy monopoly, in its outside market structure, which marks itself a strong regional competitor as a whole.

产业集群网络由市场关系网络和社会关系网络复合而成。产业集群独特的网络结构使产业集群内部市场结构接近完全竞争,集群内部资源配置有效;产业集群外部市场结构接近完全垄断或寡头垄断,表现出强大的区域竞争力。

 
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