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induction of general anaesthesia
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     Clinical comparison of cardiovascular effects and adverse reactions of two types of etomidate during induction of general anaesthesia in thoracic surgery
     两种剂型依托咪酯在全麻诱导期不良反应的对比观察
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     ObjectiveThe potential bronchial spasm is usually lethal during the induction of general anaesthesia in patients with airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) disease, such as COPD, ARDS and so on. The increased risk of bronchial spasm is due to the drug - induced histamine release , decreased sympathetic nerve activity or enhanced parasympathetic activity.
     全麻诱导、气管插管常可引起支气管痉挛,对哮喘等气道高反应性(airway hyperresponsiveness,AHR)疾病患者实施麻醉诱导时,或对COPD、ARDS等重症患者实施急救气管插管治疗时,此种潜在的威胁可能是致命的,由麻醉药引起的组胺释放或交感神经活性降低、副交感神经活性增高常常增加此种危险。
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     Objectives: The potential bronchial spasm usually is a very serious circumstance during the induction of general anaesthesia in patients with airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) diseases, such as upper respiratory infection, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and so on.
     研究目的:全麻诱导、气管插管常会引起气道的收缩,这对于上呼吸道感染、哮喘及慢性阻塞性肺疾病(chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases,简称COPD)等气道高反应患者来说极其不利。
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     5 patients were successfully intubated directly under backward-along guidance, 43 cases were successfully intubated after failures, i.e. after failure of awake blind intubation in 35 cases and after failure of orotracheal intubation through laryngoscope under induction of general anaesthesia in 8 cases.
     5例直接应用逆顺引导气管插管; 35例清醒盲插失败,8例全麻诱导后经口明视喉镜插管失败,改逆顺引导插管成功。
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  “induction of general anaesthesia”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Compared with those before induction of general anaesthesia and insufflation, mean arterial pressure(MAP) and the plasma ET concentration were increased siginificantly, and the plasma NO concentration reduced siginificantly.
     结果 气腹后平均动脉压 (MAP)和ET含量显著高于诱导和气腹前 ,NO含量较气腹前明显降低。
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  相似匹配句对
     On Mathematic Induction
     谈数学归纳法
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     On the Forms of Induction
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  induction of general anaesthesia
In patients undergoing general anaesthesia, endtidal CO concentrations were measured while breathing room air, oxygen as well as after induction of general anaesthesia and endotracheal intubation.
      
In most patients tachycardia occurred with no cause except the intracranial lesion; in the other patients induction of general anaesthesia or surgical procedures on the brain appeared to have an initiating role.
      
Mean plasma AT III activity decreased in both the control and experimental groups after induction of general anaesthesia.
      
Drug concentrations were measured in whole blood obtained from mother and child after induction of general anaesthesia with thiopental or diazepam and delivery by Caesarean section.
      
The stimuli were applied before and after neuromuscular block following induction of general anaesthesia and 2, 5, 10 and 15 min after antagonism.
      
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Objective To investigate the effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on concentration of plasma endothelin(ET) and nitric oxide(NO) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Twenty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected. The intravenous blood samples were taken before general anesthesia, insufflation,3 minutes after insufflation, 5 minutes after desufflation to determine the plasma content of ET and NO. Results Compared with those before induction of general anaesthesia...

Objective To investigate the effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on concentration of plasma endothelin(ET) and nitric oxide(NO) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Twenty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected. The intravenous blood samples were taken before general anesthesia, insufflation,3 minutes after insufflation, 5 minutes after desufflation to determine the plasma content of ET and NO. Results Compared with those before induction of general anaesthesia and insufflation, mean arterial pressure(MAP) and the plasma ET concentration were increased siginificantly, and the plasma NO concentration reduced siginificantly. Conclusion The carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneam during laparoscopic cholecystectomy increase MAP and adjust blood pressure with the unbalanced secretion of NO and ET.

目的 观察CO2 气腹对血浆NO和内皮素 (ET)浓度的影响。 方法 选择 2 0例择期行腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (LC)患者 ,分别于麻醉前、气腹前、气腹后 3min及结束气腹后 5min抽取静脉血 ,测定血浆ET和NO的含量。 结果 气腹后平均动脉压 (MAP)和ET含量显著高于诱导和气腹前 ,NO含量较气腹前明显降低。 结论 LC患者CO2 气腹后MAP升高 ,NO、ET分泌失衡 ,并参与了血压的调节

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and value of backward-along guidance tracheal intubation in patients with difficult intubation.?Methods In the 48 ASA Ⅰ~Ⅲ patients requiring general anaesthesia, 34 cases of tracheal intubation were classified as Mallampati grade Ⅲ, 6 as grade Ⅳ,and 8 as no difficulty. 5 patients were successfully intubated directly under backward-along guidance, 43 cases were successfully intubated after failures, i.e. after failure of awake blind intubation in 35 cases and after failure...

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and value of backward-along guidance tracheal intubation in patients with difficult intubation.?Methods In the 48 ASA Ⅰ~Ⅲ patients requiring general anaesthesia, 34 cases of tracheal intubation were classified as Mallampati grade Ⅲ, 6 as grade Ⅳ,and 8 as no difficulty. 5 patients were successfully intubated directly under backward-along guidance, 43 cases were successfully intubated after failures, i.e. after failure of awake blind intubation in 35 cases and after failure of orotracheal intubation through laryngoscope under induction of general anaesthesia in 8 cases.?Results The successful rate of intubation was 100%.?Conclusion The backward-along guidance technique is an effective solution to the problem in the case of difficult intubation.

目的探讨逆顺引导气管插管方法在困难插管中的可行性及临床应用价值。方法48例需全身麻醉气管插管的成年患者,ASAⅠ~Ⅲ级,其中Mallampati困难插管评估Ⅲ级者34例,Ⅳ级6例,术前估计为非困难插管者8例。5例直接应用逆顺引导气管插管;35例清醒盲插失败,8例全麻诱导后经口明视喉镜插管失败,改逆顺引导插管成功。结果逆顺引导气管插管成功率100%。结论逆顺引导气管插管是解决困难插管危急状态的一种有效方法。

Objective To study the therapeutic efficacy and the effect of immunologic function of pleural cavity continuous perfusion of hyperthermic chemotherapy on malignant hydrothorax Methods After induction of general anaesthesia 21 malignant hydrothorax patients had two chest tubes in the thoracic cavity.The drainage tube was connected to the artificial cardiopulmonary machine,bypass pump with heat exchanger and the spiral tubes for perfusion.Physiological saline was added cisplatin 200-250 mg/m2 and warmed...

Objective To study the therapeutic efficacy and the effect of immunologic function of pleural cavity continuous perfusion of hyperthermic chemotherapy on malignant hydrothorax Methods After induction of general anaesthesia 21 malignant hydrothorax patients had two chest tubes in the thoracic cavity.The drainage tube was connected to the artificial cardiopulmonary machine,bypass pump with heat exchanger and the spiral tubes for perfusion.Physiological saline was added cisplatin 200-250 mg/m2 and warmed to 42-45℃,and continuous perfusion of the thoracic cavity made.The condition of hydrothorax conterol,the side effects,the quality of life,the survival time and the effect of immunologic and cardiopulmonary function were observed. Results Among the 21 patients the overall response rate was 95.2%(CR 90.4%+PR4.8%).The meantime of hydrothorax resolution was 12.5 months,2 cases died of metastasis.18 cases obviously improved the quality of life.The middle survival time was 13.7 months in all the patients.After hyperthermic chemotherapy,CD19 and CD25 were much higher than before(P<0.05,P<0.01).The blood gas analysis showed no significant differences between after and before hyperthermic chemotherapy. Conclusion (1)The pleural cavity continuous perfusion of hyperthermic chemotherapy improves obviously the remission rate of malignant hydrothorax.(2)The hyperthermic chemotherapy obviously enhance the immunologic function of B-lymph-cell and the activation rate of T-lymph-cell.

目的:研究胸腔持续灌注热化疗对癌性胸水的综合疗效及对机体免疫功能的影响。方法:对21例癌性胸水患者置胸管,向胸水中加入化疗药物顺铂200~250mg/m2,保持胸水温度42~45℃,持续灌注60min左右。。结果:胸水控制有效率95.2%(CR90.4%+PR4.8%),平均胸水消失持续时间12.5个月,有5例肺部肿块缩小,2例发生远处转移死亡。中位存活期13.7个月。热化疗前、后CD19、CD25的表达率明显增高。结论:胸腔持续灌注热化疗使癌性胸水缓解率明显提高,使B淋巴细胞免疫功能及T淋巴细胞活化率明显提高。

 
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