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characteristics of emergence
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     And the characteristics of the G.
     通过仿真和实验,也验证了G.
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     The characteristics of G.
     论文首先对语音编码的各种方案进行了比较,并对G.
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     characteristics;
     三、发展的特点;
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     EMERGENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MILITARY DICTATORSHIP IN URUGUAY
     乌拉圭军事独裁政权的产生及其特点
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     Objective To study the characteristics of injuries in the Emergence Department.
     目的探讨急诊科伤害的流行特征。
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  characteristics of emergence
The sublittoral population is similar to the populations from the Baltic Sea, especially in its characteristics of emergence control and sinking of the suffused egg masses.
      
It is perhaps useful to review the characteristics of emergence.
      
First of all, there are a number of characteristics of emergence and distributed autonomic computing systems that match.
      


OBJECTIVE:To investigate the characteristics of emergence of renal damage induced by cephalosporins METH_ODS:Data of renal damage induced by cephalosporins were collected from published articles,which were retrieved from CHINESE PHARMACEUTICAL ABSTRACT issued between January 1992 and December 2000,and analysed RESULTS:There were 142 cases involving in renal damage induced by 5 kinds of cephalosporins;Cefradine(111),Cefoperazone(13),Cefazolin(13),Cefalexin(4),Ceftriaxone(1) The main clinical manifestations...

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the characteristics of emergence of renal damage induced by cephalosporins METH_ODS:Data of renal damage induced by cephalosporins were collected from published articles,which were retrieved from CHINESE PHARMACEUTICAL ABSTRACT issued between January 1992 and December 2000,and analysed RESULTS:There were 142 cases involving in renal damage induced by 5 kinds of cephalosporins;Cefradine(111),Cefoperazone(13),Cefazolin(13),Cefalexin(4),Ceftriaxone(1) The main clinical manifestations were hematuria(122),acute renal failure(7),urinary retention(6) and acute glomerulonephritis(5) CONCLUSION:Only when the cephalosporins are rationally used can ARDs be reduced

目的 :探讨头孢菌素类抗生素致肾脏不良反应的发生规律。方法 :以《中国药学文摘》1992年1月~2000年12月9年间发表的有关头孢菌素致肾损害文摘为线索 ,检索原刊文献 ,进行统计分析。结果 :142例肾损害涉及5种药品 ,分别为头孢拉定111例 ,头孢哌酮13例 ,头孢唑啉13例 ,头孢氨苄4例 ,头孢曲松1例。临床主要表现分别为血尿122例 ,肾功能衰竭7例 ,尿潴留6例 ,急性肾炎5例。结论 :惟有合理应用头孢菌素类药才能减少药物不良反应

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of emergence of ADR induced by SMZ-TMP tablet and to provide some guidance for clinical medicine and rational drug use.Method: 267 cases with ADR induced by SMZ-TMP tablets reported in domestic literatures issued from 1975~2002 were collected and statistically analyzed.Result: 267 cases with various clinical ADR manifestations were analyzed, such as allergic reaction(121), digestive system(69), nervous system(27), urinary system(21), blood system(20), cardiovascular...

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of emergence of ADR induced by SMZ-TMP tablet and to provide some guidance for clinical medicine and rational drug use.Method: 267 cases with ADR induced by SMZ-TMP tablets reported in domestic literatures issued from 1975~2002 were collected and statistically analyzed.Result: 267 cases with various clinical ADR manifestations were analyzed, such as allergic reaction(121), digestive system(69), nervous system(27), urinary system(21), blood system(20), cardiovascular system (5),endocrine disorder(4).Conclusion: SMZ-TMP tablet should be rationally used,we should pay attention to the prevention and cure of ADR.

目的 :汇集复方磺胺甲卟恶唑片的不良反应 ,为临床合理用药提供参考。方法 :对 1975~ 2 0 0 2年国内报道的 2 6 7例不良反应进行分析和综合。结果 :2 6 7例涉及的临床类型主要有变态反应 12 1例 (45 .32 % ) ,消化系统反应 6 9例 (2 5 .84 % ) ,神经系统反应 2 7例 (10 .11% ) ,泌尿系统反应 2 1例 (7.87% ) ,血液系统反应 2 0例(7.4 9% ) ,心血管系统反应 5例 (1.87% ) ,内分泌紊乱 4例 (1.5 0 % )。结论 :合理用药 ,注意防治不良反应。

Since it is difficult to directly take complex systems as the research objects to explore their operational mechanisms,it is proposed in this paper that the operational mechanism of general complex systems can be obtained based on the research of the behavior rules of some concrete complex systems,such as the biological ant colony and bird flock with the characteristic of emergence of swarm intelligence.Based on the discussions of four typical biological prototypes of swarm intelligent behaviors,namely...

Since it is difficult to directly take complex systems as the research objects to explore their operational mechanisms,it is proposed in this paper that the operational mechanism of general complex systems can be obtained based on the research of the behavior rules of some concrete complex systems,such as the biological ant colony and bird flock with the characteristic of emergence of swarm intelligence.Based on the discussions of four typical biological prototypes of swarm intelligent behaviors,namely ant colony foraging,ant clustering,labor division in ant colony,and bird flock foraging,the features of swarm intelligence as a system are analyzed in detail and some important implied characteristics,such as distribution,self-organization,and positive feedback, are revealed and expanded.According to the addressed characteristics of swarm intelligence,the significance of which to the research of complex systems is summarized from multiple aspects,including revealing the operational mechanism of general complex systems,hastening the research of the complexity of human brain,advancing the innovation of organizational management modes,and promoting the development of the intelligence science.Finally some problems in current researches of swarm intelligence are presented and the potential fields of further researches are prospected.

鉴于直接以一般复杂系统为研究对象探讨其运行机制,难度太大,本文提出借助一类具体的复杂系统——具有群集智能涌现特性的生物蚁群和鸟群系统的行为规律研究,作为认识一般复杂系统运行机制的桥梁和过渡。在论述蚁群觅食、蚁群墓地构造、蚁群劳动分工和鸟群觅食这几类典型的群集智能行为的生物学原型的基础上,深入分析了群集智能的系统特征和所蕴涵的分布式、自组织和正反馈等重要特性,并给出了翔实的论述说明。进而根据文中阐述的群集智能特性,从多个方面概括总结了其对复杂系统研究的意义,包括揭示复杂系统的运行机制、促进人脑复杂性的研究、推进组织管理模式的创新和提升智能科学的发展水平。最后对群集智能目前存在的问题和今后有待研究的课题进行了总结和展望。

 
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