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game
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     THE GAME
     游戏
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     GAME
     免费游戏
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     1) the preparation of the game;
     其表现为 :1)赛前运筹 ;
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  game
For a smooth oriented surface Σ, denote byM(Σ) the set of all ways to represent Σ as a result of gluing together standard spheres with holes ("the Lego game").
      
The main result of this paper is that the core of the game is not compact under the norm topology unless the game itself is a measure.
      
The first part introduces the strict aspiration as a new aspiration solution concept, which is proved to be existent for any cooperative game.
      
In this paper we have studied n-person game problems of (0,1) normalization and composition.
      
On well-posedness of the multiobjective generalized game
      
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Pansystems analysis is concerned with a sort of transfields investigations and applications of the concepts what are called pansystem, panmorphism, pansymmetry etc.. It is a sort of disscusion of operation research concerning control, recognition, games and simulation, and is also certain extensions, complements or new generaliz-ations concerning the fundamental investigations of cybernetics, fuzzy mathematics, logic and methodology, etc.. The present paper is a continuation of the authors previous works...

Pansystems analysis is concerned with a sort of transfields investigations and applications of the concepts what are called pansystem, panmorphism, pansymmetry etc.. It is a sort of disscusion of operation research concerning control, recognition, games and simulation, and is also certain extensions, complements or new generaliz-ations concerning the fundamental investigations of cybernetics, fuzzy mathematics, logic and methodology, etc.. The present paper is a continuation of the authors previous works [1-6] and gives a new unified description about mathematical investigations. We devote an unified extension to two sorts of fuzziness concepts of Zadeh and Poincare, and develop Kalman observocontrollability into pansystem observocontrollability, and the black box principle into panbox principle, pansystem observocontrol law, co-diagnosis principle, pansystem sample law, etc.. The bool-ean difference and Bellman-Qin Yuyuan principle[7] are also generalized to so-called pansytem difference and pansystem operation projection principle respectively. Additionally, the present paper develops some basic investigations of traditional logies (two-volued logic, many-valued. logic, fuzzy logic, Chen Tinghuai four-valued logic[16], topology of product space, etc.) into what are called pansystem logic and gives a series of new results of fuzziness.

本文继续了文献[1—6]的工作,对数学研究给予一种新的统一的描述,对Zadeh和Poincaré两类乏晰概念给予推广,并且把kalman的观控性发展为泛系观控性,把黑箱原理发展为泛箱原理、泛系观控律、会诊原理与泛系抽样律,把Boole差分推广为泛系差分,把Bellman—秦裕瑗原理发展为泛系运筹投影原理.另外,本文把传统逻辑(二值逻辑、多值逻辑、乏晰逻辑、陈廷槐四值逻辑、积空间扑拓学等)的某些基础研究发展为泛系逻辑.

This paper deals with the sexual reproduction of Catalpa fargesii f. duclouxii (Dode) Gilmour, including its differentiation of the flower bud, the microsporo-genesis, the formation of the pollen, the development of the male gametophyte and the formation of the ovule, the megasporogenesis, the formation of the female games tophyte, the fertilization and the development of the embryo and endosperm. The development of the embryo sac is of the Polygonum type and that of the embryo the Cruciferous type. Endosperm...

This paper deals with the sexual reproduction of Catalpa fargesii f. duclouxii (Dode) Gilmour, including its differentiation of the flower bud, the microsporo-genesis, the formation of the pollen, the development of the male gametophyte and the formation of the ovule, the megasporogenesis, the formation of the female games tophyte, the fertilization and the development of the embryo and endosperm. The development of the embryo sac is of the Polygonum type and that of the embryo the Cruciferous type. Endosperm is cellular and eventually develops into haustorium cells in both mycropyle and chalazal. The matured seed consists of a seed coat and an orthoembryo with two thick cotyledons. The material examined were collected from 22-24 year-old trees in Nanjing from 1976 to 1978. A timetable for the development of the flower bud and seed is also given.

本文描述了滇楸花芽的分化,小孢子的发生,花粉的形成,雄配子体的发育以及胚珠的形成,胚囊细胞的发生,雌配子体的形成,受精作用,胚和胚乳的发育。胚囊发育为蓼型,胚的发育为十字花型。胞型胚乳,形成珠孔和合点的吸器细胞。成熟种子包括种皮和具有两片肥厚子叶的直立胚。材料来自南京1976—1978年间的22年—24年生的成年植株。附花芽和种子发育的时间表。

In this paper, first of all, a brief history of the beginning and development of the differential games in the earlier stage is stated. Furthermore, as fundamental examples, a kind of two-person zero sum differential games and one of the qualitative differential games are presented, from which one can be more concretly to understand the properties of those researched in differential games.Some problems at present are also introduced, such as the games of pursuit in air-to-air combat,...

In this paper, first of all, a brief history of the beginning and development of the differential games in the earlier stage is stated. Furthermore, as fundamental examples, a kind of two-person zero sum differential games and one of the qualitative differential games are presented, from which one can be more concretly to understand the properties of those researched in differential games.Some problems at present are also introduced, such as the games of pursuit in air-to-air combat, the application of differential games in system engineering and the leader-follower strategy,the differential games with imperfect information , differential games with time lag , positional differential games, and the method of functional analysis in solving differential game problems, etc. Of course, these are not the all problems of today.More than 40 literatures are listed for further research.

本文首先叙述了微分对策问题的起源及其初期的发展简史,然后介绍一类二人零和的微分对策问题和一类定性微分对策问题,以进一步说明微分对策问题的性质,这是两种比较基本的微分对策问题。 最后,介绍当前的某些问题。例如,空战格斗中的追逐对策,微分对策在系统工程中的应用以及主——从对策,信息不完全的微分对策,有时滞的微分对策,阵地对策,以及泛函分析方法在微分对策理论中的应用等。当然,这些绝非现代问题的全部。 文末附有参考文献四十余篇,供进一步参考之用。

 
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