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tropical pacific ocean     
相关语句
  热带太平洋
     Analysis of the Chaotic Characteristics of the Tropical Pacific Ocean
     热带太平洋海区混沌特征分析
短句来源
     Physiological and Ecological Characteristics of the Deep-Sea Microorganisms in Tropical Pacific Ocean
     热带太平洋深海微生物的生理生态特征
短句来源
     Physiological and ecological characteristics of the deep-sea microorganisms in tropical Pacific Ocean
     热带太平洋深海微生物的若干生理生态特征
短句来源
     Using the daily precipitation data of 35 stations in Anhui Province during JJA from 1961 to 2003,100 hPa and 500 hPa geopotential height fields over the Northern Hemisphere,sea level pressure over Northern Hemisphere,sea surface temperature over tropical Pacific Ocean from previous September to next May during 1961-2002,the characteristics of dog-days drought are analyzed.
     利用安徽省35个代表站1961—2003年6~8月逐日降水量资料及1961—2002年逐月北半球100 hPa和500 hPa高度场、地面气压场及热带太平洋海温场资料,采用EOF和最大熵谱,分析了安徽省伏旱的时空分布特征。
短句来源
     The atmospheric component was the 9-level global general circulation model of Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP). The oceanic component was a tropical Pacific ocean model with the horizontal resolution of 0.5o×0.5o, which was the development of an 2o×1o model (Zhang and Endoh 1994).
     耦合模式的大气分量是中国科学院大气物理研究所的9层大气环流模式,海洋分量是具有0.5o水平分辨率的热带太平洋模式,这个模式是在原有水平分辨率2o×1o的基础上改进和发展的。
短句来源
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  赤道太平洋
     Based on a scientific viewpoint: The ENSO results from air-sea interaction in the tropical Pacific Ocean region, some analyses are complcled wilh the JEDAC data and NCEP reanalysis data in this study. The results show that: The subsurface ocean temperature anomalies (SOTA) exist interannual cycle which is closely related to the ENSO;
     基于ENSO是热带太平洋海气相互作用产物的科学观点,一系列的分析研究表明:赤道太平洋次表层海温异常(SOTA)有明显的年际变化(循环),并且与ENSO发生密切相关;
短句来源
     Atmosphere and ocean data in tropical Pacific Ocean from 1980 to 2002 and a numerical model are used to analyze the relationship among the evolution of E1 Nino, westerly anomaly in equatorial Pacific Ocean and subsurface temperature anomaly in equatorial Pacific Ocean.
     利用最近20 a的大气海洋资料,分析了厄尔尼诺事件与赤道太平洋西风异常以及赤道太平洋次表层海温之间的关系.
短句来源
     In January,Tropical high cloud and the corresponding upward regions are mainly located south of the equator,and exhibit zonal belt patterns with three distinct regions,including South Africa and the adjacent West Indian Ocean,the tropical Pacific Ocean and South America between equator and 30°S.
     热带1月份的云区和上升区集中在赤道以南,呈带状分布,其中南非及相邻的西印度洋、120°E~120°W的赤道太平洋、赤道与30°S之间的南美大陆为3个主要区域;
短句来源
     So it is deduced that when there exists zonal westerly(easterly) wind stress anomaly over the tropical Pacific Ocean,the upper water mass convergences(divergences) and the lower water mass divergences(convergences) results in the anomalous downwelling(upwelling) of water mass,which leads to an increase(decrease) of subsurface sea temperature and a westward(eastward) velocity anomaly of zonal current.
     推断其可能关系为:赤道太平洋表面西(东)风应力异常→赤道太平洋海水次表层上层异常辐合(辐散)、下层异常辐散(辐合)→海水异常下沉(上翻),使得次表层海水温度的异常升高(降低),并促使次表层纬向海流的异常向西(东)。
短句来源
  太平洋热带
     Severe convective region moving eastward over tropical Pacific Ocean during 1997/1998 E1 Nino event
     1997/1998年厄尔尼诺期间西太平洋热带对流区的东移
短句来源
     HEAT BUDGET AT THE SURFACE OF THE WESTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN AND El Nino
     西太平洋热带海面热收支与El Nio
短句来源
     The method of emprical orthogonal functions (EOF) is used to analyze the interannual variations of heat budget at the surface of the western tropical Pacific Ocean during the period of 1961-1974. The computative time coefficient, corresponding to the second eigenvector, has am obviously large interannual oscillation.
     利用经验正交函数方法,分析了1961—1974年期间,西太平洋热带海面总热量交换的分布情况及其年际变化。
短句来源
     This result indicates that there is a close relationship between variations in a large-scale pattern of heat flux at the surface of western tropical Pacific Ocean and the El Nino-SO phenomenon.
     分析结果表明,西太平洋热带地区海-气热量交换,存在着一种与El Ni(?) o/SO(南方涛动)关系十分密切的分布形式。
短句来源
  热带太平洋环流
     The IAP surface tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model(OGCM) is used to simulate the seasonal variations in the tropical Pacific forced by the observed surface wind stress, heat and water fluxes.
     在观测到的海表风应力和热量及淡水通量驱动下,用大气物理研究所发展的高分辨率自由表面热带太平洋环流模式对热带太平洋环流季节变化进行了数值模拟。
短句来源
     Numerical simulation of the 1986-1987 EI Nino event is presented in this paper Observed atmospheric forcing fields over the periods of 1984-1989 are taken torun an IAP free surface tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model (OGCM).
     用高分辨率自由表面热带太平洋环流模式,在观测到的风应力和热量、水汽通量驱动下,对1986—1987厄尔尼诺(E1Nino)事件进行了数值模拟。
短句来源
     In this paper, we investigate influences of anomalous winter monsoon in East Asia on the equatorial Pacific Ocean with tropical Pacific ocean model (OGCM) and coupled ocean-atmospheric general circulation model (CGCM), respectively.
     利用中国科学院大气物理研究所发展的热带太平洋环流模式(OGCM)和海-气耦合模式(CGCM)分别就冬半年东亚冬季风异常对赤道太平洋的作用进行了数值模拟研究。
短句来源

 

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      tropical pacific ocean
    One of the major forcings for the interannual variability of the Asian Summer Monsoon is the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) distribution in the tropical Pacific Ocean.
          
    The results of simultaneous measurements of the bottom (6.25 and 35 m above the bottom) currents, deep currents, and surface currents made at three points in the north-east tropical Pacific Ocean are given.
          
    The bottom currents in the area of abyssal hills in the north-east tropical Pacific Ocean
          
    Both signals shared a delayed action oscillator (DAO) similar to that shared by corresponding signals in the tropical Pacific Ocean (White et al., 2003), intensified in the South Indian Ocean.
          
    Accumulation and Export of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Surface Waters of Subtropical and Tropical Pacific Ocean
          
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    It is revealed that the mean meridional circulation in the tropical Pacific ocean has two different basic patterns: Hadley cell and Anti-Hadley cell. The transformation of one type of the mean meridional circulation to the other not only has the seasonal variation but also the non-seasonal long-term variation. The intensity of meridional circulation has a long-term fluctuation with the period of 32-48 monthes.It is also found that the transformation of mean meridional circulation patterns is closely connected...

    It is revealed that the mean meridional circulation in the tropical Pacific ocean has two different basic patterns: Hadley cell and Anti-Hadley cell. The transformation of one type of the mean meridional circulation to the other not only has the seasonal variation but also the non-seasonal long-term variation. The intensity of meridional circulation has a long-term fluctuation with the period of 32-48 monthes.It is also found that the transformation of mean meridional circulation patterns is closely connected with the variation of the vertical circulation on the vertical plane along the equator. There exists a low-frequency coupling oscillation between them. The transformation of atmospheric vertical circulations would have some importent influences on the long-range weather variation in this region.

    本文揭露,热带太平洋地区的平均经圈环流存在着两种最基本的类型:经典哈得来环流圈和哈得来反环流圈。它们的出现,不仅具有明显的季节特点,而且还存在着一类值得重视的非季节性的长期变化。平均经圈环流强度,具有周期大约48个月的长期振荡。这一振荡与赤道纬圈平面上垂直环流的变化有密切关系,并能对该地区大气的水平环流产生重要的影响。

    First, the differences between the propagating path and amplitude distribution 昽f quasi-stationary planetary waves forced by a forcing source over middle latitudes and those forced by a forcing source over low latitudes in a winter basic current are theoretically discussed. It is pointed out that the anomaly of heat source over low latitudes may largely influence the anomalies in the tropo-spheric circulations over middle and high latitudes, while the anomaly of heat source over middle latitudes may play an...

    First, the differences between the propagating path and amplitude distribution 昽f quasi-stationary planetary waves forced by a forcing source over middle latitudes and those forced by a forcing source over low latitudes in a winter basic current are theoretically discussed. It is pointed out that the anomaly of heat source over low latitudes may largely influence the anomalies in the tropo-spheric circulations over middle and high latitudes, while the anomaly of heat source over middle latitudes may play an important role for the stratospheric circulation anomalies.A quasi-geostrophic, 34-level spherical coordinate model with Rayleigh friction, Newtonian cooling and horizontal eddy thermal diffusivity is used to compute the disturbance patterns responding to an anomaly of heat source over middle latitudes and over low latitudes, respectivily. The computed results show that the anomaly of heat source over low latitudes may largely influence on the winter circulation anomalies over middle and high latitudes, and the anomaly of heat source over the tropical Pacific Ocean may cause the PNA (the Pacific/ North America) pattern anomalies.

    本文首先从理论上讨论了北半球冬季低纬度强迫源与中纬度强迫源强迫所产生的准定常行星波在实际基本气流中传播路径及其振幅分布的差异,指出冬季低纬度热源异常将对北半球中、高纬度对流层大气环流的异常起很大影响,而中纬度热源异常将对平流层环流异常起很大作用。 本文应用一个包括Rayleigh摩擦、Newton冷却及水平涡旋热力扩散准地转34层球坐标模式分别计算了冬季低纬度热源异常与中纬度热源异常所造成北半球扰动系统的异常情况,计算结果表明了冬季低纬度热源异常将对中、高纬度对流层大气环流异常起很大作用,热带太平洋上空热源异常将产生PNA型环流异常。

    The method of emprical orthogonal functions (EOF) is used to analyze the interannual variations of heat budget at the surface of the western tropical Pacific Ocean during the period of 1961-1974. The computative time coefficient, corresponding to the second eigenvector, has am obviously large interannual oscillation. This result indicates that there is a close relationship between variations in a large-scale pattern of heat flux at the surface of western tropical Pacific Ocean and the El Nino-SO...

    The method of emprical orthogonal functions (EOF) is used to analyze the interannual variations of heat budget at the surface of the western tropical Pacific Ocean during the period of 1961-1974. The computative time coefficient, corresponding to the second eigenvector, has am obviously large interannual oscillation. This result indicates that there is a close relationship between variations in a large-scale pattern of heat flux at the surface of western tropical Pacific Ocean and the El Nino-SO phenomenon. In general, during El Nino, the heat transports from the ocean to the air increase in the central part of the ocean and decrease in the west. But during non-El Nino, the distribution above is just opposite. It is suggested to relate these unusual variations of heat flux to those changes of winds, sea surface temperatures and heat content in this area.

    利用经验正交函数方法,分析了1961—1974年期间,西太平洋热带海面总热量交换的分布情况及其年际变化。分析结果表明,西太平洋热带地区海-气热量交换,存在着一种与El Ni(?)o/SO(南方涛动)关系十分密切的分布形式。在El Ni(?)o期间,赤道太平洋日界线附近海洋向大气释放热量明显增多,而其西部则正相反。文章认为这种大尺度海面热收支的年际变化,是该地区风场、温度场及大洋热含量异常变化的综合影响结果,这些变化会对一些气候因子的波动产生一定的影响。

     
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