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actuarial method
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  精算方法
     The Research on Risk-Reduction Mechanism of Catastrophe with Actuarial Method
     巨灾风险的分散机制的精算方法研究
短句来源
     Studies on Life Insurance Actuarial Method and Applications
     寿险精算方法及应用研究
短句来源
     To compare with the traditional actuarial method in condition of single annual interest rate,the method is much more universal,rational and also accords with the actual conditions.
     与传统的单一年预定利率下的精算方法相比较,该方法更为普遍合理、更加符合实际情况.
短句来源
     Reserving for segregated fund insurance contracts are difference from traditional actuarial method.
     具有分离基金的保险产品的责任准备金提取有别于传统的精算方法.
短句来源
     This paper uses the actuarial method to study the balancing capability of the Medical Care Fund and analyzes and predicts the operational status of the Social Medical Care Fund Raised in Zhuhai,Guangdong Province.
     本文运用精算方法研究医疗保险基金的收支平衡测算方法,在此基础上,对广东省珠海市社会医疗保险统筹基金的运行状况进行了测算分析。
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  “actuarial method”译为未确定词的双语例句
     SPSS 11.5 is used for statistics,the survival rate is calculated by the actuarial method of Kaplan and Meier.
     应用SPSS11.5统计软件,Kap lan-M e ier法进行生存分析。
短句来源
     Methods Data of 159 patients operated for thymoma were collected. A retrospective analysis was performed, through comparison of survival rate computed by the actuarial method and rate of recurrence and metastasis.
     方法 将159 例胸腺瘤临床资料输入计算机,采用Cox 模型进行预后多因素分析,并运用寿命表法计算生存率,以生存率、复发转移率为指标,进行回顾性研究。
短句来源
     Methods The data of 159 patients operated for thymoma collected were retrospectively analyzed as to their prognostic factors and criteria of clinical staging through comparison of survival rates by the actuarial method, Log rank and Cox multivariable model.
     方法 将 15 9例胸腺瘤临床资料输入计算机 ,运用寿命表法计算生存率 ,应用Log rang法和Cox多因素分析模型 ,进行回顾性预后分析及分期研究。
短句来源
     Methods The clinical data on 116 patients with thymoma were collected. A retrospective analysis was performed by comparison of their survival rates computed by the actuarial method and rate of recurrence and metastasis.
     方法 回顾性分析 116例胸腺瘤的临床资料 ,运用寿命表法计算其生存率 ,以生存、复发或转移率为指标 ,进行研究。
短句来源
     Based on Kardor-Hicks's compensation standards and Mu Huai-zhong's internal effect and external effect theory,this paper studies the moderate adjustment index plan through targeting,metric analysis and insurance actuarial method. It concludes that the lower schemes of maintaining the "old man" relative level of food consuming provided by public pool pension and maintaining the "new man" absolute consuming level of basic pension only is the realistic choice of public pool pension in China.
     文章以卡尔多—希克斯补偿标准为适度调整指数的理论标准,以穆怀中提出的内部效率和外部效率理论为检验依据,通过目标定位、计量分析和精算预测得出结论为:对“老人”保障由统筹养老金提供的食品相对消费水平不降低,对“新人”仅保障基础养老金绝对购买力水平不降低的最低调整指数方案,是中国现行养老金计划的适度调整指数方案。
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  相似匹配句对
     Method;
     方法:
短句来源
     Method:
     方法
短句来源
     Information Entropy Method in Actuarial Science
     保险精算的信息熵方法
短句来源
     Studies on Life Insurance Actuarial Method and Applications
     寿险精算方法及应用研究
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  actuarial method
Demonstration of an actuarial method for estimating preinjury hand strength
      
Non-parametric survival curves have been calculated using the actuarial method.
      
Survival according to the Kaplan-Meier actuarial method was 81% at 12 months, 56% at 60 months, and 36% at 10 years.
      
Survival according to the Kaplan-Meier actuarial method was 81% at 12 months, 56% at 60 months, and 36% at 10 years.
      
The estimated cure rate by the actuarial method after 15 years was 26 percent and 53 percent for AC and AM tumors, respectively.
      
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From the point of financial stability of insurance company,the paper probes into actuarial methods of crop insurance premium theoretically and technically. The formula of gross premium rate is designed, and three calculation methods of net premium rate are analysed, which is concluded that the choice of actuarial technique and crop insurance premium method is depended on crop unit yield distributions and the natural calamility occurances, and that the premium rate applied should be constantly...

From the point of financial stability of insurance company,the paper probes into actuarial methods of crop insurance premium theoretically and technically. The formula of gross premium rate is designed, and three calculation methods of net premium rate are analysed, which is concluded that the choice of actuarial technique and crop insurance premium method is depended on crop unit yield distributions and the natural calamility occurances, and that the premium rate applied should be constantly revised.

从保险经营的财务稳定性出发,对农作物保险费率的厘订从技术和理论上进行探讨,设计出农作物保险费率的计算公式,比较了计算纯费率的不同方法,讨论了损失率平均时段问题,指出农险费率的计算应根据农作物单产分布和灾害发生规律,选用不同的技术和方法,并且在实际应用中要不断调整

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic features of thymoma and assess prognostic factors. Methods Data of 159 patients operated for thymoma were collected. A retrospective analysis was performed, through comparison of survival rate computed by the actuarial method and rate of recurrence and metastasis.Results (1) The 3 , 5 , and 10 year survival rate was 78.9%, 63.7% and 46.3%, respectively. All patients treated by subtotal thymoma resection with postoperative radiotherapy survived more than...

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic features of thymoma and assess prognostic factors. Methods Data of 159 patients operated for thymoma were collected. A retrospective analysis was performed, through comparison of survival rate computed by the actuarial method and rate of recurrence and metastasis.Results (1) The 3 , 5 , and 10 year survival rate was 78.9%, 63.7% and 46.3%, respectively. All patients treated by subtotal thymoma resection with postoperative radiotherapy survived more than 3 years.(2) Patient's age, location and image density of tumor play important role in differential diagnosis.(3) Tumors with epithelial predominance were more frequently seen in late stage than those of other histologic types( P <0.01).(4) The prognosis of patients whose tumors had incomplete or no capsule was poor as compared to that of stage Ⅰ tumor ( P <0.05).(5)According to multivariate analysis, the most important prognostic variables included completeness of resection ( OR =2.10) and clinicopathologic stage ( OR =1.73). Myasthenic crisis was the most important factor influencing operative death. Sex, symptoms and histologic classification did not influence prognosis.(6)Recurrence and metastasis occurred in all stages, but more frequent in the later stages of the disease.Conclusion Complete resection helps decrease recurrence of thymoma. Prognosis of patients receiving palliative resection of thymoma may be improved by postoperative radiotherapy.

目的 分析胸腺瘤的临床病理特点,探讨有关外科治疗及预后相关因素。方法 将159 例胸腺瘤临床资料输入计算机,采用Cox 模型进行预后多因素分析,并运用寿命表法计算生存率,以生存率、复发转移率为指标,进行回顾性研究。结果 (1) 本组3,5 ,10 年生存率分别为78.9 % 、63.7 % 和46.3 % 。姑息切除后加放射治疗,患者3 年生存率为100% 。(2) 发病年龄、肿瘤部位和X线密度在鉴别诊断中起重要作用。(3) 上皮细胞为主型晚期病例数较其他组织学类型多( P< 0.01) 。(4) 肿瘤包膜未受侵但不完整或无包膜组预后较Ⅰ期差( P< 0.05) 。(5) 经多因素分析,手术方式( OR=2 .10) 、临床病理分期( OR= 1.73)为影响预后的重要因素。术后肌无力危象是导致手术死亡的首要因素。性别、症状及组织学分类对预后影响不大。(6) 术后各期均有可能局部复发和远处转移,病期越晚复发转移率越高。结论 外科治疗应争取根治性切除肿瘤,以减少复发。姑息切除加术后放疗有助于提高疗效。

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic features, prognostic factors and propose a new modified staging criteria for thymoma.Methods The data of 159 patients operated for thymoma collected were retrospectively analyzed as to their prognostic factors and criteria of clinical staging through comparison of survival rates by the actuarial method, Log rank and Cox multivariable model.Results Thorough resection ( OR =2.10), and extent of tumor invasion ( OR =1.73) were the most important prognostic...

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic features, prognostic factors and propose a new modified staging criteria for thymoma.Methods The data of 159 patients operated for thymoma collected were retrospectively analyzed as to their prognostic factors and criteria of clinical staging through comparison of survival rates by the actuarial method, Log rank and Cox multivariable model.Results Thorough resection ( OR =2.10), and extent of tumor invasion ( OR =1.73) were the most important prognostic factors. Tumor with peritumoral adhesion and absence of a complete capsule but without external invasion belonged to the criteria of stage Ⅱ (Ⅱa). According to the prognosis and state of resection, lesions with obvious peritumoral invasion into the nearby organs but were thoroughly resected belonged to stage Ⅱ(Ⅱb) and those incompletely resected belonged to Ⅲa. The unresectable lesions belonged to Ⅲb.Conclusion According to the Cox prognostic multivariable model, the criteria of clinical staging of thymoma are defined as: Stage Ⅰ completely encapsulated non invasive tumor without tight fibrous adhesions to the surroundings. Stage Ⅱa only capsular invasion or capsule incomplete or with tight fibrous adhesions to the surroundings. Ⅱb invasion into the surrounding fatty tissue, pleura, partial pericardium or lung, Stage Ⅲa invasion into the great vessels,heart, trachea or hilus, which are resected with difficulty, or only palliatively. Ⅲb extensive invasion into the nearby organs, and resection is impossible. Stage Ⅳa pleural or pericardial dissemination, Ⅳb lymphatic or hematogenous metastasis. [

目的 分析胸腺瘤的临床病理特点 ,探讨影响预后的因素和分期标准。方法 将 15 9例胸腺瘤临床资料输入计算机 ,运用寿命表法计算生存率 ,应用Log rang法和Cox多因素分析模型 ,进行回顾性预后分析及分期研究。结果 经多因素分析 ,手术方式 (OR =2 .10 )、肿瘤侵犯范围 (OR=1.73)为影响预后的重要因素。临床病理分期应将无包膜或包膜不完整但未受侵者、以及与周围器官致密黏连者归入Ⅱ期 (Ⅱa)。同时 ,根据预后和手术情况 ,将肿瘤周围组织器官明显受侵 ,但常规手术能予完全切除者也归为Ⅱ期 (Ⅱb) ,不能完全切除者为Ⅲa期 ,不能切除者为Ⅲb期。结论 手术方式、肿瘤侵犯范围对预后影响最大 ,可作为分期的最佳指标 ,并根据其制定分期方案。

 
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