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english merchants
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  英国商人
     With the rapid progress of the woolen manufacture in the 16th century, the merchants of England sought for a stable and increasingly expanding market The English merchant companies, a new kind of corporation acted as the instrument of English merchants to develop trade with other businessmen of Europe or Asia countries, furthermore these overseas enterprises continued to be the way of colonizing America in the early of 17th century.
     16世纪后期-17世纪前期,英国经济,尤其是昵绒工业的迅速发展,要求有一稳定而且不断扩大的市场。 新型的商业公司成为英国商人开拓欧洲、非洲、亚洲市场的工具,17世纪初又成为对美洲进行殖民开发的组织形式。
短句来源
  “english merchants”译为未确定词的双语例句
     English Merchants' Social Image and Social Appraisement in Early Modern England
     近代早期英国商人的社会形象和社会评价
短句来源
     Firstly, the companies' activity greatly propelled the development of England's industry, and it also promoted the development of England's commerce, the category and figure of England's exporting and importing shopping increased dramatically, English merchants' marketing expanded all over the world.
     首先,商业公司极大地促进了英国工业的发展,同时也促进了商业的快速发展,英国进出口商品的种类和数量大大增加,英国商人的市场拓展到世界各地。
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  english merchants
It then discusses in some detail the trading network of private English merchants in the Western Indian Ocean with special reference to the Surat-Mocha link in the 1720s and the 1730s.
      


Professor Richard Grassby is one of the most famous scholars on the study of merchants in British transformation period. Among his many articles and works, the most interesting part is the research on the merchant kinship and family business. Kinship network and family business are crucial to the merchant, but many scholars have ignored them for a long time. Through his research on several aspects of the merchants, we realize that the English merchant played very important roles...

Professor Richard Grassby is one of the most famous scholars on the study of merchants in British transformation period. Among his many articles and works, the most interesting part is the research on the merchant kinship and family business. Kinship network and family business are crucial to the merchant, but many scholars have ignored them for a long time. Through his research on several aspects of the merchants, we realize that the English merchant played very important roles in the period. Grassby provides us some practical methods for history study while deepening our knowledge about the English society in such period.

美国学者格拉斯比是研究转型时期英国商人问题的权威 ,在其大量著作中最有特色的是其对商人亲属关系和家族企业的研究。转型时期亲属关系对商人非常重要 ,却受到人们的普遍忽视。通过格拉斯比对商人各方面的研究 ,我们可以了解到商人在转型时发挥了重要作用。他的商人研究能深化我们对转型时期英国社会的认识 ,其研究方法也有借鉴意义

When the Gezhi Academy in Shanghai was being prepared to construct, there was a plan for the Great Iron-House Museum. But, due to being short of funds, also due to the fact that most items in display donated either by English merchants or by the British Scientific Museum had not yet arrived, the plan finally fell through. So the saying of A General History of Shanghai about the Great Iron-House Museum’s being already built is not tally with reality.

上海格致书院在筹建时曾有建大铁房博物馆的计划。虽然收到一部分捐助的展品,但格致书院博物馆最终没有能够建成,主要原因是馆舍资金没能筹集到,英国科学博物馆准备转赠的以及英国商绅准备捐助的大部分展品也没有运来。《上海通史》中认为上海格致书院大铁房博物馆是建成的,此说缺乏事实根据。

By analyzing the historical background, origins and characteristics of “the chartered companies”, and their roles in the western countries practicing “mercantile policy” and their relationship with the evolution of capitalist form, this paper tries to bring to light the place of “the chartered companies” in the social transformation of Western Europe from the 15th century to the 18th century. This paper argues that the expansion of England to East India is the most enduring and systematic endeavor made by English...

By analyzing the historical background, origins and characteristics of “the chartered companies”, and their roles in the western countries practicing “mercantile policy” and their relationship with the evolution of capitalist form, this paper tries to bring to light the place of “the chartered companies” in the social transformation of Western Europe from the 15th century to the 18th century. This paper argues that the expansion of England to East India is the most enduring and systematic endeavor made by English merchant adventurers, and reflects the commercial and pioneer spirit of English even Western European merchant adventurers of that time. The process of the English moving towards the world mainly depends on this spirit.

本文从特许公司产生的历史背景、渊源和特征,特许公司在西方国家推行“重商政策”中的先锋作用以及它们与西方资本主义组织形式演变的关系等三个方面,揭示特许公司在15—18世纪西欧社会转型中的历史地位。在着重考察商业冒险家公司、莫斯科公司、利凡特公司和英国东印度公司的内在联系的基础上指出:英国向东印度的扩张是英国商业冒险家所做出的最持久也最系统的努力,集中反映了那个时代英国甚至整个西欧商业冒险家的商业精神和开拓精神。文章认为,英国人走向世界的过程,除了财富观念和财富积累方式的改变,并不断使自己的经营和经济组织形式适应变化着的经济活动之外,主要依靠的就是这种商业的和开拓的精神。

 
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