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chenopodium
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  藜属
     Chenopodium pumilio a newly naturalized species in China
     铺地藜——中国藜属一新归化种
短句来源
     After preliminary analysis, results were got as following:(1) Flora: There are 63 families, 236 genera, 427 species and 19 variations vascular plants in the study region, which in the composing of families, Compositae, Gramineae, Leguminosae and Chenopodiacea are preponderant, while in the composing of genera, Artemisia, Astragalus, Chenopodium, Polygonum are preponderant.
     通过初步分析得到以下结论:(1)植物区系:现知研究区的63科、236属、427种、19变种维管束植物中,科的数量组成中菊科、禾本科、豆科、藜科占优势,属则是蒿属、黄芪属、藜属、蓼属等占优势;
短句来源
     Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. is reported as a new record of the naturalized weed to China.
     报道中国藜属一新归化种——铺地藜(Chenopodium pum ilioR.Br.)
短句来源
     The genera containing more than four C 4 species are Chenopodium, Kochia, Salsola, Cuscuta, Potamogeton, Cleistogenes, Echinochloa, Eragrostis and Cyperus.
     含有 4种以上 C4 植物的属为 9个 ,分别是藜属、地肤属、猪毛菜属、兔丝子属、眼子菜属、隐子草属、稗属、画眉草属和莎草属 .
短句来源
     Results of two years' experiments indicate that: When the dibutalin be applied to the alfalfa field at the rate of 3~3.75 kg/ha the kill percentage is 80.5~94.8% for Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgali), Yellow bristlegrass (Setaria lutescens), Amaranth (Arnaranthus) and Goosefoof (chenopodium). Meanwhile, it could increase the dry grass or hay yield by 862. 5~1275kg/ha.
     试验表明,苜蓿田每公顷施地乐胺3~3.75公斤时,对稗草、狗尾草、苋莱、藜属杂草的杀草率为80.5~94.8%,每公顷可增产干草862.5~1275公斤。
短句来源
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  土荆芥油
     METHODS A GC method for the content determination of α-Terpiene in oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides. Capillary column HP-5(30m×0.32mm,0.25μm) was used. Column temperature:45℃ maintaining 5min,rising rate 1.5℃·min~(-1),80℃ maintaining 5 min,rising rate 20℃·min~(-1),final temperature 200℃,maintaining 5 min.
     方法采用气相色谱法对土荆芥油中的主要成分α-松油烯进行定量分析,采用HP-5石英弹性毛细管柱(30m×0.32mm,0.25μm),起始温度45℃,保持5m in,以每分钟1.5℃升至80℃,保持5m in,再以每分钟20℃升温,终止温度200℃,保持5m in。
短句来源
     CONCLUSION The method simple,quick and can be used to control the quality of oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides.
     结论本法简便、准确,可作为土荆芥油的质量控制方法。
短句来源
     h-1. The permeation enhancers such as chenopodium oil, menthol and Azone increased the percutaneous penetration of osthol in different degrees, and the enhancement factors were 3.09, 3.41and 4.38 respectively.
     土荆芥油、薄荷油和氮酮作为渗透促进剂均对蛇床子素的经皮吸收有不同的增渗作用,增渗倍数分别为3.09、3.41和4.38。
短句来源
     Results The enhancers azone, menthol and chenopodium increased the osthol percutaneous steady-state fluxes 3.12, 2.00 and 1.25 times those of the enhancer-free formulations (controls), separately.
     结果 与对照组相比 ,渗透促进剂Azone、薄荷醇、土荆芥油可以使得蛇床子素的稳态流量分别提高 3 12、2 0 0、1 2 5倍。
短句来源
     OBJECTIVE To determination of α-Terpiene in oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides.
     目的探讨土荆芥油中α-松油烯的含量测定方法。
短句来源
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     (5)Anaphothrips chenopodium sp.nov;
     (5)灰呆蓟马Anaphothrips chenopodium sp.nov;
短句来源
     ,Chenopodium album Linn.
     、(Chenopodium album Linn.)
短句来源
     , Chenopodium album L., Incarvillea sinensis Lam.
     ]、(Chenopodium album L.) 、角蒿(Incarvillea sinensis Lam.)
短句来源
     The results of biological tests indicated that, at the concentration of 225 mg/m2, 1-(4-bromo-3-ethyl-1-methyl-pyrazol-5'-ylcarbonyl)-4-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)semicarbazide (4k) showed in- hibitory activities (100%) against Abutilon theophrasti, Chenopodium album and Amaranthus spinosus.
     初步生物活性实验结果表明,在225mg/m2浓度下,1-(1-甲基-3-乙基-4-溴-5-吡唑甲酰基)-4-(2,4-二甲基苯基)氨基脲(4k)对苘麻(Abutilontheo-phrasti)、(Chenopodiumalbum)及刺苋(Amaranthusspinosus)抑制活性达到100%.
短句来源
     While the homology of PeNHX with other NHX genes of halophytic plants in Xinjiang:Atriplex dimorphostegia NHX(AdNHX1),Chenopodium glaucum NHX(CgNHX1),Kalidium foliatum NHX(KfNHX) on nucleotide level PeNHX2 were respectively 75.1%,74.8%,74.3% identity,and on protein level,the corresponding homologies were 78.3%,79.0%,78.3%.
     利用DNAMAN软件进一步分析得知,该基因与新疆盐生植物中所克隆获得的的犁苞滨(Atriplex dimorphostegia)AdNHX1、灰绿(Chenopodium glaucum)CgNHX1、盐爪爪(Kalidium foliatum)KfNHX同源性也较高,核酸水平上依次为75.1%、74.8%、74.3%,蛋白质水平依次为78.3%、79.0%、78.3%。
短句来源
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  “chenopodium”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The descending order of concentration in eight kind of forage grasess is Chenopodium album L. , Triticum Sativum Lam, Agropyron cristatum ( L. )
     灰菜(Chenopodium album L.) 、小麦(Triticum Sativum Lam)、冰草(Agropyron cristatum(L.)
短句来源
     The SE of Xanthium sibiricum,Portulaca oleraca,Cephalanoplos segetum,and Chenopodium album was 21.71%,20.93%,20.83% and 20.2%,respectively,while Vicia amoena (SE 3.5%),Setaria viridis (SE 2.2%),and Cymamchum chinense (SE 1.97%) had a weaker allelopathy.
     其SE值分别为2 1 .71%、2 0. 93%、2 0 . 83%、2 0 . 2 % . 对受体植物化感作用较弱的是野豌豆(SE- 3. 5 % )、狗尾草(SE2 . 2 % )、鹅绒藤(SE 1. 97% ) ;
短句来源
     Chenopodium album L , Avena fatua L. Polygonum convolvulus L. Galium aparine L. Calystegia japonica Choisy , Sochus brachyotus D.
     、荞麦蔓(Polygonum convolvulus L.) 、猪秧秧(Galium aparine L.)
短句来源
     3.74 percentage of total Pb in 1048mg· kg~(-1) Pb-applied soils and 1.73 percentage in 3850mg· kg~(-1) Pb-applied soil were reduced respectively after phytoextraction and removal by Chenopodium ambrosioides L. for three months.
     三个月内,起始铅浓度为1048mg·kg~(-1)的土壤中,铅总量下降了3.74%; 起始铅浓度为3850mg·kg~(-1)土壤中,铅总量下降了1.73%。
短句来源
     By differential centrifugation and Sepharose 4B column chromatography, the virus was qurified from the inoculated leaves of propagation hosts of Chenopodium quinoa, Gompherena globosa and Tetragonia expansa.
     繁殖于昆诺阿藜(Chenopodium quinoa)、千日红(Gompherena globosa)及番杏(Tetragonia.expansa)上的病毒分离物,经PEG6000沉淀结合差速离心浓缩后,用Sepharose4B柱层析法进行分离纯化,获得保持侵染活性的病毒纯化物;
短句来源
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  chenopodium
This review summarizes the long-term research of photoperiodic flower induction in two Chenopodium species, one of which, C.
      
Flowering of Cultivated Green and SAN 9789-Treated Chenopodium rubrum Plants Exposed to White, Blue, and Red Light
      
Temporal dynamics of soil nematode community structure under invasive Ambrosia trifida and native Chenopodium serotinum
      
Temporal dynamics of soil nematode community structure at the depth of 0 - 30 cm was compared under invasive Ambrosia trifida and native Chenopodium serotinum in an abandoned cropland in Northeast China.
      
Gynomonoecy in Chenopodium quinoa (Chenopodiaceae): variation in inflorescence and floral types in some accessions
      
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The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris,...

The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris, Aeluropus littoralis, Miscanthus sinensis, Phragmites karka, Carex sp. etc.. 2.Western Shantung plain: This region is located at the western part of the province. Most of the land is under cultivation and the soil is rich in calcium. There is no forest. The common trees are Populus tomentosa, P. alba P. davidiana, Ulmus spp. etc., and the herbaceous plants are Cynodon dactilon, Digitaria sanguinalis, Echinochloa colonum, Imperata cylindrica, Chenopodium album, Convolvulus chinensis,Xanthium japonicum, Crypi saculeata, Scirpus maritimus etc.. Plants which grow in the lake district largely belong to Phragmites communis, Scirpus maritimus, Zizania latifolia, Euryale ferox, Trapa bispinosa etc.. 3.Central South hilly region: This region has mostly been transformed into farms for a long time. On the hilly region there are still some remnant forests. The important trees are Pinus tabulaeformis, Biota orientalis. Quercus acutissima, Q. variabilis, Betula chinensis, Tilia mongolica etc.. On account of calcareous soil in this region, Biota orientalis is found most extensively. Gramineae leads all other herbaceous plants in abundance. The following species such as Arundinella amomala, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Setaria viridis, Pennisitum flaccidum etc. have a wide distribution. 4. Shantung Peninsula: The common native plants in this region are Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata, Q. acutissima, Robinia pseudoacacia, Acer mono etc.. Pious densiflora is a native plant which grows all over the hilly region. Herbaceous plants are mostly Thymus serpyllum, Setaria viridis, S. lutescens etc.. Due to the oceanic climate with higher precipitation and humidity, plants enjoy a more vigorous growth than those in other regions. There develops a richer flora, some even with warm temperate elements.

山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角州地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木本植物有酸棗...

山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角州地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木本植物有酸棗、舖地胡枝子等;草本植物多蘆葦、狗尾草等。此區氣候由於受篞笳{節,雨量與溼度亦較高,故植物生長較其他三區繁盛,種類亦較多,亞熱带植物之分布亦多於他處,尤以海邊低地為甚。在自然地理上,秦嶺、淮河一線是中國南北氣候和土壤的重要分界線,也是植物的重要分界線。但是從山東的植物分布上,可以知道這條線並不能絕然的将植物分為南北二部分,因為山東仍是一个過渡的地帶,許多南方植物在魯南及膠東沿海都有分佈,如黄檀、山胡椒、烏桖、厚朴、王蘭、木犀、黄楊、谜葉樹等多种。在另一方面,北方植物分佈至山東為其最南界限者如糠椴、遼珍珠梅、遼磯松、榛等;而赤松、蒙古機、蒙椴等則南达苏北之雲台山。由此可加,山東之植物分佈上,仍在秦嶺、淮河一線之範圍内,如以淮河來作為植物之南北分界線,则并不能完全符合實際情况,尤以膠東沿海低地,南方植物種類繁多,可與淮河流域相此。因此,此一分界线之東端似有北移之必要。山東植物之分佈乃由環境条件综合影響之結果,但在不同地区,各種因素之作用並不一致,由於地形、土壤、温度和水分等之区别而使植物分布不同。本文所举植物種类和分布地點都是從各項资料所得到,作者将其分為四區,並初步提出了這種分区的理由和形成不同分布的原因。但限於材料的不够完全和水平的淺薄,因此本文的內容很不充實, 只能作为令後进一步研究山东植物地理的基础,希望大家提出补充和指出不正确的地方,而使这一项工作能够顺利的完成。

The city of Lanehow lies in the central part of China in latitude approximate 36°03′north, longitude 103°57'east, at elevation 1,508.53 M. Kowlanshan, the area surveyed, being one of the many loess plateau hills surrounding Lanchow, situates on the southeastern suburb of the city. Physiographically, the area is a part of the dissected loess plateau with an altitude of 1,508-2100 M. Owing to the influences of the geographical condition and high elevation, the climate of this area is of continental climatic type....

The city of Lanehow lies in the central part of China in latitude approximate 36°03′north, longitude 103°57'east, at elevation 1,508.53 M. Kowlanshan, the area surveyed, being one of the many loess plateau hills surrounding Lanchow, situates on the southeastern suburb of the city. Physiographically, the area is a part of the dissected loess plateau with an altitude of 1,508-2100 M. Owing to the influences of the geographical condition and high elevation, the climate of this area is of continental climatic type. The mean annual precipitation is 338.6mm. with 61.1% of it falling in June, July and August, annual mean temperature, 6.9℃., relative humidity, 58%, annual total evaporation, 3,571mm. and annual mean wind velocity 5.8m/sec. The upper portion of the hill is entirely covered with a thick layer of loess and underneath lies the red earth of the tertiary period. As a result of that, soils in the area surveyed, which has been developed from the loess, is high in calcium content. It belongs to the chestnut soil type with a PH value between 7.6 and 8.1. The vegetation of this area shows the following ecological characteristics: 1) The specific composition of the plant is rather scanty with about. 124 speeies belonging to 93 genera and 41 families; 2) The vegetation bears a simple physiognomy. No natural growth arbor been found in the whole area during the period of investigation, though a few species of cultivated trees are found and the vegetation is mainly composed of semi-frutexes and herbages; 3) Most of the essential species distributing here express distinct xeromorphic structures and many of them are typical components of the vegetation of the steppe and semi-dessect, such as Caragana spp., Hololachne soongarica Ehrenb., Artemisia spp., Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb., Stipa spp. Achnatherum splendens Ohwi. and so on. Four plant associations are found in this area. Three of them distribute on the Dorthern slope and one on the southern slope of the hill. They are described as follow: Ⅰ. Chenupodium album+Artemisia annua+Elymus dasystachys Association. The distribution of this association is limited to the erosion valleys situating on the piedmont belt of the northern slope at an elevation between 1, 510 and 1, 560 M., where the edaphic condition is marked by high soil moisture content. The climatic features are of low light intencity with short duration of daily sunshine, high relative humidity and low wind velocity. Three hygrophilous and shade-loving species are the main constituents of this association. They are chenopodium album L., Artemisia annua L., and Elymus dasystachys Trin. Other herbaceous plants are Chenopodium glaucum L.. Sonchus aler- aceus L., Xanthium strumarium L., Polygonum amphibium L., P. aviculare L. etc. A few shrubs are present in the association. They are Lycium chinensis Mill., Lonicera heteroloba Batal. and Lonicera ferdinandi Fr. Ⅱ. Artemisia pectinata Association. The Artemisia pectinata Association occurs on the piedmont belt of the northern slope at an elevation varying from 1510 to 1580 M. It occupies the open slope with gradients under 15°. The climatic conditions, in speaking of the northern slope, are rather high in temperature, strong light intencity, low relative humidity and low wind velocity. The projective total cover-degree is about 50% and Artemisia pectinata Pall. appears to be the dominant species in the association. Besides, there are species of thermophilous and heliophilous plants such as Salsola kali L., S. arachnoides‘Moq’. Kung, Cymbaria mongolica Maxim., Artemisia capillaris Thumb., Aster altaicus willd., chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb., which are frequently scattered among the dominant plants. Plants growing in this association, are all below 10 cm. in height. They give an appearence of open association. Ⅲ. Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum+Artemisia sacrorum var. latiloba—Polytrichum sp. Association. This association, being the largest one in the surveyed area, appears on the northern slope, where it occupies the space ranging from altitude 1,580M. to the top of the hill,2,100M, above the sea level. Soil is of chestnut soil type with a PH value of 8. 0—8. 1.The soil moisture content varies between 6.0 and 7.4%(layer above 60 cm.). In vertical structure, the association consists of two strata. They are described below: Stratum Ⅰ: This stratum includes all shrubs, semi-frutexes and herbages which are taller than 10 cm. in height. Among the plants found in this stratum, chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb. and Artemisia sacrorum var. latiloba Ledeb. are dominant species and Stipa Bungeana Trin. is the subdominant one. Other species one may frequently meet with are Allium subangulatum Rag., Saussurea nigrescens Maxim., Peganumharmala L., Astragalus dahuricus Dc., Potentilla multifida L., Linum perenne L., Car-agana frutex K. Koch. etc. They spread widely in almost all over the association. Stratum Ⅱ: This stratum is composed of those species less than 10 cm. in height, forming the ground flora of the association. Polytrichum sp. and Lichens are the essential plants in the stratum. One may occasionlly find species of Plantago Lessingii and Gentiana squarrosa Ledeb. growing among those main constituents. The underground stratification of the association has also been studied during the time of surveying. IV. Stipa Bungeana+Aster altaicus+Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Association. This association distributes on the entire southern slope except the portions tilled for agriculture purposes. The striking local ecological conditions of this association are strong light intensity with long duration of daily sunshine, high temperature, low relative humidity and extremely low in soil moisture content which ranges between 2. 7 and 4. 0% (the layer above 60cm.). On account of the severe destruction of natural vegetation by man and cattle in the past years, the degree of soil erosion is serious throughout the slope where the association locates. The PH value of the soils is 7.4-76. The polydominant plants in this association are Stipa Bungeana Trin., Aster altaicus Willd. and Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb. They are quite adaptable to the drought condition of the environment and distribute widely in the association. Besides, other xerophilous or drought resistant plants are frequently met, such as Hololachne soongarica Ehrenb., Linum perenne L., Astranalus dahuricus Dc., Peganum harmala L., Artemisia sacrorum var. latiloba Ledeb., Artemisia capillaris Thumb., Incarvillea Iutea Bur.&Franch., Kochia scoparia Schred. etc. They dispersely grow in the association. In addition to the frequent species mentioned above, Salsola ruthenica Iljin. and S. arachnoides‘Moq’. Kung form seperately micro-associations lying scatterly on the slope. No ground flora stratum may be found and the association shows no above ground stratification. The projective total cover-degree of this association is only about 25-30%. Owing to the difference in the aspects of the northern and sourthern slopes, the climatic and edaphic conditions vary remarkable. Therefore, the vegetation of the surveyed area shows distinctions in distribution, floristic composition, physiognomy, structure, condition in growth and development of plants in the association of different slopes. Taking the floristic composition for example, the following species are entirely absent in the association of the northern slope, yet they are main components on the southern one: Pappophorum brachystachyum Taub. et Spach, Thermopsis lanceolata R. Br., Caragana spinosa Dc., Stellera chamaejasme L., Hololachne soongarica Ehrenb., Nitraria schoberi L., Pennisetum flaccidum Griseb. Differences in elevation also induce striking changes in climatic and edaphic con-ditions especially in aspects of air temperature, relative humidity and soil moisture content. All these gives great influence to the alterations either in quantity or in quality of each species distributing along the northern slope of the area. Following the seasonal change, the physiognomy of the associations expresses sucession of seasonal aspect. Vernal, aestival and autumnal aspects have been observed and recorded.

兰州位于我国的中心,约占北纬36度03分,东经103度57分,拔海1508.53米。皋兰山是兰州四周环山中的最高峰,位居兰州市东南郊。在地形上,皋兰山属于分割黄土高原山岭的一部分,拔海高度约为2100米。由于地理位置及海拔的影响,兰州的气候属大陆性气候类型。年平均温度为6.9℃,年平均雨量为338.6毫米,而61.61%集中在6、7、8、三个月,全年各月平均相对湿度为58%,年蒸发量则达3,571毫米,风力为5.8米/秒。皋兰山山岭的顶部均为厚层的黄土所掩盖,其下则为第三纪红土层。因此,调查区的土壤,全由黄土母质发育而来,含多量钙质,属栗钙土类,PH值为7.6—8.1。调查区的植被,有如下的生志特点:(1)植物种属比较贫乏:全区植物只有41科,93属,124种;(2)群落外貌单纯:调查区内缺乏自然生长的乔木,植被主要由半灌木与草本植物所构成,属干燥草原区的灌木草本群落型;(3)植物具明显旱生形态:群落主要成分,很多是干燥草原区的代表种属,如锦鸡儿属、蒿属、菊属的小黄菊(Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb.)、羽茅属、芨芨草等。它们都具有各种适应干旱环境的形态特征。调查区植物...

兰州位于我国的中心,约占北纬36度03分,东经103度57分,拔海1508.53米。皋兰山是兰州四周环山中的最高峰,位居兰州市东南郊。在地形上,皋兰山属于分割黄土高原山岭的一部分,拔海高度约为2100米。由于地理位置及海拔的影响,兰州的气候属大陆性气候类型。年平均温度为6.9℃,年平均雨量为338.6毫米,而61.61%集中在6、7、8、三个月,全年各月平均相对湿度为58%,年蒸发量则达3,571毫米,风力为5.8米/秒。皋兰山山岭的顶部均为厚层的黄土所掩盖,其下则为第三纪红土层。因此,调查区的土壤,全由黄土母质发育而来,含多量钙质,属栗钙土类,PH值为7.6—8.1。调查区的植被,有如下的生志特点:(1)植物种属比较贫乏:全区植物只有41科,93属,124种;(2)群落外貌单纯:调查区内缺乏自然生长的乔木,植被主要由半灌木与草本植物所构成,属干燥草原区的灌木草本群落型;(3)植物具明显旱生形态:群落主要成分,很多是干燥草原区的代表种属,如锦鸡儿属、蒿属、菊属的小黄菊(Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Ledeb.)、羽茅属、芨芨草等。它们都具有各种适应干旱环境的形态特征。调查区植物群落,可区分为下列的四个群丛: 1.白药+黄花蒿+厚穗滨草群丛(Chenopodium album+Artemisia annus+Elymus dasystachys Association) 本群丛分布于皋兰山山麓的侵蚀沟谷内,约占海拔1510至1560米的地段。所在地气候与土壤特点是光线弱、日照时间短、风力小、大气相对湿度大与土壤潮湿。群丛优势种有白藜、黄花蒿和厚穂滨草三种喜湿耐阴植物。此外,伴生有灰绿藜、苦苣菜、苍耳、两栖蓼、扁蓄等草本植物。灌木则可见枸杞(Lycuim chinensis Mill)、紫金银花(Lonicera heteroloba Batal.)、裴氏金银花(L.ferdinandi.Fr.)三种。 2.篦叶蒿群丛(Artemisia pectinata Association) 这一群丛占据皋兰山北坡山麓海拔1510—1580米,坡度在15°以下的开旷地段。其环境条件,在北坡来说,主要表现于阳光充沛,温度高,大气相对湿度低与土壤干燥。群丛总夏盖度约为50%,而以篦叶蒿最占优势。常见植物有钾猪毛菜、灰蓬(Salsola arachnoides‘moq’Kung)、蒙古芯芭(Cymbaria mongolica Maxim.)、茵陈蒿、阿尔泰紫菀、小黄菊等喜光喜温种类。 3.小黄菊+供蒿-藓群丛(Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum+Artemisia sacrorum var latiloba-Polytrichum sp. Association) 本群丛包括皋兰山北坡自海拔1580米以上一直至山顶(海拔2100米)的全部地段,为调查区内分布面积最广的群丛。其生态环境是阳光弱、日照时间短、蒸发量小、气温低;土镶为栗钙土,PH值在8.0—8.1左右,土壤风干含水量为5.2—5.6%。群丛在垂直结构上,可分为两层:第一层包括高度在10厘米以上的灌木、半灌木与草本植物,而以小黄菊和供蒿最占优势。本氏羽茅则为本属中的亚优势种。常见植物尚有野葱、青木香(Saussurea nigrescens Maxim.)、骆驼蓬、达乌里紫云英,多裂委陵菜、宿根亚麻、木锦鸡儿(Caragana frutex K. Koch.)等。第二层为地被层,主要由藓类和地衣所组成。此外,偶尔出现细叶车前(Plantago Lessingii)与鳞叶龙胆(Gentiana squarrosa Ledeb.)铺地生长。群丛总复盖度约为67%。 4.本氏羽茅+阿尔泰紫菀+小黄菊群丛(Stipa Bungeana+Aster altaicus+Chrysanthemum neofruticulosum Association) 这一群丛占皋兰山南坡除农田以外的全部地区。其气候与土壤条件,可归纳为下:日晒强烈、日照时间长、气温高;人为对自然植被破坏强烈,表土冲刷现象异常严重。土壤水分含量甚低,仅占风干重的1.88—3.41%,pH值为7.4—7.6。本氏羽茅、阿尔泰紫菀与小黄菊为群丛中的主要种类。它们对于干旱的环境均具有强大的适应力。其他常见植物有红砂、宿根亚麻、达乌里紫云英、骆驼蓬、供蒿、茵陈蒿、黄角蒿(Incarvillea lutea Bur.&Franch.)地肤等抗旱或耐旱种类。苏联猪毛菜(Salsola rutheniea Iljin)和灰蓬,常各成单纯小群丛,出现于山坡间。本群丛中缺地被层,无地上成层现象。群丛总复盖度仅为25—30%。由于南北坡取向不同所引起气候与土壤因子的变化,调查区植物群落,在分布、结构、外貌、种类成分及生长发育状况上,也随着发生很大的差异。海拔高度的改变,对气温、相对湿度,土温及土壤水分状况的影晌,也明显地反映在群落中各个种间的数量比例关系上。随着季节的更换,群落中的种类成分,表现出比较显著的季相演替关系。作者等曾作北坡群丛春、夏和秋三季季相的观察与纪录。

1. Too-gin-chie, the dried herb of Chenopodium ambrodoides L., has been used as anthelmintic, for the round and hook worms. Research work in recent years showed that it has good anthelmintic activity. 2. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with 16 illustrations. 3. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) epidermis of the stem, with non-glandular hairs of two types: 6 to 18-celled uniseriate...

1. Too-gin-chie, the dried herb of Chenopodium ambrodoides L., has been used as anthelmintic, for the round and hook worms. Research work in recent years showed that it has good anthelmintic activity. 2. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with 16 illustrations. 3. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) epidermis of the stem, with non-glandular hairs of two types: 6 to 18-celled uniseriate hairs, up to 920μ in length, with small apical cells, and 18 to 24-celled biseriate hairs; (2) glandular hairs also of two types: those having 6 to 9-celled stalk and 2 to 3-celled head, and those having 3 to 5-celled stalk and 1-celled sac-shaped head. 4. The essential oil of the drug has been studied, and its content, physical and chemical constants are given.

本文介紹了土荆芥在民間的应用的情况,詳細地描述了土荆芥Chenopodium ambrosioides L.原植物的形态。并与洋土荆芥C.ambrosioides var.anthelminticum Gray作了比較。根据形态組織学的研究結果,对土荆芥的莖、叶、苞叶、果实和种子的外部形态、內部构造与粉末特征都作了詳細的描述,并和洋土荊芥Chenopodium ambrosioides var.anthelminticum Gray作了組織粉末特征的比較,本文附有說明图片16幅。本文还报告了土荆芥揮发油的含量测定結果,对揮发油的此重、旋光度、折光率及药典所列各項規定进行了检查,并与洋土荆芥油作了对照比較。

 
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