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  precedents
Based on literature precedents,d-glutamate andd-histidine are isomerized to their L isomers prior to degradation, but separate catabolic pathways are possible for each enantiomer of lysine and serine.
      
It was the first to enter thevideo age and set new precedents for large criminal fines.
      
A state supreme court, in making and justifying choices, uses a variety of sources of information and authority-its own precedents, scholarly commentaries, articles in law reviews, encyclopedias, restatements, and so forth.
      
While state programs are likely to demonstrate the viability of new mitigation approaches, they are also likely to create a set of expectations and precedents that will make a strong and coherent national policy more difficult.
      
Learning by failing to explain is a method that uses current knowledge to prune the well-understood portions of complex precedents (and rules) so that what remains may be conjectured as a new rule.
      
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Along with the return of Hong Kong and after the elimination of its colonialist hue, the legal system in Hong Kong will take on characteristics of pursuing rule by law,of respecting human rights, of judicial independence, of following legal precedents, and of having a distinctive style of its own. These legal characteristics in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have come to pass under the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region:the principle of rule by law is firmly established;human...

Along with the return of Hong Kong and after the elimination of its colonialist hue, the legal system in Hong Kong will take on characteristics of pursuing rule by law,of respecting human rights, of judicial independence, of following legal precedents, and of having a distinctive style of its own. These legal characteristics in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have come to pass under the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region:the principle of rule by law is firmly established;human rights are guaranteed in extended areas; judicature is more independent,being guaranteed by right of final trial;the tradition of legal precedents is continued although its leading position is being challenged; the independence of Hong Kong's legal field is retained while its peculiarities will be made more obvious.

随着香港回归,香港法制在消除殖民主义色彩后,将呈现出奉行法治、尊重人权、司法独立、遵循判例和自成法域的特色。香港特别行政区的法制特色是在《香港特别行政区基本法》的指导下推陈出新的产物:法治原则真正确立;人权保障明显扩大;司法独立更加充分并以终审权作保障;判例法传统得到延续,但判例法的主导地位面临挑战;独立法域地位得到保留,而其独特性则更加醒目。

The Basic Law of Special Administrative District (BLSAD) is not a "minor Constitution", nor a statute enacted by legislative assembly, but a special law of the Constitution. This is based on the content, function, name and legal effect of BLSAD. Identifying the nature of BLSAD is not only an issue of jurisprudence, but also an issue concerning the practical operation of the systems of China's special administrative districts (SAD), and even the practical operation of the Constitution. It is therefore argued...

The Basic Law of Special Administrative District (BLSAD) is not a "minor Constitution", nor a statute enacted by legislative assembly, but a special law of the Constitution. This is based on the content, function, name and legal effect of BLSAD. Identifying the nature of BLSAD is not only an issue of jurisprudence, but also an issue concerning the practical operation of the systems of China's special administrative districts (SAD), and even the practical operation of the Constitution. It is therefore argued that BLSAD cannot be nullified even if it conflicts with the Constitution; that the effect of the Constitution on SAD is materialized through its special law, i.e. BLSAD; and that interpretations of BLSAD by the Standing Committee of National People's Congress hence are by nature constitutional interpretations, which can thus change the "precedents" made by the court of the last instance of SAD.

特别行政区基本法既非“小宪法” ,也非代议机关的制定法 ,而是宪法的特别法。这取决于特别行政区基本法的内容、功能、名称和法律效力等。对特别行政区基本法的法律性质的界定 ,不仅是学理问题 ,也是一个直接涉及特别行政区制度的实际运行 ,乃至宪法的实际运行的问题。特别行政区基本法以其宪法的特别法这一性质 ,不因与宪法的抵触而无效 ;宪法对特别行政区的效力是通过其特别法 ,即特别行政区基本法得以实现的 ;全国人大常委会对基本法的解释则相应地属于宪法解释 ,并因此得以改变特别行政区终审法院之“先例”。

The lacal lawmaking of national autonomous areas is an important part of the local law making in our country.Its limits of authority is different from those of common administrative regions,eccnomic special areas and spercial administrative arears.It is reflected in some degree of autonomy right,adaptational right and supplemental right.Clarifying the limits of authority,using and executing the rights not only serve the national cutonomous areas,but also provide practical precedent for national law making....

The lacal lawmaking of national autonomous areas is an important part of the local law making in our country.Its limits of authority is different from those of common administrative regions,eccnomic special areas and spercial administrative arears.It is reflected in some degree of autonomy right,adaptational right and supplemental right.Clarifying the limits of authority,using and executing the rights not only serve the national cutonomous areas,but also provide practical precedent for national law making.

民族自治地方立法作为我国地方立法的一个重要组成部分,其立法权限有别于一般行政区、经济特区和特别行政区,主要体现为民族自治地方立法享有一定程度的自治权、变通权和补充权。明确民族自治地方立法权限,充分运用和行使这些特权,加强民族自治地方立法工作,不仅为民族自治地方服务,也为国家的民族立法提供实践先导。

 
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