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the transition stage
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  社会转型期
     On the Theoretical Value of the Golden Way at the Transition Stage
     中庸之道在我国社会转型期的理论价值
短句来源
     And the development of our society brings the military ethical education great opportunities with the improving of the armymen' s mastership consciousness, the improving of the social moral level, the renewing of educational means based on the development of economy and technology during the transition stage .
     与此同时,社会转型期官兵主体意识的增强、社会道德水平的提高和经济科技发展带来的教育手段的更新,为军人道德教育带来了极大的发展机遇。
短句来源
     The third part maily demonstrates the opportunities and challenges to the military ethical education during the transition stage of our society.
     第三部分,从社会转型期对军人道德教育的影响方面,着重分析了社会转型期给军人道德教育带来的机遇和挑战;
短句来源
  过渡阶段
     Because the cost of system innovation in the transition stage is more predominant than that in the other two stages and which change largely,so the key to making China's cost of system innovation minimize lies in reducing the cost as much as possible.
     创新成本实际上由创新准备阶段成本、制度过渡阶段成本、新制度完善及运行阶段成本构成的 ,其中由于制度过渡阶段成本在我国所占比重通常较大特别是其不确定性和可变性最大 ,因此最大限度降低这部分成本就成为我国制度创新成本最小化的关键。
短句来源
     China's socialist system undergoes two stages: the socialist regulatory economy stage and the transition stage to socialist marketing economy.
     我国社会主义的经济制度经历了两个阶段,即社会主义统制经济体制与向社会主义市场经济体制过渡阶段
短句来源
     The predatory behavior of this species should be situated in the transition stage between the primitive stage and advanced stage in the evolution of Araneids predatory behavior.
     在捕食行为的进化上,尚处于从原始阶段到高级阶段之间的一个中间过渡阶段
短句来源
     China is at the transition stage from planned economy to market economy, and it has space to carry out steady economic policies of regulation and control, there are five pillars supporting the bank system of China, that is high growth of small and medium-sized enterprises on internal financing, powerful export, high deposite rate, strict control on other credit channels and non-latent assurance made by government.
     中国处于计划经济向市场经济的过渡阶段,这给政府执行稳定的经济调控政策留下了很大的空间,五个支柱支撑着中国的银行体系,即高储蓄率、内部融资的中小型企业的快速成长、强劲的出口、对其他融资渠道的严格控制以及隐式国家担保。
短句来源
     Concentration of ammonia nitrogen increases rapidly in the initial adjustment stage while decreases rapidly in the transition stage, and the speed of decrease is higher than that in stabilization stage.
     初步调整阶段时氨氮浓度快速上升,过渡阶段时其浓度又快速下降,下降速度高于稳定阶段的速度。
短句来源
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  中间过渡阶段
     The predatory behavior of this species should be situated in the transition stage between the primitive stage and advanced stage in the evolution of Araneids predatory behavior.
     在捕食行为的进化上,尚处于从原始阶段到高级阶段之间的一个中间过渡阶段
短句来源
  “the transition stage”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The continuous θ-Al2O3 scales on the surface appear in the transition stage.
     暂态阶段,表面形成连续的亚稳态θ-Al2O3膜;
     Oil accumulation conditions during the transition stage are analyzed,indicating that favorable conditions of reservoir rock,large faults,unconformity,and good configuration of trap and source rock contributed to hydrocarbon accumulation.
     对断拗转换期的成藏条件进行了分析,分析表明优质的储集岩、大型断裂、不整合面及圈闭与优质烃源岩的有机配置为油气成藏提供了有利条件,为下一步油藏勘探提供了理论依据。
短句来源
     This antenna is very suitable for mobile communication base station antenna, especially the transition stage from 2G to 3G.
     适合于作移动通信基站天线,特别适合于2G到3G过渡时期的移动通信系统。
短句来源
     The present research is at the transition stage between traditional theories and modern theories.
     目前 ,在新闻理论研究中 ,缺少有体系的新闻理论 ,新闻理论研究处于传统理论和现代学说的拉锯阶段 ,理论滞后于实践。
短句来源
     Because shot put belongs to cast event, according to trajectory principle, the mechanical formula is S=V_(0)~(2)Sin2a/g, so S is affected by velocity of release, so the key of improving performance is to increase the velocity of release of apparatus. The velocity origins the slide stage, then it passed the transition stage to transform the velocity last spurt the release.
     推铅球属于斜线运动,根据弹道原理,其力学公式为S=V_0~2Sin2a/g,因此,S值主要取决于器械的出手速度,所以尽可能提高器械的出手速度,是提高成绩的关键。
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  the transition stage
Many of the cracks stopped growing in the transition stage between stages I and II.
      
Thus, the theory considered above permits a unified description of the behavior of pure metals and certain classes of alloys in the transition stage from elastic to homogeneous macroplastic deformation.
      
This paper is devoted to an application of the theory of the transition stage (the process of transition from betatron to synchrotron acceleration) to the FIAN 250 Mev synchrotron for the case when the accelerating field is established adiabatically.
      
Recent data suggest that Kenya will probably not complete the demographic transition before the year 2050, but Kenya should continue to move through the transition stage.
      
In contrast to dicot species, the SAM in Zea mays is not established at an apico-central, but at a lateral position of the transition stage embryo.
      
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Photometric observations of Nova Her 1963 were started in Peking on Feb.18, 1963,with a photoelectric photometer mounted on a 15 cm aluminized Cassegrain reflec- tor.The Nova was observed in the ultraviolet,blue,yellow,and red as well as through four relatively narrow-band filters whose commercial type designations being S43,S47, S50 and S53,with maximum transmissions of the cell-field lens-filter combination at about 4300,4550,4850 and 5230(?) respectively. Table 1 lists the types and parameters of the filters.Figs.1...

Photometric observations of Nova Her 1963 were started in Peking on Feb.18, 1963,with a photoelectric photometer mounted on a 15 cm aluminized Cassegrain reflec- tor.The Nova was observed in the ultraviolet,blue,yellow,and red as well as through four relatively narrow-band filters whose commercial type designations being S43,S47, S50 and S53,with maximum transmissions of the cell-field lens-filter combination at about 4300,4550,4850 and 5230(?) respectively. Table 1 lists the types and parameters of the filters.Figs.1 and 2 show the response curves of the cell (an unrefrigerated type EMI 6256 B tube) field lens combination when used with various filters as determined with a reflecting monochromator.The zero- point drift of our amplifier and the linearity of the amplifier-Dahua recorder combination are presented in fig.3. The star a=HR 6845 served as the principal comparison star,while μ Lyr and later c=HR 6853 was used as the check star.An attempt was made to reduce a part of our observations to the U,B,V-system using extinction and transformation equations in the form of equations (A),(B) and (C).u,b and y denote ultraviolet,blue and yellow magnitudes out of the atmosphere on our instrumental system,while u′,b′ and y′ denote the corresponding magnitudes inside the atmosphere.X is the air mass.The k's are extinction coefficients and the A's are transformation coefficients.Observations of selected U,B,V-standards were made on 10 nights in a manner after K.Serkowski. Narrow-band extinction observations were made on a single night by following γ Lyr through various zenith distances,from which a magnitude-air mass plot was obtained as shown in fig.5.The relation between the extinction coefficients so obtained and the maximum transmission wave lengths is shown in fig.6. As part of the discussion the probable errors of a single observation and that of the mean valuc of the natural magnitude differences in four colours (r=red) between c and a are listed in the third and fourth rows of Table 6,while a comparison of our U,B,V- data of a and c (second row from bottom) with those of other observers may be seen in Table 7. Tables 2—3 list the magnitude differences (Nova minus a) without differential ex- tinction correction,where ‘43’,‘47’,etc.denote observations through the filters S43,S47, etc.,and the values followed by colons represent uncertain results.The Nova entered the “transitionstage during the interval April 1—10,1963. A plot of magnitudes against log t (t being days after light maximum) as shown in figs.7—10 leads to values of t_c (t_c denotes the value of t at the points of intersection on these figures) increasing with effective wave lengths as indicated in table 4. For the star a we derived the values V=5.57,B-V=-0.15,and U-B=-0.42, each with p.e.=±0.01. Table 5 lists U,B,V-values of Nova Her 1963.The variations of V,B-V,and U—B are shown in figs.13—14.On the two-colour diagram (fig.15) our observations show the Nova moving in an extremely complicated manner,yet with a tendency first moving to the left downwards and,starting from early April,1963,moving to the right while down the diagram.It should be noted that large systematic differences exist be- tween our (B—V) values and those of the Italian observers,amounting to about 0(?)6,which could scarcely be explained by observational errors or by a strange behaviour of the Nova colour fluctuations keeping pace alternatively with the observations in Pe- king and at Asiago.Large differences of about the same order of magnitude seem also to exist between Babelsberg and Crimean(B-V) observations of Nova Her 1960. The situation seems to favour the point of view advanced by the Babelsberg observers that meaningful colour measurements of such abnormal stars as novae are impossible with ordinary wide-band photometry such as using the U,B,V-system. Adopting M_(V,max)≈3 and the date of maximum to be Jan.31,1963,one could make use of a relation to obtain an estimation of the visual absolute magnitude at maximum of Nova Her 1963 to be about -7.6,whereby we used the value t_(3.V)≈38 days according to our light-curve.In addition our observations show the Nova to be a fast one according to the classification listed by C.Payne-Gaposchkin.

北京天文台筹备处自制了一架光电光度计,在1963年2月到6月间进行了对1963年武仙座新星的光电观测.所用的波段,宽波段滤光片是 UG1、GG13、BG12、GG11和 RG1,窄波段是 S43、S47、S50和 S53.

A study has been made of the influences of some factors (types and concentration of coagulants, etc.) upon the ionic deposition of natural rubber latex with coagulants.It was found that the rate of deposition varied with the types of coagulants, in the order of calcium chloride > calcium nitrate > calcium acetate > barium chloride > barium acetate.The mechanical properties of wet-gel and dry-film with barium acetate were quite good. The ageing characteristics of dry-film deposited with calcium salts were poorer...

A study has been made of the influences of some factors (types and concentration of coagulants, etc.) upon the ionic deposition of natural rubber latex with coagulants.It was found that the rate of deposition varied with the types of coagulants, in the order of calcium chloride > calcium nitrate > calcium acetate > barium chloride > barium acetate.The mechanical properties of wet-gel and dry-film with barium acetate were quite good. The ageing characteristics of dry-film deposited with calcium salts were poorer than that with barium salts, especially for the chlorides.The amount of ionic deposition, the initial concentration of wet-gel, and the mechanical properties of wet-gel increased with the concentration of coagulant. But when calcium chloride was used, the mechanical properties of wet-gel attained a maximum at a concentration of 15%.During the ionic deposition, the concentration of wet-gel was found to decrease at first and then a slight increase after the minimum value was reached. The properties of wet-gel underwent similar changes.Both the deposition method and the carrier of coagulant had pronounced effects upon ionic deposition.According to the above results, the ionic deposition of natural rubber latex can be considered to be proceeding in three stages: (a) coagulation; (b) the transition stage; (c) gelation.From the experimental data, we are able to prove that the Sandomirskii's kinetic equation of ionic deposition is a reasonable one; but it is probably better to express the whole course of ionic deposition by an empirical equation of the type:q=q0kt/1+kt.

本文研究了凝固剂的种类和浓度等因素对天然胶乳离子沉积过程的影响。就沉积能 力而言氯化钙>硝酸钙>醋酸钙>氯化钡>醋酸钡。其中以醋酸钡的凝胶及胶膜性能较好,其他几种凝固剂之间差异不大。钙盐对胶膜老化的影响大于钡盐,其中尤以氯化物为甚。 随着凝固剂浓度的增加橡胶沉积量、凝胶起始浓度及凝胶物理性能均增加。但当使用氯化钙时,在15%左右凝胶抗张力达到最大。 在沉积过程中凝胶浓度起始稍高,随后逐渐下降至一定程度后又缓慢上升,凝胶性能也有类似的变化。 沉积方法与凝固剂的附型剂对沉积过程有明显影响。 由以上结果:我们认为天然胶乳的离子沉积过程可以分成三个阶段:(a)凝结、(b)过渡、(c)胶凝。由以上试验数据证明了所提出的离子沉积动力方程式基本上是正确的。但整个离子沉积过程用q=q_0(kt)/(1+kt)来表示,可能要更好一些。

In this paper, a set of general force-displacement constitutive equations is derived for beam-column element regarded as one single-component model. The calculation of modulus-hardening H in general case is explored, an approximate formula is given, and the applied conditions of the "single curve" hardening law are discussed once again based on its new idea. For the transition stage from elastic to plastic in numerical calculation, a concept of composite stiffness is- used in order to save computer-time.In...

In this paper, a set of general force-displacement constitutive equations is derived for beam-column element regarded as one single-component model. The calculation of modulus-hardening H in general case is explored, an approximate formula is given, and the applied conditions of the "single curve" hardening law are discussed once again based on its new idea. For the transition stage from elastic to plastic in numerical calculation, a concept of composite stiffness is- used in order to save computer-time.In the end, a simple numerical example is presented to illustrate how the method developed herein to be applied and some significant conclusions, are reached.The ideas of this paper can be extended to the similar elasto-plastic problems described by stress-strain relationships.

本文推导出杆件“单分量模型”内力位移本构关系的一套普遍公式,对一般情况下硬化模量的计算进行了探讨,得出一个近似算式,并据之以新观点重行讨论“单一曲线”硬化律的适用条件;在数值计算过程中由弹性向塑性过渡的步长里,利用“综合刚度”的概念,不必为逐个杆件寻找过渡点而缩小时间步长,这样可望节省大量机时。文末附一简单算例,主要为说明方法的应用,同时也得出某些有意义的结果。本文有关思路可以推广到用应力应变关系表达的类似弹塑性问题上去。

 
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