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bargaining ability
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  “bargaining ability”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Game theory and bargaining ability factors are employed to set up a bargaining model for alternate bid for the order transfer under capital-control mode. Order transfer prices are obtained with the model.
     运用博弈论知识,通过引入讨价还价能力因子,构建了资本控制型下订单在成员企业间转移时确定订单转移价格的轮流出价的讨价还价模型,并通过对该模型的求解得出了成员企业间的订单转移价格。
短句来源
     This dissertation developed Michael Porter's Five Forces Model, and constructed the Three-dimensional Model in industrial analysis, which are Industrial Chain dimension, Market dimension and Time dimension, and elaborated the analysis with the application of the Model from seven aspects, which are suppliers bargaining ability, buyers bargaining ability, present competitive situation in electric industry, competitiveness of substitutes, future expansion on power generation market, potential intruder and policy influences, and established the analysis index system.
     本文发展了波特的五力分析模型,构造了产业分析的三维模型,从产业链、市场和时间三个维度,上游供应方侃价能力、下游购电方侃价能力、当前发电市场竞争情况、替代品竞争力、未来发电市场增长情况、潜在进入者和政策影响力七个方面展开分析,并且构造了分析指标体系。
短句来源
     bargaining ability of sellers (materials); competitive ability of present firms. At the level of whole industry, CR3 of Chinese wine industry in 1998 is 60%.
     在行业整体的层次上,1998年中国葡萄酒行业的CR3是60%,到了2000年CR3为50.99%,行业仍然呈现出寡头垄断的市场结构。
短句来源
     The alliance's“market price”deter- mined by valuating on it and the“executing price”of alliance option determined by bargaining ability of the cooperators both make its executing value more random.
     由联盟双方对联盟资产的估价而决定的联盟期权的“市场价格”和由联盟双方讨价能力决定的联盟期权的“执行价格”共同决定了联盟期权执行时的价值;
短句来源
     Section two, analysis of automobile trade inside and outside circumstance by PEST theory. Analysis entering threat、 replacing threat、 dealer bargaining ability、 supplier bargaining ability and competitor by Port analysis model. Founding differentiation with competitor by competitive matrix.
     第二章运用PEST法对汽车行业的政策法律、经济、社会和技术外部环境分析,运用波特五力模型分析汽车服务行业中的进入威胁、替代威胁、买方讨价还价的能力、供方讨价还价的能力、主要竞争对手的情况,运用竞争态势矩阵与竞争对手比较,分析出与竞争对手的差距。
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  相似匹配句对
     Ability Report
     实力派报告
短句来源
     the ability of innovation;
     交流能力因子;
短句来源
     Bargaining in China
     在中国砍价
短句来源
     Factors Affecting the Ability of the Enterprise Bargaining in the Skills-based Cooperation
     技能型合作中企业讨价还价能力的影响因素
短句来源
     On the Plea Bargaining
     论辩诉交易
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Livestock grazing on grassland lives on grass only, so livestock carrying capacity (LCC) is determined by forage available, no matter who provides the standard. So it is critical to correctly determine the livestock carrying capacity in the "determine livestock carrying capacity according to grass" theory (DSCC). We study the DSCC theory, and concluded that: (1)LCC provided by government is not as precise as expected. Because, firstly, the heterogeneity in grassland is very large, even spatial heterogeneity...

Livestock grazing on grassland lives on grass only, so livestock carrying capacity (LCC) is determined by forage available, no matter who provides the standard. So it is critical to correctly determine the livestock carrying capacity in the "determine livestock carrying capacity according to grass" theory (DSCC). We study the DSCC theory, and concluded that: (1)LCC provided by government is not as precise as expected. Because, firstly, the heterogeneity in grassland is very large, even spatial heterogeneity is larger than temporal heterogeneity. The systematic error is so large that the different decision makers will make quite different LCC; Secondly, though the remote sensing is very efficient way to calculate the quantity of grassland production, it is still impossible to calculate the herders' or countries' grassland production precisely enough to manage grazing in grassland. (2)At present, there are some vital shortcomings with the market economy in grassland area. Even if the LCC is made precisely enough, to control the grazing livestock quantity exactly based on LCC is impossible to put into actual implementation. The huge fluctuation of grassland production will damage herders' bargaining ability and benefit. To sum up, the DSCC theory should adopt an integrated method to determine grazing carrying capacity according to both production and quality of grassland, but not according to quantity of grass only. Moreover, it is quite wrong that punishing herders according to the official carrying capacity.

从某种意义上说,草原上的牲畜只吃草,所以不管是政府官员,还是牧民都是以草定畜,问题在于,不同利益人定的标准各不相同,所以如何科学地以草定畜是目前草原管理中面临的极为迫切的问题。通过对以草定畜理论的若干问题研究表明:(1)通过产草量确定的每个牧户的载畜量只是一个大概的指导指标,存在较大的误差,很难说由官方颁布的载畜量标准就是十分准确科学的载畜量标准。这是因为第一,北方干旱半干旱草原,空间上的异质性特点十分突出,甚至空间上的差异比时间上的差异还要大。这将导致在做测产样方时,由不同测量者导致的系统误差就会十分惊人;第二,遥感虽是十分有效可行的测产方式,在大尺度上的产草量计算能够相对准确,但是要细分到村甚至牧户,遥感的准确率就很难达到合理的程度。即使不考虑在样方测量上的误差,那么在由点及面的尺度转换中仍然会存在较大的误差。(2)畜产品没有建立相对完善的市场体系,即使能制定合理的载畜量标准也无法应对草原生态系统在时间上的波动性。巨大的产草量波动将导致如果严格按照载畜量标准调节牲畜数量会更加恶化牧民的市场地位,增加牧民的损失。所以,以草定畜应该采取以草质和草量综合的模式管理牲畜数目,而不应该仅仅以草的产量定畜,更不应该单...

从某种意义上说,草原上的牲畜只吃草,所以不管是政府官员,还是牧民都是以草定畜,问题在于,不同利益人定的标准各不相同,所以如何科学地以草定畜是目前草原管理中面临的极为迫切的问题。通过对以草定畜理论的若干问题研究表明:(1)通过产草量确定的每个牧户的载畜量只是一个大概的指导指标,存在较大的误差,很难说由官方颁布的载畜量标准就是十分准确科学的载畜量标准。这是因为第一,北方干旱半干旱草原,空间上的异质性特点十分突出,甚至空间上的差异比时间上的差异还要大。这将导致在做测产样方时,由不同测量者导致的系统误差就会十分惊人;第二,遥感虽是十分有效可行的测产方式,在大尺度上的产草量计算能够相对准确,但是要细分到村甚至牧户,遥感的准确率就很难达到合理的程度。即使不考虑在样方测量上的误差,那么在由点及面的尺度转换中仍然会存在较大的误差。(2)畜产品没有建立相对完善的市场体系,即使能制定合理的载畜量标准也无法应对草原生态系统在时间上的波动性。巨大的产草量波动将导致如果严格按照载畜量标准调节牲畜数量会更加恶化牧民的市场地位,增加牧民的损失。所以,以草定畜应该采取以草质和草量综合的模式管理牲畜数目,而不应该仅仅以草的产量定畜,更不应该单凭产草量来处罚牧户。

There are five kinds of forces determining the industrial structure of forging equipment of our country,which have different impacts on the industry's competition.The threat of entering this industry comes from the biggest international manufacturers,which mainly threaten the domestic advanced product market.Affected by competitive market structure,the purchaser of the forging equipment has stronger bargaining ability,therefore enterprises in this industry should take the different strategy of product...

There are five kinds of forces determining the industrial structure of forging equipment of our country,which have different impacts on the industry's competition.The threat of entering this industry comes from the biggest international manufacturers,which mainly threaten the domestic advanced product market.Affected by competitive market structure,the purchaser of the forging equipment has stronger bargaining ability,therefore enterprises in this industry should take the different strategy of product production.As for the supplier of this industry,the bargaining ability of the steel manufacturing industry is stronger,while the electric equipment and mechanical spare part manufacturing industry is relatively weaker.Concerned competition inside the industry,the market of low end approaches perfect competition and the advanced market nearly belongs to monopoly.In terms of substitutes,numerical control forging and pressing lathes and machining centers will substitute the traditional forging equipment.

决定我国锻压设备产业结构的5种力量对产业竞争有不同的影响。产业进入者的威胁主要来自于国际锻压设备制造业巨头,其主要威胁是国内高端产品市场;受竞争性的市场结构影响,锻压设备的购买方具有较强的选择余地,为此,制造企业应提高产品的差异性化;就供应商而言,钢铁制造业的讨价能力较强,而电气设备和机械零部件制造业在价格方面没有优势;在产业内部竞争上,低端市场接近于完全竞争,高端市场基本上属于垄断竞争;在替代品方面,数控锻压机床及生产线是传统锻压设备的替代品。

Product transfer among affiliates of Croup is one of the important resources to obtain synergy effect in the field of distribution. This paper introduces a bargaining ability factor of product transfer under capital - control mode of Group to set up the bargaining model of alternate bid, and lastly, discusses the model to get the transfer price.

企业集团成员企业闻产品的转移是分销领域协同的重要来源之一.运用博弈论,通过引入讨 价还价能力因子构建了资本控制型下产品在成员企业间转移时确定产品转移价格的轮流出价的讨价 还价模型,并通过对该模型的求解得出了成员企业间的产品转移价格.

 
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