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essential history
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Objective To explore the causes of misdiagnose of ectopic pregnancy by retrospective analysis in our hospital cases,in order to increase the diagnose and curative level in ectopic pregnancy.Methods Clinical data of the misdiagnosis of 96 cases from the 357 patients of ectopic pregnancy in our hospital from year 1993 to 2002,including materials of histories ,symptoms signs and laboratory examinations were retrospectively analyzed.Results The misdiagnosis rate of ectopic pregnancy in our hospital was 26 9%,...

Objective To explore the causes of misdiagnose of ectopic pregnancy by retrospective analysis in our hospital cases,in order to increase the diagnose and curative level in ectopic pregnancy.Methods Clinical data of the misdiagnosis of 96 cases from the 357 patients of ectopic pregnancy in our hospital from year 1993 to 2002,including materials of histories ,symptoms signs and laboratory examinations were retrospectively analyzed.Results The misdiagnosis rate of ectopic pregnancy in our hospital was 26 9%, most of them were treated as early pregnancies, threatened abortions etc. The causes of misdiagnosis were neglectful of asking essential history, no overall physical examination and misleading by the laboratory results.Conclusions The effectively preventive measures against misdiagnosing of ectopic pregnancy were strengthen vigilance of ectopic pregnancy,familiar with the knowledge of atypical ectopic pregnancy and the essential examinations on gravida.

目的 通过回顾性病例分析探讨异位妊娠误诊的原因 ,从而提高对异位妊娠诊治水平。方法 回顾性分析 1993~2 0 0 2年收治的 3 5 7例异位妊娠中的 96例误诊病例 (包括病史 ,症状及实验室检查等 )。结果 本组异位妊娠误诊率为 2 6 9% ,其中异位妊娠易误诊为早孕、先兆流产等 ,误诊的主要原因为病史不详体检不全 ,临床症状不典型 ,辅助检查误导。结论 提高对异位妊娠的警惕性 ,加强对不典型异位妊娠的认识 ,进行必要的检查是防范误诊的有效措施

In the light of modernization paradigm that is the main analytic frame, and considering the influence of revolutionary paradigm, the paper firstly reviews the course of changes of the history in modern Chinese society. In the context of that changing phase of history this paper further displays the essential history of the citizen's scientific literacy construction of our country since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 , and explores this phase of history by stages. The paper...

In the light of modernization paradigm that is the main analytic frame, and considering the influence of revolutionary paradigm, the paper firstly reviews the course of changes of the history in modern Chinese society. In the context of that changing phase of history this paper further displays the essential history of the citizen's scientific literacy construction of our country since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 , and explores this phase of history by stages. The paper also analyses the changes of related conceptions about the citizens' scientific literacy construction in China.

以现代化范式为主要参照系,同时考虑到革命化范式的影响,考察了近代中国社会历史变迁过程,以此为背景主要展现了建国以来我国公民科学素质建设的基本历史,并对这段历史做了分期。分析了与之相关的中国公民科学素质概念的历史变化。

Comments on Works of History,which was written by Liu Zhiji,analyzed“six schools”and“two styles”of history books written in biographical style and regarded“impure”non-essential history books as“segregated novels”,and classified the novels,which is firstly classification of China's ancient novels.The classified“ten types”embodied that the novels described trivial matters of“segregated novels”though they are not scientific,realized the reason of the trivial matters,grasped the charac- ter of the style of...

Comments on Works of History,which was written by Liu Zhiji,analyzed“six schools”and“two styles”of history books written in biographical style and regarded“impure”non-essential history books as“segregated novels”,and classified the novels,which is firstly classification of China's ancient novels.The classified“ten types”embodied that the novels described trivial matters of“segregated novels”though they are not scientific,realized the reason of the trivial matters,grasped the charac- ter of the style of pre-Tang-Dynasty novels,analyzed the basic difference between narrative history books and narrative novels by starting from“the aim of narration”and un-alternativeness of“readable”aesthetic function of novels,which is the develo- ping direction of post-Tang-Dynasty novels.

刘知几《史通》在分析正史“六家”“二体”时,把“为体不纯”的史之杂作为“偏记小说”,并对其进行了类目厘定,这是关于中国古小说第一次明确的类目划分;其所分“十类”,虽然不尽科学,但是体认了“偏记小说”琐碎(?)残,并认识到琐碎(?)残的原因,抓住了唐前小说的体裁特征;从“以叙事为宗”出发,分析了史家叙事与小说叙事的根本性区别,以及小说“可观”审美功能的不可替代性,这正是唐后小说的发展方向。

 
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