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spinal anaesthesia
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  脊麻
     60 cases of lower abdorninal(or lower limbs ) operations were performed under spinal anaesthesia,Theywere equally divided into pethidine group (pethidine 25rng+ephidrine 30mg,PG) and control group(bupivacaine7,5mg,CG).
     160例成人下腹部及下肢手术,随机均分为对照组(布比卡因7.5mg)和哌替啶组(哌替啶50mg+麻黄碱30mg,简称哌组)进行脊麻
短句来源
     The spinal anaesthesia was given between L_3 and L_4 intervertebral space in all the patients.
     脊麻均选择L3~ 4间隙穿刺。
短句来源
     Blockage influence of different spinal anaesthesia method in procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoid
     不同的脊麻方法对痔上黏膜环切除术术中阻滞的影响
短句来源
     Objective To study the anesthetic effects of different concentration and volumes of bupivacaine on spinal anaesthesia for anal surgeries.
     目的 研究不同浓度与容量的布比卡因对肛肠手术脊麻效应的影响。
短句来源
     Theresults suggest that a higher cephalad spread of spinal anaesthesia is possible by reducing the CSF volume.
     结果提示人为减少CSF容量有助于脊麻头向扩散。
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  脊髓麻醉
     sovcaine, 39. (4) Spinal anaesthesia in winter toad: the potency of procaine, 1;
     沙夫卡因,39.(4)蟾蜍脊髓麻醉:普魯卡因的效价为1;
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  “spinal anaesthesia”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Application of ropivacaine 0.5% with bupivacaine 0.5% for spinal anaesthesia in children
     0.5%罗哌卡因与0.5%布比卡因在小儿脊麻中的应用
短句来源
     The correlation between 5 g·L -1 dosage(ml) and the length of vertebral column(cm) and the regression analysis in group A showed: =0 25+0 04 X, r=0 862 . Conclusion There is a strong positive correlation between bupivacaine dosage and the length of vertebral column in spinal anaesthesia.
     A组腰麻剂量与脊柱长度回归方程为:^Y=025+004X,r=0862。 结论布比卡因腰麻剂量与脊柱长度呈高度正相关。
短句来源
     Conclusion Low concentration bupivacaine(0.1%,4ml) for spinal anaesthesia is effective.
     结论 在肛肠手术脊麻中 0 1%布比卡因 4ml比 0 75 %布比卡因 0 6ml不良反应如头痛、头昏、尿潴留等发生率明显低 ,术后可早期活动 ,早出院
短句来源
     The effect of sufentanyl on the spinal anaesthesia of 0.75% ropivacaine
     舒芬太尼对0.75%罗哌卡因蛛网膜下腔阻滞效应的影响
短句来源
     Methods:Spinal anaesthesia was administered to 32 ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ degree adult patients who were randomly divided into two groups: Ropivacaine group [R=16] and Ropivacaine + Clonidine group .
     方法:32例ASAⅠ~Ⅱ级择期成年病人在蛛网膜下腔阻滞下行下腹及下肢手术。 病人随机分为两组:罗哌卡因组(R=16),罗哌卡因复合可乐定组(RC=16)。
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  spinal anaesthesia
All patients in group A were treated under spinal anaesthesia while 47 patients in group B needed intravenous sedation.
      
Hypotension Induced by Lateral Decubitus or Supine Spinal Anaesthesia in Elderly With Low Ejection Fraction Undergone Hip Surger
      
A 38-year-old male developed headache two days after testicular surgery under spinal anaesthesia.
      
Cranial subdural haematoma formation following spinal anaesthesia is exceptionally rare.
      
Chronic subdural haematoma complicating spinal anaesthesia
      
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Eighteen compounds with structures related to chlorpromazine, of which the ring was opened according to (Ⅰ), have been investigated. In mice, the sedative-tranquillizing actions of these open ring analogues of chlorpromazine disappeared, their anti-histamine action in guinea pig was significantly reduced, but the sulface anaesthetic potency on rabbit cornea was increased; among them NM-568 (β-piperidino, N-[β'-(p-chlorophenylmercapto)-ethyl]-propionanilide hydrochloride) is the strongest. In comparison with...

Eighteen compounds with structures related to chlorpromazine, of which the ring was opened according to (Ⅰ), have been investigated. In mice, the sedative-tranquillizing actions of these open ring analogues of chlorpromazine disappeared, their anti-histamine action in guinea pig was significantly reduced, but the sulface anaesthetic potency on rabbit cornea was increased; among them NM-568 (β-piperidino, N-[β'-(p-chlorophenylmercapto)-ethyl]-propionanilide hydrochloride) is the strongest. In comparison with sovcaine and procaine the following anaesthetic ratios were obtained by the various methods used: (1) Anaesthesia test on rabbit cornea: the surface anaesthetic potency of NM-568 is approximately the same as sovcaine, and about 1060 times that of procaine. (2) Intracutaneous-wheal test in guinea pigs (Bülbring and Wajda's method):the potency of procaine,1; NM-568, 27.5; sovcaine, 22. (3) Sciatic nerve block test in mice: the potency of procaine, 1; NM-568, 16; sovcaine, 39. (4) Spinal anaesthesia in winter toad: the potency of procaine, 1; NM-568, 9; sovcaine, 8. In mice, the acute toxicity after intraperitoneal injection of NM-568 is about half of that of sovcaine, but 3 times greater than that of procaine; Its irritant action on the skin (Trypan blue test) and cornea in rabbits is stronger than that of sovcaine and procaine. Among these 18 analogues of chlorpromazine, NM-572 (N-γ-morpholino-propyl, N-[β'-(p-chlorophenylmercapto)-ethyl]-aniline dihydrochloride) and NM-578 (N-γ-piperi-dino-propyl, N-[β'-(p-chlorophenylmercapto)-ethyl]-aniline dihydrochloride) in large doses (about 1/5 M.L.D.) revealed an anti-electroshock effect for 2 hours.

本文报导了18个氯丙嗪裂环类似物的神经药理作用。試驗結果表明:按(Ⅰ)所示虛线剖裂吩噻嗪(即苯噻嗪,phenothiazine)环系后,它們的鎮靜鎮定作用消失,抗組織胺作用明显減弱,局部麻醉作用有所增强。其中N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(β-哌啶基丙酰基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-568)的局部麻醉效能更为明显,用多种方法与沙夫卡因和普魯卡因比較試驗,获得它們的局部麻醉效价比例如下:(1)家兔角膜試驗:NM-568的表面麻醉效力約接近沙夫卡因,較普魯卡因强1060倍。(2)豚鼠皮內丘样試驗:普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,27.5;沙夫卡因,22。(3)小白鼠坐骨神經传导阻滞試驗:如以普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,16;沙夫卡因,39.(4)蟾蜍脊髓麻醉:普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,9;沙夫卡因,8。对小白鼠的急性毒性,NM-568較沙夫卡因約小1倍,比普魯卡因約大3倍;它对家兔皮內注射和角膜的刺激作用較普魯卡因和沙夫卡因大。氯丙嗪按上列方式裂环后,发現N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(γ-嗎啉基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-572),N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(γ-哌啶基丙基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-578)...

本文报导了18个氯丙嗪裂环类似物的神经药理作用。試驗結果表明:按(Ⅰ)所示虛线剖裂吩噻嗪(即苯噻嗪,phenothiazine)环系后,它們的鎮靜鎮定作用消失,抗組織胺作用明显減弱,局部麻醉作用有所增强。其中N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(β-哌啶基丙酰基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-568)的局部麻醉效能更为明显,用多种方法与沙夫卡因和普魯卡因比較試驗,获得它們的局部麻醉效价比例如下:(1)家兔角膜試驗:NM-568的表面麻醉效力約接近沙夫卡因,較普魯卡因强1060倍。(2)豚鼠皮內丘样試驗:普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,27.5;沙夫卡因,22。(3)小白鼠坐骨神經传导阻滞試驗:如以普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,16;沙夫卡因,39.(4)蟾蜍脊髓麻醉:普魯卡因的效价为1;NM-568,9;沙夫卡因,8。对小白鼠的急性毒性,NM-568較沙夫卡因約小1倍,比普魯卡因約大3倍;它对家兔皮內注射和角膜的刺激作用較普魯卡因和沙夫卡因大。氯丙嗪按上列方式裂环后,发現N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(γ-嗎啉基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-572),N-(β-对-氯苯硫乙基)N-(γ-哌啶基丙基)-苯胺盐酸盐(NM-578)在較大剂量时有抗电休克作用,但作用持續时间仅2小时。

The study reported the influence of posture on the spread of spinal anaesthesia with 0.5% isobaric bupivacaine 3ml and 2ml in 40 patients undergoing surgery of lower abdomen and limbs. The results showed that there was a higher cephalad spread of analgesia in 3ml group than that in 2ml group with the same position; and in the sitting position 2.5 minutes after injection, the anesthetic level was higher than that in the supine position after injection with the same volume. The more volume of solution injected,...

The study reported the influence of posture on the spread of spinal anaesthesia with 0.5% isobaric bupivacaine 3ml and 2ml in 40 patients undergoing surgery of lower abdomen and limbs. The results showed that there was a higher cephalad spread of analgesia in 3ml group than that in 2ml group with the same position; and in the sitting position 2.5 minutes after injection, the anesthetic level was higher than that in the supine position after injection with the same volume. The more volume of solution injected, the longer the duration of sensitive and motor blockade lasted. The cephalad spread of analgesia was related to the volume used and the posture after injection. The changes in arterial pressure and heart rate were minimal. The course of anaesthesia and recovery were both uneventful without any complications in all patients.

本文报告40例下腹部及下肢手术应用0.5%布比卡因腰麻的经验,并观察了该浓度在注入2ml和3ml溶液后坐位和平卧时麻醉平面的扩散情况。结果表明同一容量经椎管注药后坐位组向头侧扩散平面高于平卧位组,在同一体位,3ml容量向头侧扩散平面高于2ml组。感觉和运动阻滞时间随容量增加而延长。麻醉向头侧扩散高度与药物容量和注药后体位有关。术中血压和心率变化小,所有病人麻醉效果满意,无其它意外并发症。

wenty-four patients without evidence of increased intraabdominal pressure and undergoing urological and or-thopedic procedures were randomly allocated into three groups, All patients received 10mg 0.5%bupivacaine forspinal anesthesia. In group Ⅰ,the anesthetic was injected after free drops of CSF. In groupⅡ and Ⅲ,3 and 5 ml ofCSF were removed respectively before bupivacaine. The results show that mean maxium cephalad spread of anal-gesic level 30min after injection in three groups was T10.6±1.67,T8,6±2.22 and...

wenty-four patients without evidence of increased intraabdominal pressure and undergoing urological and or-thopedic procedures were randomly allocated into three groups, All patients received 10mg 0.5%bupivacaine forspinal anesthesia. In group Ⅰ,the anesthetic was injected after free drops of CSF. In groupⅡ and Ⅲ,3 and 5 ml ofCSF were removed respectively before bupivacaine. The results show that mean maxium cephalad spread of anal-gesic level 30min after injection in three groups was T10.6±1.67,T8,6±2.22 and T4.2±1.16 respectlvely. When CSF was re-duced by 5ml,the level of spread in groupⅢ was significant higher than that in group, and Ⅱ (P<0. 01).Theresults suggest that a higher cephalad spread of spinal anaesthesia is possible by reducing the CSF volume.

为探索脑脊液容量对脊麻平面的影响,24例拟行下腹部以下手术病人随机分为三组:Ⅰ组(n=8)为CSF自由滴出2~3滴;Ⅱ组(n=7)抽出CSF3ml;Ⅲ组(n=9)抽出CSF5ml。所有病人均接受10mg0.5%布比卡因,推注速度0.5ml/s。结果表明,最高头向感觉阻滞平面分别为T10.6±1.67,T8.6±2.22和T4.2±1.16,Ⅲ组组显著高于Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(P<0.01)。结果提示人为减少CSF容量有助于脊麻头向扩散。

 
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