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different treatments     
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  不同处理
     The efficiency of fertilizer bet among different treatments were:MNP>MN,MP and NP>M,N and P>CK.
     不同处理间的肥效是MNP>MN、MP、NP>M、N、P>CK。
短句来源
     The results as following, eggshell thickness and relative eggshell weight had significant difference among different treatments (F=19. 30, F =18. 28>F0.01(4.200) ), and also significant difference among dif- ferent inditiduals(F=1.24>F0.05(200.)
     结果表明,蛋壳厚度和蛋壳相对重在不同处理组间有极显著差异(F=19.30,F=18.28>F0.01(4.200)),两指标在组内个体间的差异也分别达到了显著和极显著水平(F=1.24>F0.05(200.)
短句来源
     As a result of test, the wheat yield could attain the maximum 6724.95 kg/hm2 with 105 kg/hm2 sowing quantity and 225 kg/hm2 pure nitrogen among different treatments of sowing quantity and quantity of applying nitrogen.
     试验得出,播量与施氮量不同处理组合的产量以每公顷播量105kg施纯氮225kg的小麦产量6724.95kg/hm2最高。
短句来源
     Mean total soil respiration and contribution of root under different treatments were 3.26, 4.78 and 1.47 靘olm 2s-1, 11.5%, 43.1% and 27.9% on June 16, August 20 and October 8, respectively.
     6月16日、8月20日和10月8日不同处理下土壤总呼吸和根系呼吸的贡献的平均值分别为3.26、4.78和1.47靘olm-2s-1以及11.5%、43.1%和27.9%。 图5表1参38。
短句来源
     The results show as the following:1,The difference of SOD activity in Kernel-apricot after 4 different treatments is remarkable,and they are ranked as follows,Cu(0) Zn(3)>Cu(3) Zn(3)>Cu(3) Zn(0)>Cu(0) Zn(0);
     结果表明:(1)铜、锌不同处理间仁用杏SOD活性差异显著,各处理SOD活性由高到低依次排序为Cu(0)Zn(3)>Cu(3)Zn(3)>Cu(3)Zn(0)>Cu(0)Zn(0);
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  不同处理方式
     The applicability and predictive precise of the method for soft soil formation with different treatments are discussed.
     Usher灰色模型进行了工后沉降预测误差分析,探讨了该方法对于不同处理方式软土路基的适用性和推测精度。
短句来源
     4 Different treatments all improved the apparent digestibility of nutrients in stalk diet to different extent.
     4. 不同处理方式均可不同程度提高秸秆日粮养分表观消化率。
短句来源
     PartⅠProtective effects of different treatments of propofol on isolated rats heart against ischemia reperfusion injuryObjective To investigate the protective effects of different treatments of propofol on isolated rats heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury.
     第一部分异丙酚不同处理方式对大鼠离体缺血再灌注心肌的保护效应目的:观察异丙酚不同处理方式对离体大鼠缺血再灌注心肌的保护效应,探索其最佳给药途径。 方法:大鼠离体心脏行改良Langendorff灌流,32只SD大鼠随机分为4组:缺血/再灌注组(A组),异丙酚预处理组(B组),异丙酚后处理组(C组),异丙酚处理组(D组);
短句来源
     Components change of fresh pomace with different treatments
     鲜苹果渣不同处理方式的成分变化研究
短句来源
     EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TREATMENTS ON HYDROGEN UPTAKE OF BAMBOO-LIKE CARBON NANOTUBES
     不同处理方式对竹节状碳纳米管吸氢量的影响
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  不同处理的
     The epidemiological curves of different treatments were "S" shape, the diseases curve equation was Y=1[1-M×exp~((-N×t))] and the A (Area Under Disease Progress Curve,AUDPC) curve was A=∑ni=112(y_i+y_(i-1))(x_i-x_(i-1)).
     不同处理的流行曲线为近似的S形,曲线方程为Y=1[1-M×exp(-N×t)],流行曲线下面积为nA=∑i=112(yi+yi-1)(xi-xi-1),且小种混合接种对小麦千粒重的影响最大;
短句来源
     N and P cooperative fertilization of cumunum cyminum L. field can get high effect, the sequence of yield inceraes effect of different treatments is: NPK+organic fertilizer> NPK>NP>NK>CK(no fertilize), the yield incerase rate of the fertilization treatment is 22.84%, 20.67%,19.12% and 12.62% seperately.
     其中不同处理的增产效果是:NPK+有机肥>NPK>NP>NK>对照(不施肥),各处理依次比对照分别增产22.84%、20.67%、19.12%、12.62%;
短句来源
     Fourier transform Raman scattering spectra and current voltage ( I V ) features were measured for Cd 1 x Zn x Te( x =0.04) surfaces of different treatments.
     测量了几种不同处理的 Cd1 - x Znx Te(x=0 .0 4)表面的傅里叶变换拉曼散射光谱和电流 -电压 (I- V)特性 .
短句来源
     Using the method of hormone ELISA,internal hormone GA 3,IAA and ABA contents of potato minituber were measured at 3 storage temperatures and 4 different treatments,and the effect of the changes of GA 3,IAA and ABA contents on minituber dormancy was studied.
     采用激素酶联免疫吸附法 (ELISA)检测贮存在 3种温度下 ,4个不同处理的微型薯内源激素GA3、IAA和ABA含量的变化及对微型薯休眠的影响 ;
短句来源
     Toxicity between sediment and porewater,porewater and overlaying water,porewater under different treatments were compared separately. Elutriate experiment was also conducted.
     对比了沉积物与孔隙水、孔隙水与上覆水、经过不同处理的孔隙水以及加入重金属前后沉积物与孔隙水的毒性 ,并进行了浸提实验及其毒性测定 .
短句来源
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  “different treatments”译为未确定词的双语例句
     On the contrary,content of nicotine for different treatments increased stepwise with time after topping,and the order of nicotine content(%)at mature period was T2(3.53)> T3(3.03) > T4(2.92) > T5(2.70) > T6(2.45) > T1(1.18).
     与此相反,各处理烟叶在打顶后烟碱含量逐渐上升,成熟期烟碱含量(%)依次为:T2(3.48)>T3(3.03)>T4(2.92)>T5(2.70)>T6(2.45)>T1(1.14)。
短句来源
     The energy budgets of the fish in different treatments were as the following: Group H100C=8.99F+5.66U+29.60R+46.33G;
     经60 d的饲养,各组鱼的能量平衡式如下:H组100C=8.99F+5.66U+29.60R+46.33G(平衡率为90.58%);
短句来源
     The result showed under the density 3.45 million/hm~2 and fertilizing N:315 kg/hm~2,P_2O_5:240 kg/hm~2,the yield got maximum value among different treatments;
     结果表明,在密度为345万/hm2下,施肥N:315 kg/hm2,P2O5:240 kg/hm2的处理可以使长穗小麦86(306)的产量达到最大值;
短句来源
     The general trend in the effects of different treatments on the root growth and percentage of dividing cells was Ca2+>Zn2++Ca2+>Zn2+. The trend for the percentage of abnormal cells was Ca2+>Zn2+>Zn2++Ca2+for the same treatments.
     基本趋势为根的长度和细胞分裂比率为Ca2+>Zn2++Ca2+>Zn2+,异常细胞比率为Ca2+>Zn2+>Ca2++Zn2+.
短句来源
     avail. N increased a little than that of early experiment and for different treatments it was in the order of: 1.5(M,+NPK)> M_1+NPK> M_2+NPK>NPK, straw+NPK>PK, N, abandoned, CKo
     土壤有效氮(2004年)均效试验初有所增加,处理间由高到低的顺序为:1.5(M_1+NPK)>M_1+NPK>M_2+NPK>NPK、秸秆+NPK>PK、N、撂荒、CK。
短句来源
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  different treatments
Based on the pressure-flux approach, this study used the roots of Fraxinus mandshurica seedlings with different treatments, i.e., distilled water, NH4NO3 solution, and HgCl2 to determine the effect of various substances on LP of roots.
      
Our results show that the main chemical group of straw fiber, under the four different treatments, has not changed significantly.
      
The modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity did not clearly improve with the four different treatments.
      
Effect of Different Treatments on Decay of Radiation-Induced Color Centers in Potassium Lead Silicate Glass
      
Different treatments such as heat (400°C, 1 h) or electrochemical (anodizing at 0.5 V vs.
      
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Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red...

Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red arsenic (inoculated seed grains dusted at the rate of 0.05 % by weight),copper carbonate (0.3%),ethyl mercury phosphate (0.05%),during the last 4years,averaged 0.2%,1.4% and 2.7%,respectively against 44.8% in the control.The corresponding figures for the flag smut of wheat were respectively 3.1%,0.8%,5.0% against 20.5%; for the covered smut of barley,0.9%,1.1%,0.9% against1.6%; for the kernel smut of oats,6.8%,3.1%,0.5% against 41.4%.The resultsmake us believe that this native raw-drug is not inferior,in some cases even su-perior,to other fungicides now extensively manufactured and considered efficientin preventing the various cereal smuts.But in the control of the covered smut ofbarley,as we have already shown elsewhere,another native raw-drag,sulphur ismore effective.In the last 3 years,field experiments were carried out to studywhether arsenic gives beneficial effect on the germination of seed and on the yieldof grain.Arsenic was applied as dust to the clean seed wheat following thestandard hot water treatment.Data showed that the number of seedlings in asingle 12-ft.row ranged 368-400 from treated seed as compared with 362-386 fromuntreated seed.Yield of grain also increased 4.7 to 23.6 per cent.It is,there-fore,evident that this fungicidal dust,when properly used,is at least not injuriousto seed wheat.The following points,however,must be borne in mind when thearsenic treatment is put into practice: (1) The dosage should not be higher than0.05 per cent and lower than 0.005 per cent by weight of seed grain.Otherwise, ??it would be either injurious to seed germination or ineffective for disease control.(2) Arsenic can be applied only to thoroughly dried seed grain. Seed wheat con-taining 24% of moisture when treatment was made, lost its vitality in a very fewdays, while that with less than 12% moisture can be stored for one month withoutspoilage. (3) Arsenic reduced germination of seed grain after storage at the highertemperatures. Under laboratory conditions, seeds, treated during hot summer whenthe air temperature ranged between 31 and 35℃, largely lost their germinativecapacity within half a month, but seeds, treated in cooler season when air tempera-ture dropped below 22℃, germinated as untreated ones after being stored for 3months or longer. (4) The relative humidity during storage played the most im-portant role in causing arsenic injury to the seeds. Seeds of wheat containingproper moisture (around 12%) dusted with arsenic at correct rate (0.05% byweight), failed to germinate after being stored for 5 days at temperatures above30℃ under 100% r.b.; but there was little or no injury after a storage period ofover 7 months at 37℃ under 18% r.h. (5) The length of storage period is alsoa factor in causing arsenic injury, and at the same time affecting the efficiency ofthe treatment. Seeds dusted with arsenic at a dosage of 0.05% during mid-summer(July of 1953) retained their germinative capacity within 0.5 month, but no seedsgerminated after 2.5 months' storage. On the other hand, almost complete controlof disease was obtained from thoroughly infested seed grain dusted with 0.0125%of arsenic and stored for 60 days, but similarly treated seeds which were sownimmediately, gave 45.15% infection as compared with 72.77% in the check plot.Consequently, the proper method of using arsenic against cereal smuts is to dustthoroughly dried seed grain at the rate of 0.05-0.0125% by weight and to storetreated seeds under cool (below 25℃) and rather dry (around 80% of r.h.) con-ditions for a period of about one month. According to the results obtained from experiments conducted under bothlaboratory and field conditions, it is found that there is no synergism nor antago-nism between arsenic and such filling materials as ashes, slake lime, talc, charcoalpowder, and calcium phosphate; and that neither soil temperature nor soil moistureact as factors influencing the germination of treated seeds.

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後...

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後,必須貯置高燥處所。

The agricultural practice in our country has accumulated many valuable experiences in using organic manure.It is known that such manure is not only a good source of inorganic elements indispensable for plant growth,but also furnishes the plant with some additional carbon in the form of CO2 or simple organic compound,which can be absorbed by the root and utilized by the plant.The present investigation aimed to evaluate the significance of such form of carbon derived by the root from the organic manure in the...

The agricultural practice in our country has accumulated many valuable experiences in using organic manure.It is known that such manure is not only a good source of inorganic elements indispensable for plant growth,but also furnishes the plant with some additional carbon in the form of CO2 or simple organic compound,which can be absorbed by the root and utilized by the plant.The present investigation aimed to evaluate the significance of such form of carbon derived by the root from the organic manure in the nutrition of the whole plant.Sunflower and sweet potato plants were chosen as experimental material.The above-ground parts of the plants were enclosed in strictly CO2-free air,the roots subjected to different treatments: supplied with H2O (treatment I) or inorganic salts (treatment Ⅱ),or supplied with organic manure (treatment Ⅲ).Plants whose above-ground parts were enclosed in normal air and whose roots were supplied with organic manure served as controls (treatment Ⅳ).The experiments lasted for a whole month.At the end of the experimental period,plants of treatments Ⅰ & Ⅱ died,whereas those of treatment Ⅲ were still alive;while the dry weight of the former maintained nearly unchanged as that at the beginning of the experiment,the dry weight of the latter increased by some fifty to sixty milligrams.This dry weight increase was undoubtedly contributed by the carbon derived by the root from the organic manure.In calculating the significance of this carbon source in maintaining the growth of the whole plant,we came to the conclusion that the proportion of this source of carbon did not exceed 5-7% of the total carbon accumulated by the whole plant during the same period under similar experimental conditions but in normal air.

以向日葵和甘薯为材料,经过了为期一月的长期实验,得以指出,在严格断绝空气中CO_2来源情况下,根系生长在只有无机盐的介质中的植株迅速死亡,而根系生长在含有丰富有机肥的土壤中的植株不仅生活得较长久,而且增加了干物质,这些结果说明有机肥料中的CO_2或简单有机化合物可以被植物根系吸收,用于干物质积累和器官建成中,但是,有机肥料在供应植物以碳素营养方面的作用不如曾经设想的那样大,通过根系从有机肥料中获取的碳素只占在同样条件下积累于干物质中全部碳素的5%左右。

Analyses have been made on the relative growth of the different organs of the rice plantreceiving different treatments in relation to grain yield.It was found that the plants pro-ducing high ear weight are invariably possessing higher sheath-weight over blade-weight fromtillering stage onward.Over-manured plants,whose ear weight is lower,show little or nodifference in blade and sheath-weights(Fig.1).There is a high positive correlation betweenthe sheath/blade ratio at the ear-differentiating stage and...

Analyses have been made on the relative growth of the different organs of the rice plantreceiving different treatments in relation to grain yield.It was found that the plants pro-ducing high ear weight are invariably possessing higher sheath-weight over blade-weight fromtillering stage onward.Over-manured plants,whose ear weight is lower,show little or nodifference in blade and sheath-weights(Fig.1).There is a high positive correlation betweenthe sheath/blade ratio at the ear-differentiating stage and the final ear/plant weight(economiccrop yield coefficient)at harvest.Experimental trials in Nanking and Shanghai in 1961 and1962 showed essentially the same results with correlation coefficient ranging from 0.86 to 0.97(Fig.2).The sheath/blade weight ratio can therefore be employed as a quantitative criterion inpredicting the final ear weight.The criterion is simple and quantitative.It is comparativelyindependent of sampling variations as it is a relative rather than the absolute weight ofplant pares and of time of sampling since the ratio is maintained for over a month from tiller-ing to ear-emergence(Fig.3).It can be readily used instead of supplement the visual criteria,such as leaf color,of the experienced farmers.Further analyses showed that the difference in sheath/blade ratio is most marked in fully-grown,functional leaves(Table 1 & 2)and that the difference is largely due to the variationin the dry weight per unit length of the sheath(Fig.5)rather than that of the blade(Fig.4).The variation in weight is mainly due to that of accumulated starch(Table 3).Feeding ex-periment with radioactive ~(14)CO_2 revealed that well-grown plant accumulate more starchespecially in sheaths than that of in the over-manured plants(Table 4).The results suggestthat the weight per unit length or the starch content of the sheath can be used as criterion forpredicting ear weight as well.Parallel variations in weight and starch contents were found inthe stalk,especially in the lower internodes(Fig.6).Differences in economic yield of the well-grown and the over-manured plants were found toreside largely in the percentage of full grains and the average grain weight(Table 5).Pro-perly manured plants actually have less florets per ear but with more and heavier grains.Putting together the above results,we see that the starch accumulated in sheath at thetime of ear differentiation plays an important role in the later grain-filling processes.As thereason of how this is brought about needs further investigation.Similar results were obtained with wheat(Fig.7).Discussions were given on the relative growth of the organs of the rice plant along thetime axis,the distribution of assimilates for growth and for temporary storage and its signi-ficance in influencing the later course of growth.Elucidation of the spatial and temporal cor-relations of the parts of a plant will enable us to exercise more control for procuring highercrop yield as well as to understand better the intricate regulatory activities of the organismicwhole.

分化孕穗时期,工鞘叶干重此例与成熟期穗重/总重有很好的正相关,前者可以做为中期预测穗重的动态指标。根据氮碳同化此例讨论了控制器官相对生长问题,并指出争取穗大粒重的可能途径。

 
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