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substantial     
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  实体
     The Making System of Groundwater Flow Plane of Three-dimensional Substantial Model(V1.00)
     地下水流面三维实体模型制作系统(V1.00)
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     STL file format. Conclusion It′s a shortcut to build up high precision substantial digital model by Mimics 7.10? Surfacer7.1.
     结论:利用Mimics 7.10、Surfacer7.1可以快捷地生成精度高的个体化支架实体数字模型。
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     The Basis of Substantial Law about Proving Problem in Criminal Procedure
     刑事诉讼证明问题的实体法依据——兼论刑事实体法与程序法的一体化
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     Results The area of substantial tissues in ovarian epithelial tumors was benign
     结果卵巢上皮性肿瘤瘤体内实体组织面积大小良性 <交界性 <恶性 ,三者比较差异有显著性意义 (P <0 .0 0 1)。
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     However, in China, the trapped investigation has serious conflicts with both the current substantial and procedural law.
     但在我国,不论是从刑事实体法,还是从刑事程序法的角度来看,诱惑侦查都存在与现行法律的严重冲突。
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  实质
     The results are as follows: 1. The substantial densities of bamboos are very approximate to ones of woods, which range between 1.481g/cm~3 and 1.514g/cm~3. 1.500g/cm~3 is their average.
     结论如下:(1)竹材的实质密度与木材非常接近,在1.481~1.514g/cm~3之间,平均约为1.500g/cm~3;
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     The significant efficiency rate of ninety cases with substantial viscera tumors was 23.3%(20/90), and the efficiency rate was 47.8%(42/90), the inefficiency rate was 28.9%(26/90).
     90例实质脏器肿瘤组显效率为23.3%(20/90),有效率47.8%(42/90),无效率28.9%(26/90)。
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     Seven strains listeria,named as 90SB1,90SB2,90SB5, 90SS1,125SL1,Gl and SICAOLI,isolated from ovine substantial organs and feed of five districts in Xinjiang were differentiated by PCR、hemolytic test and animal experiment.
     结合溶血试验和动物试验,应用PCR鉴别新疆5个地区从绵羊实质器官及饲草中分离到的7株李氏杆菌,它们分别是90SB 1、90SB 2、90SB 5、90SS1、125SL 1、G 1和饲草李。
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     Along with the carrying out of the standardization of IMT-Advanced(i.e. B3G)technology, the worldwide research on B3G has entered substantial phase for system design, evaluation and trial.
     IMT-Advanced(即B3G)技术的标准化工作即将展开,各国的B3G研究工作均已进入系统设计、评估、实验的实质阶段。
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     Substantial density, absolute dry density and porosity of bamboos from 10 species of bamboos were studied.
     本文对10个竹种竹材的实质密度、绝干密度和孔隙度进行了研究。
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  实质性
     Chinese digital library project has been stimulated into substantial operation.
     中国数字图书馆工程已经正式启动 ,进入实质性操作阶段。
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     China-Asean Free Trade Area(CAFTA) has been in the stage of substantial construction.
     中国—东盟自由贸易区(CAFTA)建设已进入实质性阶段。
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     political ethics virtue is the end-result of political ethics and its substantial content is political morality conscience.
     政治伦理美德是政治伦理的归宿 ,其实质性内容是政治的道德良心。
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     “Legitimacy”, which involves a deep reflection, examination and understanding of the nature, subject-matter, function and patterns of development of Marxist philosophy, is one of substantial contents in relation to the profound culture-practice turn of modern philosophy.
     “合法性”问题关涉到对马克思主义哲学的性质、主题、功能、特征及其发展形态等的深度反思和新的理解,是构成现代哲学深刻的文化-实践转向的实质性内容之一,是新的历史时期马克思主义哲学创新性研究中的一个带有总体性的关键问题。
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     MethodsBased on PRC technology,we tested the polymorphism of apolipoprotein E gene in 48 patients with hypertension and normal renal function(EH-NRF), 46 with hypertension hypertension and renal failure (EH-CRF), 52 with renal substantial hypertension and normal renal function (RH-NRF), 56 with renal substantial and renal failure (RH-CRF) and 50 normal controls(NC)in Heilongjiang.
     方法 采用PCR技术 ,对黑龙江地区 4 8例高血压 -肾功能正常病人 (EH -NRF)、4 6例高血压 -肾功能衰竭病人 (EH -CRF)和 5 2例肾实质性高血压 -肾功能正常病人 (RH -NRF)、5 6例肾实质性高血压 -肾功能衰竭病人 (RH -CRF)及 5 0例健康对照者 (NC)的ApoE基因多态性进行检测。
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  实质的
     Internet as important social event in the later half of 20th century,has happened substantial influence to l ife of mankind.
     Internet作为20世纪下半叶的重要社会事件,已对人类社会的生活发生了实质的影响。
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     On the source of act duty, there exists a theoretic evolution process which has developed from formal theory to substantial theory, and then to combination of the above two.
     关于作为义务的来源,在刑法理论上存在着从形式的作为义务理论到实质的作为义务理论再到形式与实质相统一的作为义务理论的演变过程。
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     Since there lies some substantial dispute over science and scientific nature, people may take it for granted that the empirical pursuit of truth value and norms is the so-called scientific spirit in the 18th and 19th centuries.
     由于在对科学和科学性的实质的理解上存在问题,人们往往自觉或不自觉地把18、19世纪实证科学的求真尚实规范理解为所谓的科学精神。
短句来源
     (4) to endow the accused with a complete and substantial right of defense and to counsel;
     4、赋予被迫诉人完整实质的辩护权;
短句来源
     The legislation of social security in the world, which began with"the Poor Law Act" of U.K and experienced the modern legislative reform represented by Germany and America, has made substantial changes in the legislative ideas and evolved a new scope of law focuses on the study of "the law on protection of the weak group's living".
     世界范围内的社会保障立法,以英国“济贫法”为肇始,经历了以德国、美国为代表的近现代立法变革,在立法观念上已经发生了实质的变革,形成了一个以“弱势群体生活保护法”为核心内容的新兴法域。
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  substantial
All agrochemical effects were substantial, but transient.
      
With the substantial increase in scale and complexity of network-based information systems, the uncertain user requirements from the Internet and personalized application requirement result in the frequent change for the software requirement.
      
The results show that there is substantial hybridization between the Ti 3d and O 2p states in 20 nm BT ceramics and the interaction between barium and oxygen is typically ionic.
      
The methods of fixing and fermentation were shown to exert a substantial effect on both the qualitative and quantitative composition of alkaloids.
      
Using the above system as an example, the concept of the choice of a control employing in a substantial way the properties of a closed system is displayed.
      
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The results presented in this paper may be classified into three categories. First, there is derived the characteristics of gain, bandwidth, and figure of merit of a non-degenerative parametric amplifier of both fundamental and sub-harmonic pumping; and the comparison between them is carried out in substantial detail. Second, there is devised an analytical method for determining the harmonic contents of the capacitance of a nonlinear semiconductor diode, which is negatively biased and is under the action...

The results presented in this paper may be classified into three categories. First, there is derived the characteristics of gain, bandwidth, and figure of merit of a non-degenerative parametric amplifier of both fundamental and sub-harmonic pumping; and the comparison between them is carried out in substantial detail. Second, there is devised an analytical method for determining the harmonic contents of the capacitance of a nonlinear semiconductor diode, which is negatively biased and is under the action of a strong high frequency pumping voltage. The magnitudes of bias and pumping voltage are thus found quantitatively. Also, the stability requirements for pumping amplitude and pumping frequency are discussed. Third, the noise figure of a parametric amplifier itself and the effective noise figure of the amplifier loaded with a noisy second stage, which may be a frequency converter, are derived. Factors such as diode loss, match, and the bandwidth ratio of the signal to the idler circuit are all considered in the derivations so as to make the results with greater importance for practical applications. Finally, a numerical example is given to show the utility of the results presented in this paper and to illustrate a possible design procedure of a non-degenerative parametric amplifier.

本文主要结果有三:第一,推导出基波激励和次谐波激励参量放大器的优值、功率增益、和通带等主要特性,并就这些特性对基波激励源的和次谐波激励源的参量放大器进行比较;第二,通过半导体二极管非线性电容的谐波分量的分析,在激励电压、偏压和放大器的特性间得出定量关系,并且对给定放大器特性求出激励源幅度和频率的稳定要求;第三,推导出放大器的有效噪声,并给出最低有效噪声的设计条件。 以上特性的探讨和二极管损耗、信号迴路和镜象迴路通带比、匹配等因子结合在一起进行,使所得结果更具有实际意义。最后举出一数字例子,说明应用本文结果来设计参量放大器的一种可能步骤。

The round wheat mite(Penthaleus sp.)and brown wheat mite Petrobia latens(Müller))are two of the most important pests in winter wdeat regions of North and East China.Ob-servations on their biology were conducted in Shensi and Peking from 1953-1955.The round wheat mite caused considerable damage to wheat and outbreak often occurredin irrigated wheat field.The overwintering eggs were hatched in February up to early March.Adults deposited their eggs on the root,stubble,or soil.Hatching occurred in 24 to 50 days.Nymphs...

The round wheat mite(Penthaleus sp.)and brown wheat mite Petrobia latens(Müller))are two of the most important pests in winter wdeat regions of North and East China.Ob-servations on their biology were conducted in Shensi and Peking from 1953-1955.The round wheat mite caused considerable damage to wheat and outbreak often occurredin irrigated wheat field.The overwintering eggs were hatched in February up to early March.Adults deposited their eggs on the root,stubble,or soil.Hatching occurred in 24 to 50 days.Nymphs and adults developed in late March to early April in large numbers.From late Marchto mid April new eggs were laid on stubble or soil.These summer eggs would not hatchuntil mid October.From late October to early November,large numbers of nymphs andadults were found damaging the wheat.The winter was passed as adults or eggs in wheator barley fields or among grasses.There were two to three generations per year.The brown wheat mite caused a substantial amount of injury to the dry land wheat inNorth China.Detailed studies on the life history of this species had also been made.Therewere three to four generations per year,and the winter was passed as adults or eggs.Both species of mites were parthenogentic and no males had been found.Late sowing,deep plowing and crop rotation had been proved to be effective controlmeasures.

1953—1955年在晋南、北京等地对麦园蜘蛛及麦长腿蜘蛛的发生规律及生活习性进行了研究。结果明确两种麦蜘蛛一年中:秋季密度最大时期为11月上、中旬。春季密度最大的时期,麦园蜘蛛在3月下旬至4月上旬;麦长腿蜘蛛在5月上旬前后。两种麦蜘蛛均以滞育卵越夏。直至10月中旬,越夏卵始孵化,孵化最盛在11月上旬,此时幼、若虫出现最多,若进行防治可基本上防止以后的猖獗。根据结果分析,估计麦园蜘蛛每年发生2—3代,麦长腿蜘蛛发生3—4代。室内饲育初步观察麦园蜘蛛一世代(从卵到产卵)历时平均约57.8天;麦长腿蜘蛛为32.1天。两种麦蜘蛛都是单性生殖。麦长腿蜘蛛的滞育卵,具多年滞育习性,初步观察有些卵能在土中生活两年。两种麦蜘蛛的分布和猖獗都受湿度的影响,主要猖獗为害地区麦长腿蜘蛛在黄河以北的旱地;麦园蜘蛛在黄淮地区的水浇地或低洼地。耕作栽培对麦蜘蛛的发生有重要影响;连作对两种麦蜘蛛发生有利;深耕能将卵翻至深土之下,可以减少发生;晚播影响麦蜘蛛孵化后的食料。因此,合理轮作、深耕和适当晚播是综合防治中的重要措施。

The capability of redundancy method for increasing the reliability of circuit elements of both switch- and nonswitch-type is investigated in this paper. The reliability gain of various ways of circuit connections is derived with regard to open circuit and short circuit failures. The change of loading effects of all redundant elements due to the failure of a few elements among them is also considered. The evaluation of the average life of a redundancy elements shows that the redundancy technique is particularly...

The capability of redundancy method for increasing the reliability of circuit elements of both switch- and nonswitch-type is investigated in this paper. The reliability gain of various ways of circuit connections is derived with regard to open circuit and short circuit failures. The change of loading effects of all redundant elements due to the failure of a few elements among them is also considered. The evaluation of the average life of a redundancy elements shows that the redundancy technique is particularly suitable for short period operation or nonreparable systems. Some design considerations for practical applications are discussed in substantial detial with illustrations.

本文同时考虑到短路和开路损坏的两种可能,分析了用羣体组合法提高电路元件可靠性的有效程度。对开关式元件和有限参量元件都作了分析,给出各种情况下的可靠性增益公式和曲线。考虑了复合元件中部分基本元件损坏而引起其余元件负载变化的影响。讨论了组合件的平均寿命,指出组合法并不适用于长期运用的可修系统。文中并提示了实用设计考虑和给出一些说明例子。

 
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