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distraction apparatus
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  牵张器
     Results: The bone segment was augmented 15 mm successfully,The newly distraction apparatus was stable almost in every experiment study.
     结果:山羊的下颌骨成功延长15 mm,牵张器稳定性良好。
短句来源
  牵伸器
     Study and produce and clinical application of a new type Ilizarov knee joint distraction apparatus
     新型Ilizarov膝关节牵伸器的研制和临床应用
短句来源
     Evaluation of distraction apparatus for correcting flexion contractures deformities of the knee joint
     膝关节牵伸器矫治膝部屈曲挛缩畸形的评价
短句来源
     After healing of the distraction bone regenerate,the distraction apparatus was removed and the knee joint brace applied for the patients to walk for about 3~6 months.
     截骨牵拉处骨愈合后,拆牵伸器,装配膝关节矫形支具行走3~6个月。
短句来源
     [Objective]To study the safety,clinical effect and therapeutic characteristics of distraction apparatus for correcting flexion contracture deformities of the knee joint by evaluating the clinical outcomes and investigating the results of biomechanic test.
     [目的]通过对膝关节牵伸器矫治膝关节屈曲挛缩畸形及生物力学测评结果研究,论证该技术的安全性、临床疗效及治疗特点。
短句来源
     [Method]Forty-nine patients (included 52 knees) were treated by the standardized distraction apparatus and the comprehensive assessment standard was adopted to evaluate the clinical outcomes.
     [方法]49例患者(52个膝),应用标准的牵伸器治疗,采用综合评定标准评价临床结果;
短句来源
  “distraction apparatus”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Accordingly, different size of transport discs are created on right side of skull and the distraction apparatus is implanted.
     不同颅骨缺损大小,应用延长成骨术修复,均取得良好效果。
短句来源
     The left foot was afflicted in 4 patients, and the right foot in 7, both side in 1. Among these patients, 3 were congenital, 6 were caused by the poliomyelitis, 1 by trauma, 1 by complication from encephalitic paralysis and 1 by radiotherapy for the cavernous hemangioma of the leg. The Ilizarov distraction apparatus of the ankle and foot joint were equipped in terms of the diseases preoperatively.
     左足4例,右足7例,双足1例。 病因先天性马蹄内翻足3例,小儿麻痹后遗足畸形6例,外伤1例,脑性瘫痪后遗足畸形1例,小腿海绵状血管瘤施行放射治疗后遗马蹄内翻足畸形1例。
短句来源
     Conclusion Based on the Ilizarov technology slow draft principle, the distraction apparatus Gypsum opening device of knee joint are no-pain,minimally invasive,simple,effective methods and technique,which treat the flexion contracture of the knee.
     结论:借鉴Ilizarov技术缓慢牵伸原理研制的石膏撑开器,是实现了无痛、微创、简便、安全治疗膝关节屈曲挛缩的有效方法。
短句来源
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  distraction apparatus
Treatment of fractures of the forearm bones in children by means of the Sivash compression - Distraction apparatus (preliminary
      
25 lengthening osteotomies of the upper and lower legs using the Wagner distraction apparatus are reported.
      
Two weeks later an oblique osteotomy of the tibia was done with a high osteotomy of the fibula, and the distraction apparatus was applied.
      


Objective: To observe the effect of distraction osteogenesis and synostosis following the placement of implant-distraction apparatus. Methods: The bilateral premolars were extracted in six adult hybrid dogs. After twelve weeks, a box-shaped osteotomy on the random side of the alveolar bone was carried out and two implant-distraction apparatus were placed. After one week, the alveolar ridge was vertically augmented at 1.05 mm/d by distraction for four days. Following 6-week-fixation histological...

Objective: To observe the effect of distraction osteogenesis and synostosis following the placement of implant-distraction apparatus. Methods: The bilateral premolars were extracted in six adult hybrid dogs. After twelve weeks, a box-shaped osteotomy on the random side of the alveolar bone was carried out and two implant-distraction apparatus were placed. After one week, the alveolar ridge was vertically augmented at 1.05 mm/d by distraction for four days. Following 6-week-fixation histological and radiographical evaluations were carried out. Results: All dental implant-distraction apparatus obtained good healing except one failed for inflammation and was removed. The alveolar ridge was vertically augmented 4. 00 mm on average. The radiolucency in the distraction site disappeared in 6 weeks. Histologically, the lengthened bone consisted of mature lamellar and canellous bone, and good synostosis was obtained. The transport bone segment was vertical- ly augmented 4.2 mm, the maximum augmentation was 5 mm. Conclusions: The dental implant-distraction apparatus may be used for vertical augmentation of the alveolar ridge.

目的:了解种植型骨牵张器的牵张成骨效果及骨结合情况。方法:杂种犬6只,拔除双侧下颌前磨牙,12周后随机选取一侧犬下颌牙槽嵴,矩形截骨,植入种植型骨牵张器;延迟1周后垂直牵张加高牙槽嵴,1次/d,1.05 mm/次,共加力牵张4d,固定6周,并进行X线和组织学观察。结果:除一枚牙种植型牵张器因伤口感染发生松动而取出外,其余牵张器与周围组织均愈合良好,牙槽嵴平均加高 4.00mm;X线显示牵张6周牵张间隙消失,牵张器与周围骨组织密合;组织学观察牵张间隙被成熟新生骨修复,牵张器-骨界面形成良好的骨性结合。结论:种植型骨牵张器可用于垂直牵张加高牙槽嵴,并可发生骨结合。

?Objective: To design a new implant distraction apparatus.Methods:The implant distraction apparatus was designed on the bases of Ilizarov theory,made of pure titanium TA 2 and prepared as a set including distractor and accessories.Inferior edge of a dog's mandible was prepared for implantation. After horizontal osteotomy, two implant distraction devices were applied.Results:The transport bone segment was vertically augmented 3 5 mm successfully,and the ditraction apparatus was...

?Objective: To design a new implant distraction apparatus.Methods:The implant distraction apparatus was designed on the bases of Ilizarov theory,made of pure titanium TA 2 and prepared as a set including distractor and accessories.Inferior edge of a dog's mandible was prepared for implantation. After horizontal osteotomy, two implant distraction devices were applied.Results:The transport bone segment was vertically augmented 3 5 mm successfully,and the ditraction apparatus was stable.Conclusion: The implant distraction device is functional in distraction osteogenesis.

目的 :设计研制新型种植型骨牵张器。方法 :在犬离体下颌骨常规预备两个种植窝 ,再制备一高 0 .5mm、长 3cm的盒形输送骨段 ,植入种植型牵张器 ,加力进行牵张实验。结果 :输送骨段成功抬高 3~ 5mm ,牵张器稳定性良好。结论 :种植型骨牵张器结构轻巧、操作简便 ,克服了以往牵张器的不足 ,符合颌骨牵张器的发展趋势。

Objective: To analyse the histologic changes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with alveolar ridge dstractionosteogenesis. Methods: 18 dogs weighing over 20 kg were selected, of which 3 were selected as control group. The restwere randomly divided into 3 groups.All dogs?premolars and the first molar were extracted. one month later, the Ni—timemory alloy distraction apparatus were buried into one side of mandibular. Each group were executed after 1、3、6months respectively. TMJS from each group were respectively...

Objective: To analyse the histologic changes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with alveolar ridge dstractionosteogenesis. Methods: 18 dogs weighing over 20 kg were selected, of which 3 were selected as control group. The restwere randomly divided into 3 groups.All dogs?premolars and the first molar were extracted. one month later, the Ni—timemory alloy distraction apparatus were buried into one side of mandibular. Each group were executed after 1、3、6months respectively. TMJS from each group were respectively taken out and observed under macroscope、opticalmicroscope and scanning electronic—microscope (SEM). Results: No abnormal changes were observed in group of 1month on both sides. In group of 3 months, on the distraction side, the gel-like substanse became thin but still in itsintegrity, part of the collagen fibers of condyle of mandible and joint discs arranged mussily. Casually some collagen fiberscould be seen to have been destroyed .In group of 6 months, no abnormal changes were observed on both sides. Conclusion:The alveolar ridge distraction could lead to the gentle changes of TMJ, but these changes are gentle and reversible.

目的:研究牵张成骨增高牙槽嵴对颞下颌关节的影响的组织学变化。方法:体重20公斤以上健康成年杂种犬18只,3只为对照组,其余随机分为3组,每组 5只。拔除双侧下颌所有前磨牙及第一磨牙,1个月后除去对照组外,都在一侧下颌骨植入镍钛记忆合金丝加工成的S形牵张装置。分别在牵张后1、3、6个月后处死6只动物。取双侧颞下颌关节,进行大体、光镜和扫描电镜观察。结果:1、3、6个月后大体及光镜下观察双侧关节无明显变化。3个月后扫描电镜下牵张侧髁状突和关节盘胶原纤维排列部分紊乱,偶见胶原纤维破坏。凝胶状物质菲薄但基本完整。6个月后基本恢复正常。结论:牙槽嵴牵张成骨早期,对牵张侧颞下颌关节有一定的影响,但这种影响是轻微的、可逆的。

 
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