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hepatitis
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  “hepatitis”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Transformation and Expression of an Avian Influena A (H5N1) Virus Gene(h5nla) in Transgenic Potato——Compared with Expression of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen(HBsAg) in Transgenic Potato
    禽流感病毒(H5N1)基因(h5n1a)在马铃薯中的转化与表达研究——附:乙肝表面抗原(HBsAg)基因转化的对比研究
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    Studies on Establishment and Characteristics of Hepatitis G Virus Transgenic Mouse Models
    庚型肝炎病毒转基因小鼠模型的建立及其特性研究
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    Study on the Relationship between Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatocyte Apoptosis
    乙型肝炎病毒感染与肝细胞凋亡的关系研究
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    Expression and Immunoactivity of HBsAg (hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen) and HEV-NE2 (hepatitis E Virus ORF2 Gene) in Transgenic Tomato
    乙肝病毒表面抗原(HBsAg)、戊肝病毒ORF2基因片段NE_2在番茄中的表达及免疫活性
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    Studies on Relationship between Pathogenicity and Intracellular Signaling Initiated by Hepatitis C Virus E2 Protein
    丙型肝炎病毒E2蛋白引发细胞跨膜信号转导异常与致病性研究
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  hepatitis
HIV is the most significant risk factor for many opportunistic infections like tuberculosis, hepatitis, bacterial infections etc.
      
Fulminant hepatitis is fatal in most cases and timely liver transplantation is the only effective treatment.
      
This study evaluates the survival outcomes of patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using right lobe liver grafts for fulminant liver failure due to hepatitis B infection.
      
In general, it is extremely difficult to treat fulminant hepatitis by conservative regimen, particularly, in cases with rapid progression.
      
Emergency adult living-donor liver transplantation is an effective treatment for fulminant hepatitis patients and is relatively safe for donors.
      
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Among the vitamin-E group,α-tocopherol is the most active member.As to itscurative effects the modern concept is that it is not only a medicine for fertility,butalso an accessory drug in the cure of hepatitis,hypertension,etc.In the presentpaper,a method of extraction and determination of α-tocopherol in freshwater algaEuglena sanginea is described.It is interesting that there is a considerable amount(0.6—1.0 mg/g) of α-tocopherol in this alga.

维生素E族中活力最高的是α-生育酚。关于维生素E的医疗效用,目前的看法认为它不仅是抗不孕药物,而且是治疗其它疾病如肝炎、高血压等的辅助药物。我们为了探索淡水藻类在医药上的应用,选择了鱼池中大量繁殖的血红裸藻作为材料,提取α-生育酚。本文介绍了血红裸藻中α-生育酚的提取和测定方法。实验结果表明血红裸藻中有较丰富的α-生育酚(0.6—1.0毫克/克),可供维生素生产的参考。

In July, 1972, an outbreak ot an inlectious disease, commonly known as “neck-bending” disease occurred in a farm in Peking. The present paper reports briefly the results of our studies of this disease and its prevention.It was found that the course, the symptoms and the lesions of this disease resembled those of Duck virus hepatitis (DVH), first reported and described by Le-vine and Fabricant in the U. S. (1950). A strain of virus was then isolated from the affected duckling, but the serum neutralization...

In July, 1972, an outbreak ot an inlectious disease, commonly known as “neck-bending” disease occurred in a farm in Peking. The present paper reports briefly the results of our studies of this disease and its prevention.It was found that the course, the symptoms and the lesions of this disease resembled those of Duck virus hepatitis (DVH), first reported and described by Le-vine and Fabricant in the U. S. (1950). A strain of virus was then isolated from the affected duckling, but the serum neutralization test with Duck hepatitis antiserum from tlu- united states has not been able to carry out. Electron microscopy of thin section made on the diseased liver of affected ducklings also revealed virus-like particles in a degenerated liver cell. The shape and size of these particles coincided closely with those of the viral strain observed and measured by Reuss(1959), and Richter et al. (1964). The disease was prevented and controlled by immunization of ducklings and breeders in the outbreak farms.The diagnosis of this diesease as DVH were based on the following criteria.1. In an outbreak, only ducklings of 5-12 days old were susceptible, juvenile and adult ducks were unaffected.2. The disease ran a rapid, violent course, with most of the loses on the second and third days of the outbreak. The survivors recovered rapidly. The mortality varied considerably in different farms or even in different hatches of the same farm with a wide range of 10-90%, usually 20-60%. 3. The infected ducklings at first failed to keep up with the brood, very soon, they stoped moving and squatted down with eyes partially closed. After no more than one day, they collapsed and lied on their sides or breast, kicking spasmodically with both legs and died within about 1-5 hours with their heads bending backward-to their backs, hence the name “neck-bending disease” was used.4. The most conspicuous lesions detected at necropsy were in the liver. Macro-eo-pically the liver was usually enlarged and buttle in texture, its colour uoually changed from normal to yellowish brown. On its surface there were usually manv punctate or ecchymotic hemorrhages. Microscopically, the prominent liver lesions were formed by infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells, proliferation of bile duet “pi-thelium and subsequent hemorrhages and extensive necrosis of hepatic cells.The final diagnosis of this disease would be, however, rearing and isolating virus from chicken or duck embryo.General treatments in the infected farm to prevent the spreading of DVII under field conditions are:1. Proper management is important. Strict isolation of the diseased duckling- may be useful in reducing the spreading. However, for practical purposes, imisunjza-tion treatments seemed to be more effective.2. Immunization of ducklings. When the first deaths in an outbreak of the discae occnred, duck antiserum of the recovery infected ducks or egg-yolk preparation from hyperimmunized ducks was injected subcutaneously into all ducklings ot the brood and the subsequent hatches. One treatment usually sufiiced to protect the duckiing-from the disease.3. Immunization of breeders. The most practical means we thus far used in con-trolling and preventing DVII was vaccination of breeding stock. For a high level of passive immunity in the offspring, two successive doses of crude liver suspenaions sterilized with penicillin and streptomycin administered to parent stock at two weeks apart were required. Two weeks after the second vaccination, the hyperi immnnized breeding duck gave rise to a progeny with an effective passive DVH protection. The protection period or immunity lasted at least one year. If this method is uaed,theegg yolk from the hyperimmunized ducks may be used instead ot the immune serumIt has been proved practically to have the same protective activity as immune serum,but it is more readily available and cheaper.

通过流行病学的调查,病理学和病原学的研究,确定发生于北京鸭小鸭的“背脖病”是鸭病毒性肝炎(Duck virus Hepatitis—简称DVH)。总结了综合诊断本病的几项要点。结合生产实践,采用“抗DVH血清”和“免疫蛋黄”被动免疫小鸭和强毒主动免疫母鸭等措施,初步总结出对爆发DVH鸭场采取紧急防治的措施,应用于北京市9个鸭场,基本上能控制住本病的流行。

The purification of the 22nm form of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was carried out by immune affinity chromatography and isopycnic banding in sucrose. The purified preparations of HBsAg were solubilized with sodium dodecyl sulfate and urea under reducing conditions and subsequently fractionated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Eight polypeptides were isolated from HBsAg and designated as p-1 through p-8 in the order of their decreasing mobilities and have molecular...

The purification of the 22nm form of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was carried out by immune affinity chromatography and isopycnic banding in sucrose. The purified preparations of HBsAg were solubilized with sodium dodecyl sulfate and urea under reducing conditions and subsequently fractionated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Eight polypeptides were isolated from HBsAg and designated as p-1 through p-8 in the order of their decreasing mobilities and have molecular weights of 22,500, 26,000, 48,000, 52,000, 59,000, 76,000, 82,000 and 290,000 respectively. The p-1, p-2 and p-6 components are the major forms. Individual polypeptides isolated from HBsAg possess the antigenicity of HBsAg as determined by reverse passive hemagglutination assay. Seven polypeptides were used to hyperimmunize guinea pigs by Freund's complete adjuvant. All animals produced specific antibodies against native HBsAg by passive hemagglutination and double diffusion assays and these antibodies showed no reaction to normal human serum components by countercurrent-immuno-electrophorcsis. Thus, it is possible that the polypeptides of HBsAg may serve as vaccine against hepatitis B in prevention of HBV infection.

本文报告HBsAg多肽的分离,各个多肽的分子量和它们的抗原性,并对一些主要多肽作为乙型肝炎疫苗的可能性进行讨论,认为HBsAg的多肽有可能作为乙型肝炎疫苗预防乙型肝炎病毒的感染。

 
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