助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   inactivated 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.011秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
畜牧与动物医学
感染性疾病及传染病
水产和渔业
生物学
预防医学与卫生学
儿科学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

inactivated
相关语句
  灭活
     Pathological Study on SARS Causal Agent Identification, SARS Animal Model Establishment and Inactivated SARS Vaccine Efficacy Evaluation
     SARS病原体鉴定、动物模型建立及灭活疫苗保护效果的病理学研究
短句来源
     Preparation and Application of the Trivalent K_(88)ac-ST_1-LT_B Gene Engineering Inactivated Vaccine Against Colibacillus Diarrhea of Newborn Piglet
     新生仔猪大肠杆菌性腹泻K_(88)ac-ST_1-LT_B三价基因工程灭活疫苗的研究与应用
短句来源
     Antigenicity Determination of Inactivated Poliovirus——Micro-Neutralization Inhibition Test
     应用微量中和抑制法测定脊髓灰质炎灭活病毒的抗原性
短句来源
     Studies on Inactivated Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome Virus Vaccine Ⅰ.Studies on Screening of Vaccine Virus Strains
     肾综合征出血热病毒灭活疫苗的研究 Ⅰ、疫苗病毒株选择的研究
短句来源
     Interspecific Fusion of Inactivated Protoplasts in Corynebacterium
     棒状杆菌灭活原生质体种间融合
短句来源
更多       
  灭活的
     Spleen-derived B cells from the BALB/c mouse injected with the inactivated bacterial antigen were fused with SP2/0 myeloma cells. By the tests of slide agglutination, eleven hybridoma cell lines were obtained, which were denominated as 1B3,1B7,1E3,2E9,3B2,3C2,3C3,4D7, 5E9,5H4 and 6C4 respectively.
     将1‰甲醛灭活的以上两种细菌分别免疫BALB/c小鼠,利用淋巴细胞杂交瘤技术,用直接玻板凝集法筛选出11株能稳定分泌针对F18菌毛特异单克隆抗体(McAb)的杂交瘤细胞株1B3、1B7、1E3、2E9、3B2、3C2、3C3、4D7、5E9、5H4和6C4。
短句来源
     The CD4~+ T cells, CD8~+ T cells and natural killer cells (NK) in peripheral blood were detected by FACS. The cytotoxicity of splenic NK and splenic cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) activated by inactivated Hepa 1-6 cells was assayed by LDH method.
     用流式细胞仪分析外周血CD4+、CD8+T细胞和NK细胞的比例,用LDH法测脾NK细胞和灭活的Hepa1-6细胞活化的脾细胞毒T淋巴细胞(CTL)的细胞毒活性。
短句来源
     An Al(OH) 3 adjuvant vaccine, with concentration 6×10 9cfu/mL, was prepared with four strain inactivated bacteria.
     经灭活的四株菌加入 Al(OH) 3 胶 ,制成总含菌量为 6× 10 9/ m L的四价菌苗 .
短句来源
     Modified DC, Gp96-peptide complexes and inactivated H22 cells were injected into mice bearing H22 liver cancer cells to observe the levels of IL-10, IFN-γ in serum and the alteration of proportions of CD_8~+ -IFNγ~+ and CD_8~+ -IL-10~+ cells, CD_4~+ -IFNγ~+ and CD_4~+ -IL-10~+ cells.
     制作小鼠肝癌模型,分别予以修饰后的DC、Gp96蛋白、灭活的H22肝癌细胞治疗,检测血清中自细胞介素(IL)-10、干扰素(IFN)-γ水平; CD_4、CD_8和IFN-γ、IL-10双阳性细胞比例。
短句来源
     immune group are divided to P,H,D and HD subgroups,immunized by PBS,inactivated H22,DC and H22-DC respectively,andattacked by H22 cell, the tumor size,tumor weight , mouse survival periodand tumor latent period are recorded and statisticallyanalysized ;
     免疫保护组随机分成P、H、D和HD4小组,分别用PBS、灭活的H_(22)、DC和H_(22)-DC免疫接种后,再接种H_(22)活细胞;
短句来源
更多       
  “inactivated”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on the Role of Leucine-rich Glioma Inactivated Gene-1
     富亮氨酸胶质瘤失活基因1(leucine-rich glioma inactivated gene-1, LGI-1)的作用研究
短句来源
     The results showed as(1)the enzyme was irreversibly inactivated by H2O2 and ascorbate-Fe(Ⅲ);
     结果为:(1)H2O2和抗坏血酸-Fe(Ⅲ)使该酶不可逆失活;
短句来源
     There were 8. 3 log2 and 12. 0 log2 HI antibody peak titres respectively against EDS and ND,and still were 4. 0 log2 and 6. 3 log2 HI titres after inoculating chickens 20 weeks with the inactivated vaccine.
     免疫接种试验鸡后,减蛋综合征和新城疫的HI抗体峰值分别达8.3log2和12.0log2,接种20周后仍达4.0log2和6.3log2。
短句来源
     The reference Escherichia coli (Kcoli) strain 2134 (0157 : H19) and 107/86 (0139 : K12 : HI), which express fimbriae F18ac and F18ab respectivly, were inactivated by 0.1% formaldehyde.
     以表达F18ab菌毛参考菌株107/86(O139:K12:H1)及F18ac菌毛参考菌株2134(O157:H19)为研究对象,摸索出F18菌毛表达的最佳条件。
短句来源
     Construction of a Mutant E.coli BL21(DE3) with Inactivated lpxM
     大肠杆菌BL21(DE3)lpxM突变株的构建
短句来源
更多       
查询“inactivated”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  inactivated
Collectively, these studies identify the mechanism by which an important tumor suppressor gene, FHIT is inactivated specifically in human CRC contributing to our understanding of the mechanism of colorectal carcinogenesis.
      
At 50°C., PO2 was more stable and retained 40% of activity after 50 h, whereas PO1 was inactivated in 3-6 h.
      
In 5.0 mM citrate-phosphate buffer (pH 4.2) at 55°C and infinite dilution, HRP was inactivated with a rate constant of 2.86 × 10-3 s-1.
      
The enzymes were irreversibly inactivated in one stage according to first-order reaction kinetics.
      
To increase the yield of the target compound, the genes for enzymes performing undesirable steroid modifications were inactivated.
      
更多          


We have reported in the previous paper(Acta Physiologica Sinica.19,337, 1955)that sham feeding causes reflex secretion of insulin through the vagi in dogs provided with esophageal fistula and with the adrenal medulla inactivated.The change of blood sugar concentration was followed as an indicator of insulin secretion.Since the stomach is distended in case of normal feeding,the present work studied whether the distention of stomach would influence this reflex secretion of insulin after sham feeding.Distention...

We have reported in the previous paper(Acta Physiologica Sinica.19,337, 1955)that sham feeding causes reflex secretion of insulin through the vagi in dogs provided with esophageal fistula and with the adrenal medulla inactivated.The change of blood sugar concentration was followed as an indicator of insulin secretion.Since the stomach is distended in case of normal feeding,the present work studied whether the distention of stomach would influence this reflex secretion of insulin after sham feeding.Distention of the stomach was done by a balloon filled either with 250 or 500 cc of air or water at 38℃. The results showed that distention of the stomach invariably caused a decrease of the reflex secretion of insulin due to sham feeding.The more the volume used for distention,the greater was the decrease of the insulin secretion.The effect was also greater when the distention was done with water than with air of the same volume.This latter difference was presumably duc to the additional factor of weight with water.Furthermore,the decrease was greater when the distention was done a few minutes before than at the same time with sham feeding. From the above results,it seems reasonable to suppose that distention of the stomach by food during normal feeding would reduce but not abolish the reflex secretion of insulin induced by the act of taking food. The significance of excitation of vago-insulin system in bringing about an insulin secretion during normal feeding has been discussed.

前文曾证明用具有食道瘘、取消肾上腺髓质作用的狗进行假饲,可以反射性地通过迷走神经引起胰岛素的分泌。本工作仍利用同样的狗,在与假饲同时和假饲前,分别以250或500毫升空气或38℃水扩张胃,观察对胰岛素反射性分泌的影响。胰岛素分泌的多少,仍以血糖浓度降低的程度作为指标。实验结果指出,机械地扩张胃,可不同程度地减低由假饲所引起的胰岛素的反射性分泌。扩张胃的程度越大,其减低胰岛秦分泌的作用也越强;用同等量的空气或水扩张胃时,水的抑制胰岛素分泌的影响又较空气为大;假饲前数分钟扩张胃时,其减低胰岛素分泌的作用,又较在与假饲同时的为强。根据实验结果推测,人和动物在正常进食时,由进食动作所引起的迷走神经—胰岛素系统的兴奋,当可因胃感受器受食物的机械性扩张刺激而有不同程度的抑制,但仍可能有一定量的条件性和非条件性胰岛素的反射性分泌出现,这对于增强胰岛装置在原有静止的或低水平上进行着的活动,当具有一定的生理意义。

Chloroplasts, prepared from fresh, prechilled spinach leaves by the method of Jagendorf andAvron, were suspended in Tris buffer (25 μmoles, pH 8.4) containing MgCl_2 (6 μmoles), ADP(3 μmoles), P~(32)-labelled phosphate (3 μmoles), NaCl (25 μmoles) and the different cofactors. Totalvolume of the reaction mixture was 1.25 ml, containing 30-40 μg chlorophyll. Preliminary experi-ments showed that at the low illumination intensity for quantum yield determinations the optimal quan-ties of the co-factors were: PMS...

Chloroplasts, prepared from fresh, prechilled spinach leaves by the method of Jagendorf andAvron, were suspended in Tris buffer (25 μmoles, pH 8.4) containing MgCl_2 (6 μmoles), ADP(3 μmoles), P~(32)-labelled phosphate (3 μmoles), NaCl (25 μmoles) and the different cofactors. Totalvolume of the reaction mixture was 1.25 ml, containing 30-40 μg chlorophyll. Preliminary experi-ments showed that at the low illumination intensity for quantum yield determinations the optimal quan-ties of the co-factors were: PMS or FMN, 0.005 μmole, vitamin K_3, 0.03 μmole, and of the Hilloxidants were: K_3Fe(CN)_6 0.6 μmole, TPN 0.2 μmole. Neon tube with dilute ammoniacal CuSO_4 solution and red-glass filters was used as light source.The wave length range was 620-660 mμ and the intensity was 6-8×10~3 ergs/cm~2/sec. Energydeterminations were made with a blackened constantin-copper thermopile, the absolute energy wascalibrated by the amount of heat produced electrically at the surface of the thermopile. The calcu-lated number of quanta was counter-checked by chlorophyllide actinometer according to Warburg.Light scattering was corrected by the ground glass method of Shibata. Phosphorylation rates weremeasured by ATP~(32) formed according to the method of Nielsen and Lehninger. No incorporation of P~32 was detectable in the dark. To avoid loss of activity preparations were conducted near 0℃ and experiments were completedwithin 10 minutes including isolation of chloroplasts. Representative results are given in Tab. 1. The following conclusions can be drawn. (1) The quantum requirement of cyclic photophosphorylation is between 2.9-6.5 (generally4-5) per molecule of ATP formed, irrespective of the co-factors used,. Although at high lightintensities PMS can be twice as active as vitamin K_3 or FMN, their quantum yields are the same. (2) Same numerical results are obtained with heat deproteinized leaf extract in place of co-factors. (Tab. 3). (3) Non-cyclic photophosphorylation with K_3Fe(CN)_6 or with TPN shows the same quantumrequirement of 4-6. (Tab.1). Apparently one and the same electron transport system is involvedin both types of phosphorylation and there exists probably only one phosphorylation site. However,the possibility of a second easily inactivated site is not excluded. (4) The simultaneously measured Hill reaction requires 9-12 quanta per molecule of O_2evolved with or without photophosphorylation (+ or -ADP, Tab.2). The result corroboratesthose of other workers. It further shows that under the conditions of the present experiment cou-pling is complete (P/2e = 1), and that no extra quantum is needed for the coupled formation ofATP. (5) The quantum requirement of both cyclic and noncyclic phosphorylation increased withdecreasing light intensity within the range used (1.3-6.0×103 ergs/cm~2/sec.) (Tab. 4), whereasthat of O_2 production by the Hill reaction remains constant, thus resulting in a progressive uncou-pling of phosphorylation from the electron transport chain. The relationship between the present results and the quantum requirement of photosyntheticCO_2-reduction is discussed. That at low intensities of illumination used in the present experimentsthe number of quanta required for 2 TPNH and 2 ATP formation equals to that of photosynthesisunder these conditions (~compensation point) indicated that cyclic production of ATP is perhapsnot involved and the extra ATP needed for CO_2-reduction in the Calvin cycle must come fromsome other source, e.g. respiration. That at higher light intensities (several times compensationpoint) the quantum requirement of photosynthesis increases is probably due to the coming into playof the photochemically inefficient cyclic photophosphorylation.

用菠菜叶绿体悬浮液,在红光下(620—660mμ,6—8×10~3尔格/厘米~2-秒)测定同位素P~(32)标记的无机磷酸进入ATP的强度,并根据吸收的光能量换算为形成一个分子ATP所需要的红光量子数。结果指出: (1)循环光合磷酸化作用,不论用何种辅助因素(PMS,维生素K_3,FMN),形成一个分子ATP的量子需要量均在4—5之间(最低一次获得2.9)。叶提取液代替辅助因素,结果亦同。(2)与希尔反应偶联的光合磷酸化作用(希尔氧化剂为K_3Fe(CN)_6或TPN)的量子需要量亦是4—6。同时测定的还原作用指出希尔反应中每放出一个分子O_2,需要8—12个红光量子,表示在试验条件下,二者是完全偶联的(P/2e?1)。没有磷酸化(不加ADP及P_i)时,希尔反应的量子需要量不变,表示偶联的ATP形成不需额外的光量子。(3)光强度减低,则循环与非循环光合磷酸化作用的效率随之降低,量子需要量增加,而希尔反应的效率则不变。从上述结果推论,两种光合磷酸化作用均是通过同一的电子传递系统,在此系统中仅有一个磷酸化部位,除非另有一个部位是极易破坏的。试验结果也对光合作用的量子需要量问题,供给可能的解释。在弱光下光合作用效...

用菠菜叶绿体悬浮液,在红光下(620—660mμ,6—8×10~3尔格/厘米~2-秒)测定同位素P~(32)标记的无机磷酸进入ATP的强度,并根据吸收的光能量换算为形成一个分子ATP所需要的红光量子数。结果指出: (1)循环光合磷酸化作用,不论用何种辅助因素(PMS,维生素K_3,FMN),形成一个分子ATP的量子需要量均在4—5之间(最低一次获得2.9)。叶提取液代替辅助因素,结果亦同。(2)与希尔反应偶联的光合磷酸化作用(希尔氧化剂为K_3Fe(CN)_6或TPN)的量子需要量亦是4—6。同时测定的还原作用指出希尔反应中每放出一个分子O_2,需要8—12个红光量子,表示在试验条件下,二者是完全偶联的(P/2e?1)。没有磷酸化(不加ADP及P_i)时,希尔反应的量子需要量不变,表示偶联的ATP形成不需额外的光量子。(3)光强度减低,则循环与非循环光合磷酸化作用的效率随之降低,量子需要量增加,而希尔反应的效率则不变。从上述结果推论,两种光合磷酸化作用均是通过同一的电子传递系统,在此系统中仅有一个磷酸化部位,除非另有一个部位是极易破坏的。试验结果也对光合作用的量子需要量问题,供给可能的解释。在弱光下光合作用效率高,可能是由于部份ATP来自呼吸;而在强光下效率减低,则是呼吸所供给的ATP不足而必需依靠循环光合磷酸化所致。

During 1957 to 1962,isolates belonging to the Group Actinomyces ahygroscopicus Yen hadbeen tested for their therapeutic and protectant effect on the incidence of a rape mosaic dis-ease caused by a strain of Turnip Mosaic Virus.The experimental methods consisted ofspraying the testing rape plants with cultural filtrates of Actinomyces isolates before or afterinoculation with Turnip Mosaic Virus strain No.6 of this Laboratory,comparing the symptomsdeveloped and assaying the concentration of the Virus on leaves...

During 1957 to 1962,isolates belonging to the Group Actinomyces ahygroscopicus Yen hadbeen tested for their therapeutic and protectant effect on the incidence of a rape mosaic dis-ease caused by a strain of Turnip Mosaic Virus.The experimental methods consisted ofspraying the testing rape plants with cultural filtrates of Actinomyces isolates before or afterinoculation with Turnip Mosaic Virus strain No.6 of this Laboratory,comparing the symptomsdeveloped and assaying the concentration of the Virus on leaves of Nicotiana tabacum var.Huangmiaoyu.As a result of testing 6,376 isolates,only four of them namely Nos.1695,3494,4084 and 4313 cured about 50 per cent of the treated plants,if the spraying was madenot later than 24 hours after inoculation.However,100 per cent of plants inoculated remainedhealthy,if the sprayig was made 24 hours before inoculation.No virus was detected intissues of rape plants which remained apparently healthy owing to the therapeutic treatment.The effective constituents of the cultural filtrates of isolates Nos.1695,3494 and 4048were apparently thermostable,since they were equally effective after being autoclaved under15 pounds pressure for 30 minutes.When any one of the cultural filtrates was mixed withthe virus in vitro,the latter was instantaneously inactivated.Demonstrations revealed thatthe effective constituents of the cultural filtrates were able to be absorbed by the rape plantcells,but translocated only a short distance.All effective concentrations of the cultural filtratesshowed more or less injurious effect to leaf tissues.Further tests made of isolate No.1695 showed that the therapeutic effect varied with thetime intervals between inoculation and spraying.100 per cent of plants were cured,if spray-ing was made within 3 hours after inoculation.Likewise 90 per cent of curing resulted within6 hours after inoculation,25-40 percent within 1-3 days and 5-10 per cent within 5-7 days.Experiments of curing the Kwuting disease of Chinese cabbage caused by K_(1-1) strain of TurnipMosaic Virus revealed that the therapeutic effect of these isolates was more effective onChinese cabbage than on rape.The writers were of the opinion that the variation of theeffectiveness was essentially due to hosts and not to strains of the virus.

在完整的油菜植株上,利用喷叶法测定放线菌代谢物质对病毒病的治疗效果,以处理组的发病率此对照组减少的百分率表示疗效。从1958年到1962年先后测定6,376号次放线菌,找到不吸水灰色放线菌类羣(Actinomyces ahygro-scopicus Yen)的1695、3494、4084和4313四个菌株的代谢物质,在接种油菜花叶病毒(总6号)24小时后喷叶,有50%左右的治疗效果,接种前24小时喷叶有100%的防护效果。接种24小时后喷叶而未发病的植株叶内未能测出有侵染性病毒的存在。从喷药一次的效果来看,显然胜于0.5%2-硫尿嘧啶在油菜上的作用。1695、3494和4084三株放线菌发酵液的有效成分经15磅30分钟的处理后,在植株上测定效果,差异并不大。但是,所有有效浓度对植株均能引起不同程度的黄化等生理反应,使生长遭受一定程度的抑制,类似2-硫尿嘧啶所引起的生理反应。病毒与1695放线菌发酵液混合(1分钟),立即被钝化。发酵液中的有效成分能被叶细胞吸收,通过剪叶法及不同部位局部喷药及接种等初步证明,代榭物质昀有效成分运转的距离似乎极短。1695的发酵液在植株上的治疗效果常因接种与喷药相隔时间的长短而异。...

在完整的油菜植株上,利用喷叶法测定放线菌代谢物质对病毒病的治疗效果,以处理组的发病率此对照组减少的百分率表示疗效。从1958年到1962年先后测定6,376号次放线菌,找到不吸水灰色放线菌类羣(Actinomyces ahygro-scopicus Yen)的1695、3494、4084和4313四个菌株的代谢物质,在接种油菜花叶病毒(总6号)24小时后喷叶,有50%左右的治疗效果,接种前24小时喷叶有100%的防护效果。接种24小时后喷叶而未发病的植株叶内未能测出有侵染性病毒的存在。从喷药一次的效果来看,显然胜于0.5%2-硫尿嘧啶在油菜上的作用。1695、3494和4084三株放线菌发酵液的有效成分经15磅30分钟的处理后,在植株上测定效果,差异并不大。但是,所有有效浓度对植株均能引起不同程度的黄化等生理反应,使生长遭受一定程度的抑制,类似2-硫尿嘧啶所引起的生理反应。病毒与1695放线菌发酵液混合(1分钟),立即被钝化。发酵液中的有效成分能被叶细胞吸收,通过剪叶法及不同部位局部喷药及接种等初步证明,代榭物质昀有效成分运转的距离似乎极短。1695的发酵液在植株上的治疗效果常因接种与喷药相隔时间的长短而异。接种后3小时内喷的效果为100%,6小时降至90%,1—3天为25—45%,5—7天为5—10%。同时,在接种后3天内喷而发病的植株体内其病毒含量比对照少,3天以后喷的则此对照反而有增多的趋势。1695的发酵液在胶州白菜上对孤丁1号的治疗效果(接种后隔24小时喷)为92%,比崐山土种油菜上对总6号病毒的疗效高出三分之一。此种差异可能由于寄主植物的差异引起的。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关inactivated的内容
在知识搜索中查有关inactivated的内容
在数字搜索中查有关inactivated的内容
在概念知识元中查有关inactivated的内容
在学术趋势中查有关inactivated的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社