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humeral head
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  肱骨头
     2) The average radius and height of the humeral head were 2.15±0.16 cm and 1.56±0.24 cm respectively.
     2.肱骨头半径及高度分别为2.15±0.16 cm、1.56±0.24 cm。
短句来源
     Results During passive elevation, the humeral head moved inferiorly from +1 58 mm at 30° to +0.36 mm at 150° of abduction, and posteriorly from +1 55 mm at 30° to -0 07 mm at 150° of abduction.
     结果 在被动抬高过程中 ,自外展 30°到外展 15 0° ,肱骨头从下方 +1 5 8mm转移到下方 +0 36mm位置 ,自后方 +1 5 5 转移到 - 0 0 7mm。
短句来源
     Three group' data of the humeral head retroversion angle were analyzed by the statistics. Results The humeral head retroversion angle ranged from 11° to 53°, the retroversion angles of three groups were (26.4±9.9)°, (27.1±9.7)°, (27.3±9.7)° respectively.
     结果肱骨头扭转角最小值11°,最大值53°,三组肱骨头扭转角数据为(26.4±9.9)°,(27.1±9.7)°,(27.3±9.7)°。
短句来源
     Replacement therapy of humeral head for its severe comminuted fracture
     单纯人工肱骨头置换术治疗严重肱骨头粉碎骨折
短句来源
     In three part fractures, the rate of humeral head necrosis was 44%, and in four part fractures, over 75%.
     三部分骨折的肱骨头坏死率为 44 % ,四部分骨折坏死率达 75 %。
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  人工肱骨头
     Replacement therapy of humeral head for its severe comminuted fracture
     单纯人工肱骨头置换术治疗严重肱骨头粉碎骨折
短句来源
     17 cases of replacement of humeral head Prosthesis for comminuted fractures of proximal humerus
     人工肱骨头置换术治疗肱骨近端粉碎骨折17例
短句来源
     Preliminary Experimental Study of the Nano-hydroxyapatite and Polyamide Composite Prostheses of Humeral Head
     纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺复合材料人工肱骨头的实验初步研究
短句来源
     Methods 30cases of proximal humeral 4-part f racture and fracture dislocation we re treated with humeral head replacement.
     方法用人工肱骨头置换方法治疗30例肱骨近端四部分移位骨折和四部分骨折脱位。
短句来源
     Objective To explore the efficacy of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) inducing bone ingrowth around the humeral head prosthesis in rabbits.
     目的探讨骨形态发生蛋白(BMP)对兔人工肱骨头周围骨长入的影响。
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  “humeral head”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results CT scan, MRI, lateral view, axillary view and Velpeau axillary view revealed respectively 5 cases, 1 case, 5 cases, 2 cases, 5 cases of posterior dislocations of humeral head.
     结果 CT、MRI和肩关节侧位、腋窝位、Velpeau腋窝位X线片分别显示 5例、1例、5例、2例、5例肩关节后脱位 ;
短句来源
     displacement of medial cortex in fracture site; glenohumeral dislocation and humeral head split. Results 79% of the cases with a length of the medial side of proximal metaphyseal less than 8 mm, and 84% case with medial cortex displacement over 2 mm and 68% of Neer four-part fractures have a poor prognosis.
     结果79%的骨折近端内侧干骺端长度小于8mm的骨折、84%的内侧皮质位移大于2mm的骨折及68%的Neer四部分骨折预后不良。
短句来源
     1 patient developed an avascular necrosis of the humeral head. According to the Constant Score, the average for all fractures was 81.4 (39 to 95). The excellent and good rate was 85.7%.
     按Constant评分标准,平均81.4分(39~95分),其中优22例,良8例,中4例,差1例,优良率85.7%。
短句来源
     X-ray film showed subluxation of the humeral head in adduction position of the shoulder but normal in 90°abduction position.
     X线表现:肩关节内收位时呈半脱位征,外展90°位时关节结构无异常。
短句来源
     The retroversion of the glenoid (glenoscapular angle) and the ratio of humeral head posterior subluxation were measured on the CT or MRI images according to the method described by Friedman.
     在肩关节横断面CT或MRI扫描图像上,按照Friedman的标准测量关节盂的后倾角及肱骨头向后脱位的比率。
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  humeral head
The indications for primary arthroplasty included: humeral head fracture (20), osteoarthritis (14), posttraumatic avascular head necrosis (11), cuff tear arthropathy (6) and rheumatoid arthritis (1).
      
The following complications occurred: one nail perforated the humeral head, one nail was placed in the wrong position, two problems occurred with the removal of the nail.
      
In 31% of the patients an unstable type was found with only minimal radiological changes of the humeral head (HH).
      
Intramedullary Nailing of Humeral Head and Humeral Shaft Fractures
      
Improved imaging, updated knowledge regarding humeral head perfusion and adapted fixation techniques with implants having better purchase also in osteopenic bone, have influenced the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in recent years.
      
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In this experiment, the humeralheads of 27 rabbits, about one yearold, were selected as the recipient sitesfor receiving the perichondrial graft.The animals were divided into 3 groups.The first group: the cartilage of thehumeral head was totally removed sothat the cancellous bone is exposed. Apiece of perichondrial graft, 0.6×1.5cm in size, was removed from thecostal cartilage and was then imme-diately transferred to the bony surfaceof the humeral head, with the "active"chondrogenic surface of the...

In this experiment, the humeralheads of 27 rabbits, about one yearold, were selected as the recipient sitesfor receiving the perichondrial graft.The animals were divided into 3 groups.The first group: the cartilage of thehumeral head was totally removed sothat the cancellous bone is exposed. Apiece of perichondrial graft, 0.6×1.5cm in size, was removed from thecostal cartilage and was then imme-diately transferred to the bony surfaceof the humeral head, with the "active"chondrogenic surface of the perichon-drium facing the joint cavity. Thesecond group: a whole thickness blockof cartilage, measuring 0.4×1.5 cmin size, was removed from the humeralhead, the cartilage defect of the humeralhead was immediately covered up witha perichondrial graft of the same size.The third group: a piece of perichon-drium, measuring 0.6×1.5 cm in size,was left in the joint cavity as a freebody. In all of the three groups, thelimbs of the animals were not immo-bilized after operation. The animalswere killed in 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 32weeks after the operation respectivelyfor gross and histological examinations. The findings of 22 specimens wereavailable for analysis. In all of thespecimens there was new cartilageformation seen, demonstrating similarityto the normal articular cartilage. Onspecial staining, it showed that thenewly formed cartilage was capable ofsynthesizing chondroitin sulfate. The preliminary conclusions drawnfrom this experiment were as follows:(1) Using perichondrium to repairpartial defect of the articular cartilageis likely to be successful; (2) Afterthe whole articular cartilage wasremoved and the denuded area wascovered with a piece of perichondrialgraft, new cartilage growing from theperichondrial graft was found. Afteran observation for 12 weeks, there wasno evidence of its increasing in lengthand width. The portion devoid ofcartilage was covered by granulationtissue; (3) The limb restricted frommotion after perichondrial graftingmight favour the growth of the newcartilage. Furthermore, the nutritionalstatus of the perichondrial graft mightalso play some important roles.

本文报告用27支家免的自体软骨膜,分别移植于切除全部和部份关节软骨的肱骨头上;和作为游离体置入关节腔内。实验结果证明,全部移植物均能生长新软骨,其形态与功能和正常关节软骨相似。因此自体软骨膜移植可用于修复各种原因引起的关节软骨缺损。

117 cadaver kidneys were transplanted to 97 patients from september, 1975 to February, 1981 in our hospital The transplanted kidneys in 28 patients functioned well in one year.After renal transplatation there appeared osteologic complication in four patients. Two patients suffered from vascular necrosis of the femoral or humeral head. compression fracture of the lumbar vertebrae was seen in one patient. Anothen one presented generalized osteoporosis with supported arthrodynia.we discussed the pathogenesis,...

117 cadaver kidneys were transplanted to 97 patients from september, 1975 to February, 1981 in our hospital The transplanted kidneys in 28 patients functioned well in one year.After renal transplatation there appeared osteologic complication in four patients. Two patients suffered from vascular necrosis of the femoral or humeral head. compression fracture of the lumbar vertebrae was seen in one patient. Anothen one presented generalized osteoporosis with supported arthrodynia.we discussed the pathogenesis, clinical features and treatment of vascular necrosis in this papei

我院从1975年9月至1981年2月共进行了97例117次尸体肾移植。在有功能肾成活一年以上的28例中,发生4例骨科监发症。2例表现为股骨头或肱骨头缺血性坏死,1例腰椎压缩性骨折,1例普遍骨质疏松合并持重关节疼痛。本文重点讨论缺血性骨坏死的病因、表现和治疗原则。

Nine cases of spondy loepiphyseal dysplasia congenita,a hereditary dwarfi-sm,are reported.The main radiologic features include flattening of vertebral bodies in AP view and trapezoid configuration in lateral view,pelvic dysplasia underossification of the femoral head,neck and humeral head,but the short tubular bones of the hands and feet are usually of normal length and shape.Differential diagnosis was also mentioned.

脊柱骨骺发育不良(先天型)是一种由脊柱和四肢长骨近端骨骺发育障碍所引起的侏儒畸形,类似粘多糖病Ⅳ型。X 线表现的主要特点是椎体变扁,侧位呈横置的梨形;骨盆发育不良;股骨头、颈以及肱骨头骨化不良。但手足短管状骨长度和形态正常。讨论了本病与粘多糖病Ⅳ型的鉴别诊断。

 
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