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     The growth of E.
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     茶色水晶的生长研究
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     (3)南京引种的银鹊树生长发育良好。
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  growth
Complexity of Homogeneous Spaces and Growth of Multiplicities
      
We give a representation-theoretic interpretation of this number as the exponent of growth for multiplicities of simple G-modules in the spaces of sections of homogeneous line bundles on G/H.
      
A necessary and sufficient geometric condition on the growth of the boundary of approximate tiles is reduced to a problem in Fourier analysis that is shown to have an elegant simple solution in dimension one.
      
We prove a Tauberian theorem of the form $\phi * g (x)\sim p(x)w(x)$ as $x \to \infty,$ where p(x) is a bounded periodic function and w(x) is a weighted function of power growth.
      
A complex Radon measure μ on ?n is said to be of at most exponential-quadratic growth if there exist positive constants C and α such that.
      
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1. All kinds of colonies of Volvox africanus were found in great abundance during the first two weeks of May, 1933, from a pond in Nanking.2. The smallest colony is much smaller than that recorded from Africa and the Philippine Islands.3. The somatic cells are not connected by protoplasmic filaments in adult colonies.4. Asexual colony usually contains from two to six daughters symmetrically arranged in pairs according to size on opposite sides of the polar axis.5. Sexual colonies of different kinds are developed...

1. All kinds of colonies of Volvox africanus were found in great abundance during the first two weeks of May, 1933, from a pond in Nanking.2. The smallest colony is much smaller than that recorded from Africa and the Philippine Islands.3. The somatic cells are not connected by protoplasmic filaments in adult colonies.4. Asexual colony usually contains from two to six daughters symmetrically arranged in pairs according to size on opposite sides of the polar axis.5. Sexual colonies of different kinds are developed from the asexual mother either singly or in combination with other kinds and asexual daughters.6. Parthenogonidia develope very early in young embryos long before the latter become matured and escaped from the mother colony. 7. During the early development of parthenogonidia, at least from first to fifth or sixth divisions, no growth of the whole embryo takes the place while the number of cells increases.8. Spermatogonia attain fully-grown size and begin to divide before the time of the birth of the colony.9. The development of spermatogonium consists of seven successive divisions in forming a bundle or platelet of one hundred and twenty eight spermatozoa or microgametes.10. The number of ovaries in a female colony varies from twelve to fourty six. Generally, the larger the colony, the more the ovaries developed.11. Risexual colonies contain only two or three spermatogonia in addition to fourteen to twenty seven ovaries.12. In general, specimens recorded in Nanking are identical to those from the tropical regions such as Africa and the Philippine Islands.

關於菲洲團走子之分佈,按記載所及。僅限於菲洲,菲列濱,南印度等熱带區域。今在南京發現,於地理分佈上實為一新記錄。此種團走子在羣體成熟之後,其體質细胞間,並無原生質線交相聯絡。無性羣體每含有二至六大小不同成對均置之無性幼羣體。幼羣體在脫離母體以前,往往含有第二代幼體。各種有性羣體,亦自無性母羣體中發達而成。雄性羣體,皆为橢圓形,而較其他羣體為小。雌性羣體中之卵或大配子约有十二至四十六。雙性羣體只含有二或三精原细胞,及十五至二十七卵或大配子。孤性生殖细胞在幼羣體内即發生。當最初五或六次分裂時,细胞雖增加,而幼胎並不長大。精原细胞经七次連續之均等分裂,而成一束一百二十八精子或小配子。

In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50)...

In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50) for four applications at a fifteen-day intervalduring the early growth season of cotton from June 15 to July 30. The popula-tion of leafhopper, the degree of infestation, the number of green bolls andthe yield of lint cotton were statistically analyzed and discussed. Population observations showed that the three contact poisons greatlyreduced the leafhopper population on the first day after application. Butthey soon lost their effectiveness three days later, so that the population startedto rebuild up and was practically with no significant difference from that ofhe untreated plots at the end of the fifteen-day interval. While the Bordeaux mixture showed a maximum reduction of population on the third day afterapplication, and maintained its effectiveness for a considerable time; the pop-ulation was constantly checked to such an extent that no serious damage wouldoccur during the spray interval. The degree of infestation as indicated by the symptom of cyrtosis onleaves was 40.83, 47.21, 55.85, 57.66, 62.48, and 60.39 per cent in average for4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture, 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture, yam bean seed powdersuspension, pyrethrum powder suspension and tobacco water extract and theuntreated check plots respectively. Moreover, the percentage of heavily in-fested plants for the treated and untreated plots in the fore-mentioned orderwas 5.61, 8.24, 21.88, 23.68, 28.88 and 25.27 respectively.It was evident thatin the long run the Bordeaux mixture was the most effective insecticide inreducing the degree of infestation. The number of bolls per plant was 15.27, 13.24, 10.17, 9.53, 8.75 and6.75 in average, and the yield of lint cotton was 19.50, 17.84, 11.69, 10.11and 6.24 catties per mou (1 catty=0.5 kilogram, 1 mou=0.164 acre) for thetwo types of Bordeaux mixture and three kinds of contact poisons and theuntreated check plots respectively. The yield of cotton was generally much lower in 1943 than in 1942 forthe same experimental field. This was apparently due to the poorer soilfertility and heavier leafhopper infestation in 1943. But the ratio of the yieldbetween the Bordeaux mixture treated plots and the check plots was quitedifferent in the two years, i.e. 55.62 to 31 catties per mou in 1942, and 19.50to 6.24 catties per mou in 1943. This revealed a fact that the Bordeauxmixture treatment will he applied more effectively and profitably where thecotton field is not fertile and when the leafhopper outbreak is severe. 4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture and 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture were in all casesinsignificantly different in their effectiveness. Theiefore a 2-4-50 Bordeauxmixture would be a more economical and practical measure for the cottonleafhopper control.

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4...

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4—6—50式波尔多液者,产量较对照区增多3.12倍,2—4—50式波尔多液区较对照区增产2.85倍

The present paper gives a report on the observations of the citrus psylla, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, found in Focchow and Changchow of Fukien Province. The insect has been reported as an important citrus pest in south-eastern Asia, and is heretofore recorded from Kwangtung by Hoffmann (1936) and from Taiwan by Shiraki (1934). The citrus psylla attacks l3 species of plants of the family Rutaceae. Eggs are laid on the leaves of the young growth. The feeding of both the nymphs and adults on foliage of the...

The present paper gives a report on the observations of the citrus psylla, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, found in Focchow and Changchow of Fukien Province. The insect has been reported as an important citrus pest in south-eastern Asia, and is heretofore recorded from Kwangtung by Hoffmann (1936) and from Taiwan by Shiraki (1934). The citrus psylla attacks l3 species of plants of the family Rutaceae. Eggs are laid on the leaves of the young growth. The feeding of both the nymphs and adults on foliage of the new terminal growth results in the leaves, becoming thick and leathery. The leaves and the young shoots are usually distorted, dwarfed, or in severe cases, even dried. The annual life cycle of the insect in Fukien Province has not been investigated thoroughly. However, preliminary observations made during the year of 1952 show that different developmental tsages of citrus psylla could be found all the year round. There is no marked phenomenon of hibernation. Concentration of a number of adults on the same leaf usually occurs during the winter months. Both nymphs and adults become very abundant in April when dam- ages are most severe. Sixteen days are required for the insect to complete a generation in August. The number of individuals de- creases after September. The nymphs are attacked heavily by three species of chalcid parasites of the family Encyrtidae. Morphological descriptions of the different stages of the insect are also given in this paper.

柑桔木虫分布于亚洲东南的热带和亚热带地区,为害芸香科植物,是柑桔类主要害虫之一。国内除台湾、广东外,其他各地尚无报告。现知福建的福州、漳州也都有,本文系在福州观察的记述。成虫栖息取食常在芽和叶里的叶脉上。产卵于嫩芽,若虫孵化后就在新梢为害。被害叶芽枯干,枝梢萎缩,新叶畸形卷曲。生活史尚待详细研究,但根据一年来的初步观察,一年到头都可以找到各个虫期;自四月以后为害渐见严重,至九、十月则逐渐减少。夏季完成一个世代约需十六天。冬季多以成虫密集叶里,但无休眠迹象。育得跳小蜂科寄生蜂三种,九月至十一月若虫被寄生者甚多。本文对于柑桔木虫各期形态有简略的叙述。

 
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