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orthopedic
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  骨科
     The length of stay was obviously shorter in the comprehensive therapy group[(28.1±5.6) days] than in the simple orthopedic therapy group [(42.4±4.4) days](t=9.86, P< 0.01).
     住院时间明显短于单纯骨科治疗组(28.1±5.6),(42.4±4.4)d,t=9.86,P<0.01;
短句来源
     The total good rate of curative efficacy was obviously higher in the comprehensive therapy group (74.0%) than in the simple orthopedic therapy group(65.5%) (χ2=1.327,P< 0.05).
     综合治疗组疗效总优良率明显高于单纯骨科治疗组(74.0%,65.5%,χ2=1.327,P<0.05);
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     The incidence rate of complications caused by long-term bed in the comprehensive therapy group was markedly lower than that in the simple orthopedic therapy group[16%(8/49)] (χ2=1.515, P< 0.05).
     长期卧床引起的各种并发症发生率明显少单纯骨科治疗组9%(9/96),16%(8/49),χ2=1.515,P<0.05;
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     Failure to obtain CSF on patients undergoing cesarean section, gynecologic, urologic, general surgical and orthopedic operation after second attempts were 2.6%(2/78), 11.8%(9/34), 5.6%(4/56), 4.5%(3/22) and 0%(0/10) respectively.
     在 CSEA中腰穿无 CSF回流患者在妇科、产科、泌尿科、普外和骨科手术患者的失败率分别为 2 .6 % (2 /78) ,11.8% (9/34) ,5 .6 % (4/5 6 ) ,4 .5 % (3/2 2 )和 0 % (0 /10 )。
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     Application of multimedia technology in orthopedic teaching
     骨科课堂教学中多媒体技术应用与思考
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  矫形
     The Expression of TGF-β1 mRNA in the Maxillary Sutures of Puberty Rhesus Loaded with the Class Ⅲ Intermaxillary Orthopedic Force
     颌间Ⅲ类矫形力下TGF-β1 mRNA在青春期恒河猴上颌骨缝中的表达
短句来源
     Conclusion Under Class Ⅲ Orthopedic therapy, TGF-β1 mRNA probably participated in the endochrondral bone remodeling in the condyle, and the expression was closely related to loading time.
     实验组之间以及实验组与对照组之间的差异均有统计学意义 (P <0 0 1)。 结论 髁突软骨TGF_β1mRNA的表达强弱与颌间Ⅲ类矫形力不同的作用时间有关。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the expression of TGF-β1mRNA in pubescent Rhesus monkeys′ condylar under Class Ⅲ intermaxillary functional orthopedic force for different lengths of time.
     目的 观察颌间Ⅲ类矫形力不同作用时间下转化生长因子 β1(TGF_β1)在髁突软骨中的基因表达。
短句来源
     Functional orthopedic application of mini-twinblock appliance in the treatment of class Ⅱ division 1 malocclusion
     Mini-twinblock在安氏Ⅱ类1分类错中的功能矫形应用
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     Methods After consultation of orthopedic surgery,64children of spastic type CP accompanied with ankle-foot malformation,including52cases of talipes with bifeet,12cases of talipes with one foot(altogether116feet)were orthotic treated with oneself-making AFO,simultaneous with that have undergoing physical therapy etc,then followed up the orthotreatment outcome.
     方法64例有踝足畸形的痉挛型CP患儿(双足畸形52例,单足畸形12例,共116足)经矫形外科会诊后,在进行运动疗法等治疗的同时采用自制高分子AFO进行矫治,并随访畸形矫正效果。
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  矫形外科
     Methods After consultation of orthopedic surgery,64children of spastic type CP accompanied with ankle-foot malformation,including52cases of talipes with bifeet,12cases of talipes with one foot(altogether116feet)were orthotic treated with oneself-making AFO,simultaneous with that have undergoing physical therapy etc,then followed up the orthotreatment outcome.
     方法64例有踝足畸形的痉挛型CP患儿(双足畸形52例,单足畸形12例,共116足)经矫形外科会诊后,在进行运动疗法等治疗的同时采用自制高分子AFO进行矫治,并随访畸形矫正效果。
短句来源
     Application of tissue engineering technology in orthopedic surgery
     组织工程学技术在矫形外科中的应用
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     Orthopedic Therapy of Femoral Shaft Fracture in Ninety-eight Cases
     98例股骨干骨折的矫形外科治疗
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     According to the criteria of USA Academy of Orthopedic Surgery,excellent results achieved in 33 patients,good in 16,fair in 6 and poor in 3.The excellent and good rate was 84.5%.
     参照美国矫形外科研究院评价标准,优33例,良16例,可6例,差3例。 优良率84.5%。
短句来源
     The SC PLLA rods (3.2mm×30mm) were immerged in PBS solution and implanted in to rabbits′ subcutanous tissue and bone for 72 weeks. By investigating the viscous average molecular weight, crystallinity, micromorphology, and the mechanical strength (bending and shear strength), the degradation properties and mechanical strength retention of SC PLLA were studied to evaluate its potential as orthopedic bone fixation material.
     将SC PLLA棒 (3.2mm× 30mm) ,置于PBS液或植入兔的皮下和股骨内 ,定期观察粘均分子量、结晶度、扫描电镜 (SEM )形态和机械性能 (弯曲强度和剪切强度 ) ,研究该材料的降解特征和强度特性 ,以评价其作为矫形外科骨固定装置材料的价值。
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  “orthopedic”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Applied Principles of Orthopedic Muscle-Tendon Relaxing Technique in Chinese Wushu Medicine
     Applied Principles of Orthopedic Muscle-Tendon Relaxing Technique in Chinese Wushu Medicine
短句来源
     Methods Forty women were recruited at the out -department of orthopedic,with the average age of60.7years(45~85years),the average height of161.8cm (150~175cm),and the average weight of67.4kg (48~80kg).
     方法选择40例女性,平均年龄60.7岁(45~85岁),平均身高161.8cm(150~175cm),平均体重67.4kg(48~80kg)。
短句来源
     Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores before and after operation in the aged group were (6.2± 3.2) and (10.7± 2.9), and those in the control group were (9.0± 3.3) and (13.1± 3.5).
     两组患者术前、术后的日本矫形外科学会(JOA)评分,老年组为(6.2±3.2)分和(10.7±2.9)分; 对照组为(9.0±3.3)分和(13.1±3.5)分。
短句来源
     Methods 2×4 orthopedic technique was adopted.
     方法 应用 2× 4矫治技术 .
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     Association of nm23H1 with orthopedic oncological conditions
     nm23-H1基因与恶性及半恶性骨肿瘤相关性的初步报告
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  orthopedic
Features of the Visuomotor Tracking Skill Formation Using Isometric Regulatory Organs in Orthopedic Patients at Different Stages
      
The results can serve as a basis for choosing specific rehabilitation programs for orthopedic patients.
      
Adhesion, friction, and deformation characteristics of Ti-(Ca,Zr)-(C,N,O,P) coatings for orthopedic and dental implants
      
Current concepts and applications of computer navigation in orthopedic trauma surgery
      
Recent developments in orthopedic trauma navigation allow for bilateral femoral anteversion measurements, noninvasive registration of an uninjured thigh, and intraoperative three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based pedicle screw placement.
      
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Since september 1975, we have treated 81 eases of traumato-orthopedic patients with technic of microvascular anastomosis resulting in complete success in 71, partial success in 2 and failare in 8 cases.In this series of patients, transfer of free inguinal skin flap has been done in 20, free dorsal pedal flap in 18; free dorsal pedal flap with tendon of extenson digitorum breris in 6; free dorsalis pedic flap with. muscles of extenser digitorum breris in 5; free gracillis muscle skin flap in 7; of the free...

Since september 1975, we have treated 81 eases of traumato-orthopedic patients with technic of microvascular anastomosis resulting in complete success in 71, partial success in 2 and failare in 8 cases.In this series of patients, transfer of free inguinal skin flap has been done in 20, free dorsal pedal flap in 18; free dorsal pedal flap with tendon of extenson digitorum breris in 6; free dorsalis pedic flap with. muscles of extenser digitorum breris in 5; free gracillis muscle skin flap in 7; of the free latissimus dorsi muscle and skin flap in 2; free omentum transplantation in one; free fibula graft with microvascular anastomosis in 8; free periosteum of fibula graft with microvascular anastomosis in one; and transplantion of free second toe has been performed in 13 cases.indications and techincs for undertaking various free tissue transfers by microvascular anastomosis are discussed and problem related to them are emphasized in this paper.

自1975年9月我们对创伤骨科病人进行了81例显微血管外科手术,成功71例,部分成活2例,失败8例。其中髂腹股沟部皮瓣游离移植术20例,足背皮瓣游离移植术18例,足背肌腱——皮瓣游离移植术6例,足背趾短伸肌——皮瓣游离移植术5例,股薄肌——皮瓣游离移植术7例,背阔肌——皮瓣游离移植术2例,大网膜游离移植术1例,带血管的骨膜游离移植术1例,带血管的腓骨游离移植术8例,第Ⅱ趾游离移植术13例。本文讨论了手术适应症及各组织游离移植的技术操作和注意事项。

This study reported 1164 operative cases receiving bupivacaine hydrochloride as anes-thesia in different concentrations, with or without adrenaline, for epidural, spinal andperipheral nerve regional blocks, as compared at random with lidocaine-tetracaine mixtureor tetracaine alone. The data confirmed that the latency and the duration of complete block with bupiva-caine was the same as that with the above mentioned mixture solutions; but the durationof the action and the postoperative analgesia were significantly...

This study reported 1164 operative cases receiving bupivacaine hydrochloride as anes-thesia in different concentrations, with or without adrenaline, for epidural, spinal andperipheral nerve regional blocks, as compared at random with lidocaine-tetracaine mixtureor tetracaine alone. The data confirmed that the latency and the duration of complete block with bupiva-caine was the same as that with the above mentioned mixture solutions; but the durationof the action and the postoperative analgesia were significantly longer than that with themixture solutions. The duration of action was bowever affected by the sites of block. Bupivacaine in concentration of either 0.25% or 0.5% only resulted in slight hemodyna-mic change and there was no respiratory depression observed. This study revealed thatregional block with bupivacaine was more adequate for cervical-upper thoracic epiduralanesthesia, orthopedic surgery and cesarean section. The dosage of bupivacaine used in this study was 2.2~3.2mg/kg; and no toxic reactionhad ever happened, since the plasma concentration of bupivacaine was much lower than itsconvulsive level. In conclusion, bupivacaine was an effective, safe and long action anesthe-tic.

报告应用不同浓度的国产布比卡因加/不加肾上腺素于硬膜外、脊麻、神经阻滞等部位麻醉1164例。并与同期内随机抽样用地卡因和利多卡因混合液、地卡因、普普卡因作阻滞的病例作了对比。布比卡因的作用、潜伏期、达到完全阻滞的时间均与混合液或地卡因相同,而维持时间及术后镇痛时间则较后者明显延长。其维持时间的长短随阻滞部位而异。应用布比卡因0.25%、0.5%浓度,血液动力学改变轻微,对呼吸无抑制。因而尤其适用于颈上、胸部、硬膜外、剖腹产及骨科矫形手术的麻醉。本组用药量为2.2~3.2mg/kg,远低于血浆致痉水平,故认为布比卡因为一有效安全的长效麻醉剂。

Hemophilic arthritis, or arthritic type hemophilia, is ether congenital andhereditary. Between 1963-1983, 17 cases of hemophilie arthritis were admitted intoAffiliated Hospital of Shandong Medical College. All of these cases were male,with 15 cases of type A, one type B and one type C. 59. percent had positivehistories in the maternal families. Knee joint was most frequently involved, therewere 14 cases (82.3%). The ratio of single joint lesion and multiple jointlesion was 1:3, because only severe cases were...

Hemophilic arthritis, or arthritic type hemophilia, is ether congenital andhereditary. Between 1963-1983, 17 cases of hemophilie arthritis were admitted intoAffiliated Hospital of Shandong Medical College. All of these cases were male,with 15 cases of type A, one type B and one type C. 59. percent had positivehistories in the maternal families. Knee joint was most frequently involved, therewere 14 cases (82.3%). The ratio of single joint lesion and multiple jointlesion was 1:3, because only severe cases were admitted. The average durationwas 8.5years, 7 cases were complicatted with soft tissue hematoma. The diagnosis could be made with certainty by measuring the blood level ofAHF. In recent years, with the rational use of factor Ⅷ, Ⅸ and/or animalAHF, many selective orthopedic operations can be done, even total hipprosthesis replacement. A case with below knee amputation for pseudo bonetumor, has been successfully treated and obtained primary healing.

本院1963~1983年间收治血友病性关节炎17例,皆为男性,其中A型15例、B及C型各1例,有母系家族史者占59%,受累关节以膝关节最多,平均病程为8.5年,并发软组织血肿者占7例。AHF活性测定可确诊,近年来由于合理使用凝血因子Ⅷ及Ⅸ的浓缩制剂及替代疗法,使外科手术迈入择期矫形手术范畴,甚至对晚期病人可行人工关节置换术,本组曾为一假性骨肿瘤患者行小腿截肢手术,切口一期愈合,获得成功

 
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