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    Result Comparing withnormal group, in brin, heart and kidney tissues of burned group the contents of an, GSH - PX,and ATPase were significantly decreased (P< 0. 01 ) but LDH and MDA variously enhanced(p<0. 01 ).
    结果:烫伤后脑、心、肾组织中SOD、GSH—PX、ATPase含量呈进行性下降,LDH、MDA的含量明显上升,各时相点与正常对照组比较有显著性差异(P<0.01)。
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    Result:Comparing with the SHAM group,the number of lacunae of OVX group increased up to 74.1%,while that of the Bushen Prescription and Estrogen group declined to 65.7% and 59.3% respectively,which denoted a significant differences with the OVX group(P<0.01).
    结果 :与假切卵组比较 ,切卵组陷窝数量增加了 74 .1 % ,而补肾方和倍美力组的陷窝数量分别下降了 65 .7%和 5 9.3% ,与假切卵组之间的差异非常显著( P<0 .0 1 )。
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    Result:Comparing to the control group, VSMC proliferation of Art interfering groups were inhibited, and [ 3H]-TdR intermingle rate were decreased as well as cell apoptosis were induced.
    结果 :与对照组相比 ,各浓度Art组VSMC计数不同程度减少 ,3H- TdR掺入率降低 ,细胞增殖受抑制 ,VSMC凋亡增加 ,并呈浓度依赖性 ;
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    Result: Comparing with the mice of control,the increased weight was slowered(P<0.01),the scores of rearing and crossing were decreased(P<0.01),sweet water consumption were decreased too(P<0.01),numbers of cone cell in CA3 region of hippocampus were decreased obviously(P<0.01),and Ca~(2+) ion in hippocampal synaptic was increased obviously.
    结果:与正常组比较,模型组小鼠体重增长缓慢(P<0.01),水平活动得分和垂直活动得分显著减少(P<0.01),糖水消耗量明显降低(P<0.01); 海马CA3区锥体细胞数量明显减少(P<0.01);
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    Result: Comparing with the control group, the Collagen Ⅲ、Ⅳ and FN express remarkably increased in RIF rat, the factor due to fibrosis- TGF- β_1 also express intensely . After perfusing the REL , comparing with operation model group the Collagen Ⅲ、Ⅳ and FN express weakly, the expression of TGF-β_1 decreased. The degrees of fibrosis was remarkably ameliorated.
    结果:肾间质纤维化后ECM主要成分Ⅲ、Ⅳ型胶原及FN表达均明显增强,致纤维化因子TGF-β_1表达上调,经和络泄浊方灌胃后,肾间质Ⅲ、Ⅳ型胶原及FN表达减弱,TGF-β_1表达下调,纤维化程度较造模组显著改善。
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    Screening of Active Anti-inf|ammatory-immnuo-suppressive and Antifertile Components from Tripterygium wilfordii Ⅱ. Screeing of 5 Monomers from Total Glucosides of Triqterygium wilfordii (TⅡ)
    雷公藤抗炎免疫及抗生育活性成分的筛选 Ⅱ.从雷公藤总甙(T_Ⅱ)中分离5个有关单体的筛选结果
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    Determination of the Levels of 10-HDA in Royal Jelly Preparations Using TLC-UV Spectrophotometry
    薄层层析紫外分光光度法测定蜂王浆制剂中10-HDA的含量及其结果分析
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    Quality of Clinical Trials of Chinese Herbal Drugs a Review of 314 Published Papers
    中药临床治疗试验质量的调查──314篇文献评阅结果
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    A PRIMARY EXPERIMENTAL REPORT OF ANTIBACTERIA AND IMMUNOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF 18 SPECIES OF HAINAN NATIVE PLANTS
    海南特有植物18种抗菌免疫实验结果初步报告
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    DNA ladder was shown in agarose gel electrophoresis,in additionn to the cells treated by 1.0 μg/mL tanshinone ⅡA .
    琼脂糖凝胶电泳结果显示除1.0μg/mL组外均可见明显的凋亡细胞形成的梯状条带;
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  result comparing
Figure 10 shows an early result comparing the actual PSF to the simulated PSF.
      
In addition, we proved a convergence result comparing LWLS to the local weighted laplacian smoothing and Gauss-Seidel algorithms.
      
Literature is not conclusive on the final result comparing benefits and costs of decentralization due to horizontal tax competition.
      
The multiple regerassion method shows the better result comparing the others methods.
      
The most significant result comparing epidermal closure rates between Hoxb13 KO and WT excisional Figure 1.
      


A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard...

A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard preparation and the other 2 groups received the test preparation. The standard deviation of a single determination based on 9 such assays was estimated to be 15.7 per cent. For rhubarb and its preparations, a“6-point”assay is advocated. With suitable restric-tion in the design of the assay, it is possible to calculate the potency by simple methods. Powdered crude drugs are used as laboratory standards in the assay of senna and rhubarb. The doses of cascara bark required to produce distinctive responses are too inconveniently large to be administered in suspension. It was found possible to use a potent extract of cascara in place of the powdered bark as a laboratory standard. Examples of the assay and the subsequent calculations are given. The method described is not only convenient in use but also gives a comparatively high degree of accuracy. The method has been successfully applied to senna leaf, senna fruit, rhubarb, cascara sagrada and extracts and commercial preparations made from these drugs, pure glycosides(sennosides A and B) and pure anthracene compounds(aloe emodin and aloe-emodine anthranol).

(1)本文详述植物性泻药的一种新的生物测定法,此法係用小白鼠在服药后所排出的濕粪数为基础,以定泻药的效价。(2)小白鼠服药後所排出的湿粪数与剂量指数的关係经证明为一直线。(3)本法所用鼠笼係特别设计,并证明在饲料内加入一定量的饮水,具有多种优点。(4)番泻效价的测定,每次用小白鼠4组,每组10只。2组给与标准品,另外2组给与试验品。根据9次试验的结果,试验的标准差是15.7%.(5)大黄效价的测定,以采用“6点”法为宜,即每次试验用小白鼠6组,3组给与标准品,另外3组给与试验品,所得的准确度与上述相仿。波希鼠李皮浸膏的效价测定,则用“4点”法或“6点”法均可。(6)所有试验一律采用粉状生药为实验室的比较标准,但是波希鼠李皮的效价太低,它的粉末不适於作为标准之用,可用波希鼠李皮乾浸膏来代替,作为比较标准。(7)本文对於效价测定及其计算方法都举例说明,并介绍了比较常法为简捷的相关效价计算法。(8)本法不但方便易行,而且有相当高的准确度;曾用在番泻、大黄、波希鼠李皮及其制剂,以及一些纯粹的蒽醌衍生物的效价测定,都获得了满意的结果

1. A brief review of the assay processes of liquorice root is made. 2. After investigating the more important stages in the processes of Houseman and Fahmy, the following improvements are made to obtain a more complete separation of glycyrrhizic acid: (1) duration for the precipitation of glycyrrhizic acid is prolonged from 2-fe- hours employed by Houseman to 24 hours; (2) concentration of the sulphuric acid usad for the precipitation of glycyrrhizic acid is changed from 0.3 per cent employed by Houseman to...

1. A brief review of the assay processes of liquorice root is made. 2. After investigating the more important stages in the processes of Houseman and Fahmy, the following improvements are made to obtain a more complete separation of glycyrrhizic acid: (1) duration for the precipitation of glycyrrhizic acid is prolonged from 2-fe- hours employed by Houseman to 24 hours; (2) concentration of the sulphuric acid usad for the precipitation of glycyrrhizic acid is changed from 0.3 per cent employed by Houseman to 1.4 per cent; (3) temperature for the precipitation of glycyrrhizic acid is lowered from room temperature employed by Fahmy to 6-7°C. 3. Benedict's quantitative solution is used in place of Fehling's solution in the titration of reducing sugars, because the former solution is more stable and has better keeping properties. 4. An improved process for the assay of liquorice root is described. Five samples of Chinese liquorice root have been assayed by this method. The results obtained are as follows: water-soluble extractives, 26.17—35.59 per cent; glycyrrhizic acid 5.49—10.04 per cent; total reducing sugars, 4.70—10.97 per cent; starch and gummy matter, 4.17—5.92 per cent; water, 8.04—8.93 per cent; ash, 3.06—4.24 per cent; acid-insoluble ash, 0.25—0.65 per cent. The above results showed that the samples assayed fully conform with the requirements of the pharmacopoeias of most countries.

1.本文简述了前人分析甘草成分所用的方法,並對Houseman氏及Fahmy氏所用方法的主要步驟進行了比較研究,改進了他們的操作方法. 2.為了便利更完全地分離甘草根中所含的甘草酸,我們進行了下列修改:(1)將Houseman氏沉澱甘草酸的時間由2.5小時延長至24小時;(9)將Houseman氏沉澱甘草酸時所用的硫酸濃度由0.3%提高至1.4%;(3)將Fahmy氏沉澱甘草酸時的温度由常温降低至6—7C°. 4.由於非林氏試液很不穩定,應用、貯存均感不便,故採用班乃第氏定量試液.用轉化後的糖液滴定一定量的班乃第定量試液,以测定總還原糖量. 6.本文報告了對五種国產甘草成分分析的結果;水溶物26.17—35.59%,甘草酸5.49—10.04%,總還原糖4.70—10.97%,澱粉及膠質4.17—5.92%,水分8.04—8.93%,灰分3.06—4.24%,酸不溶性灰分0.25—0.65%.並證明上述樣品完全符合於中、蘇、英、日、美各国藥典規定的甘草品質標準.

The degradation of sipeimine by zinc dust distillation and selenium dehydrogenation gave the same products as those previously obtained from peimine. 2,5-Lutidine was found in the alkaline portion and two hydrocarbons, C_(18)H_(14) and C_(20)H_(18) or C_(22)H_(20) were found in the neutral portion. The hydrocarbon C_(18)H_(14) has been proved by synthesis to be 8-methyl-1,2-benzfluorene, so far first obtained from the degradation of natural products. Thus sipeimine, peimine and peiminine most probably have the...

The degradation of sipeimine by zinc dust distillation and selenium dehydrogenation gave the same products as those previously obtained from peimine. 2,5-Lutidine was found in the alkaline portion and two hydrocarbons, C_(18)H_(14) and C_(20)H_(18) or C_(22)H_(20) were found in the neutral portion. The hydrocarbon C_(18)H_(14) has been proved by synthesis to be 8-methyl-1,2-benzfluorene, so far first obtained from the degradation of natural products. Thus sipeimine, peimine and peiminine most probably have the same skeleton, belonging to the group of modified steroidal alkaloids. The empirical formulae and functional groups of sipeimine and peiminine are the same, and the ultraviolet absorption spectra (Fig. 1) of both alkaloids are practically iden- tical. It is probable that sipeimine and peiminine differ slightly in structure or merely differ in configuration.

1.西貝素用鋅粉蒸餾及硒脫氫,產物中的鹼性部分得2,5-二甲基吡啶(Ⅱ),中性部分得碳氫化合物C_(12)H_(14)(III)及C_(20)H_(18)或C_(22)H_(20)二種。與由貝母素甲用同法處理,所得結果相同。其中C_(18)H_(14)(III)已由合成證明為8-甲基-1,2-苯弗。此種碳氫化合物,在天然產物降解中,尚屬首次得到。 2.西貝素與貝母素乙均屬於變形(石享)類植物鹼。它們的實驗式及功能團是相同的。它們的紫外吸收光譜,幾乎完全符合,其結構式可能稍有差別,或僅是構型的不同。

 
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