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public transportation service
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  公交行业
     Based on the analysis of current public transportation system, the paper establishes the intelligent public transportation information system for improving the level of public transportation service and management, that is to say, it establishes a low cost, high benefit, scientific management and safety yield modern Intelligent Public Transportation System, and presents the implementary architecture of the system and academic and technical methods.
     在对现有公交系统不足进行分析的基础上,为提高公交行业的服务水平和管理水平,提出了实施智能公共交通系统、优先发展公共交通战略的技术保障——公交信息智能化管理系统,即建立一个低成本、高效益、科学管理、安全生产的现代化智能公交信息服务系统,并给出了系统的实施框架及关键理论和技术的解决方案.
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  “public transportation service”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Neutral-Network Based Evaluation of Urban Public Transportation Service Quality
     基于神经网络的城市公共交通服务质量评价
短句来源
     Reform of Urban Public Transportation Service in China
     我国城市公交行业改革
短句来源
     Therefore, public transportation service cannot be completely regulated by market, proper intervention by the government representing social public welfare is necessary.
     公共交通服务的提供不能实行完全的市场调节,要求作为社会公益的代表者—政府,进行适当干预。
短句来源
     The urban traffic problems were analyzed and researched from traffic flow,road infrastructures,traffic management and people involved on the road. The causes and process of urban traffic problems were expatiated,in combination of the reality of our urban traffic condition,particular urban traffic models were proposed so as to meet the need of our national situation,which requests governmental sectors to strengthen their function and duty for solving urban traffic problems,to reinforce their public transportation service such as to limit cars on roads by collecting fees.
     从我国城市交通流特点,道路基础设施、交通管理、交通参与者等方面对城市交通问题进行分析研究,阐明城市交通问题形成的原因和过程,并提出建立符合国情的城市交通模型,加强政府在解决城市交通问题的职能,加强公交服务,利用交通需求管理等收费手段限制小汽车上路等对策。
短句来源
     It is urgent to improve public transportation service level,with well joining and cooperation between urban rail system and bus system,which is also the request of transit priority policy in cities in China.
     实现城市轨道交通与常规公交系统协调衔接,建设一体化公共交通,是提高公共交通服务水平的迫切需要,是公共交通优先发展战略的内在要求.
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  相似匹配句对
     Trends in France's Public Transportation
     法国公共交通的发展趋势
短句来源
     Advanced Public Transportation Systems in ITS
     智能交通系统中的智能化公共交通系统
短句来源
     (5)promoting the public transportation service;
     (5)提高公共交通服务水平;
短句来源
     Reform of Urban Public Transportation Service in China
     我国城市公交行业改革
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     Public Self-service Vehicles in Communities and Intellectual Transportation
     论社区公共自助交通工具与智能交通
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  public transportation service
Changes in the economic and demographic characteristics of US cities over the past two decades have modified but have not diminished the need for extensive public transportation service in these areas.
      
The ridership of the public transportation service in many areas has decreased as a result.
      
These facilities are closely interconnected with urban public transportation service and highly accessible by all modes.
      
The City of Columbia began providing public transportation service in 1965 with the creation of the Columbia Municipal Bus System.
      
Not all places in the State are appropriate for public transportation service.
      
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The 1st stage of automated mechanical transmission (AMT) was initiated in 1985 by Hino's development of EE Drive, featuring a pneumatically stroke controlled, oilsprayed coil spring type clutch.[1][2] * This system made its way into city buses, thus expanding the market for automatic transmission (AT) in Japan. This paper introduces EE Drive 2nd stage, to be installed mainly on medium duty trucks, and featuring a hydraulic pressure controlled, oilsprayed clutch.\;This system is charadterized by smooth...

The 1st stage of automated mechanical transmission (AMT) was initiated in 1985 by Hino's development of EE Drive, featuring a pneumatically stroke controlled, oilsprayed coil spring type clutch.[1][2] * This system made its way into city buses, thus expanding the market for automatic transmission (AT) in Japan. This paper introduces EE Drive 2nd stage, to be installed mainly on medium duty trucks, and featuring a hydraulic pressure controlled, oilsprayed clutch.\;This system is charadterized by smooth starting through controlling the pressure of the clutch disk directly. It also features quick shifting, because it allows gears to be shifted with no clutch stroke, but rather through decreasing the pressure. This will prove competitive with AT with a torque converter (HAT) which will appear in the 1990's as a sophisticated electronically controlled AT (ECT).\; THE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION PHASE of commerical vehicles in Japan is expected to begin by the first half of the 1990's. In August 1985, the Hino EE Drive was put on the market. In the same year, AT passenger cars exceeded half of the total number produced and reached 57% in Japan. This would prepare the AT market for application in commercial vehicles.\;The EE Drive mainly used on city buses has been expanding the market, supported by many orders from public transportation services, a bridgehead for extending the share of Automated Mechanical Transmission (AMT).[3] In this sense, city buses with EE Drive are playing the leading role. In 1987, an AMT of another maker also came onto the market. Incidentally, Hydraulic Automated Transmission (HAT) has not achieved significant commerical because of lower fuel economy. Just as the popularity AT passenger cars has accelerated with the appearance Electronically Controlled Transmission (ECT), a true AT phase of commercial vehicles with a competitive coexisten of HAT and AMT will come when HAT for commercical vehicles is improved by electronics also. The merit of both HAT and AMT will be cleared up by competition.\;The 2nd stage of Hino EE Drive aims to introduce the upcoming AT phase of commercial vehicles. This paper covers the market for the present system, the necessity of new system, the structure, operation, control software and performance of the new system, and future prospects.

自动机械变速箱在 1 985年起由 Hino开发的 EE-传动 ,其特点是气动冲程控制、油喷射螺旋弹簧型离合器 [1 ][2 ]* 。由于在日本自动变速器 ( AT)市场扩大而为城市大客车建造了该装置。本文介绍了装于中型货车的第二代 EE传动 ,其特徵是采用液压控制、油喷射离合器。该装置直接通过离合器片压力使起动平稳。同时能快速换档 ,变速不带离合冲击而使压力降低。它将在市场与 1 990年出现的完善的电子控制 ( ECT)具有变扭器的自动变速器 ( AT)相竞争。在日本商业车辆的自动变速器开始发展于 1 990的前半期。 1 985年 Hino EE传动投放市场。同时期在日本自动变速器的轿车超过总轿车数量的一半达到 5 7%。应为 AT用于商业车辆准备市场。已经扩大市场主要在城市大客车中采用 EE传动。许多公共运输服务的客户支持把 AT延伸至自动机械变速器 ( AMT) [3]。在这种意义上 ,装有 EE传动的城市客车仍占主导地位。在 1 987年 ,另外的制造商的一种 AMT投放市场。伴随着由于较低的燃油经济性使液压自动变速器 ( HAT)不能实现商业用途。随着大众化的 AT轿车采用电子控制自动变速器 (...

自动机械变速箱在 1 985年起由 Hino开发的 EE-传动 ,其特点是气动冲程控制、油喷射螺旋弹簧型离合器 [1 ][2 ]* 。由于在日本自动变速器 ( AT)市场扩大而为城市大客车建造了该装置。本文介绍了装于中型货车的第二代 EE传动 ,其特徵是采用液压控制、油喷射离合器。该装置直接通过离合器片压力使起动平稳。同时能快速换档 ,变速不带离合冲击而使压力降低。它将在市场与 1 990年出现的完善的电子控制 ( ECT)具有变扭器的自动变速器 ( AT)相竞争。在日本商业车辆的自动变速器开始发展于 1 990的前半期。 1 985年 Hino EE传动投放市场。同时期在日本自动变速器的轿车超过总轿车数量的一半达到 5 7%。应为 AT用于商业车辆准备市场。已经扩大市场主要在城市大客车中采用 EE传动。许多公共运输服务的客户支持把 AT延伸至自动机械变速器 ( AMT) [3]。在这种意义上 ,装有 EE传动的城市客车仍占主导地位。在 1 987年 ,另外的制造商的一种 AMT投放市场。伴随着由于较低的燃油经济性使液压自动变速器 ( HAT)不能实现商业用途。随着大众化的 AT轿车采用电子控制自动变速器 ( ECT)的出现而快速发展的同时 ,一种真正的商业车辆的 AT时代当用于商业车辆的 HAT也用电子控制改进时 ,HAT和 AMT竞争共存。HAT和 AMT的优点将?

Along with the rapid growth of urban populations and mo torized vehicl es,the urban roads become more and more congested in many big cities. Therefor e,it is quite important for us to expand public transportation.However,in orde r to plan and develop a more effective public transportation services. The probl em of passenger assignment should be solved.This paper is just right to give a general survey on the equilibrium assignment for urban transit network. Based on the review of the former...

Along with the rapid growth of urban populations and mo torized vehicl es,the urban roads become more and more congested in many big cities. Therefor e,it is quite important for us to expand public transportation.However,in orde r to plan and develop a more effective public transportation services. The probl em of passenger assignment should be solved.This paper is just right to give a general survey on the equilibrium assignment for urban transit network. Based on the review of the former studies,we firstly introduce a few import concepts i ncluding common lines, strategy and hyperpath. Then,we state several critical p roblems of modeling the passenger route choice behavior and congestion. Finally we conclude the paper with a discussion of some questions and future research di rections.

随着城市人口和机动车的增加,城市面临着越来越严重的道路拥挤问题,因此公共交通变得尤为重要.为了有效地规划和发展城市公交,需要解决公交线网上的乘客分配问题.文章通过对城市公交平衡配流问题研究的回顾,介绍共线、策略、超级路径等概念,着重谈了研究中值得注意的几个问题,特别是对乘客出行行为和拥挤的模拟,并对今后的研究进行了展望.

French cities are characterized by thehigh quality of urban public transportation service.Beginning with a brief review of the evolution of itspublic transportation policy in the last thirty years.this paper attempts to explain, in the first part, how theurban public transportation is developed and organizedin France through three aspects: technique. institutionand finance. The Parisian Region. whose organizationis radically different from that of another Frenchregion. is analyzed separately...

French cities are characterized by thehigh quality of urban public transportation service.Beginning with a brief review of the evolution of itspublic transportation policy in the last thirty years.this paper attempts to explain, in the first part, how theurban public transportation is developed and organizedin France through three aspects: technique. institutionand finance. The Parisian Region. whose organizationis radically different from that of another Frenchregion. is analyzed separately in the second part.Some questions are raised for the further discussion inthe end.

本文在简要回顾近30年法国交通政策的发展演变后,从技术、管理机构和资金运作三个方面介绍法国城市公交的发展建设与组织管理机制。全文分两部分,第一部分介绍法国全国的普遍情况:第二部分专门介绍巴黎大区的公交管理、这一地区的管理体系与全国有着很大的区别。文章最后提出若干问题以期引起进一步的讨论。

 
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