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phonological
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  语音
    Development and Its Relationship of Children's Chinese and English Phonological Awareness
    儿童汉语和英语语音意识的发展特点及其相互关系
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    PHONOLOGICAL ACQUISITION OF PUTONGHUA-SPEAKING CHILDREN
    说普通话儿童的语音习得
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    A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS, PSEUDOWORD READING AND WORD RECOGNITION ABILITY IN POOR ENGLISH LEARNERS
    英语学习不良儿童语音意识假词拼读与单词认知能力的关系研究
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    Phonological Processing Mechanism In Chinese Speech Production
    汉语言语产生的语音加工机制
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    Phonological Loop in Working Memory and Its Relation to Reading Comprehension
    工作记忆中的语音回路与阅读理解的关系
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  音韵
    THE TIME COURSE OF SEMANTIC, ORTHOGRAPHIC AND PHONOLOGICAL ACTIVATION IN CHINESE WORD PRODUCTION
    汉语词汇产生中语义、字形和音韵激活的时间进程
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    The Phonological Planning Unit in Chinese Monosyllabic Word Production
    汉语单音节词汇产生中音韵编码的单元
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    Two lexical--decision experiments were conducted to assess phonological processesin Chinese lexical access.
    两个实验中的音韵和同声母没有启动效果这个事实,表明中文词视觉认知是经过正字法路线直接通达语义的。
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  “phonological”译为未确定词的双语例句
    AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PHONOLOGICAL ROLE IN IDENTIFYING CHINESE CHARACTERS
    在汉字视觉识别中字形和字音作用的实验研究
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    The Automatic Activation of Morphological, Phonological,Semantic Information of Chinese Words in Color word Interference
    汉字词形、音、义信息在色词干扰中的自动激活
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    UTILIZING PHONOLOGICAL CUES IN CHINESE CHARACTERS: A DEVELOPMENTAL STUDY
    儿童汉字读音声旁一致性意识的发展
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    A Comparative Study on the Phonological, Graphic and Semantic Connection of Chinese Character Between Poor Readers and Normal Readers of Fourth Grade
    不同阅读水平儿童汉字音形义联结的研究
短句来源
    THE TIME COURSE OF GRAPHIC, PHONOLOGICAL AND SEMANTIC INFOR MA TION PROCESSING IN CHINESE CHARACTER RECOGNITION (Ⅱ)
    汉字识别中形音义激活时间进程的研究(Ⅱ)
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  phonological
The role of phonological awareness, speech perception, and auditory temporal processing for dyslexia
      
Auditory temporal processing of non-speech stimuli, speech perception, and phonological awareness have been shown to be influential in reading and spelling development.
      
We use a series of psychometric tests to obtain different quantitative measures of reading deficit, which should correlate with different components of the dyslexia phenotype, such as phonological awareness and orthographic coding ability.
      
AL-NASSIR, Sibawayh the Phonologist, A Critical Study of the Phonetic and Phonological Theory of Sibawayh as Presented in h
      
These dialects differ in syntactic and phonological charateristics.
      
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10 male university students aged 19-24 participated in the experiment.A negative-going ERP component N400 peaking around 410 ms appearedwhenever the mehtal template to a specific Chinese character mismatchedthe presented character. In conditions where graphemic and semantic fac-tors were constant the phonological match or mismatch affected the extentto which the N400 was asymmetrically distributed between the two hemis-pheres. The N400 was also found to be overlapped by P300 component asa result of the...

10 male university students aged 19-24 participated in the experiment.A negative-going ERP component N400 peaking around 410 ms appearedwhenever the mehtal template to a specific Chinese character mismatchedthe presented character. In conditions where graphemic and semantic fac-tors were constant the phonological match or mismatch affected the extentto which the N400 was asymmetrically distributed between the two hemis-pheres. The N400 was also found to be overlapped by P300 component asa result of the influences from such non-linguistic factors as the ratio ofdifferent types of characters and the tasks for judgement and response.

以10名年龄为19—24岁的男性大学生为被试进行了ERP实验。当被试对特定汉字的心理模板与实际呈现的汉字不匹配时,记录到一峰潜伏期在400ms左右的负走向波——N400。在形、义因素得到控制的条件下,汉字刺激和其心理模板间音因素的匹配与否影响到N400的左右不对称程度。N400和P300部分重叠,受到非语言因素如刺激字比例和判断任务的调制。

Tone sandhi occurs in Chinese, when two tones are pronounced toge-ther. This phonological rule may give some constraints on the perceptionof tone. 10 subjects took part in a traditional psychophysical experimentto recognize two sets of continua of standard Chinese sounds in whichthe tones of their monosyllables and disyllables Were varied in steps fromthe second tone to the third tone. The experimental results of both setsof continua are similar: when compared with the monosyllable, the pho-neme boundaries...

Tone sandhi occurs in Chinese, when two tones are pronounced toge-ther. This phonological rule may give some constraints on the perceptionof tone. 10 subjects took part in a traditional psychophysical experimentto recognize two sets of continua of standard Chinese sounds in whichthe tones of their monosyllables and disyllables Were varied in steps fromthe second tone to the third tone. The experimental results of both setsof continua are similar: when compared with the monosyllable, the pho-neme boundaries between the second tone and the third tone of disyllableare shifted to the end of the second tone. The constraints suggested abo-ve are thus verified.

声调连读时出现变调。这一音系学规律可能给声调知觉以某种制约。10名被试参加了对声调从第二声逐步变向第三声的两组单音节连续体和双音节连续体作辨认的心理物理实验。两组的实验结果一致:双音节第二和第三声的音位界线对比单音节的这一界线,都向第二声移动。这证实了上述制约的存在。

The present experiment was conducted to examine whether Chinese charac-ter identification is mediated by phonological processes or not. A maskedpriming paradigm was used. Five kinds of character pairs were used as stimuli(orthographically similar; orthographically similar homonym; homophone;synonym; and cotrol character). All of them were divided into higher andlower frequencies. The exposure duration were 40ms for targets and 25, 35,45ms for priming characters. The results showed that there was a significantinhibit...

The present experiment was conducted to examine whether Chinese charac-ter identification is mediated by phonological processes or not. A maskedpriming paradigm was used. Five kinds of character pairs were used as stimuli(orthographically similar; orthographically similar homonym; homophone;synonym; and cotrol character). All of them were divided into higher andlower frequencies. The exposure duration were 40ms for targets and 25, 35,45ms for priming characters. The results showed that there was a significantinhibit effect for homophone targets compared with control targets at 25msand 35ms exposure duration in the condition of higher frequency, And theorthographically similar homonym targets got significant facilitation effect at25ms. In lower frequency condition a significant facilitation was obtained forboth orthographically similar and orthographically similar homonym targetsat three exposure dtirations of priming. And the homophone showed insigni-ficant difference compared to the control targets. The results suggest thatChinese character identification is mediated by phonological processes. Theconditions in which the function of phonology appeared were discussed.

该实验用启动掩蔽法探讨了汉字词识别中语音的作用。以五类高、低频汉字词对为材料,在三种启动时间条件下发现:高频形似音同目标字在25毫秒启动下有显著促进效应,而形异音同目标字在25和35毫秒有显著抑制效应。在低频情况下与上述相应的目标字表现出不显著的促进和抑制效应。此结果似乎表明汉字词识别过程具有程度不同的语音自动激活效应。

 
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